Q & A book Vol 4 Moulana Syed Akhtar Rizvi – Bilal Mission index q. Is science action of god?

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The Qur’an is the word of God and Science is the action of God”. This was stated by Alhaji F.M. Quraishy in the “Nigeria Observer.” I would have written to him directly but for the lack of his address. I have however been very fortunate to come across you address. Do you agree with this statement? If so, please comment and convince me.

(Asked by a Christian from Nigeria).
Ans. Science Literally means ‘knowledge’. The present day Scientists endeavor to know (discover) the mysteries of this vast universe. Sometimes they succeed; some times they fail while at times they reach nearer the truth. The Greatest achievement of science in recent times has been to unravel, to a certain extent ( but not fully), the secret of the atom. It is true that this “universe” is the action of God; but science is only a human attempt to ‘know’ about that action. But this attempt of man cannot be termed Action of God.


You say that God is just and will give full and complete justice to His creatures on the Day of Judgement in accordance with their past deeds and actions. There is absolutely no doubt about it. There is also no doubt that He has knowledge of the unseen (Ilm-e-Ghaib) and is ‘Alim’ (Omniscient). I have also read somewhere in the Quran that He created mankind weak. So, the question is that when He knew that He created mankind weak, He also knew before creating Satan that the latter would mislead people and influence them to commit all sorts of sins, and that the people being created weak with no strong will power to withstand the attractions and influence of Satan why then He in the first place, created Shaitan, and why He gave him so much power knowing before creating him that he (Satan) will do everything to mislead the people and lead them to the wrong path? If the answer is that God brought us into this world and wanted to test us, then why did He create us weak and at the same time why did he give all the powers to Satan? My friend also gave an example of a carpenter or, for that matter, any craftsman. He said that if a carpenter wanted to make a chair or any type of furniture, he would ensure before making if that the material he used was strong and would withstand all sorts of strain and stresses. He would use the best quality for he knows that if he used a low quality material the piece of furniture would not last long. In the same way when God created mankind very weak and knew before creating him that he would not be able to withstand the influence of Satan then why He create Satan in the first place and why He gave him so much power?
Ans. Firstly, you should read my book entitled “Justice of God” thoroughly which will give you the necessary information and thus enable you to ponder upon this question in its correct perspective. Secondly, Satan has no power of misleading a human being forcibly. His ower is only confined to suggesting wrong ways to man. Whether or not to follow his suggestion is entirely dependent on man’s choice and decision. Allah has mentioned this fact in Qur’an: “verily, there is no authority for him (Satan) over those who believe and rely on their Lord. Verily, his authority is only over those who befriend him and those who associate others with Him.” (Qur’an, 16:99-100)

Shaitan himself will draw the attention of the unbelievers to this fact on the Day of Judgement in the following words:

“Verily Allah promised you the promise of truth, and I gave you promise but failed to keep them to you; and I had no authority over you except I called you and you responded unto me; so do not blame me, but rather blame yourself.” (Qur’an, 14:22)
See how Satan (Shaitan) clearly defines his role: he has no authority upon man; he just calls him to evil and man responds to this call on his own will and by his own strength. As a matter of fact the power of suggesting to follow the right or the wrong way is also given to human beings. Will you suggest that all human beings (except the purest and the most pious ones) should be ex-terminated? If not, then why should you object to the existence of Satan (Shaitan)?

Thirdly, to make the above point more clear, red the following ‘Aya which mentions about Saitans from amongst human beings”;-

“Say: “I seek refuge in the Lord of the people, the King of the people, The god of the people, from the evil of the slinking whisperer, who whispers into the breasts of the people, from among the Jinn and the men.” (Surah 114)
Fourthly, you will now appreciate that Shaitan is not an over whelming force against which the human beings are mere helpless weaklings. He is just like any other evil companion, cajoling us to follow wrong ways., whether we remain on the right path or go astray is entirely our own choice and it is our own free will. Fifthly, it is only when man, by his own will and choice, goes along the wrong path that Satan gets him in his grip. Allah says in the Qur’an (7:27) : “Verily, We have made the Satans guardian of those who do not believe. “ Notice that when one becomes unbeliever he comes under the domain of Shaitan.

Sixthly, it should be pointed out that in this life we have been given equal options of doing good or evil. And to keep the balance, we have been provided with one invisible enemy (Satan) and one visible guide (Prophet and Imams). So, you cannot say that balance is weighted towards evil. Finally, it should be clarified that in your question “man was created weak” has been quoted out of context. It is not meant to compare man with Shaitan and it does not declare that man is “Weaker than Shaitan”.

The Aya should be seen in its context. It runs as follows:-

“Verily, Allah desires to turn unto you (with mercy); and those who follow their own lust wish that you should deviate a great deviation. Allah desires to Lighten your burden and man has been created weak.” (4:27 – 28)

This Aya depicts that the Mercy of Allah upon mankind because man has been created weak. Is it not ironical that your friend wants to use it to prove “injustice” of Allah ?


According to Holy Qur’an, Allah told the angels to bow down to Hadrat Adam; everyone did except Iblis. Was Iblis an angel or a jinn ?

A Here are 3 Ayat which provide the answer:-

And when we said to the angles, “Bow down to Adam”;

So they bowed down except Iblis. He was from the Jinns, and he broke the command of his Lord. (Quran, 18:50)

He created man from sounding clay like unto pottery, and create Jinns from smokeless fire. (Quran, 55:14-15)

Said He, “What prevented thee that thou didst not bow down when I did command thee?”

Said (Shaitan), “ I am better than him; Thou hast created me of fire and Thou created him (Adam) of clay.” (Quran, 7:12)

These Ayat clearly show that Iblis was not from amongst the angels – he was a jinn who was created from fire.

Then why was he condemned for disobeying a command given to the angels? It was because he was amongst the group of angels who had been ordered to bow down to Adam and since he formed one of the members of the group, the order also pertained to him as the third Aya clearly shows that he was ‘ordered’ If in a group there are, let say, more men than women (as in ‘Aya of Tat-hir), then the whole group is referred to in masculine gender and the women are automatically include in it, even if the pronouns etc. are masculine. This rule is called the Rule of “Taghlib” (Rule of Predominance). Likewise, in that group of angels there was only one Jinn (Shaitan); therefore, the order given to that group, even if it was addressed to the ‘angels’, covered the group collectively including Satan. That is why he was condemned by Allah for his disobedience.

Even Satan understood it perfectly. That is why he did not argue that he had not prostrated because the order was addressed, not to him, but to the angels.


I fully appreciate our point of view that there is no fatalism in Islam. But there is one verse in the Qur’an which is very difficult to reconcile with this view: -

“Now what is the matter with the unbelievers that they rush madly before thee, from right and from the left, in crowds? Does every man of them long to enter the Garden of Bliss? By no means. For We have created them out of the (base matter) they know.” (Qur’an, 70:36-39). These verses are very difficult to understand without the concept of pre-destination being accepted, since even after accepting Islam some are said to have no chance of entering the Garden of Bliss, as they are created of some very base matter.

A. These 'ayat do not say that "even after accepting Islam some have no chance of entering the Garden of Bliss, as they are created of some very base matter".

The Qur'an uses the word "the unbelievers" it refers to those who had not accepted Islam. Therefore, your interpretation "even after accepting Islam" is quite out of place. And it is not only "some" who have been created of some very base mater. Indeed every human being has been created of that very base matter, i.e. the sperm. I think the cause of your misunderstanding is the words "they hasten on around you on the right hand and on the left hand, in groups Perhaps you think that hastening on around the Prophet 'shows their love

towards him. It is not so. The fact is that the unbelievers rejected the belief in the hereafter. When the blissful life of the hereafter was described to them in detail, they ridiculed it and further mocked at it by pretending to run a race for it.


I am asked, "Do you believe in God?" I say, "Yes" Is He everyone's God?" "Yes" "Then why there is a difference between a Muslim and a non-Muslim?" What can I answer?
A. Allah has created everything, including human beings. He has shown the man the true path, and has warned him against going astray. After giving him freedom of will, he does not compel anyone in this world to choose this or that course. That is why some people go astray. Of course, everyone will be rewarded or punished for his belief and action, but it will be on the Day of Judgement.


I went through a book by Krishnomurri. (Its description is enclosed) He writes that through self-knowledge one can go beyond self where he can experience the presence of God The central fact of all Krishnamurti's teachings, as Aldous Huxley stresses in his preface, is that for each individual the central human problem can be solved in only one way - for and by himself.

"There is, Krishnamurti claims, a transcendent spontaneity of life, a "creative Reality" as he calls It which reveals itself as immanent only when the perceiver's mint: is in a state of "alert passivity", of ' choice less awareness.

What do you say about this claim?
A. I have read the photoset copy of the dust-cover of Krishnamurti's book sent by you. I invite your attention to the following statement made therein:
"The central fact of all Krishnamurti's teachings is that for each individual the central human problem can be solved in only one way-for and by himself . There is hope in men, not in society, not systems, organized religious system, hut in you and me.
When you quote the Bhagvad Gita, or the Bible, or some Chinese

Sacred Book, surely you are merely repeating. are you not? And what you are repeating is not the truth. It is a lie; for truth cannot be repeated. It is through self knowledge, not through belief in someone else's symbols, that a man comes to the eternal reality.. ."

If Huxley had been sincere in his claim, he should not have written this book at all, because the rule of "each man for himself" does not leave room for accepting anybody's advice or guidance and because if someone accepts his advice, he would in his own words, be merely repeating", and "it is a lie, for truth cannot be repeated"

Huxley has merely indulged in rhetoric by coining the phrase "choice less awareness" which has an ambiguous meaning, if it has any meaning at all Such people take advantage of the general disenchantment with the society which is prevalent in the West today, and which is manifested in happieism and other such movements. To entice and attract them, he condemns all systems, including religion, but, in the same breath, he offers his own system for acceptance to the world at large


Adam (a. s.) and Hawwa gave birth to two sons. Then how did human race begin in this world?

A. According to Jewish tradition, Adam (a.s.) and Hawwa (Eve) gave birth to twins - a boy and a girl. And a boy of one pregnancy was married to the girl of another pregnancy, and so on.

The same story has been repeated by the Sunnis in their books. But according to Shi'a traditions, God sent a houri' (nymph of paradise) for Shees (Sheth) (a.s.) and a 'Jinn' (genie) woman for another child of Adam (a.s ). Then the cousins were married to each other and thus the human race multiplied.


I would like to know if Luqman, Khidr and Talut were Imamas?

A. No, Lugman, according co many traditions was an Ethiopean blessed with an extra-ordinary endowment of wisdom But he was not a Prophet. Some identify him with Asop of the well known fables. Khidr was a prophet whilst Talut was a king appointed by Allah

How many sons did Hadhrat lbrahim (a.s) have? And whom did he make a prophet after him?

A Nabi Ibrahim had three sons: Ismail, Ishaq and Midyan He did not make any one of them a prophet. Prophets are not made by human beings It is Allah who appoints Prophets and Imams. Hadhrat Ismail and Hadhrat Ishaq were prophets as designated by Allah (I advise you to read 'Prophethood' published by this Mission).


Was Hadrat Musa (a.s.) a real magician) Or did he just have some power given by God),

A He was not a magician In fact it is a blasphemy to couple the word "magician" with his sacred name He was given power of miracles by Allah, by which he used to overcome the magicians. I strongly advise you to study first the basic and elementary matters of religion so that you may know the essential beliefs and practices of your religion. You may enroll for our Islamic Correspondence Course. which is available on payment of US $.2500


Who were the parents of Hadrat Maryam? Did she ever marry?
A The name of the father of Hadrat Maryam was 'Imran. Her mother's name is not known According to Islamic traditions, she did not marry anyone

Q 12 DID ISA (a.s.) MARRY?

Did Isa (as) marry? If yes, then how many children did he have ?
A He did not marry at all


Can a prophet be eaten away by an animal? How Nabi YUNUS (a s ) was swallowed in a fish's stomach?

A: A prophet cannot be "eaten away" by an animal; and Nabi Yunus was not "eaten away" He was confined into the belly of a fish (or was it a whale?); was alive and was remembering Allah and glorifying His name. So, it was just like an abode for him. And finally, he was delivered from that abode. All these things are clearly mentioned in the Qur'an


Was our Prophet (s. a. w) illiterate? That he never learned how to read and write? And was he spiritually illiterate too?

A Holy Prophet (s.a w.) acquired his knowledge direct from Allah He was not taught by any human being But he was the "City of Knowledge" and it is a blasphemy to associate the word "illiterate" to him You may say that he was not taught by any man


How many times did Hadrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) marry. and what happened to his wives after his death?

A Our Holy Prophet married 13 wives in all, 9 were alive at the time of his death I do not understand what you mean by saying "what happened to them after his death?" Also, you should write "peace be upon him and his descendants". It is wrong not to mention his 'Al in Salawat


Could you explain to us the three aspects of the caliphate, legislative, judicial and executive; and how are the Representatives of Allah split up amongst the prophet and Imams?

A Holy Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.) combined all the three aspects in his personality. The legislation prescribed by Allah was promulgated by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w); he was the final judicial authority, and the supreme Head of the Islamic Community. The Imams inherited all these functions from him except that they
had no authority to change any law brought by the Holy Prophet (s a.w,); rather their function was to elaborate and interpret that law. So far as judicial and executive aspects are concerned, there was no difference between the Holy Prophet (s.a w.) and his 12 successors

I now understand that you acknowledge Imam 'Ali (a. s ) as the first Khalifa (main). To be frank (and l don't care what the others say), I feel that historically, and by many traditions, your claim is justified Then why the leadership was not given to the man whom the Prophet of Allah had nominated? And why 'Ali (a s ) tolerated and warned patiently instead of revolting? (Asked by a Sunni correspondent)
A The answer cannot be given in a short letter If you read the biography of Imam 'Ali (a.s.) you will easily understand why he did not feel like taking any action against his adversaries except to protest openly at every appropriate time. The situation at that time was such that a civil war in Madina would have meant the extinction of Islam in the whole of Arabia. For example. if your child was abducted by someone who wanted to bring him up as his own son and you were sure that if you took any action against him he would kill the child, would you not wait for a suitable time for the return of the child instead of rushing headlong to that person and thus causing his death ? And can anyone say that because the circumstances compelled you to Keep quit at that time, you lost the right of the custody of your child and

the abductor became its true father?

There is a story in the Old Testament, which says that two women came to the Prophet Sulaiman (a,s.) "And the one woman said. 0 my Lord I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house. And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house. And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear. And the other woman said, Nay; but the living is my son Thus they spake before the king. Then said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the living. And the king said. Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king. And the king said, Divide the living child in two and give half to the one, and half to the other. Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: But the other said, her-it be neither mine nor thine, but divide it. Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it; she is the mother thereof."

(I Kings Ch,3 verses 17-27).

(A similar case came up before 'Ali a.s., and he decided in the same way; finally he said "the solution of this case was revealed to Sulaiman (a.s.) and now I have decided it in the same way.") I think this episode sufficiently depicts the stand of Ali(a.s.) vis-à-vis His adversaries


We would like to know what the Imams have said about Abu Bale, 'Umar and the Sahaba who maintained their claim to the phate. It is hard for us to reconcile the two assertions that the succesion of 'Ali was clearly, publicly and repeatedly an Abu Bakr, 'U mar , 'Ayesha and their supporters, who went against that announcement, were not blameworthy. Could you, please clarify this for us?

  1. You have answered that question yourself. No Shi'a has ever usurped the caliphate were not blameworthy. In fact, "Tabarra" (keeping aloof) from the enemies of the Prophet basic obligations of Shia. Here is the translation of a part of a lecture of Amirul-Mu'minin 'Ali (a.s.) in which he describes the 3 "caliphs" "By Allah, the son of Abu Qahafa (Abu Bakr) dressed himself with it (the caliphate) and he certainly knew that my position in relation to it was the same as the position of the axis in relation to the hand-mill. The flood water flows down from me and the bird cannot fly upto me. (Meaning that he was like a fountain head from which rivers of wisdom flow and nobody could aspire to rise to the heights of 'Ali's knowledge). But I closed eyes to the (usurpation of) caliphate and turned my face away from it. Then I began to think whether I should assault or endure calmly the blinding
    darkness of tribulations where-in the grown up are feebled and the young grow old and the true believer acts under strain till he meets Allah (on his death). (But after considering over the pros and cones) I arrived at the conclusion that endurance thereon was wiser So I adopted patience although there was pricking in the eye and suffocation (of mortification) in the throat. I watched the plundering of my inheritance till the first one went his way but handed over the caliphate to Ibn Khattab after himself.

Then he quoted A'sha's verse:

"My days now are passed on the camel's back (in difficulty) while there were days (of ease) when I enjoyed the company of Jabir's brother Hayyan".
"It is strange that during life-time he wished to get rid of the caliphate but he straightened its way for the other after his death. No doubt these two shared its (caliphate's) udder strictly among themselves. This one put the caliphate in a tough enclosure where the utterance was haughty and the touch was rough. Mistakes were in plenty and so also the excuses therefore. One in contact with it was like the rider of an unruly camel. If he pulled up its rein the very nostril would be slit, but if he let it loose he would be thrown Consequently, by Allah, people got involved in recklessness, wickedness, unsteadiness and deviation. Nevertheless, I remained patient despite length of period and stiffness of trial, till when he went his way (of death) he put the matter (of caliphate) to a body and regarded me to be one of them. But good Heavens! what had I to do with this selection board? (I had nothing common with any of its members). Where was any doubt about me with regard to the first of them that I was now considered a kin to these ones. But I remained low when they were low and flew high when they flew high One of them (Talha or Sa'd) turned against me because of his hatred and the other (Abdul Rahman bin Auf) got inclined the other way due to his in-law relationship and this thing and that thing, till the third man of these people stood up with bloated stomach between his dung and fodder. With him his cousins also stood up swallowing up Allah's wealth like a camel devouring the foliage of spring, till his rope broke down. his (inglorious) action finished him and his gluttony brought him down prostrate." (See the 3rd Sermon of Nahjul-Balagha).

To understand the historical events alluded to in this sermon, see my booklet "Imamat"

And it is narrated from Imam Musa Al-Kazim (a.s.), in a long hadith, that five persons will receive the most maximum punish. ment in hell three from the previous Ummats, and two from this Ummat (community). Vide Bihar-ul-Anwar of 'Allamah Majlisi, (Vol. 3).

Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s.) said that there will be seven persons who will suffer extreme punishment: five from the previous Ummats. and "two from this Ummat, one of them more evil than the other; (they will be) in a cofin of glass under a cleavage in the rivers of Fire."


Someone told me that a book called 'Mishkat' says that our Holy Prophet said- "If there was to be a prophet after me at would have been 'Umar• "
A. This is unquestionably untrue. Ponder on these points:
When the Shi'as want to prove any thing against the Sunnis they do not quote Shia books or Shi'a traditions They quote references from the Sunni books. Therefore, if any Sunni wished to prove to us any virtue of 'Umar, he should cite references from the Shi'a books. Is it not stark foolishness to quote a Sunni tradition against the Shi'as? Well, even the Hindus and the Christians coulc easily prove the 'truth' of their religion vis-a-vis Islam if they were allowed to quote from their own books.

2. Even the Sunnis believe that the Prophets must be Ma'sum (infallible) untainted with kufr (infidelity) throughout their lives i.e even before being invested with prophethood See, for example. "Mawaqif" of Qadi 'Izzududdin, and "Sharh-e Mawaqif" of Sharif

Jurjani. Also refer to "Fiqh-e-Akbar" of imam Abu Hanifa and its 'Sharh' by Mulla 'Ali Qari. Now 'Umar was a "Mushrik" (idol-worshipper) for at least 40 years. How could a has-been idolworshipper be a "potential prophet"?

3 Prophets must be top-most in divine knowledge and embellished with other virtues. 'Umar blundered more than 100 times in his judgments and rulings. so much so that once a woman silenced him in an open gathering and refuted his ruling by quoting an aya of the Qur'an upon which he was constrained to say:

(Every person is more knowledgeble in religion than 'Umar even the women who sit in seclusion). Is this the qualification of a potential prophet?

  1. In the "Sanad" (chain of tradition of this alleged hadith there is the name of one Musharrih about whom lbn Jawzi (a well known Sunni authority on Hadith and Religion) has said:

"Ibn Habban has said that the writings/books of Musharrih became

topsyturvy; therefore quoting him in proof is invalid"

When the Sunni scholars themselves say that one of the narrators of this 'tradition' was unreliable and confusion was worse confounded in his books how do they expect the Shi'as to believe in such a spurious "hadith"?


A person is obliged to save his life by means of Taqiyah. If it is in danger. Then, why Imam Husain (a. s.) did not do so in Ka'baa?

  1. Taqiyah is based on the principle of opting for the lesser evil. Telling a lie is not as big a sin as destroying a life. Therefore, a lie is preferable to putting one's life in danger. Now, if safety of one's own life depends on endangering another believer's life then, by the same reasoning, Taqiyah is not allowed. Since one believer must die in either case it is better for you to die rather than cause the death of another believer. And this will not be treated as suicide on your part.
    By the same token, if there is a danger that one's Taqiyah may destroy the belief of other believers, then Taqiyah is Haram. It means that if someone is of such a status (e.g. Imam Husain's (a.s.) that if he resorted to Taqiyah, others would be misled to un-Islamic tenets and beliefs, then the basic principle demands that he must sacrifice his own life to save others from going astray.


One of the brothers asked me about Imam Al-Mahdi (a. s.) I tried to explain from surah Baqarah verses 30 and 38, and also surah Qadr Will you, please, tell me if there Is any verse which says that Imam Al-Mahdi (a.s.) will come before Qiyamah ?

A You will not find every thing explicitly written in the Qur'an. Otherwise, there would have been no need of any interpreter of the Qur'an. Allah has ordained that the Qur'an and Ahlul-Bait (a.s.) shall always remain together, so that the true meaning of the Qur'an may be known to the Muslims.So far as the re-appearance of our beloved 12th Imam (a.s.) is concerned. there are some 'Ayat which point to it very clearly. For example, 'Aya No. 33 of Surah At-Taubah, which says:

"He it is who sent His Apostle with Guidance and the religion of Truth, so that He may prevail it over all religions, though the polytheists may detest it "

This Ayat is repeated in Sura As-Saf (Ayat 9); and also 'Aya 28 of Sura Al-Fath says:

"He it is who sent His Apostle with the Guidance and the religion of Truth, so that He may prevail it over all religions; and enough is Allah for a witness."

In these 'Ayat a promise has been given to our Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) that Islam will prevail over all other religions. This victory is of two kinds: First, the triumph of Islam over all other religions; acceptance of Islamic tenets and ideologies by non-Muslim religions and societies is an established fact. The world is inevitably marching towards Islamic tenets - even if it shies away from acknowledging its debts to Islam. Secondly, the triumph of Islam over all religions in such a way that no other religion remains extant in the world This part of the promise will be fulfilled after the re-appearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s. ) There are many traditions from our Imams (a.s.) interpreting this 'Aya in this way. Here I am quoting from Tafsir Safi:"Qummi said: It was revealed in the matter of Qa'ime-'Al-e-Muhammad; And (Qummi) said that it is among those 'ayat which I have told that its fulfilment will be delayed from its revelation"

"And in Majma'ul-Bayan a tradition is narrated from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) concerning this 'aya that 'this would happen at the time of appearance of Mahdi (a.s.) from the family of Muhammad (s.a w.)'.Thus there would remain none but would accept (the
truth) of Muhammad (s.a.w.)

"And there is a tradition from Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s ) about this 'aya He said: 'When Qa'im (a.s.) will appear there will be no pagan or unbeliever but that he would detest his appearance" "And it is recorded in Majma'ul-Bayan that the Holy Prophet (s a.w ) said (mentioning the reappearance of Imam Mahdi): There will not remain any house or tent but Allah will bring Islam into it Sunni commentators have said that this promise will be fulfilled when Hadrat 'Isa (a.s.) will come again on this earth Well. it makes no difference, because it is accepted even by them that Hadrat 'Isa (a.s.) will come again when Imam Mahdi will appear So the 'Aya refers to the re-appearance of Imam Mahdi (a s ) even according to their own interpretation


What is the proof that Imam Mahdi Sahibuzzaman will rise again? Will he rise wit Hadrat Isa (a s.) or later?

A. He will not rise again, for the simple reason that he is not dead. You cannot use the word 'Rise again' for a living person He will re-appear before Hadrat 'Isa For more details, refer to my works entitled "Muhammad Is The Last Prophet", and "Day of Judgement".


How many times did Hadrat Ali (a.s) marry.'
A He married 8 or 9 wives in all, 4 of them were alive at the time of his martyrdom

Was Bibi Shahrbano (4th Imam's mother) present in Karbala? Others say that she couldn't he there, because her son was lmam-e-Zaman just after the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)

A. She died within ten days of the birth of Imam Zainul-'Abidin (as.). This is an historical fact. But the reason alluded to in your question is absurd. Imam Hasan 'Askari (a.s.)'s mother survived him, and was one of the Special Representatives of our 12th Imam (a . s. ).


A. What was written in the Light is an historical fact. The myth of marriage of Qasim on 'Ashura day was started by one Husain Waez Kashefi a scholar of 9th century of Hijra, more than 800 years after the Karbala events He wrote in his book of Majlis, "Rawdatush-Shuhada" that the Imam (a.s.) married Qasim with one of his daughters You will note that he did not write the name of the supposed daughter. Then this myth spread, and every generation added some more details in it, till gradually Zakirs who were ignorant of history attributed this story to Fatimah Kubra, not realizing that she had already been married, and that by mentioning her sacred name in that connection they were insulting her in the worst possible way May Allah forgive us and them all. Amen

Then came the poets who used the word "the bride of one night" meaning Fatimah Kubra If the marriage was performed on Ashura day as written in "Rawdatush-Shuhada,"then from where comes the "night"? Some story-tellers built another story on that "foundation" and said that Fatimah Kubra became pregnant and later gave birth to a son who was called Qasim, the second.

So, you see, how one small invented story grew and grew and grew till now people are surprised when they are told the truth. I should end this letter with the remarks of the famous Muhaddith Shaikh 'Abbas Qummi in the first volume of his famous book "Muntahal-'Amal":

"It should be known that the story of the marriage of Hadrat Qasim in Karbala and his marrying Fatimah the daughter of Imam Husain is not true, because it has not been seen in reliable books. Moreover, Hadrat Imam Husain (a.s.) had two daughters, as has been mentioned in reliable books. One Sakinah, about whom Shaikh Tabrasi said that Imam Husain had given her in marriage to 'Abdullah (s/o Imam Hasan a.s.)and 'Abdullah was martyred in Karbala before Hadrat Sakinah could be sent to his house; second. Fatimah who was the wife of Hasan Muthanna. who was present in Karbala, as we mentioned in the history of Imam Hasan (a.s.).
"And if. relying on unreliable Rewayat, it is said that Imam Husain (a.s.) had another daughter named Fatimah. we have to point out that she was Fatimah Sughra and at that time she was in Madina and, as the story is told, she could not have been given in marriage (in Karbala on 'Ashura day) to Hadrat Qasim bin Hasan(a.s. ).
"And the honoured Shaikh (Muhaddith. the expert in matters of Hadith and Riwayat, Thiqatul-Islam) Aqa-e-Hajj Mirza Husain Nun (May Allah fill his grave with Light) has said in his book. "Lulu wa Marjan": "According to all reliable old books, written on the subjects of Hadith, Geneology of Ahlul-Bait, and biographies, it is impossible to find (that there was in Karbala) an unmarried (but of marriageable age) daughter of Hadrat Seyyid ush-shohada; (if such a daughter could be found) only then such an event could have been possible.This is quite apart from other considerations concerning authenticity or falsity of this story. As regards the stories of Zubaida and Shahr Bano and Qasim the second, in the area of Ray and its neighbourhood, which have become current with the masses, they are such frivolous imaginations that they should be written on the back of Dastan-a-Amir Hamza and other such novels, and there are many proofs of its falsity.

What happened to the sons of Hadrat 'Abbas (a.s) after his martyrdom in Karbala?

A. Hadrat 'Abbas's family was perpetuated through his son, Ubaidullah.


What are the differences between the Suras revealed in Mecca and Madina?

A There is a marked difference between the Makki and Madani Suras For example:

1) Makki suras. mostly, describe matters of basic faith-Refutation of paganistic beliefs, evidence of the oneness of Allah, His Attributes, proof of the resurrection on the Day of Judgment, prophethood of the Holy Prophet and that of previous prophets, building good character, removal of rust of evil from hearts of people etc. etc Madani suras deal, mostly, with the code of life, rules of Shari'ah, like prayers. fast, zakah. khumus. etc

2) Makki 'ayat and suras are mostly short; Madani 'ayat and suras are mostly long. For example the 28th Part is mostly Madani and it has 137 'ayat while Part 29 and 30 (mostly Makki have 431 and 570 'ayat respectively.

3) In Makki suras, whenever the audience has been addressed, the words (O People) or (O children of 'Adam) have mostly been used; in Madam suras on such occasions, mostly the words (O ye who believe) have been used.

4) All the Suras in which one is ordered (or recommended) to do Sajdah were revealed at Mecca - thus emphasizing the worship of One and Only Allah


I happened to glance one of your books, viz "Qur'an and Hadith." I find you have not stated the exact number of 'ayat 'verses) of the Qur'an Based on your extensive research, is there any authentic tradition to confirm the number of 'ayat which the Qur'an contains? Why a number of 'Ulama could manage to count the letters and vowels in the Qur'an rather than state at first, the complete verses. As testified by Hadith collected by Sunnis, the Qur'an has 6,666 verses I personally counted twice the Holy Quran 114 Suras; there are only 6,268 verses excluding 113 Bismillah. So, we could just imagine the big difference. How many Muslims could really admit that our holy Qur'an as we have now is incomplete?

A. Some writers say that there are 6,666 'ayat in the Qur'an. A Sunni tradition mentions 6263 verses (It is not very for from your 6268). But I did not quote these sayings in my book as I had not checked whether any of them were true.

self.”Bismilla Hirrahman Nirrahim” is a part of every Sura (except Sura 9) according to Shi'a Ithna-'ashari Madh-hab. Counting.there are 6350 ayat. Some reciters have treated some 'ayat as being broken into more than one 'aya. For example, in the last Sura (Annas) some reciters treat the 4th 'aya as being 2 'ayat: according to them is the 4th and is the 5th 'aya. Such controversial breaks are marked as a in the Qur'an. Just to satisfy my curiousity, I also counted such Ayat..They are107 in all.Even if we add this number to 6350, the total will be 6,457, and not 6,666. It seems that someone in old days counted the 'ayat carelessly and wrote in his book that the Qur'an contained 6,666 'ayat, and those who came after him just went on copying it without taking the trouble of verifying that statement.
In any case, there has been no deletion whatsoever from the Qur'an. It is the total number given by the writers which is wrong, not the Qur'an sent by Allah.


Does Islam teach that the earth rotates on its own axis around the Sun '

A. Islam is a religion whose aim is to improve your relationship with your Creator, by enhancing your spiritual qualities and perfecting your character. It is not a science or an arts club. The Qur'an is a guide for life and a code of conduct, not a treatise on

physics or astronomy. Therefore, your question is not properly framed.

Of course if Islam or Qur'an had said that the earth was static, then you could have protested why it gave the wrong information. So. you have to keep in mind this basic principle: Qur'an is a book meant primarily for religious, spiritual and ethical uplift of mankind. If it fulfils this need, you should be thankful to Allah; and try to follow its teachings.

Then, if in passing, it throws some light on any scientific or historical subject, it is just incidental and not its main purpose.

Of. course, if it contained any wrong information e.g. if it said that Nabi Ibrahim was before Nabi Nuh, such error could be used to prove that it was not the word of Allah. Because it was not accurate.

On the other hand, if this book remains silent on any such subject, no objection can be raised against it

I hope this explanation will enlighten you on the role of Islam and Qur'an in our life.

"By the star when it goes down. Erred not your Companion (i.e., Muhammad) nor was he led astray: and he speaks not of (his own) inclination- it is naught but a revelation which is
revealed" (Sura An-Najm, verses l -4) Are these verses concerning Prophet Muhammad (s a w) or Hadrat 'Ali (as.)?

A. These 'ayat refer to our Holy Prophet (s.a.w), and they are a clear proof of his infallibility

The commentators of Qur'an (Shi'a and Sunni alike) have narrated two traditions concerning these 'ayat. In short they are as follows:

The houses of the emigrants from Mecca were built round the Mosque at Madina with the doors of the houses opening in to the Mosque. When, with the spread of Islam, the number of the believers increased, the Holy Prophet received God's command to have all the doors, opening into the Mosque, closed, save that of 'Ali. When the revelation was announced, the first one who was prepared to carry out the divine order was 'Ali, but the Holy Prophet said "0 'Ali' the order does not apply to thee, for thou art of me and I am of thee." Some people remarked that the Holy Prophet had in his love for 'Ali lost his sanity and had gone astray. Then the 'ayat were revealed.

Another hadith is as follows:

Ibn ' Abbas says that once we offered our 'Isha prayer with the Holy Prophet who after concluding the prayer turned to us and said "At dawn a star will descend from heaven. On whomsoever's house it inclines he shall be my heir, my Khalifa and the Imam", (i.e., the Divinely Commissioned Guide). Every one sat waiting for the star, and 'Abbas, the uncle of the Holy Prophet. coveted more than anyone. for the star, but the descent of the star from heaven was toward 'Ali's house.

The Holy Prophet told 'Ali "O 'Ali! By the One Who has sent me as His Apostle, I say that thou hast been assigned by God, to be my Heir, my Khalifa and Imam." (MS). The hypocrites who did not like it said that the Holy Prophet, in his love for

'Ali had lost his sanity or gone astray. On this occasion, this verse was revealed.
Q 31 - SUR4 'ASR

I believe that Sura 'Asr is connected with Imam Husain (a s. ) Is it correct?

A. It is not specifically about Imam Husain (a.s.). Of course, he and his companions and family members were perfect example of "those who believe, and do good deeds, and exhort each other to truth and exhort each other to patience"

What is the interpretation of "Kaf, Ha, Ya, Ain, Sad "?

A. Such 'ayat are called "Muqatt'at" (Separated letters), because they are recited one by one. Their meaning is known only to Allah, His Prophet and the 12 Imams. If anybody tries to interpret them according to his own notion he commits a great sin. So far as the above-mentioned "Muqatta'at" are concerned, there are two interpretations which have been narrated from our Imams:(1) Each of the 5 letters stands for a divine attribute.

"Kaf" - Stands for "kafi" (Charitable Giver or Self-Sufficient); "Ha" - stands for "Hadi" (Guide);

"Ya" - stands for "Yad" (Hand, i.e.; Powerful);

"'Ain" -stands for "Alim" (the All-Knowing);

"Sad" - stands for "Sadiq" (The True One).

(2) According to another tradition Allah ordered Gabriel to teach Nabi Zakariya the sacred names of the Holy Prophet and his immediate Ahlul-Bait. When Gabriel mentioned the first 4 names (Muhammad, 'Ali, Fatimah, Hasan) Zakariya felt great joy. But with the mention of the name of Husain, he was filled with grief and sorrow When he asked Gabriel about this strange phenomenon, the latter acquainted him with the heart-rending tragedy of Karbala. According to that Hadith, these 5 letter- symbols were used to convey to Zakariya the sad tidings of Karbala:

"Kaf" - stands for "Karbala";

"Ha" - is for "Halakat" (Anihilation of the Holy Family);

"Ya" - stands for "Yazid";

"'Ain" - stands for "'A tash" (Thirst) of Imam Husain and his companions;

"Sad" - denotes their "Sabr" (patience).


I am asking about Sura Rahman, verse 19 Does this verse refer to Imam Hasan and Imam Husain (a.s)?
A:The 'ayat are as follows:

"He has let loose two seas that they flow together meeting each other; between them is a barrier so that they encroach not. Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you two belief?

"Come forth out of the two (seas) pearl and coral. Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you two belie?"(Ar-Rahman, 'Ayat 19-23)

According to the tradition of the Holy Prophet "The meeting of the two seas indicates the matrimonial union between 'Ali and Fatimah, and the "Barzakh", i.e., the barrier between the two seas is the Holy Prophet (so that they do not encroach upon the rights of each other), and the Pearl and Coral which come out of the two seas are Hasan and Husain "

This tradition has been narrated by Ibn 'Abbas and Anas bin Malik and is quoted in the Sunni Tafsir, Ad-Durrul-Manthur


Surah Baqarah V 18: "Deaf, dumb and blind so they will not turn bark " The word 'La Yarji'un" (will not turn back) confuses me Does this word mean that once they die they will not be raised from their graves on the day of Qiyamah? If so. then how they will be rewarded for their good and bad deeds?

A It means "hence they will return not from their darkness'.


Sure Al 'Imran, verse 27: "Thou makest the night to pass into the day and ... What is the actual meaning of this verse?

A. It refers to variations in the duration of nights and days in various seasons. It means "Thou causest the night to enter into day (so that the night becomes longer and the day shorter), and Thou causest the day to enter into night (so that the day becomes longer and the night shorter).


The verse 9:5 of the holy Qur'an reads "So when the sacred months are past then slay the idolaters whenever you find there; and seize them and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush, then if they repent and establish prayer, and give the poor-rate, than leave their way to them... “

In your book "Islam" in the topic of "Jihad" it is said "Islam does not like to exterminate wrong-doers" which looks vary much contrary to the above verse.

On the other hand it is emphasized in that book that the Prophet (s. a. w) himself never started any war unless it was thrust upon him by the enemies. In other words, the Prophet (s. a. w) being the "spiritual doctor' nothing should have prevented him from deciding (starting) "surgical operation" (exterminate idolaters) when he saw it essential to save "other parts" (Moslems) of mankind from 'trouble" (idolaters) who would not repent and establish prayer, and give the poor-rate".

All this appears to indicate that Islam may legally be spread by the sward! If not please, Maulana, elaborate for tree.

  1. This order was given specifically in respect of the "Mushrikin" of Mecca, because they repeatedly broke their covenants their Muslims. The 'ayat 8-10 and 13 amply show their attitude towards agreements and covenants. “How (can there be any alliance) while they overcome you they regard not in you any tie nor of any covenant;… They pay not regard in the case of a believer, to any tie not to any covenant….What will you not fight the people who violated their oaths… and they attacked you first…” It was for this reason that the prophet was ordered by Allah to repudiate all covenants with them and treat them as open enemies of Islam. Even then, a clause was inserted that “so long as they stand faithful to you (i.e. to the covenant) then be you too faithful to them” (IX:12) Also read ‘ayat No. 4 & 6 : ‘Except those (with whom) you have entered into a pact, from the idolaters who thereafter failed you not in aught and have backed not any one against you, you then fulfill their pact unto the end of their term…”

“Any if anyone form the idolaters ask thee for protection, grant protection to him..” You should not be perturbed by the words “if they repent…them leave their way free to them” Surely, if any one accepted Islam, he was not to be punished for the crimes which he might have committed when he was an infidel; because after Islam “they are your brethren in faith” (IX:11). Such savings clauses were necessary to protect the new Muslim converts from the misguided zeal of some Muslims.

Even though the Holy Qur'an is in Original form without any change, the commentators have difference of opinion in certain places. Many people have written the translation of the Holy Book with commentaries. Many people here say that Abdullah Yusuf Ali's translation is the best. So I have read it completely. There are still others who say that Muhammed Ali's -translation is the best. I couldn't get a copy to read Now I want to know your opinion. I shall be pleased if you can help me by sending a copy of holy Quran with Arabic text, English translation and commentaries which depicts the Shia views and is more authentic according to your belief (Asked by a Sunni Muslim from Ceylon).

A. Abdullah Yusuf Ali's comments represent the Sunni point of view. Mohammad Ali's writings represent the views of the Lahori group of the Qadianis.

A Shia scholar, Mir Ahmad Ali of Madras. has translated the Holy Qur'an in English which was published (with very detailed commentary) from Karachi. Its first edition is now out of stock. The second revised edition has been printed by M/s. Peermohamed Ebrahim Trust, Karachi.


Regarding the traditions (Hadith), it is a pity that there are contradictory Ahadith. So, the authenticity of the Ahadith cannot be relied upon. Do you acknowledge and accept as authentic the six books in which the Sunnis have confidence and trust? If not, what are your books? Will I be fortunate to have a copy/copies?

A. There are several collections of Ahadith from Shi'a sources the earliest of which is AI-Kafi, collected by Thiqatul Islam Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Ya'qab A1-Kulaini Ar-Razi, who was bom in 260 A.H. and died in 329 A.H.

His life-span coincided exactly with the period of Ghaibat-e-Sughra (the Lesser Occultation), when our 12th Imam lived in Samarra, but people were not allowed to meet the Imam. His Chief Deputies resided in Baghdad. Abu Jafar Kulaini also lived in Baghdad, and was highly respected by all the Deputies of imam (a.s.). He had a unique opportunity to sift and analyse the Ahadith. And, thus, after 20 years' continuous back-breaking effort, AI-Kafi came into being. This book alone contains more ahadith than all the six authentic books (Sihah-e-Sitta) of the Sunnis put together. Some other scholars have also collected the ahadith from other books; famous among them are: Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin 'Ali (bin Husain bin Musa bin Babwayh Qummi), popularly known as Shaikh Saduq (died 381 A.H. ) wrote 'Man La Yahduruhul Faqih.'

Abu Ja'far Muhammad bin Hasan bin 'Ali At-Tusi, popularly known as Shaikhut-Taifa and Shaikh Tusi (born. 385 A.H. died 466 A.H. ) wrote Tahzib-ul-Ahkam and "Al-Istibsar".

The later two books opened the way for critical study of Ahadith, and, thus, laid the foundation of Ijtihad.

You may have noticed that all the three authors of these four books were named Muhammad, and had Kunya of "Abu Ja'far". If a hadith is found in any of the above-mentioned books, it does not follow that that "hadith is automatically authentic. Likewise if a hadith is found in other collections which are compiled by trustworthy scholars and fulfils all conditions of authenticity, it will be accepted as authentic even if it is not found in any of the above mentioned books.

In the later period collections of Ahadith by the following jurists became very popular:

"Biharul-Anwar" (in 25 bulky volumes) by 'Allama Majlisi (Muhammad Baqir bin Muhammad Taqi) (died in 1011 A.H.).

"WAFI" by Mulla Muhsin Faid (Muhammad bin Murtada bin Muhammud) (Died in 1091 A.H.).

"WASAYIL-US-SHIA" written by a 'Allama Muhammad bin Hasan AL-HURR (Died in 1104 A.H.). You will notice that these three Traditionalists also were named Muhammad.

They are called "The Later Three Muhammads In this century. 'Allama Husain Nun wrote "Mustadrakul-Wasel" in 1319 A.H. (died in 1320 A.H.).


What is the difference between things which are Nails and those that are dirty?

A : A thing which comes into contact with any of 10 Najasat (pollutions) becomes Najis (polluted) even if it looks otherwise clean You cannot pray dressed in a Najis cloth; but you may say your prayers even if you have put on dirty cloth provided it is not Najis (polluted).

Najasat are as follows:

1 and 2 Urine and stool of those animals whose meat is Haram and whose blood comes out with a gush (other than birds )

3. & 4. Blood and semen of those animals whose blood comes out with a gush.

5 Dead body of those things whose blood comes out with a gush (There are some details.)

6. The dog

7 The pig

8 The Kafir

9. The liquor (Liquid intoxicant.)

10. The beer.


Can we use toiler paper instead of water when we go for passing urine?

A Paper may be used for cleaning stool but not for urine. If you are unable to use water for "Taharat" of urine, then you may use paper to make your body completely dry. Thus, at least, your cloth will not be unclean. Then, when conditions permit you must make your body "Tahir" (cleanse it); otherwise your prayer will not to valid.

Someone's penis is tainted with a colourless liquid. Is it 'Mani" (semen). Is Ghusl-e-Janabat wajib in this case?

A Not every liquid is 'Mani' (semen). For a healthy person there are three characteristics to identify mani:

  1. It comes out when he is sexually aroused. (2) It comes out with force and (3) the body becomes a bit fatigued after its ejaculation Also, the 'Mani' smells like yeast.

If these features are found, then it is "Mani", and Ghusl will be wajib (compulsory).

Is Moisture secreted from a woman when she has sexual excitement (without sexual intercourse) najis? If it is najis is there Ghusl-e-Janabat for it?

A. No. It is not Najis, and compulsory bath (Ghusl) is not necessary.

An expectant women goes for general checking every month. The midwife inserts her finger inside her sexual passage but wearing rubber gloves. Has that women to perform the “Ghusl” before praying Namaz ?

A. No there is no need to perform Ghusl. Of course, if the skin of the body had become Najis because of Najis medicine or by touch of Najis hands or gloves, then she should only make that part Tahir in the usual way.

Whether the English and other foreign products of perfumes, shaving lotion, hair lotion, spray and all such products containing spirit/alcohol, are permitted for use, and are not Najis provided you are not aware that the spirit or alcohol contained in it is intoxicated.


The late Agha Seyyid Mohsin Al-Hakim had given the ruling that industrial alcohol is Najis. I hear that Agha Seyyid Abul Qasim Al-Khoui has given the ruling that it is Tahir. Is it correct ?

A. Yes. Agha Seyyid Mohsin Al-Hakim (r.a) gave a ruling that industrial alcohol was Najis things. Now, Agha-e-Al-Khoui has been told by many chemists that absolute alcohol (i.e. having less than one percent water) in itself is not intoxicating; it only intoxicates when it is mixed with some other liquids.

Acting on this information, Agha-e-al-Khoui has said that alcohol in itself is not Najis; but when it is mixed with other liquids and creates intoxication then that liquid is najis.


There are a lot of substitute drugs containing alcohol. What do you suggest for them ?

A. According to the Fatwa of Ayatullah Khoui, “alcohol” itself is not Najis, because it is not in itself an intoxicant. It intoxicates when it is mixed with some other liquids. And it is then that it becomes najis.

Accordingly, a drug which contains alcohol, but does not intoxicate, is not najis.


Is the skull of a dead man Najis? In Biology Lab we frequently touch man’s skull. If it is Najis is it wajib to take bath (i.e. Ghusl-e-Mase-Mayyit) ?

A. Yes, Ghusl of Mas-e-Mayyit becomes Wajib, if one touches the bocy or the bone of a dead person after the body has become cold (and, in the case of a Muslim’s dead body, after it has become cold and before Ghusl-e-Mayyit has been given). If he/she touches it in the night, Ghusl-e-Masse-Mayyit should be performed before morning prayers (if because of unbearable cold or illness, one is unable to perform this Ghuls even with hot water, tayammum should be done in its place.)


Can we keep dog as a pet? What should one do if the dog smells him?

A. A dog may be kept for herding the sheep or cattle, guarding the house, garden or farm, or to help in hunting lawful animals. But such a dog should not be allowed to wander freely into the house in order that it may not touch clothes or utensils etc.

If a dog smells someone, there is no harm. But if it touches him either the person when the cloth or that part of body or his cloth is wet, then will be Najis.

We send our clothes to ‘dhobi’ for washing because I don’t know how to wash. But the dhobi is Hindu. Now can we pray with those clothes? We don’t have any alternative.

A. No. You should keep some tahir clothes for prayer. If you put the cloth under running or Kur water and leave it there till water runs through it, then after rinsing it (so that water is squeezed out) it will become Tahir. If you are using still water which is less than a Kur, then you should rinse it twice.

My face produces a lot of oil. Should I make sure that all that oil is removed before making wudu or Ghusl ?

A. That liquid is not Oil, and there is no need to remove it from the face before Wudu, unless it sets like a film on your skin.

Can we do Wudu if we have done plastic surgery on the face or hand?

  1. Yes. There is nothing to worry once the grafted part becomes a part of the face or the hand.


Can a woman do Wudu for prayer while wearing nail polish ?

  1. If someone does Wudu for prayer while wearing nail polish, that Wudu will be invalid, as the polish does not allow to reach the nails.


In U.K. our boys are keeping long hair like girls. Can they pray in that condition?

A. If they keep their hair in such a way that the “Masah” of head is done on the skin of the front area of the head then it does not affect the validity of the prayer.

If a man keeps long hair he is required by Sheria to keep it clean, comb it very often, and trim it in such a way that it does not look dirty.


How can we calculate the prayer time in U.K, because here we do not see the sun very often?

A. Sunrise and Sunset may be ascertained from Meteorological Department announcements (which are often published in newspapers). Thus you can know the time of 'Subh' and Maghrib prayers. The time of Subh prayer in your part of the world may start about one hour before sunrise. Maghrib time will start about 9 minutes afer the announced sunset.

Zohr: Calculate the exact middle of the sunrise and the sunset, as announced in the newspapers; you may safely start Zohr prayer a few minutes after that calculated time.
Asr: This prayer should be offered after Zohr, and 'Isha after Maghrib.


I am not exactly sure about Qibla in Peterborough, UK But we were told by Sunni Muslims that we should take the North as on 26 and then take N.E as our Qibla, Also, during Ziyarat which way should we turn?

A. Here is a relatively simple method of finding the direction of Qibla. Draw a straight line on the map from your place to Mecca and another straight line from North Pole to your place Then look at the angle and notice how many degrees it is from North. Then you may turn the some number of degrees from North to face

Kibla. If you find this complicated then you may act as the Sunnis do; because they have been there longer than you and they must have come to that conclusion after having done some calculation. As for Ziyarat: Every Ziyarat may be recited facing the Qibla. Alternatively, you may resort to calculations (as described in the case of Qibla) by drawing lines to Karbala and Mash-had.

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