Protocol for Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Infective Endocarditis



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Protocol for Antibiotic Prophylaxis

to Prevent Infective Endocarditis

1. Relevant to:

Cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, clinical nurse specialists, GP’s and dentists across Sussex





  1. Purpose of Guidance:

Although Infective endocarditis (IE) is an uncommon condition, when it does occur, there is a significant morbidity or protracted hospital stay due, to lengthy antibiotic regimes associated with the condition. Between 25-30% of individuals require cardiac surgery in the acute phase and up to 40% in the convalescent stage. NICE clinical guideline 64, published in March 2008, recommended the cessation of routine prophylactic antibiotics for dental work and other routine medical interventions, but in light of the European Society of Cardiology recommendations, it is the view of the Sussex Cardiac Clinical Network Group (SCCN) clinicians that individuals in high risk groups should continue to receive antibiotic prophylaxis. A case of need was undertaken which supports this protocol by Sussex Heart Network.


The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on antibiotic prophylaxis in identified high risk patients undergoing dental procedures to prevent infective endocarditis.
3. Refer to:
The Sussex Cardiac Centre Clinical Network Group (SCCCN), the clinical reference group for the Sussex Heart Network, wishes to provide clear guidance on this antibiotic prophylaxis for patients at risk of IE, working with the local PCTs in NHS Sussex and the newly developing Clinical Commissioning Groups, the Local Dental Committees via the Oral Health Advisory Groups, and the Local Medical Committees.

4. Process to Follow:
4.1 Cardiologists or cardiac surgeons to determine on an individual patient

basis, the need for antibiotic prophylaxis cover and advise clinical

practitioners in primary care and dental services accordingly
4.2 Patients at greatest risk of adverse outcomes from endocarditis requiring

antibiotic prophylaxis, will be identified from the following high risk groups;



  • Previous

  • Cyanotic heart disease

  • Prosthetic valve or prosthetic material used for cardiac valve repair

4.3 Patients assessed at risk by cardiologists or cardiac surgeons will be

given a patient held card in the cardiac outpatients department
4.4 Cardiologists to advise GPs in writing of at risk patients and

that a card has been given to the patient


4.5 Prescribing of antibiotic prophylaxis should be :

  • Amoxicillin 3g orally one hour pre-procedure (adult) or

  • Clindamycin 600mg orally one hour pre-procedure (adult if penicillin allergic)

4.6 Clinicians need to stress to patients the importance of good dental

hygiene and dental reviews
4.7 Clinicians need to advise patients on avoiding body

tattoos and piercing


4.8 Information given to patients on dental hygiene, tattoos and piercing, to

be documented in cardiology and cardiothoracic letters



5. Monitoring compliance:
5.1 Through clinical audit in each NHS Trust that is also reported to the SCCCN group six monthly.

6. References/furthers sources of advice:
6.1 Published SCCCN clinical guidelines on the Sussex Heart Network

Website;
6.2 Guidelines on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infective

endocarditis. Eur Heart J; 30:2369-2413;
6.3 Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart

Association: A guideline from the American Heart Association rheumatic

fever, endocarditis and Kawasaki disease committee

Circulation2007;116:1736-1754;


6.4 Case of Need – Antiobiotic prophylaxis to prevent Infective Endocarditis Sussex Heart Network – SCCCN version 0.7; 16th September 2011.

Version Control


Version

Comments

Author

Date

Sent to

1.

First daft of I.E. clinical protocol

JO

11/7/11

KP, RJ, EMc

2.

Agreed by RJ with 1 spelling and 1 grammar amendment

RJ

02/08/11




3

DT amendments re references

DT

3/10/11

KP; RJ

4

A few minor amendments to Logo and support.

KP

4/10/11

Heart board




SHN IE protocol / October 2011


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