What is communication
Def. - the process of exchanging information and ideas
All living things communicate.
Acquiring Human Communication
Humans communicate in many ways
What is a communication disorder?
1. Calls attention to itself
Cleft - opening in structure that is normally closed
Cleft lip - opening in the upper lip
Cleft palate - broad term, opening in the soft and/or hard palate
Orofacial anomalies - abnormalities of the face and/or mouth
Craniofacial anomalies - abnormalities of the skull and face (cleft or not)
Incidence – Varies by race. Caucasians - 1 in 750 live births
Why does a cleft happen?
Congenital - something a person is born with (usually)
including certain "syndromes"
Multifactor or interactionist
Brief review of terms and embryology (how the palate develops)
How does a cleft palate happen?
"Cleft palate occurs when the lateral nasal structures, medial nasal processes and maxillary structures do not grow to sufficient size at the right time to meet each other, or if fusion between paired processes and associated structures is impaired."
Types of clefts
1. Cleft of lip only