Implementing Affirmative Action In Public Services: Comparative Administrative Practice



Download 0.82 Mb.
Page26/26
Date03.02.2017
Size0.82 Mb.
1   ...   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26

VII.References, by Chapter



Chapter 1. Introduction

Ospina, Sonia. 2001. “Managing Diversity in Civil Service: A Conceptual Framework for Public Organizations” presented at United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Managing Diversity in Civil Service, UN Headquarters, New York, 3-4 May 2001.

Schneider, Sherry K., and Gregory B. Northcraft. 1999. “Three Social Dilemmas of Workplace Diversity in Organizations: A Social Identity Perspective.” Human Relations. Volume 52, No.11, pp.1445-1467.

Sowell, Thomas. 2004. Affirmative Action Around the World: An Empirical Study. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Thomas, R. Roosevelt, Jr. 1992. Beyond Race and Gender: Unleashing the Power of Your Total Workforce by Managing Diversity. Amacom, New York.
Chapter 3. Implementing Affirmative Action in India: a case study

Agarwal, U.C. 2003. Reservation for Whom, Why and How Much: Constitutional Provisions and Judicial Verdicts. Vol. XLIX: 107–18. New Delhi: The Indian Institute of Public Administration.

Bakshi, P.M. 2001. The Constitution of India. Delhi: Universal Law Publishing Company.

Beschel, R., and P. Sundaram. 2002. “Rationalization of Manpower” in “Indian Civil Service. World Bank. Mimeo.

Bhargava, B.S. 1999. “Protective Discrimination and Development of Scheduled Castes.” Indian Journal of Public Administration Vol. XLIV No. 3: 508–19. New Delhi.

Chaudhry, P. 2004. “The Creamy Layer: Political Economy of Reservations.” Economic and Political Weekly (May 15). New Delhi

Galantar, M. 1984. Competing: Law and the Backward Classes in India. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Government of India. 2000. Constitution of India. Ministry of Law. New Delhi

____. 2003. Report of the Committee to Review the Constitution. Ministry of Law. New Delhi

_____. 2002. Tenth Five Year Plan. Planning Commission. New Delhi.

_____. 2003. Annual Report 2002–2003 of Ministry of Personnel, Pensions and Public Grievances. Ministry of Personnel, Pensions and Public Grievances. New Delhi.

_____. 1993. Brochure on Reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Services. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. New Delhi.

_____. 2003. Annual Report 2002–2003 of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. New Delhi.

_____. 2003. Annual Report of the Department of Women and Child Welfare 2002–2003. Department of Women and Child Welfare. New Delhi.

_____. 1997. Increasing Awareness for Change: A Survey of Gender and the Civil Services. Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances. New Delhi.

_____. 1998. Women in Civil Service. Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration. Mussoorie, India.

Government of Karnataka. 1999. Report of the Representation of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in State Services. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Bangalore.

Lal, Shatrughan. 2000. “Reservation Policy in Services.” Management in Government Vol. XXXII. No.1. New Delhi.

Maheshwar, S.R. 2000. Public Administration in India. New Delhi: Macmillan India.

National Commission for Women. 2003. Women in Governance. New Delhi.

Nehru, J. 1946. The Discovery of India. London: Meridian Books.

National Commission for Scheduled Classes and Scheduled Tribes. 2003. Annual Report for 2002–2003. New Delhi.

Sharma, R., and R. Lal. 2002. “Administrative Culture of Agriculture Personnel.” Indian Institute of Public Administration Vol. XLVIII. No. 4: 635–54. New Delhi.

Sowell, T. 2004. Affirmative Action Around the World. London: Yale University Press.

Thorat, S. 2004. “On Reservation Policy in Private Sector.” Economic and Political Weekly (June 19). New Delhi

Union Public Service Commission. 2001. Annual Report, 2000–2001. New Delhi.

Vakil, A.K. 1985. Reservation Policy and Scheduled Castes in India. New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House.

Weiner, M., and M.F. Katzenstein. 1981. India’s Preferential Policies: Migrants, Middle Classes and Ethnic Equality. University of Chicago Press.

World Bank. 2003. India: Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty. New Delhi.
Chapter 4. Implementing Affirmative Action in Malaysia: A case study

Caiden, G., and N. Caiden. 2001. “Strategies for Meeting the Challenge of Diversity Management in the Civil Service.” Paper presented in the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Managing Diversity in the Civil Service. New York.

Commonwealth Secretariat, United Nations. 2004. Current Good Practices and New Developments in Public Service Management: Malaysia. London

Crouch, H. 1996. Government and Society in Malaysia. London: Cornell University Press.

Esman, M. 1972. Administration and Development in Malaysia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

_____. 1999. “Public Administration and Conflict Management in Plural Societies: The Case for Representative Bureaucracy.” Public Administration and Development 19 (4). London

Government of Malaysia. 1969. New Economic Policy. [Dept?] Kuala Lumpur.

_____. 2004. http://mcsl.mampu.gov.my/. Official government website.

_____.2004. Report on the State of Women in Urban Local Government in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur.

Jayal, N. G. 2004. “Ethnic Inequality and Public Sector Governance in India. Paper presented at the UNRISD Conference on Ethnic Inequality and Public Sector Governance. United Nations Research in Social Development. New York

Khoo, B.T. 2004. “Ethnic Inequality and Public Sector Governance in Malaysia. Paper presented at the UNRISD Conference on Ethnic Inequality and Public Sector Governance. United Nations Research in Social Development. New York (I cannot help you on if Khoo is the last or first name)

Lee, H.G. 2000. Ethnic Relations in Peninsular Malaysia Social and Cultural Issues Vol. 1. New York

Lim, H.H. 2002. Representativeness of the Bureaucracy in Malaysia. Socioeconomic Development and Research Institute. Kuala Lumpur. www.sedar.org.

_____. 2002. “Public Administration: The Effects of Executive Dominance” in F.L.K. Wah and K.B. Teik, eds., Democracy in Malaysia: Discourses and Practices. Richmond, Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Lucas, R., and D. Verry. 1999. Restructuring the Malaysian Economy: Development and Human Resources. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Malek Shah Mohd. Yusoff. 2002. “Motivation and Retention of Senior Officers in the Public Service: The Malaysian Experience.” Paper presented at the conference on Emerging Issues in Senior Management Development. Commonwealth Association of Public Administration and Management, Toronto.

Milne, R.S., and D.K. Mauzy. 1978. Politics and Government in Malaysia. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Mohamad, M. Bin. 1970. The Malay Dilemma. Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications.

Navaratnam, R.V. 1997. Managing the Malaysian Economy. Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications.

Puthucheary, M. 1978. Politics of Administration: The Malaysian Experience. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Sowell, T. 2004. Affirmative Action Around the World. London: Yale University Press.

Sundaram, P. 2004. “Human Resource Management in Malaysia.” Unpublished. South Asia Department, World Bank.

Wong, S. 2002. Malayan Public Sector Dynamism and Civil Service Diversity. Institute of Applied Policy (INSAP), Kuala Lumpur.
Chapter 5. Implementing Affirmative Action in Nigeria’s Public Service: A case study

Abubakar, D. 2003. "The Federal Character Principle, Consociationalism and Democratic Stability in Nigeria" in K. Amuwo, A.A. Agbaje, R.T. Suberu, and G. Herault, eds., Federalism and Political Restructuring in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd.

Adamolekun, L. 1983. Public Administration: A Nigerian and Comparative Perspective. London: Longman.

_____. 1986. Politics and Administration in Nigeria. London: Hutchinson.

_____. 2002. "Central Government Organization" in L. Adamolekun, ed., Public Administration in Africa: Main Issues and Selected Country Studies. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd.

Adamolekun, L. J. Erero, and B. Oshionebo. 1991 "’Federal Character’ and Management of the Federal Civil Service and the Military." Publius: The Journal of Federalism 21 (Fall).

Agbodike, C.C. 2003. "Federal Character Principle and National Integration" in K. Amuwo, A. A. Agbaje, R. T. Suberu, and G. Herault, eds., Federalism and Political Restructuring in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd. 177–90.

Awolowo, O. 1947. Path to Nigerian Freedom. London: Faber & Faber.

Ayoade, J.A.A. 2003. "The Federal Character Principle and the Search for National Integration" in K. Amuwo, A. A. Agbaje, R. T. Suberu, and G. Herault, eds., Federalism and Political Restructuring in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd. 101-120.

Balogun, M. J. 2001. "Diversity Issues Facing the Public Service in Sub-Saharan Africa." Paper prepared for the United Nations Expert Group (UNEG) meeting on Managing Diversity in the Civil Service, New York, May 3–4.

Bande, T.M. 2001. "Managing Diversity in the Civil Service: A Brief Examination of the Nigerian Case." Paper prepared for the UNEG meeting on Managing Diversity in the Civil Service, New York, May 3–4.

Bello, A. 1962. My Life. London: Cambridge University Press, 133.

Central Bank of Nigeria. 2000. Annual Report and Statement of Accounts for the Year ended 31st December. Lagos.

_____.2001. Annual Report and Statement of Accounts for the Year ended 31st December. Lagos.

_____. 2002. Annual Report and Statement of Accounts for the Year ended 31st December. Lagos.

_____ 2003. Annual Report and Statement of Accounts for the Year ended 31st December. Lagos.

Ekeh, P. and E. Osaghae, eds. 1989. Federal Character and Federalism in Nigeria. Ibadan: Heinemann.

Essien-Udom, E.U. 1968. “The Responsibilities of the Higher Civil Servant in Nigeria” in A. Adedeji, ed., Nigerian Administration and Its Political Setting. London: Lutchinson.

Federal Character Commission. 1996. 1st Annual Report. Abuja.

_______ .1996. Federal Civil Service Manpower Statistics; Senior, Middle and Top Management Staff on State by State Basis, Abuja.

______.1999. Fourth Annual Report Abuja.

_____. 2000. Fifth Annual Report Abuja.

Federal Republic of Nigeria. 1979. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Lagos: Federal Government Press.

________ .1997. Federal Civil Service Manpower Statistics. Vol. 30 (Nos. 1 and 2) (March and June). Abuja.

________ .1997. White Paper on The Report of Review Panel on the Civil Service Reforms. The Cabinet Secretariat, The Presidency, Abuja.

________1999. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Lagos: Federal Government Press.

Gboyega, A. 1984. "The 'Federal Character' or the Attempt to Create Representative Bureaucracies in Nigeria." IRAS 51 (March).

_____. 1989. "The Public Service and Federal Character" in P.P. Ekeh and E.E. Osaghae, eds, Federal Character and Federalism in Nigeria. Ibadan: Heinemann.

Kauzya, J. 2001. "A Holistic Model for Managing Ethnic Diversity in the Public Service in Africa.” Paper prepared for the UNEG meeting on Managing Diversity in the Civil Service, New York, May 3–4.

Kirk-Greene, A.H.M. 1983. "Ethnic Engineering and the 'Federal Character' of Nigeria: Boon of Contentment or Bone of Contention?"Ethnic and Racial Studies 6 (October).

Leith, R., and H. Solomon. 2001. "On Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflict Management in Nigeria." African Journal of Conflict Resolution, No 1.

Mabogunje, A.L. 1999. "Nigeria: Physical and Social Geography" in Africa South of the Sahara. 28th ed. London: Europa Publications.

Obiyan, A. S. and S.T Akindele. 2002. "The Federal Character Principle and Gender Representation in Nigeria" in Journal of Social Sciences. India, Delhi: KRE Publishers, 241–46.

Office of the Head of the Civil Service of the Federation (OHCSF). 2003. Report on The Computerisation of the Records of Civil Servants in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Service.

Ojeifo, S. 2004. "NASC and the Federal Character Question" in Vanguard (Lagos). May 14.

Olowu, B. 2001. "Pride and Performance in African Public Services: Analysis of Institutional Breakdown and Rebuilding Efforts in Nigeria and Uganda." International Review of Administrative Science 67 (1) (March).

Olowu, D. 1995. “Centralization, Self-Governance and Development in Nigeria" in J. Wunsch and D. Olowu, eds., The Failure of the Centralized State: Institutions and Governance in Africa. Oakland, CA: ICS Press.

Onuorah, M. 2004. "Government Confirms Planned Sack in Civil Service.” The Guardian (Lagos). June 25.

Tamuno, T. N. 2003. "Nigerian Federalism in Historical Perspective" in K. Amuwo, A.A. Agbaje, R.T. Suberu, and G. Herault, eds., Federalism and Political Restructuring in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd.

Usman, Y.B. 1977. "National Cohesion, National Planning and the Constitution" in S. Kumo and A. Aliyu, eds., Issues in the Nigerian Draft Constitution. Zaria: Baraka Press Ltd., 45–46.

World Bank. 1996. "Nigeria" in Trends in Developing Economies. Washington, DC.
Chapter 6. Implementing Affirmative Action in South African Public Service: A case study

ANC (African National Congress). 1994. The Reconstruction and Development Program. Cape Town._____. 2004. “Public service transformation: Women manage to break through artificial ceiling.” ANC Today 4 (8) (27 February–4 March). http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/anctoday/2004/at08.htm.

Cameron, R. 2003a. “Political decentralisation, party control, corruption and mismanagement.” In A. Hadenius, ed., Decentralisation and Democratic Governance Experiences from India, Bolivia and South Africa. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 105–50.

_____. 2003a.b (sorry my mistake) “Politics-administration interface: The case of the city of Cape Town.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 69 (1): 51–66.

Cameron, R, G. [G. who?]take out the G, and A.B. Stone. 1995. Serving the Public. A Guide for Practitioners and Students. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik.

Cameron, R., and C. Tapscott. 2000. “Challenges of state transformation in South Africa.” Public Administration and Development 20: 81–86.

Commonwealth Secretariat. 1991. Report of a Commonwealth Expert Group, Human Resources in a New South Africa. London: James Currey.

DPSA (Department of Public Service and Administration). 1997. The Provincial Review Report. Pretoria: Department of Public Administration.

_____. 2004. Public Service Employment Statistics. Department of Public Administration, Pretoria.

Du Toit, D., D. Bosch, D. Woolfrey, S. Godfrey, J. Rossouw, S. Christie, C. Cooper, G. Giles with C. Bosch. 2003. Labour Law Relations. 4th ed. Durban: Butterworth.

Government Communication Information Service 2004. South African Yearbook 2003/2004 at http://www.info.gov.za/yearbook/2004/landpeople.htm.

Habib, A. 2003. “Conversation with a Nation: Race and Redress in South Africa.” Paper presented at International Political Science Association Conference, Durban.

Hughes, O. E. 2003. Public Management and Administration. An Introduction. 3d ed. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Hugo, P., and L. Stack. 1992. “Whites in the South African public service: Angst and the future.” In P. Hugo, ed., Redistribution and Affirmative Action: Working on South Africa’s Political Economy. Southern: Halfway House, 51–70.

Levy, N. 1999. “Affirmative action interventions.” In P. Fitzgerald, A. McLennan, and B. Munslow, eds., Managing Sustainable Development in South Africa. Cape Town: Oxford University Press Southern Africa, 309–22.

Local Government Bulletin. 2003. “A right to affirmative action” 5 (3): 16–18. [add publisher and city]It is a magazine type format. It is published in Cape Town but does not appear to have a publisher of a sort.

Maphunye, K.J. 2001. “The South African senior public service: Roles and structures in post-1994 departments.” Journal of Public Administration 36 (4): 312–23.

Ncholo, P. 2000. “Reforming the public service in South Africa: A policy framework.” Public Administration and Development 20: 87–102.

PAWC (Provincial Administration of the Western Cape). 2004a. “Draft Policy Statement on the Management of the Employment, Development and Career Progression of Persons with Disabilities in the Western Cape Provincial Administration.” Cape Town.

_____. 2004b. Record of Provincial Executive Programmes candidates. Cape Town.

Presidential Review Commission. 1998. Developing a Culture of Good Governance. Report of the Presidential Review Commission on the Reform and Transformation of the Public Service in South Africa. Pretoria: Government Printer.

Public Service Commission. 2000. Report on the State of Representativeness in the Public Service. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 2002. State of the Public Service Report. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 2004. State of the Public Service Report. Pretoria: Government Printer.

RSA (Republic of South Africa). 1993. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act No. 200 of 1993. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 1994. White Paper on Reconstruction and Development, Government’s Strategy for Fundamental Transformation. Government Printer: Pretoria.

_____. 1995. “The White Paper on the Transformation of the Public Service.” Government Gazette Vol. 365, No. 16838 of 1995. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 1996. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act No. 108 of 1996. retoria: Government Printer.

_____. 1997a. “White Paper on Human Resource Management in the Public Service.” Government Gazette Vol. 390, No. 18594. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 1997b. “White Paper on Transforming Public Service and Administration (Batho Pele),” Government Gazette Vol. 388, No. 18340. Pretoria: Government Printer._____. 1997c. “White Paper on Public Service Training and Education.” Government Gazette Vol. 394, No.18800. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 1998a. “White Paper on Affirmative Action in the Public Service.” Government Gazette Vol. 394, No. 18800 (23 April). Government Printer: Pretoria.

_____. 1998b. Employment Equity Act, Act No. 55 of 1998. Pretoria: Government Printer.

_____. 2001. Public Service Regulations. 2001. Government Gazette, No. R. 1 of 5 January 2001 as amended. Government Printer: Pretoria.

Statistics South Africa, Census, 2001.

UNDP. 2004. United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Report at http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/pdf/hdr04_chapter_3.pdf

University of the Western Cape School of Government. 1998. “Extracts on Human Resources Management and Development from the Presidential Review Commission Report on the Transformation and Reform of the Public Service.” In Human Resources Management. Western Cape Provincial Administration Executive Training Program. University of the Western Cape, Bellville.

The Presidency. 2003. “Toward a Ten-Year Review. Synthesis Report on Implementation of Government Programs.” Discussion Document. Policy Co-ordination and Advisory Services, Pretoria.

Welsh, D. 1982. “The politics of control: Blacks in the common areas.” In R. Schrire, ed., South Africa: Public Policy Perspectives. Cape Town: Juta, 87–111.


1 See Administrative Traditions at http://www1.worldbank.org/sector/civilservice/traditions.htm

2 See Defining Government Employment at http://www1.worldbank.org/publicsector/civilservice/wageconcerns.htm


3 The term “Scheduled Caste” was used for the first time in the Government of India Act, 1935 in place of “depressed classes” and was retained in the 1950 Constitution.

4 Some states had extended the reservation quota to 69%, and to castes in religions outside Hinduism.

5 However, the state of Tamil Nadu passed a law in 1993 to increase reservation to 69%, which was given Constitutional protection by the 85th Amendment.

6 Indra Sawhney 1993 and Balaji 1963 cited earlier; Devadasan vs. Union of India 1985.

7 These and other insights are derived from conversations and focus group meetings in June 2004.

8 Website (which, can you give the date?) for Malaysian news

9 In 2003 the Malaysian government announced that admissions to the universities henceforth would be by academic records, with computers determining who gets in and who does not, without regard to ethnicity.

10 Habib 2003;

Statistics South Africa, Census, 2001. http://www.statssa.gov.za/census2001/Census/temp/Income%20amongst%20the%20employed%20province2004629172254.xls) [page cannot be found]these links are often withdrawn after a while.






Share with your friends:
1   ...   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26


The database is protected by copyright ©dentisty.org 2019
send message

    Main page