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CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter, with reference to flight instruments only. With an IP, or IE.

  • STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


    1. Analyze aircraft attitude.

    2. Without delay, use correct recovery procedures in the proper sequence.

    3. Recover without exceeding aircraft limitations and with minimum loss of altitude.
  • DESCRIPTION:


    1. Crew actions.

          1. The P* will remain focused inside the aircraft during recovery if IMC. He will advise the P if he detects an unusual attitude and request assistance. He will be prepared to relinquish the controls if necessary.

          2. The P is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance. He will monitor the aircraft attitude and the P*, to help detect an unusual attitude. He will assist in monitoring the aircraft instruments and call out attitude, torque, and trim. He will provide adequate warning for corrective action if aircraft operating limitations may be exceeded. He will be prepared to take the controls if needed. He will report any deviation from the assigned altitude to ATC.

    2. Procedures. Upon detecting an unusual attitude, immediately initiate a recovery to straight and level flight by --

          1. Level the wings on the VSD or standby attitude indicator.

          2. Maintain heading. Turn only to avoid known obsta­cles.

          3. Adjust the torque to climb power.

          4. Adjust the airspeed to climb airspeed.

          5. Maintain the aircraft in trim.

    1. Cross check the VSD with the standby flight instruments throughout the maneuver.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: IMC is not a prerequisite for an unusual attitude. Low-level ambient light may induce spatial disorientation. During NVG operations, video noise may contribute to loss of visual cues.

    2. SNOW/SAND/DUST CONSIDERATIONS: Loss of visual contact can be induced by obscurants other than weather. At low altitudes where these conditions would be encountered it is extremely important that these procedures be initiated immediately to prevent ground contact. Communication in the cockpit is essential.

    3. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    4. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1184

      1. RESPOND TO INADVERTENT IMC
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH-58D helicopter, with reference to flight instruments only.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Determine if the crew is IMC.

      2. Maintain aircraft control and make the transition to instrument flight immediately.

      3. Initiate a climb.

      4. Comply with all ATC procedural instructions, local regulations, and SOP.

      5. Use the proper recovery procedures.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew actions.

            1. The P* will announce inadvertent IMC, transition to instrument flight, and begin recovery procedures. He will announce if he is disoriented and unable to recover.

            2. The P will announce IMC and monitor instruments to assist in recovery, make the appropriate radio calls, and perform any other crew tasks as directed by the P*. He may need to take the controls and implement recovery procedures.

    1. Use of the EGI as an IFR navigational system is not authorized; however, the crew should consider and plan for its use as an emergency backup system.

      1. Procedures. If inadvertent IMC are encountered, perform the following.

            1. Level the wings on the VSD or standby attitude indicator.

            2. Maintain heading. Turn only to avoid known obsta­cles.

            3. Adjust the torque to climb power.

            4. Adjust the airspeed to climb airspeed.

            5. Maintain the aircraft in trim.

            6. Set the transponder to emergency once the aircraft is under control.

            7. Complete an approved recovery procedure.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: Entering IMC with the search light on may induce spatial disorientation. The NVGs may be removed or flipped up once stable flight is established. When using NVGs, it may be possible to see through thin obscuration (for example, fog and drizzle) with little or no degradation. It may be beneficial for the P not to completely remove his NVGs. The NVGs may assist in recovery by allowing the P to see through thin obscuration that would otherwise prevent him from seeing the landing environment.


    1. Once committed to IIMC do not attempt to regain VMC until the aircraft is under control. Rapid changes in attitude and bank angle can induce spatial disorientation causing loss of aircraft control.
    1. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training will be conducted in the aircraft or academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft or academically.
    2. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.


    1. 1186

      1. OPERATE MARK XII IFF SYSTEM
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Place system into operation.

      2. Perform self‑test check.

      3. Classify IFF and transponder defects relative to the mission.

      4. Operate the equipment as directed.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance.

            2. The P will operate the IFF system. He will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit. Duties permitting he will assist the P* in clearing the aircraft.

      2. Procedures. Conduct preflight inspection of the Mark XII. Using the check list, turn‑on, self‑test, and conduct operational checks. Employ the equipment as directed by unit SOP or as briefed. In the event of a failure, or partial failure, report as briefed. Upon mission completion use the check list to perform shutdown procedures.
    4. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. When maneuvering the aircraft in response to IFF indications the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should assist the P* with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft and announce when doing so.

    5. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT, CSMET with ASET II, or academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    6. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus TM 11‑5895‑1199‑12.


    1. 1188

      1. OPERATE AIRCRAFT SURVIVABILITY EQUIPMENT
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Prepare equipment for operation.

      2. Perform self‑test check if required.

      3. Identify the threat from the visual display or audio warning.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is responsible for clearing the aircraft and obstacle avoidance.

            2. The P will operate the ASE. He will announce when his attention is focused inside the cockpit. Duties permitting he will assist the P* in clearing the aircraft.

      2. Procedures. Conduct preflight inspection of the AN/APR‑39(V)1, AN/APR-39A(V)1, APR-44, and AVR-2. (as applicable). Using the check list, turn‑on, self‑test, and conduct operational checks. Employ the equipment as directed by unit SOP or as briefed. In the event of a failure, partial failure, laser or radar indica­tion report as briefed. Upon mission completion use the check list to perform shutdown procedures.

    1. Refer to the technical manuals listed below for details about the operation of ASE currently on the aircraft.
    1. NIGHT OR NVG CONSIDERATIONS: A thorough crew briefing should be conducted prior to NVG operations, crew coordination is crucial. When maneuvering the aircraft in response to ASE indications the P* must consider obstacles and other aircraft. The P should assist the P* with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft and announce when doing so.

    2. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training may be conducted in the aircraft, CPT, CSMET, ASET II, or academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.
    3. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus TM 11‑5841‑283‑12.


    1. 1262

      1. PARTICIPATE IN A CREW-LEVEL AFTER-ACTION REVIEW
    1. CONDITIONS: After flight in a OH-58D helicopter given a unit approved crew level after action review checklist.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. PC will conduct a detailed crew-level after-action review using a unit-approved crew-level after-action review checklist.

      2. All crewmembers will actively participate in the review.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew actions.

            1. The PC will conduct a crew-level after-action review. He will use a unit-approved checklist similar to the one shown in Table 4-1. The PC will actively seek input from all crewmembers. He will ensure that the results of the review are passed to unit operations and flight stan­dards.

            2. All crewmembers will actively participate in the review. The intent is to constructively review the mission and apply lessons learned into subsequent missions.

      2. Procedures. Using an after-action review checklist, participate in a crew-level after-action review of the mission. The review should be an open and frank discussion of all aspects of the mission. It should include all factors of the mission and incorporate all crewmembers. The results of the review should be passed to operations and flight stan­dards.
    4. TRAINING AND EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS:


      1. Training. Training will be conducted academically.

      2. Evaluation. Evaluation will be conducted academically.
    5. REFERENCES: Appropriate common references.

      1. CREW-LEVEL AFTER-ACTION REVIEW CHECKLIST


        1. Restate mission objectives with METT-T considerations.

        2. Conduct review for each mission segment:

              1. Restate planned actions/interactions for the segment.

              2. What actually happened?

            1. Each crewmember states in own words.

            2. Discuss impacts of crew coordination requirements, aircraft/equipment operation, tactics, commander’s intent, etc.

              1. What was right or wrong about what happened?

            3. Each crewmember states in own words.

            4. Explore causative factors for both favorable and unfavorable events.

            5. Discuss crew coordination strengths and weakness in dealing with each event.

              1. What must be done differently the next time?

            6. Each crewmember states in own words.

            7. Identify improvements required in the areas of team relationships, mission planning, workload distribution and prioritization, information exchange, and cross-monitoring of performance.

              1. What are the lessons learned?

            8. Each crewmember states in own words.

            9. Are changes necessary to:

              1. Crew coordination techniques?

              2. Flying techniques?

              3. SOP?

              4. Doctrine, ATM, TMs?

        3. Effect of segment actions and interactions on the overall mission.

              1. Each crewmember states in own words.

              2. Lessons learned.

            1. Individual level.

            2. Crew level.

            3. Unit level.

        4. Advise unit operations of significant lessons learned.

      Table 4-1. Suggested format crew-level after-action review checklist

    1. 1300

      1. PERFORM MMS OPERATIONS
    1. CONDITIONS: In an OH‑58D helicopter.

    2. STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus the following:


      1. Perform MMS PREFLIGHT checks IAW TM 55-1520-248-10.

      2. Perform TIS SETUP procedures if required IAW TM 55-1520-248-10.

      3. Perform airborne calibration when required IAW TM 55-1520-248-10.

      4. Operate AVTR IAW TM 55-1520-248-10.

      5. Operate VIXL IAW TM 55-1520-248-10.

      6. Operate the MMS in all modes without assistance IAW TM 55-1520-248-10.
    3. DESCRIPTION:


      1. Crew Actions.

            1. The P* is primarily responsible for obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft. The P* will maintain aircraft orientation and provide local security during MMS operations.

            2. The P will operate the system and announce when focused inside the cockpit. He will assist the P* to remain oriented on the target and help with obstacle avoidance and clearing the aircraft duties permitting.

              WARNING

              Use of the laser must be conducted on an approved range/area.




      2. Procedures. Configure the MMS according to in­struc­tions in TM 55‑1520‑248‑10, and adjust the TIS as necessary to obtain the best picture. Confirm laser codes are entered per the SOI or unit SOP. Select the appro­pri­ate sensor (TVS or TIS) and the proper field of view to search for, and acquire targets. Use the LRF/D to range, locate, and desig­nate a target. Use the prepoint mode as an aid in maintaining orientation.

    1. The P* (right seat) may override the CPO's (left seat) use of the MMS by pressing the FXD FWD switch located on the cyclic grip controls.

    2. Target designation, target locate, and navigation system offset update cannot be accomplished in the ranging mode.

    CAUTION

    When operating the MMS the P must not distract the P* away from flying the aircraft.



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