Project glad washoe County School District 20th Century Wars and Conflicts

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Project GLAD

Washoe County School District

20th Century Wars and Conflicts

Level 6


By Amy Taylor (Agnes Risley) and Ruby Forte (Roger Corbett)

  1. Unit Theme: 20th Century Wars and Conflicts

Understanding: Political, economic, and social ideas have significant importance and impact on the shift of international relationships and power.

    • Causes and effects of wars and conflicts in 20th century America

    • Technological advances from war to war

    • World wide impact due to United States involvement

    • Historical relevance (holidays, people, and symbols)

  1. Focus and Motivation

  • Observation charts

  • Inquiry chart

  • Picture file cards

  • Living wall – map of the world showing war locations

  • Living wall – comparing and contrasting WWI and WWII

        1. Cause and effects

        2. Type of military combat

        3. Technology

  • Poems/chants

  • Teacher – made big book “War is always different, war is always the same”

  • T-graph for Social Skills

  1. Closure

  • Reprocess all charts

  • Ongoing Assessment – Learning Logs

  • Team exploration – Poster board mind map

  • Personal Response to Soldiers – Write a journal entry if you were a soldier, family member at home, or a citizen of the country where the war is being fought

  • Portfolio – haiku poem

  • Home school connections

  • Teacher / Student assessment

IV Concepts

  • All wars are caused by political, economic, and social ideas and those ideas have significant impact.

  • There were and continue to be, technological developments that advance military combat.

  • Wars and conflicts inevitably change the world and the people who live in it.

  • The following wars and conflicts cause great changes in our world:

WWI 1914-1918 – “The Great War”; Conflict between Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Turkey) and Allied Powers (Russia, Serbia, US, Great Britain, Italy, Japan) fought in Europe; caused by a European rise in nationalism and build-up of military strength (leading to fear among nations); the battles were fought on land, in the trenches; new technology included poison gas, gas masks, tommy (machine) guns, bi-planes armed with guns and bombs; highlights include the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by Serbian Nationalists, The Western Front / No Man’s Land, Anastasia & Csar Nicholas Romanov, Bloody Sunday / The Russian Revolution, the Red Baron, Mata Hari and Veteran’s Day (Armistice Day).
WWII 1939 – 1945 – Conflict between Axis Powers (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Romania) and Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and US) fought in Europe, North Africa and the Pacific; battles were fought on land, at sea, and in the air; new technology included aircraft carriers, German U-boats (submarines), penicillin, the Atom Bomb, B-29 bombers (airplanes loaded with bombs and used strictly for bombing purposes, not for combat), propaganda; highlights include Franklin D. Roosevelt being elected to 3 terms, Tuskegee Airman, Pearl Harbor, Jewish Holocaust (Hitler, Anne Frank), Rommel, Mussolini, MacArthur, Patton, Normandy, D-Day, Hirohito, Winston Churchill, Rosie the Riveter, Iwo Jima, Battle of Midway, Navajo Code Talkers, Memphis Belle, sinking of the Bismarck, A-bomb, Albert Einstein, Battle of the Bulge, American internment camps
Korean War – 1950 – 1953 – Conflict between communist forces (North Korea, Russia, China) and “free” states (South Korea, US) fought in Korea; caused by the rise of communism in Asia and the fear of communism throughout the Western Hemisphere / The Domino Theory ; N. Korea fired at S. Korea at the 38th parallel; battles were fought on land and in air; new technology included propeller powered fighters, MiG-15 jets, F-86 Sabre jets, G-suit, Napalm; highlights include 38th parallel, Truman, MacArthur, Battle of Heartbreak Ridge; Eisenhower and “The Buck Stops Here”, Operation Big Switch
Vietnam War 1957 – 1975 -- Conflict between communist forces (North Vietnam / Democratic Republic of North Vietnam, Viet Cong / National Liberation Front / South Vietnamese in support of communism) and “free states” (Republic of Vietnam / South Vietnam and US) fought in Vietnam; caused by Vietnam’s successful independence from France and a separation of North and South by the Geneva Conference of 1954; battles were fought on land and in the air; new technology included M-16 assault rifles (right handed only), Huey gunships, F-4 Phantom jets, Zuni missles, Agent Orange; highlights include Green Berets, Marines’ Force Recon, Navy Seals, and Air Force Air Commandos, Jane Fonda, Ho Chi Minh, American protests (protestors shot at home), Hawks & Doves, Joe McCarthy and Communist Witch Hunt, Eisenhower, and Vietnam Memorial Wall built in 1982


1.8.1 Describe how a current event is presented by multiple sources. E 10.8.4; E 11.8.2

2.8.2 Evaluate sources of historical information based on: bias, credibility, cultural context, reliability, time period. E 4.8.4; E 8.8.1; E 11.8.2

2.8.3 Read and use informational tools, including: Charts, diagrams, graphs, maps, political cartoons, photographs, tables. E 2.8.4; E 11.8.2; E 11.8.5; G 1.8.1; G 1.8.2; G 1.8.3; G1.8.4; G 1.8.7; G 1.8.8;0 M 5.8.1; M 9.7

7.8.17 Identify causes, outcome, and consequences of World War I, including: Sarajevo, alliances and nationalism, weapons and tactics, Treaty of Versailles.

7.8.19 Identify the contributions of scientists and inventors including: Darwin, Mendel, Pasteur, Daimler, Marconi, Einstein.
Standard 8.0: The Twentieth century, a Changing World: 1920 to 1945: Students understand the importance and effect of political, economic, technological, and social changes in the world from 1920 to 1945.
8.8.1 Define totalitarianism. C 1.8.1; C 7.8.1

8.8.2 Identify scientific and technological advancements and their impacts, including: airplane, radio, automobile, household appliances. G 5.8.3; G 5.8.4

8.8.4 Explain how literature, music, and visual arts were a reflection of the time. E 3.8.3

8.8.5 Describe the causes and effects of the Great Depression and the New Deal on Life in the United States and Nevada, including: Stock market crash, family life, Hoover Dam, government programs.

8.8.6 Identify causes, effects and outcome of World War II, including: legacy of WWI, Pearl Harbor, Allies, Axis powers and leaders, atomic bomb, United Nations. Ec 2.8.1; Ec 2.8.6; Ec 2.8.7; Ec 6.8.5; Ec 6.8.6; Ec 8.8.1; Ec 8.8.3; G 4.8.6; G 5.8.2; G 5.8.3; G 5.8.4

8.8.7 Identify key elements of the Holocaust, including; “Aryan supremacy”, Kristallnacht, “Final Solution”, concentration and death camps. C 8.8.3

8.8.8 Identify the effects of WWII on the home front in the United States and Nevada, including: end of the Great Depression, internment camps, rationing, propaganda, “Rosie the Riveter”
Standard 9.0: The Twentieth Century, a Changing World: 1945 to 1990: Students understand the shift of international relationships and power as well as the significant developments in American culture.
9.8.1 Identify the Cold War, including: Marshall Plan, Berlin Blockade, NATO. C 8.8.1; C 8.8.2; G 2.8.5; G 2.8.6; G 4.8.6; G 4.8.7; G 4.8.8; G 4.8.9; G 4.8.10

9.8.2 Identify the effects of the Cold War on the United States, including: arms race and nuclear testing, McCarthyism, space race, Cuban Missile Crisis. C 8.8.1; C 8.8.2; C 8.8.3

9.8.3 Explain why the United Nations was involved in the Korean War and the outcome of its involvement. G 4.8.9; G 4.8.10

9.8.5 Discuss how science and technology changed life in the United States and the world after WWII, including: television, electronics and computers, medical advances, atomic energy.

9.8.6 Summarize the changes in the United States’ demographics. G 4.8.1; G 4.8.2; G 4.8.4; G 4.8.5; G 4.8.6; G 4.8.8

9.8.7 Describe the impact of the United States military and atomic testing in Nevada. G 5.8.3; G 5.8.4

9.8.8 Identify the major issues, events and people of the modern Civil Rights movement in the United States and Nevada, including: Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., Brown v. Board of Education, voting rights, integration, Grant Sawyer, César Chávez. C 5.8.6

9.8.9 Identify the causes and effects of the Vietnam War, including: Tet Offensive, Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, anti-war movement, draft and lottery, POWs and MIAs. G 4.8.9; G 4.8.10

9.8.10 Identify the significance to United States political culture of the following: Watergate, Iranian hostage crisis, Iran-contra Affair.

9.8.11 Identify key people and events that contributed to the end of the Cold War, including: recognition of China, détente, disarmament, Strategic Defense Initiative.

9.8.12 Describe the significance of the breakup of the USSR, including: fall of the Berlin Wall. C 7.8.1; G 4.8.8; G 4.8.10

9.8.13 Describe the effects of tourism and gaming on Nevada. G 2.8.4

9.8.14 Identify examples of arts, music, literature, and the media in United States society. E 3.8.3

10.8.4 Identify the causes and effects of the Persian Gulf War. G 4.8.6; G 4.8.10

1.6.1 Identify and locate Earth’s major parallels and meridians.

1.6.3 Use maps, graphic representations, aerial photographs, satellite images, and computer resources to identify and locate Earth’s physical and human features.

1.6.5 Identify the features of maps that have changed over time.

1.6.6 Use a world map to illustrate a spatial pattern of global significance.

1.6.7 Explain the difference between a state and a country, using appropriate examples.

1.6.8 Label a map of the world with the seven continents, four oceans, and major seas, such as the Caribbean, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and South China Sea.
2.6.1 Locate examples of landforms that define the political boundaries of countries or world regions.

2.6.3 Explain how the same issue is perceived by different cultural groups.

2.6.4 Choose a technology and examine the different stages of its development.

2.6.5 Explain the relationship between the location of an historical event and its outcome.

4.6.1 Identify key demographic categories used to compare populations.

4.6.2 List the cause and effects of human migration and settlement.

4.6.3 Discuss changes in the historical movement of people and goods.

4.6.6 Identify how the characteristics of a region are related to its primary economic activity.

4.6.7 Identify and list characteristics of both developing and developed countries.

4.6.8 Categorize various cultural, political, and economic organizations as local, state, regional, national or international in scope.

4.6.9 Describe issues of cooperation and conflict around the world.

4.8.2 Provide examples of how political parties changed. H 6.8.13

4.8.3 Identify the impact of interest groups on the political process. G 4.8.8

4.8.4 Identify the influence of the media in forming public opinion. E 4.8.1; E 4.8.2; E 11.8.2; H 10.8.5; S 22.8.3

4.8.5 Identify propaganda and persuasion in political advertising and literature. E 4.8.4

5.8.6 Identify examples of conflict resolution that respect individual rights at school and in the community, within the United States. H 9.8.8; S 18.8.4

7.8.1 Define the world’s major political systems, including: monarchy, totalitarian dictatorship, presidential system, communism. H 8.8.1; H 9.8.12

7.8.2 Define the world’s major economic systems, including: capitalism, mixed economy, socialism, command economy. H 6.8.12; S 16.8.5

8.8.1 Identify nations that play a significant role in U.S. foreign policy.

8.8.2 Define foreign policy and describe ways nations interact diplomatically, including: treaties, trade, humanitarian aid, military intervention.

8.8.3 Describe the purpose of the United Nations. H 8.8.7

8.8.4 List and describe non-governmental international organizations, such as the World Bank, Amnesty International and the International Red Cross. G 4.8.10


5.8.2 Describe some applications of radioactive isotopes including using nuclear energy to produce heat.

5.8.3 Compare and Contrast between high and low level nuclear wastes and their associated hazards.

5.8.6 Explain how nuclear reactions convert small amounts of matter into a relatively large amount of energy.

11.8.1 Describe how positions on the Earth’s surface can be located using latitude and longitude. G 1.8.1

11.8.2 Compare a variety of map types, and locate Nevada and Nevada features on each. G 1.8.2; G 1.8.5

11.6.3 Investigate, design, and use various kinds of maps.

11.8.3 Use a color-coded map to compare and contrast various geological features such as temperature, population density, geology, or precipitation. G 1.8.2; G 1.8.3; G 1.8.4; G 1.8.5

11.8.4 Identify the time of day in various places throughout the world, given the local time of day.

Language Arts

1.6.3 Determine how the function of a word (part of speech) changes when a suffix (e.g. -ness, -tion, -able, -ous, -ly) is added.

1.6.4 Apply knowledge of common foreign words and phrases to increase comprehension.

1.6.5 Identify and define commonly used idioms to increase comprehension.

2.6.1 Develop a plan for reading that includes the determination of purpose, appropriate reading strategies, appropriate rate for fiction vs. nonfictions, and related graphic organizers.

2.6.2 Confirm and deny predictions while reading.

2.6.3 Identify and explain the relationships between main ideas and supporting details in text.

2.6.4 Summarize information from several sources by comparing and contrasting various texts to construct deeper meaning.

2.6.5 Adjust reading rate to suit the structure of content area texts.

3.6.3 Compare works of literature from the same historical period written by authors from different cultural, generational, and gender perspectives.

3.6.4 Compare a variety of themes generated by a single topic.

3.6.6 Describe how an author creates mood by choosing words with specific connotations.

3.6.7 Compare how several literary forms address the same topic.

4.6.1 Identify and use the text features of newspapers, magazines, and editorials to gain meaning.

4.6.2 Find similarities and differences among texts in the treatment, scope, or organization of ideas.

4.6.3 Evaluate information from and differentiate between primary and secondary sources.

4.6.4 Verify information from one source by consulting other sources.

4.6.5 Evaluate and analyze how authors’ ideas, purposes and styles shape the content of texts, such as advertisements and public documents.

5.6.1 Write informative papers that have a distinct beginning, middle, and conclusion that develop a clear topic with appropriate facts, details, and examples from a variety of sources.

5.6.2 Extract and reformat information into workplace communications such as lists and memos.

5.6.3 Write narratives or short stories that include relevant and meaningful dialogue.

5.6.4 Write responses to literary selections that demonstrate an understanding of character motivation and development.

5.6.5 Write summaries of nonfiction texts such as magazine or newspaper articles.

5.6.6 Write short expository text that proposes a solution to a problem and offers simple persuasive evidence in support of the solution.

6.6.1 Generate ideas for writing by responding to visual stimuli such as objects or photographs.

6.6.2 Use organizing techniques appropriate to the purpose for writing such as categorizing, outlining, and manipulating organization of ideas, sentences, paragraphs and words.

6.6.3 Write paragraphs and compositions with clear transitions between ideas.

6.6.4 Revise compositions to improve organization and consistency of ideas and to meet the criteria of a rubric.

6.6.5 Edit for use of standard English.

6.6.6 Produce writing with a voice that shows awareness of an intended audience and purpose.

6.6.7 Share final drafts with designated audience.

7.6.1 Use correct verb tense consistently in writing.

7.6.2 Identify and correct fragments and run-on sentences in writing.

7.6.3 Use semi-colons to correct run-on sentences, colons in business letters, and apostrophes in contractions and possessives.

7.6.4 Use rules of capitalization.

7.6.5 Spell frequently misspelled words correctly (e.g. their/they’re/there and you’re/your).

8.6.1 Identify the tone, mood, and emotion conveyed in both verbal and non-verbal communication.

8.6.2 Identify effective speaking techniques and develop criteria for evaluating oral presentations.

9.6.1 Use specific and varied vocabulary and apply standard English to communicate ideas.

9.6.2 Develop and deliver presentations that include media aids appropriate to audience and purpose.

10.6.1 Demonstrate active listening skills by participating in conversations and group discussions.

10.6.2 Ask and answer questions to generate possible solutions to a problem.

10.6.3 Develop criteria for evaluating effective group participation.

11.6.1 Formulate a plan for research to answer a focused question.

11.6.2 Distinguish between information from primary and secondary sources.

11.6.3 Document research sources in order to prevent plagiarism.

11.6.4 Record information using note-taking and organizational formats.

11.6.5 Present research findings using written text or media.

Republic - A form of government where the power resides with the people who vote for officers who represent them in governing

Republican – a person who believes in and supports a republic

Democracy – a government where political control is shared by all the people, either directly or by representatives they elect

Democrat -- a person who believes in and supports democracy

Nationalism – devotion to the nation as a whole; patriotism

Nationalist – a person who believes in and supports nationalism

Imperialism -- developing or extending an empire comprised of other nations or territories all controlled by a central government

Imperialist – a person who believes in and supports imperialism

Communism -- a social system with no classes and no private ownership of the means of production

Communist – a person who believes in and supports communism

Socialism – public, collective ownership of the means of production with the aim of operating for use rather than profit


Propaganda – a widespread effort to promote an idea or opinion to help or do damage to a cause

Revolution – an uprising against authority, usually government, to protest

Ally -- a friend or helper; a country or group leagued with another by treaty

Allies / Allied Powers – In WWI, Russia, France, Great Britain, US, Italy, Japan; In WWII, Great Britain, US, Russia

Alliance – a formal treaty or agreement between countries

Central Powers – allies of Germany in WWI, including Austria-Hungary

Axis Powers – allies of Germany in WWII, including Japan and Italy

Anti-Semitism – hostility toward or prejudice against Jews

Citizenship – being a citizen; the activities or attitudes of citizens with regard to obligations or rights

Citizen – a person with allegiance to, and entitled to protection from, a government

Political – pertaining to the government; having an organized government

Nuclear – using energy from an atomic nucleus

Conflicta struggle, battle or opposition

Diary – a written, daily record of experiences



Causes and Consequences of World War I, Stewart Ross, 1998

Eyewitness Books, World War I, Simon Adams, 2001

World War I Primary Sources, Edited by James D. Torr, 2002

World War I Life in the Trenches, Stephen Currie, 2002

WW1 Flying Aces, John F Wukovits, 2002

WW1 Strategic Battles, John F Wukovits, 2002

WW1 Weapons of War, Gail B Stewart, 2002

WW1 Leaders and Generals, Craig E Blohm, 2002

Hell Fighters, African American Soldiers in WW1, Michael L Cooper, 1997

A Multicultural Portrait of WW1, Michael V Uschan, 1996

Voices From the Past World War I, Kathlyn Gay & Martin Gay, 1995

The Tuskegee Airmen Black Heroes of WWII, Jacqueline Harris, 1996

Navajo Code Talkers, Nathan Aaseng, 1992

Hiroshima The Story of the First Atom Bomb, Clive A. Lawton, 2004

Children of the World War II Home Front, Sylvia Whitman, 2001

Voices From the Past World War II, Kathlyn Gay & Martin Gay, 1995

Life of a Nazi Soldier, Cherese Cartlidge and Charles Clark, 2001

Flying Higher The Women Airforce Service Pilots of WWII, Wanda Langley, 2002

A Child in Prison Camp, Takashima, 1974

World at World Battle of Midway, G. C. Skipper, 1980

The Flag With Fifty-Six Stars, Susan Goldman Rubin, 2005

Hiding From the Nazis, David A. Adler, 1997

I Am An American, Jerry Stanley, 1994

The Code Talkers, Robert Daily, 1995

A Day The Made History Hiroshima, Stephen Hoare, 1987

Remember Pearl Harbor, Thomas B. Allen, 2001

Pearl Harbor, Nathaniel Harris, 1986

The Story of D-Day, R. Conrad Stein, 1977

Atom Bomb, Tom Seddon, 1995

D-Day, Tom McGowen, 2004

My Hiroshima, Junko Morimoto, 1990

Always Remember Me, Marisabina Russo, 2005

Exploring the Bismarck, Robert D. Ballard, 1991

The Second World War, C.A.R Hills, 1985

The Good Fight, Stephen E. Ambrose, 2001

One Eye Laughing, The Other Weeping: The Diary of Julie Weiss, Dear America Series, Barry Denenberg

Vietnam War

An Album of the Vietnam War, Don Lawson, 1986

Always To Remember, Brent Ashabranner, 1988

The Last Day in Saigon, John Griffiths, 1986

The Vietnam War, Richard Edwards, 1986

The Story of The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, David K. Wright, 1989

10,000 Days of Thunder: A History of the Vietnam War , Philip Caputo, 2005

Korean War

The Korean War “The Forgotten War”, R. Conrad Stein, 1994

Chi-Hoon A Korean Girl, Patricia McMahon, 1993

North Korea in Pictures, Alison Behnke, 2005

The Military History of The Korean War, S.L.A. Marshall, 1963

The War in Korea, E. B. Fincher, 1981

Read Alouds

The Flag With Fifty-Six Stars, Susan Goldman Rubin, 2005

A Child in Prison Camp, Takashima, 1974

My Hiroshima, Junko Morimoto, 1990

Always Remember Me, Marisabina Russo, 2005

Baseball Saved Us, Ken Mochizuki, 1993

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Muriel L. Dubois, 2002

Children of Vietnam, Marybeth Lorbiecki, 1997

Group Readings

D-Day Landings, Richard Platt, 2004

A Wall of Names the Story of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Judy Donnelly, 1990

The Land I Lost, Huynh Quang Nhuong, 1982


Faithful Elephants, Yukio Tsuchiya, 1988

Feathers and Fools, Mem Fox, 1989

Project Glad

Washoe County School District

20th Century Wars and Conflicts – 6th grade

By Amy Taylor and Ruby Forte

Unit Planning Pages

    • Big Book

    • Read Aloud

    • Poetry / Chants

    • Inquiry Charts

    • Observation Charts

    • Awards (Scout)

    • Guest speakers

    • Videos

    • Music of the time

    • Picture file cards

          1. INPUT

    • Read Alouds

    • Poetry / Chants

    • Shared Readings

    • Narrative Input Chart - Faithful Elephants, Yukio Tsuchiya, 1988

    • Pictorial Input Chart – World Map of Wars

    • Comparative Input Chart – Soldiers, Technology, and interesting people of WWI and WWII

    • 10/2 Lecture

    • ESL Preview/Review

    • Expert Groups


    • T-Graph

    • Poetry/Chants – Shared Reading

    • Farmer- In – The – Dell (Sentence Patterning Chart)

    • Personal Interactions

    • Author’s Chair

    • Expert Groups

    • Process Grid

          1. READING / Writing

              1. Whole Group

Expository Frame – Wars and conflicts are similar and different in many ways. (Cooperative Strip Paragraph)

Poetry Frame – “Soldiers Here, Soldiers There

Story Map – Faithful Elephants, Yukio Tsuchiya, 1988

Found Poetry – From an expository piece

B. Small Group/Cooperative Group/Flexible Grouping

Guided Reading

Sentence Game/Trading Game from SPC

Team Flip Chants and Flip Books

Team Big Book

Ear – To – Ear Reading using Poetry Packet

Team exploration Report

Team Tasks: Team World Map, Comparative Input chart, Story map, Process Grid, Poems, Poetry Sequencing, Story retell, Expository Frame, Cooperative Strip Paragraph

Expert Groups #1-4

ELD Group Frame

ESL Preview/Review/Reading Instruction and skill reinforcement

C. Individual Choices/Portfolios

Reading/Writing Choices: Independent Reading, Pocket Poetry, Flip chants, Make word cards, add to charts

Cognitive Content Dictionary

Learning Logs

Interactive Journal Writing

Portfolio: Narrative/Expository/Poetry samples

D. Writer’s Workshop

Mini – Lessons
Plan, Share, Write, Revise, Edit, Publish


Author’s Chair

          1. Extended Activities for Integration

    • Big Book

    • Letter writing campaign in support of opposition to war

    • Readers Theater

    • Music of the era discuss meaning of lyrics

          1. Closure

    • Process Charts/Inquiry

    • Teacher/Student Generated Test

    • Personal Inquiry

    • Home/School Connection

    • Observation chart assessment

    • Portfolio Conferences

    • Author’s Chair

    • Team Presentations

    • Team Evaluations

7-8 week Planning guide for

20th Century Wars and Conflicts

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

Week 5

Week 6

Week 7

Cognitive Content Dictionary



Guest Speakers



Shared Reading – Poems, Chants, Songs,

Farmer in the Dell

World Map Pictorial

Comparative Pictorial




Story Map

Expert Groups

Process Grid

Team Tasks

Team Project

Interactive Writing/editing

Cooperative Strip Paragraph

Interactive writing / editing

Independent Writing:

Learning logs, Interactive journals, writers workshop

Independent project

Guided Reading Groups (homogeneous)

Group frame for ELD

Cooperative Strip paragraph for struggling readers

Teacher made test

Project Presentation

Read Aloud – Teacher made big book, non-fictional & fictional accounts of war

World War I was fought from 1914 – 1918.
World War II was fought from 1939- 1945.
The Korean War was fought from 1950 – 1953.
The Vietnam War was fought from 1957 – 1975.


Just add pictures


Allies Axis

US Austria

Great Britain Germany

France Italy

Russia Japan


New Zealand



Allies Central

Serbia Austria-

Russia Hungary

France Germany

Great Britain


Korean War

N. Korea S. Korea

China US


Vietnam War

N. Vietnam S. Vietnam

China US

Russia Korea

Viet Cong Australia

World War I ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris on 11/11/18 at 11:00 AM.
After that, the League of Nations was formed.

Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen was known as the Red Baron. He was the most famous “Flying Ace” of World War I. He won 80 air combats during the war. He died after being shot down on by a single shot from an Australian soldier on the ground on April 21, 1918. He got his nickname because he painted his biplane red to deliberately stand out as an easy target.

Navajo Code Talkers were information specialists who transmitted messages in code over radio during WWII. The Marines used them because their coded language could not be cracked by the German spies.

The 99th Fighter Squadron consisted entirely of African-American fighter pilots known as the The Tuskegee Airmen. This was the first group of airmen from Tuskegee that were of African American descent. Before this, all pilots were white.

Western front

During World War I, soldiers on both sides were trapped in trenches, exposed to cold, wet weather and covered in mud. On Christmas Day, 1914, soldiers on both sides put down their weapons and met in No Man’s Land. They exchanged small gifts with each other and played a game of soccer.

“Hawks” were supporters of the Vietnam War who believed we had a right to stop communism at any cost.
“Doves” were opponents of the Vietnam War who wanted a peaceful end.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was the only President in US history to be elected to 3 terms in office. Because the US was in the middle of WWII, Roosevelt was allowed to run for a third term.

Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the 6 million women who went to work in the manufacturing plants during WWII. For many of these women, it was the first time they had gone to work outside of their homes. With the men off fighting the war, it was extremely necessary for the women to help build wartime munitions.

The Green Berets are a Special Forces Unit of the US Army introduced in the Vietnam War. Originally, they were sent only to train the South Vietnamese army, but eventually ended up penetrating deep into enemy territory for the purpose of attacking strategic targets, rescuing friendly troops, or collecting intelligence. Their distinct uniform consisting of a green beret is how this Special Forces Unit received their name.

The US became involved in WWI after a German U-boat sank the ocean liner Lusitania. The Lusitania carried civilian passengers from Europe to the US. A total of 1,198 people died, including 139 Americans. The most famous passenger killed was Alfred Vanderbilt, an American fashion ??????

War Is Always Different,

War Is Always the Same
War Is Always Different,

War Is Always the Same
World War I began in Europe when nationalism spread and countries built strong armies. They began to fear each other and formed alliances. The Central Powers (Austria, Hungary, Germany) fought the Allied Powers (Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain, United States) in “No Man’s Land” (an area of land located between France and Germany, where the soldiers dug trenches).
New technology developed during World War I included: bi-planes armed with guns and hand bombs, blimps, gas masks, mustard or chlorine gas, tanks, machine guns (Tommy guns), and German U-boats.
In World War I, 9 million soldiers died – more than had ever died before. Buildings were destroyed. People were left homeless. Innocent women, children and animals died as cities were attacked and bombed. The world agreed never to have another huge war and formed the League of Nations.

World War I was based on fear and innocent people died. War Is Always Different, War Is Always the Same.
World War II began in Europe after the Industrial Revolution as countries competed for economic world power. Colonial empires formed in smaller, poorer (sometimes uncivilized) foreign territories. Countries feared each other and again formed alliances. The Axis Powers (Germany, Japan, Italy) fought the Allied Powers (United States, Great Britain, France, Australia, Canada, Russia) in Europe, Africa, the Pacific and the Atlantic. Soldiers battled on land, in the air, and at sea.
New technology developed during World War II included: B-29 bombers, penicillin, and the A-bomb.

In World War II, 20 million soldiers died – more than had ever died before. Buildings were destroyed. People were left homeless. Innocent women, children and animals died as cities were attacked and bombed. The world agreed never to have another huge war and formed the United Nations.
World War II was based on fear and innocent people died. War Is Always Different, War Is Always the Same.
The Korean War began as a conflict between North and South Korea. The country divided itself at the 38th parallel. The United States feared the Domino Theory – the spread of communism through Asia. The U.S. formed an alliance with S. Korea to prevent communist N. Korea from taking over. Soldiers clashed deep in the Korean jungles.
New technology developed during the Korean War included: MiG15 jets, F-86 Sabre Fighters, G-suits for pilots, and Napalm.

In the Korean War, there were approximately 69,000 soldier casualties in the first year – more than ever before. Buildings were destroyed. People were left homeless. Innocent women, children and animals died as cities were attacked and bombed. In 1953 an armistice was signed temporarily suspending military action; however, an official peace treaty was never signed.
The Korean War was based on fear and innocent people died. War Is Always Different, War Is Always the Same.
The Vietnam War (classified by some historians as a conflict rather than a war) began as a conflict between North and South Vietnam. The country divided itself into two territories. North Vietnam chose a communist government while the free state of South Vietnam formed an alliance with the U.S. Conflicts between soldiers occurred in the Vietnamese jungles and swamps.

In the Vietnam War, 2,400,000 soldiers died – more than ever before in a foreign conflict. Buildings were destroyed. People were left homeless. Innocent women, children and animals died as cities were attacked and bombed. In 1973, the US pulled agreed to pull all troops out of Vietnam. The conflict officially ended when North Vietnam took over South Vietnam in 1975 and officially united both territories as one communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Vietnam War was based on fear and innocent people died. War Is Always Different, War Is Always the Same.

Faithful Elephants by Yukio Tsuchiya

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