Trade policy review report by the secretariat



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REFERENCES


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http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-03-160_en.htm.
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Kacker, M. (undated), Competition and Regulatory Deficit in Civil Aviation Sector in India, CUTS Institute for Regulation and Competition (CIRC). Viewed at: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/8/56/44934012.pdf.

KPM Basheer (2014), "Publishing Industry Booming in India", The Hindu, BusinessLine Portal, 6 July. Viewed at:



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Ministry of Agriculture (2012), Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Authority, Annual Report 2012-13, Executive Summary. Viewed at: http://www.plantauthority.gov.in/pdf/E_Annual%20report%2012-13.pdf.
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Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (2009), Annual Report 2008-2009. Viewed at: http://www.morth.nic.in/writereaddata/sublink2images/AnnaulReport200809_Eng6969980905.pdf.

Ministry of Shipping (undated), National Maritime Development Programme. Viewed at: http://shipping.nic.in/writereaddata/linkimages/NMDP9290454966.doc.

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Planning Commission of India (2012), 12th Five-Year Plan, Overview. Viewed at: http://planningcommission.gov.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/welcome.html.


Sampat, Bhaven and Amin T. (2013): "How do public health safeguards in Indian patent law affect pharmaceutical patenting in practice?", Journal of Health Politics Policy and Law, August. Abstract viewed at:

http://jhppl.dukejournals.org/content/38/4/735.abstract?sid=05351910-5097-4d0a-8a71-a208bc9d17e0.
Sampat, Bhaven and Shadlen Ken (2014): "TRIPS Implementation and Secondary Patent in Brazil and India". Abstract viewed at:

http://spicyip.com/2014/11/nlu-delhi-colloquium-on-selected-ip-issues-iii.html.
Securities and Exchange Board of India (2014), Board Meeting, Press Release PR No. 12/2014

Viewed at: http://www.sebi.gov.in/cms/sebi_data/pdffiles/27383_t.pdf.


Reserve Bank of India (2014a), "Fighting Inflation", Inaugural Speech by Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor, Reserve Bank of India at FIMMDA-PDAI Annual Conference 2014, 26 February, Mumbai. Viewed at: http://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/Speeches/PDFs/SPFING26022014FL.pdf.
Reserve Bank of India (2014b), Annual Report 2013-14. Viewed at: http://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/AnnualReport/PDFs/RBIARE210814_FULL.pdf.
Reserve Bank of India (2015), "Sixth Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Statement", 10 February. Viewed at: http://rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_ViewBulletin.aspx?Id=15387.
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WTO (2007), Trade Policy Review: India, Geneva.
WTO (2011), Trade Policy Review: India, Geneva.

  1. APPENDIX TABLES


Table A1. 1 Merchandise exports by HS section and major HS chapters, 2010-14

HS Section

HS Chapter/Code

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

Total (US$ billion)

251.1

306.0

300.4

314.4







(% of total)

01 Live animals and products

1.9

2.2

2.4

3.2

02 Vegetable products

3.9

5.8

7.1

6.6




10 Cereals

1.3

2.0

3.2

3.4




1006 Rice

1.0

1.6

2.1

2.5

03 Fats and oils

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.3

04 Prepared food, beverages and tobacco

2.4

2.3

2.6

2.4

05 Mineral products

19.6

21.1

22.1

21.9




27 Mineral fuels and oils, products thereof

17.0

18.8

20.7

20.6




2710 Petroleum oils, other than crude

16.4

18.1

20.1

19.9

06 Chemicals and products thereof

9.2

9.4

10.3

10.4




29 Organic chemicals

3.6

3.8

4.0

3.8




30 Pharmaceuticals

2.7

2.8

3.3

3.5




3004 Certain medicaments for retail sale

2.2

2.4

2.9

3.1

07 Plastics and rubber

2.3

2.6

2.6

2.6

08 Raw hides and skins; leather

1.0

1.0

1.1

1.2

09 Wood, cork, straw

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

10 Pulp of wood; paper and paperboard

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

11 Textiles and textile articles

11.5

11.2

11.1

11.9




52 Cotton

2.8

2.9

3.0

3.2




62 Clothing, not knitted or crocheted

2.7

2.6

2.5

2.7




61 Clothing, knitted or crocheted

2.0

1.9

1.8

2.1

12 Footwear, headgear, etc.

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.9

13 Articles of stone, plaster, cement

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.8

14 Precious stones and metals, pearls

17.4

15.5

14.6

13.3




7102 Diamonds, not mounted or set

11.7

9.2

7.7

8.3




7113 Articles of jewellery, of precious metal

3.5

4.6

4.6

3.4

15 Base metals and articles thereof

8.5

7.3

7.4

7.4




72 Iron and steel

2.8

2.7

2.7

2.9




73 Articles of iron and steel

2.7

2.3

2.5

2.2

16 Machinery, electrical machines

7.6

7.3

7.5

7.1




84 Machinery and mechanical appliances

3.6

3.5

3.8

3.8




85 Electrical machinery

4.0

3.8

3.6

3.3

17 Transport equipment

6.4

7.0

6.1

6.8




87 Motor vehicles and parts thereof

3.7

3.6

4.1

4.1

18 Precision equipment

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.7

19 Arms and ammunitions

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

20 Miscellaneous manufactured articles

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.6

21 Works of art, collector pieces and antiques

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

Not classified

4.7

3.9

1.5

1.2

Source: WTO calculations, based on Department of Commerce online information, "Export Import Data Bank".

Table A1. 2 Merchandise imports by HS section and major HS chapters, 2010-14



HS Section

HS Chapter

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

Total (US$ billion)

369.8

489.3

490.7

450.2







(% of total)

01 Live animals and products

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.0

02 Vegetable products

1.0

1.0

1.2

1.2

03 Fats and oils

1.8

2.0

2.3

2.1

04 Prepared food, beverages and tobacco

0.4

0.2

0.4

0.4

05 Mineral products

33.3

37.4

39.1

42.3




27 Mineral fuels and oils, products thereof

31.4

35.3

37.0

40.3




2709 Petroleum oils, crude

25.1

27.4

29.4

31.9




2701 Coal; solid fuels manufactured from coal

2.5

3.4

3.3

3.4

06 Chemicals and products thereof

7.9

7.8

7.6

8.0




29 Organic chemicals

3.4

3.0

3.2

3.8

07 Plastics and rubber

2.8

2.5

2.7

3.0

08 Raw hides and skins; leather

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

09 Wood, cork, straw

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.6

10 Pulp of wood; paper and paperboard

1.0

0.9

0.9

1.0

11 Textiles and textile articles

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.2

12 Footwear, headgear, etc.

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

13 Articles of stone, plaster, cement

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

14 Precious stones and metals, pearls

20.8

18.6

17.1

13.0




7108 Gold unwrought or in semi-manuf. forms

11.0

11.5

11.0

6.4




7102 Diamonds, not mounted or set

9.1

5.7

4.4

5.0

15 Base metals and articles thereof

5.9

5.6

5.6

5.0




72 Iron and steel

3.0

2.8

2.8

2.0

16 Machinery, electrical machines

15.2

14.4

13.3

13.3




84 Machinery and mechanical appliances

7.8

7.7

7.2

6.8




85 Electrical machinery

7.4

6.7

6.1

6.5

17 Transport equipment

3.1

2.8

3.5

3.5

18 Precision equipment

1.5

1.4

1.5

1.6

19 Arms and ammunitions

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

20 Miscellaneous manufactured articles

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

21 Works of art, collector pieces and antiques

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Not classified

2.4

2.6

2.3

2.8

Source: WTO calculations, based on Department of Commerce online information, "Export Import Data Bank".

Table A1. 3 Merchandise exports by destination, 2010-14



 

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

Total exports (US$ billion)

251.1

306.0

300.4

314.4




(% of total)

America

14.7

16.5

17.8

17.3

United States

10.1

11.4

12.1

12.5

Other America

4.6

5.1

5.7

4.8

Brazil

1.6

1.9

2.0

1.8

Europe

19.9

19.0

18.6

18.6

EU(28)

18.4

17.3

16.8

16.5

United Kingdom

2.9

2.8

2.9

3.1

The Netherlands

3.1

3.0

3.5

2.5

Germany

2.7

2.6

2.4

2.4

Belgium

2.3

2.3

1.8

2.0

Italy

1.8

1.6

1.5

1.7

France

2.1

1.5

1.7

1.6

EFTA

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.7

Other Europe

1.1

1.2

1.4

1.5

Turkey

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

1.1

1.0

1.2

1.1

Africa

7.9

8.1

9.8

9.9

South Africa

1.6

1.5

1.7

1.6

Middle East

20.0

17.9

20.8

19.5

United Arab Emirates

13.5

11.7

12.1

9.7

Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of

1.9

1.9

3.3

3.9

Iran, Islamic Republic of

1.0

0.8

1.1

1.6

Asia

30.7

32.1

30.0

29.9

China

6.2

5.9

4.5

4.7

Japan

2.0

2.1

2.0

2.2

Six East Asian Traders

12.9

14.5

13.8

12.5

Hong Kong, China

4.1

4.2

4.1

4.0

Singapore

3.9

5.5

4.5

4.0

Korea, Republic of

1.5

1.4

1.4

1.3

Other Asia

9.6

9.6

9.8

10.5

Bangladesh

1.3

1.2

1.7

2.0

Viet Nam

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.7

Indonesia

2.3

2.2

1.8

1.5

Sri Lanka

1.4

1.4

1.3

1.4

Other

5.7

5.4

1.8

3.7

Memorandum













APEC

37.6

40.9

39.2

38.9

ASEAN

10.2

12.0

11.0

10.5

Source: WTO calculations, based on Department of Commerce online information, "Export Import Data Bank".

Table A1. 4 Merchandise imports by origin, 2010-14



 

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

Total imports (US$ billion)

369.8

489.3

490.7

450.2




(% of total)

America

9.8

9.2

12.1

12.8

United States

5.4

4.8

5.1

5.0

Other America

4.4

4.4

7.0

7.8

Venezuela

1.4

1.4

2.9

3.1

Europe

19.3

19.2

17.8

15.8

EU(28)

12.1

11.6

10.7

11.1

Germany

3.2

3.2

2.9

2.9

Belgium

2.3

2.1

2.0

2.4

United Kingdom

1.5

1.5

1.3

1.3

EFTA

7.0

7.3

6.7

4.5

Switzerland

6.7

7.1

6.6

4.3

Other Europe

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.2

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

1.5

1.7

1.6

1.7

Africa

8.6

8.9

8.4

8.1

Nigeria

2.9

3.0

2.5

3.1

Angola

1.4

1.4

1.5

1.3

South Africa

1.9

2.2

1.8

1.3

Middle East

27.0

28.6

29.2

29.9

Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of

5.5

6.5

6.9

8.1

United Arab Emirates

8.9

7.5

8.0

6.4

Iraq

2.4

3.9

3.9

4.1

Kuwait, the State of

2.8

3.4

3.4

3.8

Qatar

1.8

2.6

3.2

3.5

Iran, Islamic Republic

3.0

2.8

2.4

2.3

Asia

32.6

32.1

30.4

30.8

China

11.8

11.3

10.6

11.3

Japan

2.3

2.5

2.5

2.1

Six East Asian Traders

11.3

10.5

9.7

10.0

Korea, Republic of

2.8

2.6

2.7

2.8

Malaysia

1.8

1.9

2.0

2.1

Hong Kong, China

2.5

2.1

1.6

1.6

Singapore

1.9

1.7

1.5

1.5

Other Asia

7.2

7.9

7.5

7.4

Indonesia

2.7

3.0

3.0

3.3

Australia

2.9

3.2

2.7

2.2

Other

1.2

0.2

0.4

0.9

Memorandum













APEC

39.4

38.6

37.6

38.0

ASEAN

8.3

8.6

8.7

9.2
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