La laguna del lagarto lodge bird checklist

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BIRD CHECKLIST (Nomenclature follows the 2012 AOU checklist of North American Birds)

Callyn D. Yorke, Ph.D.

August, 2012

The area covered by this checklist includes the road from Pital to the Lodge, surrounding roads to neighboring farms; the Rio San Carlos near the lodge to the Rio San Juan; a small portion of the Rio San Juan near Boca San Carlos. Habitats included are primary and secondary rainforest, rivers and streams, riverine forest, sandbars and mudflats, pastureland, plantations, gardens, weedy roadsides and fields. This list shows the many bird species you may encounter on a 3-5 day visit as you explore the excellent birding spots at and nearby the lodge. The codes reflect the chances an average birder will have at observing or hearing a particular species. Keep in mind that some resident breeding birds (e.g. Great Green Macaw) become relatively scarce or entirely absent seasonally.

It should also be noted that this part of northern Costa Rica contains a wide variety of birds (390 species on this list) owing to many microhabitats within the general habitats listed above. For example, some species (e.g. Agami Heron) are found only in the quiet backwaters of rainforest lagoons. Many other bird species of the rainforest have a unique and often limited set of ecological requirements. Thus, by visiting a variety of habitats and paying attention to subtle changes within a particular habitat, the careful observer may be rewarded with sightings of some rare and beautiful species.


1: Permanent resident. 2: Wintering species (Sept.-April). 3: Passage migrant only – usually spring & fall . 4: Sporadic visitor from upslope or elsewhere. 5: Out of expected range, accidental. ?: Status unclear; more data needed.


C: common, seen or heard daily. FC: fairly common. usually seen or heard daily. U: uncommon. May be seen weekly but could be missed. R: rare. Seen or heard monthly; local and/or secretive habits. VR: very rare. Low population numbers; difficult to find, even in the right habitat. X: Occasional: Unexpected; fewer than 5 documented occurrences.


This bird list represents the latest revision (2012) following the previous editions of 1998, 2000, 2001 and 2002. In addition to my field studies in the region (1997-2012), the LDL bird list is the result of many hours of field observations by several experienced ornithologists and other biologists working in the area during the past twenty years. Indeed, the LDL bird list continues to be a collaborative effort and is a significant contribution to ornithology in northern Costa Rica. I am indebted to the following individuals for their excellent work (in alphabetical order): Oscar Artavia, Didier Castro, Mark Digirolamo, Adolfo Gonzalez, Tyler Hicks, Dan Keller, Gerard Phillips, and Nicholas Wilkinson.



__1 C Great Tinamou Tinamus major

__1 C Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui

1 FC Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi


__4 U Black-bellied Whistling Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

__1 U Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata

__2 R Blue-winged Teal Anas discors


__1 X Gray-headed Chachalaca Ortalis cinereiceps

__1 U Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens

__1 R Great Currasow Crax rubra


__1 R Tawny-faced Quail Rhynchortyx cinctus


__? X Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus


__4 R Wood Stork Mycteria Americana


__5 X Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens


__1 FC Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus


__1 FC Anhinga Anhinga anhinga


__5 X Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis


__? X Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus

__? X Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis

__1 R Rufescent Tiger Heron Tigrisoma lineatum

__1 R Bare-throated Tiger Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum

__2 FC Great Blue Heron Ardea herodius

__2 FC Great Egret Ardea alba

__2 FC Snowy Egret Egretta thula

__2 C Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

__ 4 U Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

__ 1 C Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

__ 1 C Green Heron Butorides virescens

__ 1 R Agami Heron Agamia agami

__ X R Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

__4 U Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea

__1 R Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius


__1 U Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis


__1 C Black Vulture Coragyps atratus

__1 C Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

__4 X Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus

__1 U King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa


__2 C Osprey Pandion haliaetus


__1 R Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis

__1 X Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus

__2 U Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus

__1 U White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

__3 R Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis

__ 1 U Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus

__3 VR Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis

__3 U Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea

__1 VR Black- collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis

__2 X Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus

__? VR Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus

__2 X Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus

__ 1 VR Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor

__1 X Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens

__1 R Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps

__1 R Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus

__1 U White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis

__1 R Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga

__1 R Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris

__ 2 C Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus

__1 FC Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus

__1 FC Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus

__3 U Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni

__1 X Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus

__1 R Black Hawk- Eagle Spizeatus tyrannus

__1 VR Black and White Hawk- Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus

__1 VR Ornate Hawk- Eagle Spizaetus ornatus

__1 R Slaty-backed Forest Falcon Micrastur mirandollei

__1 U Collared Forest Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus

__4 X Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus

__4 X Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway

__1 FC Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans

__1 FC Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis

__2 R Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus


__1 X Sunbittern Eurypyga helias


__1 X Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber

__1 FC White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis

__1 R Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis

__1 U Gray-necked Woodrail Aramides cajanea

__1 VR Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor

__ ? X Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer

__1 FC Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica

__1 R Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata


__1 R Sungrebe Heliornis fulica


__5 X Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis

__4 X Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

__? X Wilson’s Plover Charadrius wilsonia

__2 VR Killdeer Charadrius vociferus


__2 R Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus


__1 C Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa


__2 C Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius

__2 VR Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

__2 X Willet Tringa semipalmata

__2 X Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus


__4 R Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla

__2 X Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis

__VR Herring Gull Larus argentatus

__2 X Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia

__4 X Black Skimmer Rynchops niger


__1 R Rock Pigeon Columba livia

__1 R Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis

__1 VR Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa

__1 C Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris

__1 C Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris

__1 X Inca Dove Columbina inca

__1 R Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina

__1 FC Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti

__1 U Blue Ground Dove Claravis pretiosa

__1 R Plain-breasted Ground Dove Columbina minuta

__4 R White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi

__1 U Gray-chested Dove Leptotila cassini

__1 R Olive-backed Quail-Dove Geotrygon veraguensis

__1 R Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana


__1 C Crimson-fronted Parakeet Aratinga finschi

__1 U Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana

__2 U Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus

__1 FC Scarlet Macaw Ara macao

__1 C Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis

__4 X Red-fronted Parrotlet Touit costaricensis

__1 C Brown-hooded Parrot Pyrilia haematotis

__1 FC White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis

__1 C Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis

__1 C Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa

__? X Yellow-crowned Parrot Amazona ochrocephala


__1 FC Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana

__1 U Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia

__1 C Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris


__1 U Barn Owl Tyto alba


__1 C Vermiculated Screech Owl Megascops guatemalae

__1 U Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata

__1 R Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata

__1 C Pygmy Owl Glaucidium sp.

__1 U Mottled Owl Cicaba virgata

__1 R Black and White Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata

__1 R Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator


__1 FC Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus

__1 X Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis

__1 C Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis


__1 R Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis

__1 FC Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus


__1 FC White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris

__2 X Vaux’s Swift Chaetura vauxi

__1 C Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris

__1 U Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis


__! R Bronzy Hermit Glaucis aeneus

__1 R Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri

__1 FC Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris

__1 FC Stripe-throated (Little) Hermit Phaethornis strigigularis

__1 R Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii

__1 FC White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora

__5 X Brown Violetear Colibri delphinae

__5 X Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii

__? X Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti

__4 R Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae

__4 X Green Thorntail Discosura conversii

__1 FC Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania columbica

__4 X Magenta-throated Woodstar Calliphlox bryantae

__1 U Blue-throated Goldentail Hylocharis eliciae

__1 R Blue-chested Hummingbird Amazilia amabilis

__4 X Steely-vented Hummingbird Amazilia saucerrottei

__1 C Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl

__4 X Snowcap Microchera albocoronata

__1 U Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia

__1 U Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti

__2 X Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris


__1 X Slaty-tailed Trogon massena

__1 X Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus

__5 X Baird’s Trogon Trogon bairdii

__1 U Gartered (Violaceous) Trogon Trogon caligatus

__1 FC Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus


__1 U Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii

__1 U Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum


__1 FC Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata

__2 U Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon

__1 FC Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona

__1 C Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

__4 R Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda

__1 R American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea


__1 R White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus

__1 FC Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus

__1 R White-whiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis

__1 R White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus


__1R Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda

__1 VR Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus


__1 C Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus

__4 X Yellow-eared Toucanet Selenidera spectabilis

__1 FC Keel-billed Toucan Rhamphastos sulfuratus

__1 FC Black (Chestnut)-mandibled Toucan Rhamphastos ambiguus


__1 C Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani

__2 VR Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius

__1 R Smoky-brown Woodpecker fumigatus veniliornis

__1 U Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex

__1 U Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus

__1 X Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus

__1 FC Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

__1 FC Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis


__1 R Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus

__1 R Great Antshrike Taraba major

__1 R Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus

__1 U Western Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha

__4 X Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus

__4 VR Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis

__1 FC Streak-crowned Antvireo Dysithamnus striaticeps

__1 U Checker-throated Antwren Epinecrophylla fulviventris

__ 1 C White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris

__1 FC Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis

__1 R Bare-crowned Antbird Gymnocichla nudiceps

__1 C Chestnut-backed Antbird Myrmeciza exsul

__1 U Spotted Antbird Hylophylax naeviodes

__1 U Bicolored Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis

__1 U Ocellated Antbird Phaenostictus mcleannani


__1 R Streak-chested Antpitta Hylopezus perspicillatus


__1 FC Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis


__1 VR Scaly-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus guatemalensis

__1 FC Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyuran

__ 1 R Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus

__1 U Plain Xenops Xenops minutus

__1 FC Plain brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa

__4 X Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa

__1 VR Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda

__1 C Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus

__1 U Northern Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

__1 U Cocoa Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus susurrans

__1 R Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus

__1 FC Black-striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus

__1 R Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius

__1 C Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii


__1 R Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum

__1 R Brown-capped Tyrannulet Ornithion brunneicapillus

__1 FC Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola

__1 FC Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster

__1 U Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleaginous

__4 VR Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus

__1 C Paltry (Mistletoe) Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus

__1 U Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant Myiornis atricapillus

__1 VR Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare

__1 R Slate-colored Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus Sylvia

__1 C Common Tody Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum

__1 R Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens

__1 U Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis

__1 R Goldern-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus

__? X Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus

__1 R Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythurus

__1 R Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius

__2 R Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens

__1 C Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus

__4 X Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens

__2 U Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris

__2 R Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens

__2 VR Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii

__2 X Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus

__1 FC Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus

__1 FC Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus

__1 FC Rufous Mourner Rhytipterna holerythra

__1 FC Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer

__2 U Great-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus

__1 C Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

__1 C Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua

__1 C Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis

__1 FC Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis

__1 FC White-ringed Flycatcher Conopias albovittatus

__? X Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus

__1 C Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

__3 R Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

__? X Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savanna

Genus Incertae Sedis

__4 X Gray-headed Piprites Piprites griseiceps


__1 FC Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina

__1 FC Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata

__1 U Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor

__1 FC Cinnamon Becard Pachyramphus cinnamomeus

__1 U White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus


__1 R Rufous Piha Lipaugus unirufus

__4 X Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus

__1 U Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus


__1 FC White-collared Manakin Manacus candei

__4 X White-ruffed Manakin Corapipo altera

__1 FC Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis


__2 U Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons

__2 X Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus

__3 FC Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

__1 U Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps

__1 C Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus

__1 R Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus


__4 VR Brown Jay Psilorhinus morio


__1 FC Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea

__3 C Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor

__1 FC Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea

__4 R Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

__2 R Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis

__1 C Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

__3 X Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

__2 X Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

__2 C Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica


__1 U Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus

__1 R Black-throated Wren Thryothorus atrogularis

__1 FC Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus

__1 R Stripe-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucopogon

__1 R Plain Wren Thryothorus modestus

__1 C House Wren Troglodytes aedon

__1 C White-breasted Wood-Wren Heniocorhina leucosticta

__1 FC Song Wren Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus


__1 FC Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris

__1 FC Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus

__1 C Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea


__2 R Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus

__2 FC Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina

__1 C Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi

__4 R White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis


__2 R Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis


__5 X Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum


__2 U Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla

__2 VR Worm-eating Warbler Helmintheros vermivorum

__? X Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla

__2 FC Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis

__2 U Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera

__2 FC Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

__2 FC Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrine

__1 FC Gray-crowned Yellowthoat Geothlypis poliocephala

__2 R Mourning Warbler Geothlypis Philadelphia

__2 U Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa

__1 U Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava

__2 R Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina

__2 FC American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

__3 R Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea

__2 R Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia

__3 FC Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea

__2 VR Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca

__2 U Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia

__2 C Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica

__2 X Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum

__2 X Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica

__1 FC Buff-rumped Warbler Myiothlypis fulvicauda

__3 R Canada Warbler Cardellina Canadensis

Genus Incertae Sedis

__1 C Bananaquit Coereba flaveola


__1 R Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii

__1 U White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctosus

__1 FC Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii

__1 R White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus

__4 VR Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus

__1 C Passerini’s Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii

__1 C Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus

__1 C Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum

__1 C Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata

__1 X Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata

__2 X Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia

__4 R Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola

__1 U Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta

__1 U Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana

__1 U Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza

__1 FC Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus

__1 U Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus

Genus Incertae Sedis

__5 X Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus

__1 R Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens

__1 C Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

__1 U Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps

__1 VR Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus


__ C Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina

__1 C Variable Seedeater Sporophila americana

__1 FC White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola

__1 X Nicaraguan Seedfinch Oryzoborus nuttingi

__1 U Thick-billed Seedfinch Oryzoborus funereus

__1 U Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus

__1 U Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris

__1 FC Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris


__4 X Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava

__2 FC Summer Tanager Piranga rubra

__3 R Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea

__1 U Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda

__1 FC Carmiol’s (Olive) Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli

__2 R Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus

__1 C Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides

__2 R Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea

__2 X Dickcissel Spiza americana


__1 FC Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus

__1 U Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna

__1 U Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus

__4 X Nicaraguan Grackle Quiscalus nicaraguensis

__1 U Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus

__1 R Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus

__1 U Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas

__2 X Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius

__1 R Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas

__1 C Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula

__1 U Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus

__1 FC Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus uropygialis

__4 X Chestnut-headed Oropendola Psarocolius wagleri

__1 C Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma

Fringillidae Additional Species

__1 C Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi _______________________________________________________

__1 U White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta ________________________________________________________

__4 X Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae _________________________________________________________

__1 U Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla _________________________________________________________

__4 R Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea _________________________________________________________

Passeridae NOTES

__1 VR House Sparrow Passer domesticus

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