The Local Leadership Training Manual

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The Local Leadership Training Manual


Table of Contents
Introduction 3

Chapter 1 5

CISV Background and Philosophy

Chapter 2 17

Personal Attitudes and Values

Chapter 3 20

Cultural Sensitivity

Chapter 4 32

Roles and Responsibilities

Chapter 5 52

Leadership Styles

Chapter 6 60

Risk Management: Health, Legal, and Safety Issues

Chapter 7 83

Program Guide

Chapter 8 85


Chapter 9 91

Working with Parents

Chapter 10 97

Age Characteristics

Chapter 11 105

Planning an Activity

Chapter 12 109

“What Ifs”

Chapter 13 117

Post CISV Experience

Appendix 1 124

Local, National, and International Support

Appendix 2 131

CISV Forms

Appendix 3 133


Appendix 4 145

Song Book
Welcome to the 2006 edition of The Local Leadership Training Manual. We hope that you will find it to be extremely useful and helpful. The purpose of this manual is to provide CISV Leaders, Program Staff and JCs with background information, tips and ideas to help enhance their CISV experience. The manual is also designed to help provide consistency in local leadership training from Chapter to Chapter in the USA and from year to year. Like any training material, this manual will always have room for improvement. Your feedback on the manual is vital to the continued development and improvement of our training program for CISV USA.
This manual focuses on the elements that are required to be covered by local leadership trainers. The following table summarizes what is covered at LOCAL TRAINING versus NATIONAL TRAINING:



  1. CISV Background and Philosophy

  1. Cultural Sensitivity

  1. Personal Attitudes and Values

  1. Risk and Incident Management

  1. Cultural Sensitivity

  1. Decision Making

  1. Roles and Responsibilities

  1. Group Behavior and Team Building

  1. Leadership Styles

  1. Educational Content

  1. Risk Management and First Aid

  1. Evaluation

  1. CISV Forms

  1. Conflict Management

  1. Program Guide

  1. Communication

  1. Working with Parents

  1. Age Characteristics

  1. Planning an Activity

  1. “What Ifs”

  1. Post CISV Experience

Local Leadership Trainers should cover the items listed in bold type with all CISV Leaders, Staff, JCs and Seminar participants during Session 1. The remaining items are required for Leaders and JCs and will be covered during Session 2.

  1. The sections in this manual are there to be used as a guideline for your experience in a CISV program. Feel free to make copies of any sections to use with your delegations and families. The first page of each chapter contains an overview and purpose statement as well as a list of important handouts. Most of the handouts are included within this manual; if you are unable to locate a specific handout, please contact your Local Leadership Trainers.

  1. The following list provides the current dates of CISV Program and Training Guides:

    • Village Guide (2004)

    • Village Host Staff Training Guide (2004)

    • Summer Camp Guide (2003)

    • Interchange Guide (2004)

    • International Leadership Training Guide (2005)

The appropriate Guide for your program is located on CISV International’s website All guides, handbooks, and forms needed for use in this LLT Manual are also available at where program forms are bundled according to role.

  1. Please bear in mind that some sections of this manual make use of “he” when both “he” and “she” is intended. This has been done both to save space and to improve readability.

  1. The first USA version of this Manual was prepared and organized by the Dallas Chapter’s Local Leadership Trainers, Linda Ratliff and Danny Poellot. The National Leadership Training Committee is grateful for their hard work and generosity in making this tool available for all USA Chapters and Steering Committees.

In addition, the 2000 National Workshop for Leadership Trainers heavily influenced the contents of this manual. Both facilitators were instrumental in providing handouts and ideas. We offer many thanks to Gill Benson Uy, CISV Toronto, Canada and Jeff Parliament, CISV Waterloo, Canada for their continued guidance and support.

Chapter 1: CISV Background and Philosophy
What is covered in this Chapter? This Chapter is the starting point for our CISV Training Program. It provides background and historical information on CISV, facts about CISV USA, goals of the specific programs as well as international guidelines that govern all CISV programs.
Why is it important? It is essential that all Leaders have knowledge of the goals of CISV at the outset of their CISV experience because these goals provide the framework from which all programs are designed. Leaders should instill these philosophies in their Delegates and Parents by planning group discussions and activities that fall in at least one of the categories of the CISV Education Circle. It will be easier for Leaders to facilitate planning meetings and heighten the program experience of their Delegates and Parents if the group as a whole understands the purpose and goals of CISV.
Important Handouts.

  • The Five CISV Principles

  • CISV Philosophy, Educational and Program Goals

  • CISV International Statement on Peace

  • CISV Info File R-10 (9508)

  • CISV Education Circle

  • Specific Program Goals

  • The CISV Song

2005 CISV USA Facts in Brief

  • Maintained 20 Chapters in Ada-Findlay-Lima, Ohio; Brandywine Valley, Pennsylvania; Chattanooga, Tennessee; Cincinnati, Ohio; Dallas, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Detroit, Michigan; Gulf Coast, Mississippi; Jacksonville, Florida; Knoxville, Tennessee; Orono, Maine; Miami County, Ohio; Michigan City, Indiana; New York, New York; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; San Francisco, California; Springfield, Massachusetts; Washington, D.C; and Youngstown-Cleveland, Ohio.

  • Maintained Steering Committees (a pre-chapter status) in Omaha, Nebraska; Columbus, Ohio; and Atlanta, Georgia.

  • Sent 50 delegations of 11 year olds and adult leaders to international Villages in 23 different countries, including the USA. Two hundred fifty (250) children and adults from all 20 Chapters and the Omaha, Columbus and Atlanta Steering Committees took part in this CISV program.

  • Hosted 9 Villages in the United States in Brandy Wine Valley, Chattanooga, Cincinnati, Dallas, Maine, Michigan City, Pittsburgh, San Francisco and Springfield. Delegates, leaders, and Junior Counselors totaling 572 attended the various USA Villages.

  • Sent 31 Junior Counselors to Villages in the United States and 10 other countries.

  • Started 23 new Interchanges with families in 9 countries.

  • Sponsored 24 Seminar Camp delegates from 18 Chapters. The delegates attended Camps in the USA and 8 other countries.

  • Hosted a Seminar Camp in Detroit, Michigan for 19 delegates from around the world.

  • Sent 13 Summer Camp delegations of 13 to 15 year olds to programs in 12 countries. A total of 65 youth and adult leaders from 13 Chapters participated in this activity.

  • Hosted the first ever CISV USA National Camp in Jacksonville Florida.

  • Sent 12 delegates to International Youth Meetings in Brazil, Germany, Italy and Sweden.

  • Sent delegates to an International People’s Project in Germany.

  • Conducted Local Work programs in the USA Chapters and the Steering Committees.

  • Was represented at the Annual International Meeting and the International Junior Branch Conference held in Thailand by fifteen participants, in addition to the CISV USA members who serve as International officers or committee chairs.

CISV Background and History
Following the devastating effects of World War II and the hope generated by the creation of the United Nations, Dr. Doris Twitchell Allen, a psychologist at the University of Cincinnati (USA), founded CISV. She saw CISV as a way to prevent the horrors of World War II in the future. By bringing together young people from different countries and cultures she hoped to “sow the seeds” for personal bonds and for an appreciation of cultural differences. In this way she wanted to prevent the development of prejudices as these youngsters would grow up. Her long-range goal was a better, more peaceful future. Now, many years later, these thoughts still take up a central position in CISV’s philosophy.
In 1951 the first CISV Village, a unique program for pre-adolescents, was conducted in Cincinnati, Ohio. By 1956 a constitution for the International Association of CISV was adopted at the annual meeting in Sweden. Soon members and past participants were demanding additional international programs. The Interchange Program was established in 1962 and reunion villages were reorganized into the Seminar Camp Program in 1971. Local Work designed to promote orientation and “follow-up” work at the Local Chapter level achieved co-equal program status in 1980.
CISV’s premise is that individuals can best build peace when they have learned to live amicably, regardless of race, creed, culture or nationality. Thus cooperation, peace education, global thinking, respect for other points of view, non-violent conflict management and cross-cultural communication are important ingredients of CISV programs. Learning by doing and sharing responsibility in the daily process of decision-making are elements that can be found in all CISV activities. Education in CISV is a process where all can contribute, where everyone can gain through the talents of others and where an open mind is as important as one’s experience.
CISV has grown from 55 participants representing 9 nations in 1951 to more than 100,000 program participants from 93 nations in 1992. Today over 9,000 participants learn to live and work together in peace and friendship in approximately 200 multi-national CISV programs each year.

CISV International

The CISV International Association is responsible for the cooperation, coordination and communication between CISV National Associations as well as for directing the progress and growth of CISV programs. The International Office performs the day-to-day work under the leadership of the President of CISV International and the Secretary General.

The Five CISV Principles

  1. That individuals will make close friendships around the world, that is, that countries will become known to them in terms of close friends rather than as abstract places on a map, or a stereotype built up from ignorance or limited experience.

  1. That individuals will become aware of basic likenesses of all humans, and at the same time come to know and appreciate differences.

  1. That individuals will develop personalities that are essentially free from barriers, for example, essentially free from the barrier of prejudice.

  1. That individuals will acquire skills of communication with other individuals and with groups, even when many languages are represented and where no common language exists.

  1. That individuals will acquire an active desire for world peace and a desire to work for it.

CISV Philosophy

CISV programs operate in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child and UNESCO’s 1974 “Recommendation Concerning Education for International Understanding, Cooperation and Peace,” and “Education Relating to Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.” CISV programs foster a spirit of understanding, friendship, peace and global interdependence within youth demonstrating leadership potential irrespective or race, religion, political affiliation, sex or social/economic background.

CISV was founded with the knowledge that transnational educational programs are most effective before substantial cultural perspectives or prejudices are formed. Accordingly, CISV programs begin with pre-adolescents (age 11). Continued participation is possible through other activities for teens (age 12-18) and adults.

CISV’s emphasis is to contribute to peace by providing both national and international experiences which:

  • Provide knowledge/information and the ability to process data concerning global issues, cross-cultural communication and non-violent conflict resolution;

  • Encourage people to take responsibility for their own actions;

  • Foster the decision-making abilities of individuals;

  • Encourage involvement by participants, as individuals, in their local, national and international environments;

  • Help produce mature informed citizens of the world; and

  • Encourage involvement of participants in global cooperation and peace fostering activities.

CISV educational programs are non-political and non-religious. Indoctrination is carefully avoided and cultural, religious and political preferences are respected. As an organization committed to the value of each individual, CISV neither practices nor tolerates discrimination within its programs or administration at any level.
CISV Educational Goals

  • CISV operates its educational programs for youth who exhibit leadership potential irrespective of race, religion, political affiliation, sex or socio-economic background. In some countries limited travel grants for qualified participants are available at the chapter/national level.

  • CISV peace education programs operate on the premise that there is hope for the future and that the actions of individuals can and do have significance in community, national and international affairs.

  • CISV programs emphasize friendship as an important element in learning to resolve conflict and live together amicably despite cultural differences.

  • CISV educates through action and its activities stress cooperation rather than competition as an important educational method.

  • CISV activities include aspects of program planning and administration by participating youth to develop skills in fair decision-making, leadership and recognizing responsibility for individual and group behavior.

  • CISV’s Adult Delegates, on-site Staff, Junior Branch members or local volunteers provide appropriate program guidance and maintain safety/conduct consistent with local laws and CISV rules.

  • CISV programs are based upon organizational goals that provide inspirational and educational value beyond any benefit solely gained from individually structured travel programs.

  • CISV programs involve short-term sojourns or home stays with group activities during summer and major school holidays rather than long-term academic exchanges.

  • CISV experiences form an important component in developing a global perspective and philosophy in life and an active desire to work for peace.

CISV Program Goals for Participants

  • To appreciate the likenesses and interdependence of all people while respecting and finding interest in the differences;

  • To develop respect and appreciation for the way of life in other cultures;

  • To provide the participants with experiences requiring cross-cultural cooperation in a natural setting;

  • To provide the participants with knowledge and experience about everyday life in another culture;

  • To develop the ability to behave constructively and flexibly when interacting with persons of another culture;

  • To provide all participants with better cross-cultural understanding by having interesting and stimulating experiences as “family members” in another culture or as members of a “global society” within a multinational camp;

  • To develop effective communication skills even where there is no common language or cultural perspective;

  • To develop skills in resolving conflicts without violence and stimulate a desire to work actively for peace;

  • To promote international friendships and a sense of personal responsibility for family, community and national behavior; and

  • To provide a source of leadership for creating national and global communities respectful of cultural diversity, human rights and our physical environment.

CISV International Statement on Peace by the Board of Directors

Issued on August 11, 1993, at Newcastle, Great Britain

We deplore the confrontations taking place in various regions of the world, as well as the degradation of the natural heritage and human dignity. These developments threaten the very existence of humanity.
CISV is a non-governmental organization, educating young people around the world towards peace, and encouraging its members to act upon the following concerns, consistent with CISV philosophy:

  • Lack of intercultural awareness

  • Violations of human and particularly children’s rights

  • Denial of access to education and possibilities for personal growth

  • Internal and regional conflicts

  • Tense international relations

  • Underdevelopment

  • Deterioration of the environment

We urge all peoples of the world to work together for the peaceful settlement of all conflicts since, above all else, we wish to live together in harmony without the fear and the consequences of all sorts of violence and intolerance.

Statement of CISV Educational Purpose

Info File R-10 (9508)

CISV’s purpose is to prepare individuals to become active and contributing members of a peaceful society. CISV endeavors to stimulate the life-long development of amicable relationships, effective communication skills, cooperative abilities and appropriate leadership towards a fair and just world.
CISV volunteer programs and activities are planned to promote personal, cultural, intercultural, and international learning. This enables individuals to develop awareness of and positive attitudes towards others, and the skills and knowledge to live, play and work with them, irrespective of cultural background. Through participation, individuals come to better understand themselves and their own culture as well as others and their cultures.
CISV offers opportunities for interested children, young people, adults and their families to explore relevant themes through independent, short-term, non-formal educational activities organized in international, national and local contexts. These may be in either residential or non-residential settings and are offered to qualified participants irrespective of gender, race, religion, ethnicity, political affiliation, socio-economic background, or distinction of any other kind.
This summarizes the educational aspect of the Goals of CISV International stated in Article 2 of the Constitution, passed in 1961 and reaffirmed at the IBM in 1995.

The CISV Education Circle

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