Reporting of dental status from full-arch radiographs: Descriptive analysis and methodological aspects



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Their possible relation as a surrogate of oral health is shown in the right column. The involved subjects of Dental Medicine are noted in the middle column. Reading the table from top to down, it has to be considered, that surrogates include content of cells above.



Table 2 Evaluated articles and encountered mode of report: All full-text reviewed articles are sorted by the year of publication

Ref.


Number of X- rays evaluated


a: Number of teeth


a: Fillings


b: Caries


c: Restorations


a: RCF


b: apF


: ABL


Helenius-Hietala et al[17] 2011b


212


N[r-teeth](mean,SD)[pat]


ND


N[pat] (mean)/G[spec]


ND


ND


NR


mm(mean,SD)/pat; meanABL[pat]/G[spec]; N[teeth+G[ABL]]

(mean,SD)/G[spec]



Yoshihara et al[40] 2011a


177


N[r-teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec,gender]


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


Andersen et al[28] 2011b


52


N[r-teeth](mean,SD, median,Q)[pat]/G(age)


ND


ND


ND


Combined: N[teeth](mean,SD,median,Q)[pat]/G[age]; N[teeth](F,%)[toothtype]/G[age]


ND


Seppänen et al[18] 2011b


84


N[r-teeth](median,rg) [pat]


ND


N[pat](F,%)[all pat], G[spec]


ND


ND


ND


N[pat](F)[ND]/G[spec]


Willershausen et al[9] 2011d


2374?


N[r-teeth](mean?)/ G[age,spec], N[m-teeth](mean)/G[age]


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec], N[pat](%)/G[age]


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec], N[pat](%)/G[age]


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]; N[pat](%)/G[age]


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec], N[pat](%)/G[age]


ND


ND


Kirkevang et al[22] 2009b


470


N[r-teeth](median,rg)[pat]/G[age]


N[teeth+1,2,3 surfaces](median,range)[pat]/G[age,toothtype]


N[teeth](median,rg)[pat]/G[age,tooth-type]


ND


ND


ND


ND


Saeves et al[10] 2009d


93


N[m-teeth](mean)[pat]/G[age,spec]


N[teeth](mean)[pat]/G[age,spec]


ND


“Some”


N[teeth](%)[all teeth]; N[pat](F)[spec]


ND


ND


Tarkkila et al[13] 2008b


161


N[r-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]



Combined with clinical examination: N[DMFT,DT,FT](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]


ND


NR


NR


ND


Buhlin et al[49] 2007b


51


N[r-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec,all]



N[DMFS](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec,all]; N[DMFT](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec,all]


ND


ND


N[lesions](F,%)[pat]/G[spec]


N[pat](F,%)/G[grade]


Nalçaci et al[26] 2007d


190


N[r-,m-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,tooth-type]



N[teeth](median,SD)[pat]/G[gender,all]


N[teeth](median,SD) [pat]/G[gender,all]


N[FPD](F,%)/G[gender,jaw]

N[teeth](SD,median)[pat]



N[teeth](median,SD) [pat]/G[gender,all]


N[teeth](median,SD)[pat]/G[gender,all]


N[pat](median, SD)[ND ABL]/G[gender]


Huumonen et al[3] 2007b


95


N[m-teeth](F)/G[spec]


ND


N[teeth](F)/G[spec]; N[findings?](F)/G[spec]


ND


N[teeth](F)/G[spec]


N[teeth](F)/G[spec];


N[pat](F)/G[spec]


Jansson et al[36] 2006c


191?


N[r-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/

G[spec]


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


N[pat](F)/G[spec]


Tabrizi et al[11] 2006c


20


N[r-teeth]

(F,mean,SD)[pat]



N[DMFS,DMFT](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]


Included to DMFT?


ND


ND


ABL(mean)[pat]


Skudutyte-Rysstad et al[30] 2006d


146


ND


ND


ND


ND


N[pat+tooth](F,%)[all];

N[pat]/N[teeth](F);

N[teeth](F,%)/G[spec]


N[pat+tooth](F,%)[all];

N[teeth](F)[grade];

N[pat]/N[teeth](F);

N[teeth](F,%)[all]/G[spec]



ND


Peltola et al[31] 2006a


307


NR via DMFT


NR via DMFT N[pat](F)[DMFT = 0]/G[spec]


N[lesions](mean,SD) [pat]/G[spec]


ND


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]


N[lesions](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]


NR


Ma et al[2] 2005a


1232


N[pat+m-teeth](%)/G[tooth-type]; N[m-teeth](%)[tooth-type]


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


Olze et al[14] 2005d


275


NR


NR


NR


ND


ND


ND


ND


Cabrera et al[4] 2005c


1417


N[pat](F)/G[m-teeth,spec]


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


Rosenquist et al[5] 2005b


452


N[pat](F)[G[m-teeth]/G[spec]


N[pat](F)[G[m-teeth]/G(spec)


ND


N[pat](F)[teeth]/G[spec]


N[pat](F)[grade]/G(spec)


Montebugnoli et al[44] 2004c


113


NR via pantomography index


ND


NR via Pantomography index


ND


ND


NR


NR


Abou-Raya et al[46] 2002a


50


N[pat+m-teeth](%)/G[spec]


ND


NR via Pantomography index


ND


ND


NR via pantomography index


NR via pantomography index


Enberg et al[21] 2001a


137?


N[r-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,age,spec]



ND


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,age,spec]


ND


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,age,spec]


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,age,spec]


N[teeth](F,%)[pat]/G[gender,age-group,spec]


Närhi et al[6] 2000a


396


N[pat+r-teeth]; N[r-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,jaw,spec]



ND


N[teeth]; N[teeth] (mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,spec]


ND


absN[teeth], N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,spec]


N[teeth], N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[gender,jaw,spec]


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat,grade]/G[gender, spec]


Aartman et al[43] 1999a


211


N[r-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/

G[spec]


ND


N[teeth](mean,SD) [pat]/G[spec]


ND


N[teeth](mean,SD)[pat]/G[spec]


ND


ND


Taylor et al[38] 1998b


362


N[r-teeth?](median)/G[spec]


ND


ND


ND


ND


ND


N[pat](F,%)[grades]/G[spec, age-group];


Grau et al[48] 1997c


126


NR via pantomography index


ND


NR via pantomography index


ND


NR via pantomography index


NR via pantomography index


NR via pantomography index


Peltola et al[19] 1993c


990?


N[pat](%)[DMFT = 0]


N[DMF](mean,SD)[pat]/G[age]


N[teeth](mean,SD,rg)[pat]


ND


N[pat](%)


N[pat](%)


N[pat+ND G[ABL]](F,%)


Hakeberg et al[33] 1993c


180


N[m-teeth]

(mean,SD,rg)[pat]/G[spec,gender,age]



N[surfaces](mean,SD,rg)[pat]/G[spec, gender,age]


N[surfaces](mean,SD,rg) [pat]/G[spec,gender,age]


ND


N[m-teeth]

(mean,SD,rg)[pat]/G[spec,gender,age]



N[lesions](mean,SD,rg)[pat]/G[spec,gender,age]


N[lesions](mean)[pat]/G[grade,spec]


Corbet et al[24] 1992b


165


N[m-teeth]

(mean,SD)[pat]/G[age]; N[m-teeth](%)[FDI]



ND


ND


N[pontics,cantilever,crowns](%)[FDI]; N[FPD](%)[units]; N[units,retainers](mean,SD)[all FPD]


ND


ND


ND


Lindqvist et al[15] 1989d


50


N[r-teeth](mean,rg)[pat]


N[pat+”seriously decayed teeth”](F,%)


N[teeth,pat](F); N[“Inadequate” RCF](F,%)


N[pat](F)/G[lesions]


N[pat](F,%)/ G[“periodontits”]; N[pat?](F)[spec]


Stermer Beyer-Olsen et al[37] 1989c


141


ND


ND


ND


ND


N[teeth](F), N[pat](F,%)


N[teeth,RCF-teeth](F), N[pat](F,%)


N[pat](F,%)


Grover et al[7] 1982a


5000


N[pat](F,%)/G[m-teeth]


Combined for all carious as N[findings,pat](F,%)


ND


N[findings,pat](F,%)


N[pat+G[periodontits]](F,%)


Langland et al[16] 1980b


2921


ND


ND


N[pat+lesion?](F,%)


N[pat+FPD](F,%)


N[pat+tooth](F,%)


N[pat+lesion?](F,%)


N[pat+G[periodontits]](F,%)


Meister et al[25] 1977b


5783


ND


ND


ND


N[pat+FPD](F,%)


ND


N[findings](F,%)


N[pat+G[periodontits]](%)


Pelton et al[20] 1973d


200


ND


ND


N[findings](F)/G[jaw,spec]


ND


ND


ND


ND


Christen et al[27] 1967b


1338


ND


ND


ND


“Many ill fitting crowns”


ND


N[pat+tooth](F)


N[pat+”gross periodontits”](F,%)


Lilly et al[8] 1967d


1285


N[pat](F,%)/G[r-teeth]


ND


ND


ND


N[teeth](F)/G[tooth-type]; N[pat,canals](F)


N[teeth](F)G[spec]


ND


The date is followed by a discretionary index for the 5 year Impact Factor of the journal in 2010 (a < 1.5; b < 3; c > 3; d: None). Please see caption: Operationalization of findings in “Materials and Methods” section to decipher content in columns Ⅰa-Ⅳ. Column Ⅱb “Implants” is not shown for a comprehensive view and due to the lack of noteworthy reports. RCF: Root-canal-fillings; apF: Apical findings; ABL: Alveolar bone loss; ND: Not defined; NR: Not reported.



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