Bruising is relatively common, but usually very mild. Because the medication can sometimes cause excessive weakness of the injected or nearby muscles, rarely there can be transient weakness of the eye resulting in possible closure, drooping of the eyelids, or asymmetry of facial expression. The risk of any side effects depends on the muscles injected at your visit. The physician or nurse will discuss this with you at length before your injections. Because Botox® is completely reversible, any side effects related to excessive weakness is temporary, only lasting days or weeks.
What kind of results can I expect?
If dynamic wrinkles are making you look older than you should, inactivation of the frown lines can smooth these lines and give you a more youthful appearance. However, this procedure will not improve the more common, “static” wrinkles that are unrelated to facial muscle contractions. If you have a combination of the two, your improvement may be limited. Because of this, a combination of another procedure along with Botox® injections may be more appropriate for you. Your doctor or nurse will discuss the possibilities with you and recommend the best alternatives for your particular situation. You should also understand that inactivation of frown lines will not improve loose or sagging skin, and does not serve the same function as a facelift.
Are there other limits to inactivation of frown lines?
Unfortunately, inactivation of frown lines is not a permanent solution to the problem of dynamic wrinkles. Because the injections only last about three to six months, you will need to have injections at least twice per year. Though early results from clinical trials suggest that the duration of benefits increase with time, so that you may require injections less frequently in the future, this will vary from person to person. In addition, inactivation of frown lines may be less effective past age sixty-five.
Inactivation of frown lines
Inactivation of frown lines is a procedure to improve the appearance of “worry lines”, “frown lines”, “crow’s feet”, or “forehead wrinkles”, and other so called dynamic wrinkles. To inactivate frown lines, Botulinum toxin (also known as Botox®) is injected into these muscles. Botulinum toxin works by temporarily paralyzing specific facial muscles in a very precise manner. After treatment, the overlying skin remains smooth and unwrinkled while facial muscles contract normally, allowing normal facial expressions to be unaffected.
Though inactivation of frown lines is a relatively new treatment for dynamic wrinkles, Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox®) injections have been safely and effectively used for over a decade for many neurological and ophthalmological disorders. Thousands of Botox® injections are performed each year for a variety of conditions ranging from strabismus (squint or crossed-eyes) to spasmodic oticollis (twisting of the neck with painful muscle spasms). Botox® was first shown to be beneficial for dynamic wrinkles by neurologists and ophthalmologists treating other conditions. Today, paralleling and exponential increase in our knowledge of the science of aging, inactivation of frown lines has emerged as an exciting new treatment for improving the visible consequences of aging. Although Botox® is FDA approved, you should know that it is not yet FDA approved for the purpose of eliminating fine lines and wrinkles.
How is inactivation of frown lines performed?
Inactivation of frown lines is a simple and safe procedure. A very small amount of Botox® is injected with a very fine gauge needle into several locations in the face. Because the needle is so fine and only a small amount of liquid is used, the pain associated with the injection is minimal. Many people say the sensation is similar to a fly or ant bite. No sedation or local anesthetic is required and you will be able to drive and engage in your usual daily activities immediately after your injections. You may have a slight and temporary bruising of the skin at the injection sites, but otherwise there will be no visible signs of your treatment.
Instruction after treatment
Botox® takes four to ten days to take effect, so do not expect immediate results. It is important to remain upright for four hours following the injection to minimize any spread of the Botox®. You will also need to actively contract the treated muscles several times an hour for a total of four hours after the Botox® injections. After four hours, this is no longer necessary. Avoid rubbing the treated areas. If there is no apparent relaxation of the treated muscles after ten days, please contact the office.
Shirlene Jay, M.D., Inc.
3400 Lomita Boulevard, Suite 104 Torrance, CA 90505 (310) 257-1988