Climate change projects in solomon islands the Nature Conservancy – Project (a)



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CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTS IN SOLOMON ISLANDS

1. The Nature Conservancy – Project (a)

Country:

Solomon Islands (Component)

Project Title:

Building the resilience of communities and their ecosystems to the impacts of climate change

Location:

Mboemboe village (South Choiseul), Poroporo village (Northwest Choiseul), Rabakela village (Northwest Choiseul) and Chivoko village (Northwest Choiseul)

Description of intervention:

This project will focus principally on strengthening the capacity of six target communities, two in Papua New Guinea (PNG), three in Solomon Islands, and one community in Marshall Islands, to adapt to climate change impacts. The project will engage and support local and provincial-level planning, finance and administrative arrangements to effectively integrate adaptation options adopted by these communities into provincial-scale development planning, national-level adaptation plans and regional programs.

Problems to be addressed:

  1. Understanding climate change risk

  2. Demonstrating community-based adaptation

  3. Decision-making and leverage

Aims:

To build the resilience of targeted communities and ecosystems in the Pacific to sea-level rise and other impacts of climate change

Objectives:

1.   To build capacity in six target communities to identify and address impacts of climate change on ecosystem services, based on a synthesis of existing practice, knowledge and tools to support adaptation at the community level;

2. To model climate vulnerability at a local level at all sites and at a provincial scale in Choiseul (Solomon Islands), with initial scoping in Manus (Papua New Guinea);

3.   To implement adaptation actions at the community level in six target communities, guided by the existing capacity at the community level coupled with the results of the ecosystem services and participatory vulnerability assessments;

4.   To explore the long-term viability of these community-based adaptation initiatives through economic and social incentives, including sustainable finance;

5.   To integrate adaptation at the community level into local and provincial level planning processes in PNG, Solomon Islands and Marshall Islands, and create a platform to connect to broader national and regional Initiatives (Coral Triangle, Micronesia Challenge); and

6. To share and build on initial lessons and project experiences in community-based adaptation, to inform policy and practice across the broader Pacific region.



Period of implementation:

June 2010 – Sept. 2011

Key sectors:

Adaptation, Sea level rise, Natural Resource Management, Coastal Management, Food Sec.

Executing Organization

The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Partner Organization (s):

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

WWF – Western Melanesia Program

Manus Environment and Climate Change Council

Manus ‘Civil Society Organization’ Forum

Mama Graun Conservation Trust Fund

Micronesia Conservation Trust Fund

Partners with Melanesians

National Research Institute, Papua New Guinea

Lauru Land Conference of Tribal Communities

The Marshall Islands Conservation Society

University of Queensland

Charles Darwin University

University of Rhode Island

University of Otago

University of Woollongong

Supporting Partners

Swiss-RE Reinsurance



USAID

BMU - German Ministry of Environment and Nuclear Safety



The MacArthur Foundation

Funding sources/donors:

AUSAID

Funding amount:

AUD$950,000.00

How it fits into the EbA/ CCA concept:

Building the resilience of communities and their ecosystems to the impacts of climate change and reduction of community vulnerability to climate change impacts; building on the traditional knowledge and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities and sustainable resource management and conservation marine protected areas.

Results/outputs:

  1. Synthesis report of available community-engagement tools that can be used to enhance participatory climate adaptation planning and action, with guidance materials presented in a medium suitable for local target practitioners

  2. Climate Officers in Choiseul and Manus have increased capacity to promote and guide adaptation action within their respective provinces

  3. Climate Officers in Choiseul and Manus able to conduct community outreach, and to identify additional suitable candidates for capacity building

  4. Feedback on the synthesis of community-based adaptation tools

  5. Orientation delivered on key community-based adaptation tools and processes

  6. Work plans and detailed strategies for project engagement with target communities on climate change adaptation

  7. Documented case studies of ecosystem services and community from the five sites which will be used to inform subsequent project activities

  8. Economic profile of the impacts of climate change on the each select community, with estimates of the cost and benefits of adaptation versus inaction

  9. Participatory analysis of community vulnerability to climate change in six target communities

  • Physical relief models as planning tools for at least 3 communities

  1. Synthesis of climate vulnerability data for Choiseul province, with initial scoping in Manus, with a priority setting framework and decision-support system prepared to identify priorities and meet objectives under different scenarios

  • Physical relief model of Choiseul Province as a planning and discussion tool for provincial stakeholders

  1. Adaptive community development plans that incorporate climate adaptation established or expanded in six target communities

  2. Specially designed adaptation actions undertaken in five target communities (M’buke, Rossun, Poro Poro, Sisokolo, Chivoko) in Melanesia

  3. Ongoing assessment of impact of adaptation actions already outlined in Marshall Island’s Reimaanlok strategy, in Namdrik atoll

  4. Analysis of costs required for adaptation, and financial shortfall, developed for N’Drolowa community

  5. Feasibility study for PES mechanism for community-based climate adaptation action in Rossun to protect critical environmental services for the Lorengau township

  6. Partnership with Swiss-RE to explore financing for watershed management with added climate change adaptation management considerations

  7. Pilot PES system for adaptation explored between Poro Poro and Chivoko communities and Mendaña Dive Company

  8. Choiseul Provincial Development plan incorporates climate change adaptation considerations

  9. Manus Provincial Development plan incorporates climate change adaptation considerations

  10. Communications tools (including participatory video of community experience in adaptation tactics; websites; project documents) to share lessons on which adaptation tactics have proven effective in the Micronesian context, and an assessment of their applicability in Melanesia

  11. Quarterly minutes and correspondence between Advisory panel members

  12. At least five project briefs produced that build on technical and expert critique of project activities and results




Lessons learned:

Some lessons learned so far for project:

1. Activities not only involves technology, but the practical aspect of this activity linked Scientific Knowledge & Local Ecological Knowledge

2. Activities are Participatory – thus involves both genders, young and old in the communities

3. Adaptation solutions should not only to focused to the environment, but it is also of a social or economical benefit to the people [livelihood alternative]

4. Involvement of the National government (through MECDM) and the Provincial government of Choiseul is very important


Upscaling/outreach activities:

Through project activities implemented in 6 target communities in 3 different countries. Also, the project will convene a small expert group to provide ‘virtual’ advice to the project cycle and implementation, and to critically appraise project outputs and lessons. The panel will also commit to share important lessons and key outputs within their own field and networks.

Relevant publications related to the good practice

Project Progress Reports



Contact details (including website address):

http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/asiaandthepacific/solomonislands/explore/choiseul-3d-modeling.xml

Willie Atu (SI Program Director): watu@tnc.org




2. The Nature Conservancy – Project (b)


Country:

Solomon Islands (Component)

Project Title:

Pacific Coastal Fisheries: Food Security and Climate Change

Location:

Melanesia (PNG and Solomons), Micronesia (FSM) and other SPC member countries and territories.

Description of intervention:

Understanding the impacts of climate change on coastal fisheries and their management will be fundamental to adapting to climate change impacts and applying Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EBA). Building the understanding and capacity of our fisheries agency partners—at the national and provincial/state levels—will be critical in ensuring their ability to fully engage in climate change adaptation related activities, especially with community-based approaches.

The fisheries component of this project will focus on ensuring that EBA approaches to climate change are effectively integrated within the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF)—with a particular emphasis on community-based fisheries management—and the capacity and effectiveness of the national and provincial/state fisheries agencies to effectively address and engage on climate change issues are measurably increased.



Problems to be addressed:

  1. Ensuring that climate change adaptation approaches are effectively integrated within the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries—with a particular emphasis on community-based fisheries management

  2. The capacity and effectiveness of the national and provincial/state fisheries agencies to effectively address, support and engage with communities are measurably increased

Aims:

This project will focus on ensuring that climate change adaptation approaches are effectively integrated within the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries—with a particular emphasis on community-based fisheries management—and the capacity and effectiveness of the national and provincial/state fisheries agencies to effectively address, support and engage with communities are measurably increased.

Objectives:

To ensure the integration of climate change adaptation into coastal fisheries and MPA work. Specifically, the objectives of the project include:

  1. To work with the national and provincial fisheries agencies in PNG and Solomon Islands to build the understanding and capacity to effectively engage in climate change adaptation initiatives within the framework of community-based EAF management

  2. To work with key local partners, including fisheries agencies in Micronesia, to help build the understanding and capacity to effectively engage in climate change vulnerability assessments and adaptation initiatives within the framework of community-based EAF management

  3. To work with key regional partners—Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the WorldFish Center—to better understand and incorporate climate change adaptation measures into the EAF management, as a key part of the on-going development and application of guidelines for community-based EAF management

Period of implementation:

Project in planning stages



Key sectors:

Fisheries, Climate Change and food security

Executing Organization

The Nature Conservancy (TNC)



Partner Organization (s):

  1. Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)

  2. WorldFish Center

  3. Solomon Islands Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources

  4. PNG National Fisheries Authority

  5. Micronesia – Fisheries Agency and key partners

Funding sources/donors:




Funding amount:

Food Security and Natural Resources Mgmt.

How it fits into the EbA/ CCA concept:

Integration of climate change adaptation approaches within the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries—with emphasis on community-based fisheries management and capacity and effectiveness of the national and provincial/state fisheries agencies to effectively address, support and engage with communities.

Results/outputs:

Specific activities, results and outcomes still being developed at this stage with partners

Lessons learned:

N/A

Upscaling/outreach activities:

Duplicability of results, potential multiplier effect

By working with national fisheries agencies and selected provincial/state agencies, they will be able to transfer results to the remaining provincial/state agencies. At the same time, by working with regional partners, SPC and WorldFish, the results will be disseminated to at least all the 22 Pacific Island countries and territories.



Relevant publications related to the good practice

(Gillett and Cartwright 2010: http://www.spc.int/fame/doc/corporate_docs/Future_of_PI_fisheries_Report.pdf)

Contact details (including website address):

http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/asiaandthepacific/coraltriangle/overview/coral-triangle-initiative-goals-and-commitments.xml.

Willie Atu (SI Program Director): watu@tnc.org




3. University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), University of Queensland (UQ) and Australia's Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE) - (Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Programme – PASAP)


Country:

Solomon Islands

Project Title:

Building social and ecological resilience to climate change in Roviana, Solomon Islands

Location:

Roviana and Vonavona lagoons, Western province

Description of intervention:

As part of the Australian Government’s International Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (ICCAI), the Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program (PASAP) aims to enhance the capacity of partner countries to assess key vulnerabilities and risks, formulate adaptation strategies and plans and mainstream adaptation into decision-making, and inform robust long-term national planning and decision-making in partner countries.
Country activities have been designed with partner countries to respond to a specific adaptation assessment need and align with the partner country climate change priorities. Solomon Islands delegates to the ICCAI planning workshop in March 2009 identified the need for baseline information that will lead to effective monitoring and detection of changes in coastal processes and ecosystems. The project concept has been developed in consultation with the Solomon Islands Government (SIG) and local stakeholders, including through two country visits by DCCEE staff in 2009 and 2010.
The project is linked to priorities identified under the Solomon Islands National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), which highlighted adverse impacts on agriculture and food security as a major concern for many communities and/or villages. The NAPA suggests these vulnerabilities are being exacerbated by lack of understanding, awareness and information regarding the adverse impacts of climate change. Communities will be able to address negative effects of climate change if they understand the linkages between their experiential evidence and the effects of climate change on the key sectors they depend on. This information will support informed adaptation

Problems to be addressed:

How climate change affects the lives of a subsistence community dependent on natural marine and terrestrial ecosystems for their economic and social livelihoods, and how could they respond to the changes.

Aims:

The project will trial an approach bringing together the twin elements of traditional and scientific understandings to assess the vulnerability of remote traditional communities to the impact of climate change on the marine and terrestrial natural resources they rely on for food and other key requirements.

Objectives:

  • Raise awareness of climate change science and adaptation options at the community level;

  • Increase awareness of community perceptions of changes associated with climate change and of perceived options for action to increase resilience to changes;

  • Assess the vulnerability of the area to climate change impacts in the context of other threats posed to the coastal terrestrial and marine habitats and ecosystems, based on the customary resource owners’ assessment and on scientific evidence;

  • Provide the information base drawing on community experience and scientific assessments for evidence-based adaptation planning; and

  • Increase SIG capacity to undertake similar community level capacity building activities.

  • To make information gathered available to partners and participants in appropriate formats.

Period of implementation:

Sept. 2010 – Early 2012

Key sectors:

Adaptation and Food security

Executing Organization

UCSB, UQ, DCCEE, WorldFish Center, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Kastom Gaden Association (KGA), Solomon Islands Government – Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology (MECDM)

Partner Organization (s):

  1. Roviana Conservation Foundation

  2. Local communities in Roviana and Vonavona lagoons

Funding sources/donors:

AUSAID

Funding amount:

AUD$799,912

How it fits into the EbA/ CCA concept:

Building social and ecological resilience and reduction community vulnerability to climate change impacts; building on the traditional knowledge and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities and sustainable resource management and conservation marine protected areas.

Results/outputs:

1. Enhanced awareness in Roviana and Vonavona Lagoon communities about climate change impacts and adaptation options;

2. Improved availability of baseline scientific information to inform climate change adaptation and monitoring of change;

3. Increased local capacity to assess and address climate change impacts and adaptation needs at the community level;

4. Improved knowledge and tools for community-level decision-makers to make informed decisions about environmental management in a changing climate, and develop evidence-based adaptation options and strategies;

5. Continued ‘adaptive monitoring’ beyond end of project i.e., increased long-term local capacity to monitor changes as they happen and to take ownership of collective responses;

6. Strengthened links between climate change adaptation effort, from SIG national to community levels; and

7. Tested and refined approach for application in other areas and lessons learned for managing rollout of similar programs across Solomon Islands and in similar areas.


Lessons learned:

This project is still being implemented and is not expected to be completed until early 2012. However, one lesson that is starting to show is that regarding the resilience of the environment in the Roviana lagoon and the people of the area. Based on work done to date, it is obvious that corals, seagrasses and other marine resources in the lagoon are already being affected by poor water quality and high water temperatures. Any further increases in poor water quality or temperature caused by climate change (e.g. increased rainfall) will only have a small impact in the lagoon compared to offshore reefs as the lagoon is already experiencing and therefore used to high stress (associated with poor water quality and temperature). At the same time, the people of the Roviana lagoon have a very strong traditional knowledge and governance. This strong governance and traditional knowledge would enable communities to be resilient and adapt to future impacts of climate change.

Upscaling/outreach activities:

The project is seen as a pilot by the SIG for similar activities to be rolled out across other subsistence-based regions of the country. Rence Sore, Permanent Secretary of MECM, has undertaken to continue the employment of the SIG project officer appointed under the project. This project is also seen by WorldFish as a pilot of the application of vulnerability and adaptation (V&A) assessment methodology to be applied in other rural areas with less available information under the CTI project.

Relevant publications related to the good practice

Final Project



Contact details (including website address):

Dr. Simon Albert, University of Queensland

s.albert@uq.edu.au






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