Texas cte lesson plan



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TEXAS CTE LESSON PLAN

www.txcte.org




Lesson Identification and TEKS Addressed

Career Cluster

Health Science

Course Name

Practicum in Health Science

Lesson/Unit Title

Emerging Technologies in Medicine

TEKS Student Expectations

130.233. (c) Knowledge and Skills

(4) The student implements the knowledge and skills of a health care professional necessary to acquire and retain employment.

(B) The student is expected to develop new problem-solving strategies based on previous knowledge and skills

(C) The student is expected to evaluate performance for continuous improvement and advancement in health care.



Basic Direct Teach Lesson

(Includes Special Education Modifications/Accommodations and

one English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategy)


Instructional Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, the student will be able to:


  • Explore and analyze emerging technologies in health science




  • Recognize and plan on the continuing need for education advancement and training to keep up with new discoveries and technology in medicine




Rationale

To ensure the best care for their patients, health care professionals need to stay informed of the latest advances in medicine as well as staying alert to methods and technologies that have been found to cause harm in patients.

Duration of Lesson

Teacher’s Discretion

Word Wall/Key Vocabulary

(ELPS c1a, c, f; c2b; c3a, b, d; c4c; c5b) PDAS II (5)




Materials/Specialized Equipment Needed

  • Computer

  • Projector

  • Copy of “Research Technology Questionnaire” form

  • internet access

  • Copy of list of fields students may choose from for side-by-side timeline

Anticipatory Set

(May include pre-assessment for prior knowledge)



Have you ever watched a sci-fi movie and thought, “Wow, that would be cool if it was real!” (Allow students to give answers). If you were to look at the history of medicine, more advances have occurred in the last 50 years than in all the time before that put together. Keeping up with changes in medicine and technology can be a daunting task for the health care professional, but it is important to make sure your patient is receiving the best treatment possible.


Direct Instruction *

  1. What are some of the most common IT (computer) applications used in the workplace?

    1. Word processing




    1. Spreadsheet




    1. Desktop publishing




    1. Presentation




    1. Database




    1. Graphics




    1. Communication




    1. Monitoring/security




    1. Networking




    1. GPS




    1. Games

    1. Web design

    2. Music




    1. Search engines

II. What do the applications do?



    1. Word processing -- letters, reports, documents, mail merge documents




    1. Spreadsheet -- data analysis, financial analysis, accounting




    1. Desktop publishing -- brochures, flyers, manuals




    1. Presentation -- educational presentations, business presentations




    1. Database -- employee information, company inventory, sales history, customer information




    1. Graphics -- photo enhancement, graphic design, animation, create digital artwork




    1. Communication -- email, instant messaging, record messages




    1. Monitoring/security -- ensure secure environment, prevent hacking, troubleshooting, manage service issues




    1. Networking -- enable devices to communicate




    1. GPS -- location finder, directions, mapping




    1. Search engines -- find information on the internet




    1. Games -- fun, leisure activities, educational activities, work simulation




    1. Music -- store recorded music, create music




    1. Web design -- manage webpages, create and edit web content




  1. Computers in health care

    1. Health informatics – intersection of information technology and health care




    1. Electronic Health Record (EHR) – an electronic version of a patient’s medical history that is maintained by a provider over time

      1. May include:




        1. patient demographics

        2. progress notes

        3. problems

        4. medications




        1. vital signs

        2. past medical history

        3. immunizations

        4. laboratory data

        5. radiology reports




      1. Generated and maintained within an institution, such as a hospital, clinic, or physician office that contains all the clinicians involved in the patient’s care

    1. The information moves with the patient to the specialist, the hospital, the nursing home, or to a different state




  1. Administrative applications




  1. Billing and coding




  1. Clinical and special purpose systems




  1. Radiology and digital imaging

    1. X-rays

      1. Traditional vs. digital x-ray

      2. Mammography

    2. Ultrasound

    3. Digital imaging

      1. Computerized tomography

      2. Magnetic resonance imaging

      3. Positron emission tomography

    4. Bloodless surgery

      1. Interventional radiology

      2. Stereotactic radiosurgery




      1. Focused ultrasound surgery




  1. Other applications

    1. Computer-assisted surgery

      1. Computer-assisting surgical planning

      2. Robotics

      3. Minimally invasive surgery

        1. endoscopic surgery

        2. laparoscopic surgery

    2. Prosthetics

      1. Myoelectric limbs

      2. Microprocessors

      3. Computer technology for vision and hearing

    3. Pharmacy

      1. Prescription processing




      1. Computers and drug errors

      2. Access to patient and medicine data




    1. Telemedicine – the use of telecommunications and information technologies to provide health care from a distance

IV. Health Science Pathways




  1. Therapeutic Services – Careers in the Therapeutic Services pathway are focused primarily on changing the health status of the patient over time.




    1. Pharmacist – How does electronically prescribing medication improve the pharmacy?




    1. Physician’s Assistant – How do computers improve the patient’s experience in the physician’s office? How has technology contributed to more accurate and less invasive methods of diagnosis and treatment?

    1. Diagnostic Services – Careers in the Diagnostic Services pathway use tests and evaluations that aid in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, injuries, or other physical conditions.




      1. Radiologic Technologist -- How has technology contributed to more accurate and less invasive methods of radiologic exams?




      1. Medical Technologist – How are various computer applications used in the laboratory?




    1. Health Informatics – Careers in the Health Informatics pathway include many different levels of health care-related employment. This pathway includes health care administrators who manage health care agencies, as well as those individuals who are responsible for managing all the patient data and information, financial information, and computer applications related to health care processes and procedures.




      1. Medical Records/ Health Information Manager -- How do computers improve the patient record?




      1. Hospital Administrator -- How has the use of computer technology in this area changed over the last 15 years? What have been the advantages to the agency and to the patients?




    1. Support Services -- Careers in the Support Services pathway provide a therapeutic environment for the delivery of health care. Support Services offers a full range of career opportunities from entry level to management, including technical and professional careers.




      1. Computer programmer -- How are various computer applications used in this agency? How do these applications improve healthcare for patients?




      1. Facilities Manager – How has technology impacted quality control?




    1. Biotechnology Research and Development -- Careers in the Biotechnology Research and Development pathway involve bioscience research and development as it applies to human health. These scientists may study diseases to discover new treatments or invent medical devices used to directly assist patients or to improve the accuracy of diagnostic tests.




      1. Biomedical Equipment technician -- What are examples of computerized medical instruments and equipment?




      1. Biostatistician – How has technology impacted the statistical analysis of data?




  1. Health Information Management Careers




    1. Health Information Technology (HIT) -- The application of information processing involving both computer hardware and software that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, data, and knowledge for communication and decision making.




    1. Health Information Management -- An allied health profession responsible for ensuring the availability, accuracy, and protection of the clinical information needed to deliver healthcare services and make appropriate healthcare-related decisions

    1. The practice of maintenance and care of health records by paper-based and electronic means in hospitals, physician office clinics, health departments, health insurance companies, and other facilities that provide healthcare or maintenance of health records




    1. Professionals who plan information systems, develop health policy, and identify current and future information needs. In addition, they may apply the science of informatics to the collection, storage, use, and transmission of information to meet the legal, professional, ethical, and administrative records keeping requirements of healthcare delivery. They work with clinical, epidemiological, demographic, financial, reference, and coded healthcare data.




  1. Health Informatics -- A discipline at the intersection of Information science, computer science, and healthcare. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and medicine. Health informatics tools include not only computers but also clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems.




    1. Using technology to store, share, and analyze health information




    1. The management and communication of data, information, knowledge and wisdom

Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

NONE


Guided Practice *

Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

NONE


Independent Practice/Laboratory Experience/Differentiated Activities *

Choose an area of health care and research how modern technology is being used in that field. Complete the “Researching Technology Questionnaire” form and report to the class.
In groups of 2-3, choose an area of health care from the list and research and develop a side-by-side timeline for that area: one for the technology and advancements for that field and one for the educational requirements needed to work with the developed technology.

Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

NONE


Lesson Closure




Summative/End of Lesson Assessment *



  • Successful completion of the “Researching Technology Questionnaire” form and report to class (coming soon)




  • Project Rubric for side-by-side timeline (coming soon)

Individualized Education Plan (IEP) for all special education students must be followed. Examples of accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

NONE


References/Resources/

Teacher Preparation




Additional Required Components

English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS) Strategies




College and Career Readiness Connection1

English/Language Arts- V. Research


    1. Formulate topic and questions

        1. Explore a research topic

        2. Refine research topic and devise a timeline for completing work

  1. Select information from a variety of sources

      1. Gather relevant sources

      2. Evaluate the validity and reliability of sources

      3. Synthesize and organize information effectively

      4. Use source material ethically

  2. Produce and design a document

      1. Design and present an effective product

      2. Use source material ethically




Recommended Strategies

Reading Strategies




Quotes




Multimedia/Visual Strategy

Presentation Slides + One Additional Technology Connection




Graphic Organizers/Handout




Writing Strategies

Journal Entries + 1 Additional Writing Strategy




Communication

90 Second Speech Topics




Other Essential Lesson Components

Enrichment Activity

(e.g., homework assignment)



For enrichment, the student will develop a new and innovative product that would benefit an area of technology/medicine. Development should include advertisement clarifying how product will benefit patient and area of medicine.


Family/Community Connection




CTSO connection(s)

HOSA, SkillsUSA

Service Learning Projects




Lesson Notes







1 Visit the Texas College and Career Readiness Standards at http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/collegereadiness/CRS.pdf, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB), 2009.

* Special Education Modifications or Accommodations, if applicable

Copyright © Texas Education Agency 2017. All rights reserved of





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