Indian school al wadi al kabir class X english

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Summary 1

The poet describes his meeting with someone who has traveled to a place where ancient civilizations once existed. We know from the title that he’s talking about Egypt. The traveler told the speaker a story about an old, broken statue in the middle of the desert. The statue is fragmented, but you can still make out the face of the person. The face looks stern and powerful, like a ruler. The sculptor did a good job at expressing the ruler’s personality. The ruler was a wicked King, but he took care of his people.

On the pedestal near the face, the traveler reads an inscription in which the ruler Ozymandias tells anyone who might happen to pass by, basically, “Look around and see how awesome I am!” But there is no other evidence of his awesomeness in the vicinity of his giant, broken statue. There is just a lot of sand, as far as the eye can see. The traveler ends his story.

Questions and Answers

  1. What did the traveler say he saw in the desert?
    The traveler said he saw in the desert two big trunkless stone legs of Ozymandias, a broken face that belonged to the legs, a pedestal on which the statue stood once and an inscription on the pedestal.

  1. Where did the traveler see the statue's visage? In what state?
    The traveler saw the statue's visage in the sand. It was half sunk in the sand and was broken.

  1. What could the traveler read on the face of the visage?
    On the visage of the broken statue the traveler saw expressions of frown and the sneer of a monarch's cold command.

  1. Despite being a cold blooded commander, Ozymandias had a kind heart. How do you make it out?
    It is understood that Ozymandias was a kind-hearted king because he fed his people with kindness.

  1. What had the sculptor read of Ozymandias while making his stone statue?
    The sculptor was aware of Ozymandias' passions when he sculptured the king.

  1. What does the poet mean by 'these lifeless things?' What is stamped on these lifeless things?
    The lifeless things are the shattered parts of Ozymandias' statue. The king's passions are stamped on the sculpture.

  1. Whose hands mocked whom and how? 
    The hands of the sculptor mocked Ozymandias by etching on his face expressions of the sneer of cold command, frown and wrinkled lips. The monarch, to intensify his majestic look, had created an artificial frown, to enhance his fearful look, he wrinkled his lips and to command respect, had put on a sneer of cold command.

  1. What inscriptions are engraved on the pedestal?
    On the pedestal is engraved an inscription that the name of the colossal statue is Ozymandias and that the mighty people should despair looking at it.

Whomdoes Ozymandias ask to look on his works?
Ozymandias is asking the mighty to look on his works.
What irony does the poet bring out with the expression, "Nothing beside remains?"
While alive, Ozymandias hoped that his mighty works would be admired by the world and despaired by the other mighty kings of the world. But now, when anyone wishes to see the amazing works of the powerful Ozymandias, there is nothing to see except the wreckage of his kingdom and his shattered statue.

Why does Ozymandias want the mighty to despair looking at him?
Ozymandias wants the other mighty people like him to look at him and his glory and feel jealous of him. Ozymandias wants the mighty to look at his shattered statue and glory and understand that power is subject to decay and that one or the other day the mighty will lose his power and go forgotten like a dead body.
How does the poem present the inevitable demise of a onetime glory?
The poem Ozymandias by PB Shelley is a colossal work of poetry that brings out the inevitable end of material glory. King Ozymandias was a powerful king who ruled Egypt during its golden years.
Other  Questions
How does the poet present the overpowering nature of posterity upon glory?
Posterity or the transition of time from one generation to another has an amazing sway over power and glory. Ozymandias was once a powerful king and was very certain that his glory was not to fade. But after so many generations, his empire, his name and fame and even his statue, were all eaten up by the time-bug.
I met a traveler from an antique land
Who said: `Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert...

  1. Who told the poet about the two vast trunkless legs of stone?

  2. Where was the traveler coming from?

  3. Where did the two meet?

Near them, on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command...

  1. What lay near the trunkless legs of stone?

  2. Describe the expression on the face of the visage.

  3. What is "sneer of cold command?"

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