Orthopedic stomatology, its content, aim, tasks. History of orthopaedic stomatology development. The role of the Ukrainian scientists in the development of this discipline.
Equipment, instruments and materials used in orthopaedic clinics and dental laboratory.
Anatomic and functional peculiarities of structure of dental-jaw system. Structure of dental rows. Dental arches and their form on upper jaw and lower jaw. The factors providing for stability of dental row. Dental, alveolar and basal arches.
Structure of teeth.
Anatomic and functional peculiarities of structure of temporomandibular joint and dental periodontum.
Muscles of dental-jaw system. Mimic and masticatory muscles. Absolute force of the masticatory muscles. Masticatory pressure, masticatory force, masticatory effect.
Biomechanics of dental-jaw system. Variety of lower jaw’s movements (vertical, sagital, transversal). Mastication, it’s stages.
Occlusion surface of dental rows. Occlusion curves. Occlusion plane. Articulation and occlusion. Kinds of occlusion.
Bite. Kinds of physiological bite and kinds of pathological bite, its features.
Ethics and deontology in orthopaedic stomatological clinics.
Asepsis and antisepsis, disinfection in stomatology.
Diagnostics in orthopaedic stomatology. Symptom, syndrome, pathological state, illness. Methods of patient’s examining in orthopaedic stomatological clinics. Scheme of patient`s examining. Subjective examining of patient.
Objective examining of patient (examining of patient’s face, temporomandibular joint, character and degree of opening of mouth, examining of dental rows, teeth and mucosa of oral cavity).
Additional methods of examining in orthopedic stomatological clinics. Anthropometry, electromyography, rheography, masticatography, galvanometry, myotonometry, gnathodynamometry, electroodontodiagnostics, occlusography. Calculating of masticatory effect (Agapov’s method).
Roentgenological methods of examining in orthopedic stomatology.
Examining of diagnostic models of jaws.
Classification of defects of dental rows according to Kennedy, Gavrilov, Betelman. Classification of dental-jaw diseases. Diagnosis in orthopedic stomatology.Medical history in orthopaedic stomatology, its parts.