Pos 6933: History of American Political Thought Course Description

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Professor Dan O'Neill Office: Anderson 311

Fall 2014 Office Hours: T, 9-12

E-mail: doneill@ufl.edu tel. 273-2386
POS 6933: History of American Political Thought
Course Description:

This course is designed as an intensive graduate-level introduction to the central traditions in American political thinking, from the Puritans to 21st century. The primary focus of the course is on discerning the nature and historical vicissitudes of the American experiment in self-government, and on excavating and understanding the various modes in which the idea of “America” has been contested, from the very beginning of its history down to the present. However, the deeper goal of the class is to help you think critically about current political questions and institutions, and to help you become self-conscious about the positions you take with respect to them, by reflecting upon the past, regardless of your chosen field of academic specialization.

Seminar Requirements and Grading:

The bulk of your grade (60%) will be determined by a final research paper (25-30 pp). The research paper is due in my mailbox on Thursday, December 18 at 12 noon. Late essays will be marked down 1/2 letter grade per day they are late. You must consult with me concerning your term paper topic so that we can jointly ascertain its fit for the course.

Each seminar participant will present two short discussion papers (8-10 pp.) in response to the week’s readings (25% of final grade). Discussion papers are to be mailed to me and the other members of the seminar the day before class. These presentations should not simply summarize the readings, but highlight particular questions, tensions, possible contradictions, and other theoretically interesting issues raised by the texts in question. The purpose of these presentations is ultimately to provoke lively seminar discussions. At the end of your presentation, you should provide your audience with 2 or 3 questions or issues for discussion that you believe to be particularly important for that week, in order to direct our focus.

This course is based on a seminar format; therefore, regular attendance, careful preparation, and active participation are essential. Again, the goal is to have spirited discussion based on the week’s readings. Every participant is also required to prepare two or three discussion questions for each meeting. You must email your questions to me and the other members of the seminar at least a day before the class for that week. The questions should highlight some dimension of the author’s argument that you think raises important questions or themes for that week’s discussion. Attendance, participation, and weekly discussion questions will jointly constitute 15% of your final grade.

Students with disabilities requiring academic accommodations must first register with the Dean of Students Office. The Dean of Students Office will provide documentation to the student who must then provide this documentation to the Instructor when requesting accommodation. Please come see me as soon as possible regarding this matter.

All students are required to abide by the University of Florida’s Academic Honesty Guidelines, which may be viewed at http://www.dso.ufl.edu/judicial/procedures/honestybrochure.php. Plagiarism of any sort will not be tolerated and will result in failure of the course and potential expulsion from the program.

Required Books:

American Political Thought: A Norton Anthology, ed. Isaac Kramnick and Theodore Lowi, ISBN-13: 978-0393928860

The Thomas Paine Reader, ed. Michael Foot and Isaac Kramnick (Penguin) ISBN-13: 978-0140444964

The Federalist: with Letters of Brutus (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought), ed. Terence Ball ISBN-13: 978-0521001212

Herbert Storing, What the Anti-Federalists Were For: The Political Thought of the Opponents of the Constitution, ISBN-13: 978-0226775746

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America (Penguin Classics) ISBN-13: 978-0140447606

Against Slavery: An Abolitionist Reader, ed. Mason Lowance (Penguin Classics) ISBN-13: 978-0140437584

The Portable Abraham Lincoln (Penguin Classics), ed. Andrew Delbanco ISBN-13: 978-0143105640

Black Elk Speaks: Being the Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux, SUNY Press, ISBN-13: 978-1438425405

Emma Goldman, Anarchism and other essays General Books, ISBN-13: 978-0217776424

W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (Dover Thrift Editions) ISBN-13:978-0486280417

John Dewey, The Public and Its Problems, Swallow Press ISBN-13: 978-0804002547

John Dewey, Liberalism and Social Action, Prometheus Books, ISBN-13: 978-1573927536

Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society (Paperback) ISBN-13: 978-0807014172

Richard Rorty, Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth-Century America ISBN-13: 978-0674003125

Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition (Vintage), ISBN-13: 978-0679723158

Gertrude Himmelfarb, One Nation, Two Cultures: A Searching Examination of American Society in the Aftermath of Our Cultural Revolution ISBN-13: 978-0375704109

In addition, there is a new journal entitled American Political Thought that you should read regularly. It is here: http://www.press.uchicago.edu/ucp/journals/journal/apt.html

August 28: Intro/overview

Reading: Rogers Smith, “Beyond Tocqueville, Myrdal, and Hartz: The Multiple Traditions in America”

Sept 4: Unraveling the Puritan Errand:

Primary: The Mayflower Compact (1620); An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company (1621); Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company (1629); John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity (1630), Defence of an Order of Court (1637), Little Speech on Liberty (1639); John Cotton, An Exposition Upon the 13th Chapter of the Revelations (1639): Roger Williams, The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution (1644); Nathanial Ward, The Simple Cobbler of Aggawam (1645); John Wise, A Vindication of the Government of New England Churches (1717); Jonathan Mayhew, A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers (1750); Cotton Mather, A Christian and His Calling, (K&L pp. 73-80, 11-53)

Secondary: Perry Miller, “The Puritan Way of Life”; David S. Lovejoy, “Anne Hutchinson and the Naked Christ”; Sacvan Bercovitch, excerpt from The American Jeremiad; John H. Schaar, “Liberty/Authority/Community in the Political Thought of John Winthrop”; Kramnick and Lowi, “Colonial Roots” (K&L, pp. 2-8)

For Further Reading:

Edmund Morgan, Puritan Political Ideas, 1558-1794

Edmund Morgan, The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John Winthrop

Sacvan Bercovitch, Puritan Origins of the American Self

Sacvan Bercovitch, The American Jeremiad

Jill Lepore, The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity

David S. Lovejoy, Religious Enthusiasm in the New World

George M. Waller, ed., Puritanism in Early America

William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647
September 11: “The People,” and the Political Theory of the American Revolution:

Primary: James Otis, The Rights of the American Colonies, Asserted and Proved (1764); Samuel Adams, The Rights of the Colonists (1772); Jonathan Boucher, On Civil Liberty, Passive Obedience, and Non-Resistance (1774); John Adams, Novanglus (1775), Thoughts on Government (1776); Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence (1776); (K&L, pp. 92-130; 151-154)

The Thomas Paine Reader (Common Sense and The American Crisis, entire)

Secondary: Kramnick and Lowi, “The Founding” (K&L, pp. 91-99); Kramnick, Thomas Paine Reader, “Introduction,” pp. 7-36; A Companion to the American Revolution, pp. 88-93, 605-706; Gordon Wood, The Creation of the American Republic, pp. 1-124; Gregory Claeys, Thomas Paine: Social and Political Thought, pp. 39-62; Jacques Derrida "Declarations of Independence,” New Political Science 15 (Summer 1986), 3-19.

For Further Reading:

Bernard Bailyn, The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution

Gordon Wood, The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787

Edmund S. Morgan, Inventing the People: The Rise of Popular Sovereignty in England and America

Gordon Wood, The American Revolution

Gordon Wood, The Radicalism of the American Revolution

Pauline Maier, From Resistance to Revolution

Gary Nash, The Unknown American Revolution: The Unruly birth of Democracy and the Struggle to Create America

Garry Wills, Inventing America: Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence

Jay Fliegelman, Declaring Independence: Jefferson, Natural Language, & the Culture of Performance

Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America

Terry Bouton, Taming Democracy: “The People,” the Founders, and the Troubled Ending of the American Revolution

Forrest McDonald, E Pluribus Unum: The Formation of the American Republic, 1776-1790

Robert Webking, The American Revolution and the Politics of Liberty

Joseph J. Ellis, Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation

Hannah Arendt, On Revolution

September 18: “Publius”: From the Revolution to the Contested Constitution

Primary: The Federalist Papers (Terence Ball Intro; pp. 1-432)

Secondary: Louis Hartz, “The Concept of a Liberal Society” (K&L, pp. 1247-1256); Iain Hampsher-Monk, “’Publius’: The Federalist; Isaac Kramnick, Editor’s Introduction to the Penguin Edition of the Federalist Papers; Terence Ball, “A Republic---If You Can Keep It”; Forrest McDonald, chapter from Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Intellectual Origins of the Constitution; Joyce Appleby, “Liberalism and Republicanism in the American Imagination”; Douglass Adair, “’That Politics May Be Reduced to a Science’: David Hume, James Madison, and the Tenth Federalist”; J.G.A. Pocock, “Between Gog and Magog: The Republican Thesis and the Ideologia Americana”; Martin Diamond, “Democracy and The Federalist: A Reconsideration of the Framers’ Intent”: Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition, Chapter 1

For Further Reading:

Louis Hartz, The Liberal Tradition in America

Charles Beard, An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States

Forrest McDonald, We The People: The Economic Origins of the Constitution

Douglass Adair, Fame and the Founding Fathers

J.G.A. Pocock, The Machiavellian Moment

Forrest McDonald, Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Intellectual Origins of the Constitution

Joyce Appleby, Liberalism and Republicanism in the Historical Imagination

John Patrick Diggins, The Lost Soul of American Politics

Isaac Kramnick, Republicanism and Bourgeois Radicalism: Political Ideology in Late Eighteenth-Century England and America

Terence Ball and J.G.A. Pocock, eds., Conceptual Change and the Constitution

Gordon Wood, The Creation of the American Republic, 1776-1787

Jack Rakove, Original Meanings: Politics and Ideas in the Making of the Constitution

Forrest McDonald, E Pluribus Unum: The Formation of the American Republic, 1776-1790

C. Bradley Thompson, John Adams and the Spirit of Liberty

Lance Banning, The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic

Colleen Sheehan, James Madison and the Spirit of Republican Self-Government

Beeman et al (eds.), Beyond Confederation: Origins of the Constitution and American National Identity

Richard K. Matthews, If Men Were Angels: James Madison & the Heartless Empire of Reason

Isaac Kramnick and R. Laurence Moore, The Godless Constitution

Darren Staloff, Hamilton, Adams, Jefferson

Bernard Bailyn, To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders

Jason Frank, “Publius and Political Imagination”

Carroll Smith-Rosenberg, “Dis-Covering the Subject of the ‘Great Constitutional Discussion,” 1786-1789”

September 25: The Anti-Federalist Critique and the Jeffersonian vs. Federalist Visions of America:

Primary: Letters of Brutus (in Ball, ed.), pp. 435-533; Thomas Jefferson, Letters on the Constitution (1787, 1789); Richard Henry Lee, Letters from the Federal Farmer (1787); Patrick Henry, Debates in the Virginia Ratifying Convention (1788); James Madison, Address to the House of Representatives on Amending the Constitution (1789); The Bill of Rights (1791); Alexander Hamilton, First Report on the Public Credit (1790), Opinion on the Constitutionality of the Bank (1791), Report on Manufactures (1791); George Washington, Farewell Address (1796); John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison (1803), McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819); Various pieces by Thomas Jefferson (1777-1819); James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798); James Madison, Report to the Virginia General Assembly (1800) (K&L, pp. 244-256; 266-283; pp. 286-388)

Secondary: Kramnick and Lowi, “Democracy and Union” (K&L, pp. 285-296); Herbert J. Storing, What the Anti-Federalists Were For (entire); Cecelia Kenyon, “Introduction to ‘The Anti-Federalists,’”; Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition, Chapter 2

For Further Reading

Cecelia Kenyon, Men of Little Faith

Woody Holton, Unruly Americans and the Origins of the Constitution

Jackson Turner Main, The Anti-Federalists: Critics of the Constitution, 1781-1788

Sheldon Wolin, Presence of the Past

Saul Cornell, The Other Founders: Anti-Federalism and the Dissenting Tradition in America, 1788-1828

Drew McCoy, The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America
October 2: Tocqueville on the Promise and Peril of American Democracy

Primary: Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America (entire)

Secondary: Isaac Kramnick, “Introduction” to Democracy in America; Sheldon Wolin, “Archaism, Modernity, and Democracy in America”; Laura Janara, “Brothers and Others: Tocqueville and Beaumont, U.S. Genealogy, Democracy, and Racism”

For Further Reading:

Sheldon Wolin, Tocqueville Between Two Worlds

Roger Boesche, Tocqueville’s Road Map: Methodology, Liberalism, Revolution, and Despotism

The Cambridge Companion to Tocqueville, ed. Cheryl B. Welch

Annelien de Dijn, French Political Thought from Montesquieu to Tocqueville

Cheryl Welch, De Tocqueville

Feminist Interpretations of Alexis de Tocqueville, Eileen Hunt Botting and Jill Locke (eds.)
October 9: Jacksonian Democracy and American Individualism:

Primary: Henry Clay, Speech on the Tariff (1824); John Quincy Adams, First Annual Message to Congress (1825); John R. Cooke and Abel P. Upshur, Debate in the Virginia Constitutional Convention (1829-1830):; Andrew Jackson, First Annual Message to Congress (1829), Veto of Maysville Road Bill (1830), Bank Veto Message (1832), Farewell Address (1837); Daniel Webster, Speech on Jackson’s Veto of the United States Bank Bill (1832); Roger B. Taney, Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837); George Bancroft, The Office of the People in Art, Government, and Religion (1835James Fenimore Cooper, The American Democrat (1838); Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance (1840), Politics (1849); Henry David Thoreau, Resistance to Civil Government (1849), Life Without Principle (1863); Walt Whitman, Democratic Vistas (1871) (K&L, pp. 389-407; 419-456; 465-505); Henry David Thoreau, “The Bean-Field” (chapter from Walden)

Secondary: Hofstadter, American Political Tradition, Chapter 3; Brian Walker, “Thoreau on Democratic Cultivation”; George Kateb, Emerson and Self-Reliance, Chapters 1 and 6

For Further Reading:

Stanley Cavell, Conditions Handsome and Unhandsome

Robert Richardson, Emerson: The Mind on Fire

Sharon Cameron, Impersonality

Jane Bennett, Thoreau’s Nature: Ethics, Politics, and the Wild

George Kateb, The Inner Ocean: Individualism and Democratic Culture

Bob Pepperman Taylor, America’s Bachelor Uncle: Thoreau and the American Polity

Jack Turner, A Political Companion to Henry David Thoreau

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Age of Jackson

David Reynolds, Beneath the American Renaissance

Jay Grossman, Reconstituting the American Renaissance: Emerson, Whitman, and the Politics of Representation

The Cambridge Companion to Walt Whitman

David Reynolds, Walt Whitman’s America: A Cultural Biography

Robert Wiebe, Self-Rule: A Cultural History of American Democracy
October 16: Radical Abolitionism and the Stain of Slavery

Primary: Against Slavery, An Abolitionist Reader (entire); Thomas Jefferson, from Notes on the State of Virginia, John C. Calhoun, Speeches on Slavery (1837, 1839), A Disquisition on Government (1848); George Fitzhugh, Sociology of the South; or, the Failure of Free Society (1854), Cannibals All! or, Slaves Without Masters (1857): Roger B. Taney, Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857); James Henry Hammond, “Mud Sill” Speech (1858) (K&L, pp. 546-554, 588-598, 601-649)

Secondary: Joel Olson, “The Freshness of Fanaticism: The Abolitionists and the Democratic Uses of Zealotry”; Margaret Kohn, “Frederick Douglass’s Master-Slave Dialectic,” Hofstadter, American Political Tradition, Chapter 4 (“John C. Calhoun: Marx of the Master Class”); Rogers Smith, “The Puzzling Place of Race in American Political Science”

For Further Reading:

Bill E. Lawson and Frank M. Kirkland, eds. Frederick Douglass: A Critical Reader

James Oakes, The Radical and the Republican: Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln,

and the Triumph of Antislavery Politics

Richard S. Newman, The Transformation of American Abolitionism

George Shulman, American Prophecy: Race and Redemption in American Political Culture

John Stauffer, The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of


October 23: Lincoln, Civil War, and Reconstruction

Primary: The Portable Abraham Lincoln (entire)

Secondary: Hofstadter, American Political Tradition, Chapter 5; Robert Bellah, “Civil Religion in America”; Rogers Smith, Civic Ideals, Chapters 9 and 10 (“Dred Scott Unchained,” and “The America That ‘Never Was’”)

For Further Reading:

Paul M. Angle, ed., The Complete Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Harry Jaffa, Crisis of the House Divided

Joseph R. Fornieri, Abraham Lincoln’s Political Faith

Gary Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg

Eric Foner, Reconstruction

October 30: The Thought and Fate of the First Americans

Primary: Black Elk Speaks (entire); Josiah Strong, Our Country (1885); Theodore Roosevelt, The Winning of the West (1889-1896); Henry Cabot Lodge, Speech on a Literacy Test for Immigrants (1896); Albert J. Beveridge, The March of the Flag (1898) (K&L, pp. 901-919)

Secondary: Michael Rogin, “Liberal Society and the Indian Question”

For Further Reading:

Dee Brown, Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee

Robert A. Williams, The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of Conquest

Reginald Horsman, Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism

Carole Pateman and Charles Mills, Contract and Domination
November 6: Social Darwinism and American Radicalism

Primary: Emma Goldman, Anarchism and Other Essays (entire); William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe to Each Other (1884), The Absurd Effort to Make the World Over (1894); The Challenge of Facts (1895), Consolidation of Wealth: Economic Aspects (1902); Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth (1889); Russell H. Conwell, Acres of Diamonds (1891): Orestes Brownson, The Laboring Classes (1840); Henry George, Progress and Poverty (1879); Henry Demarest Lloyd, Wealth Against Commonwealth (1894); Lester Ward, Sociocracy (1893), Plutocracy and Paternalism (1895); Daniel De Leon, Reform or Revolution (1896); Eugene V. Debs, Unionism and Socialism (1904), Speech to the Jury (1918); Samuel Gompers, The American Labor Movement (1914), Twelve Southerners, I’ll Take My Stand (1930) (K&L, pp. 688-747, 456-464, 740-747, 764-785, 828-854, 889-892)
Secondary: Kramnick and Lowi, “Capitalism, Individualism, and Reform” (K&L, pp. 687-702); Robert Wiebe, Self-Rule: A Cultural History of American Democracy, Part 2; Rogers Smith, “The Guilded Age of Ascriptive Americanism “(Civic Ideals, Chapter 11)
For Further Reading:

Richard Hofstadter, The Age of Reform

James P. Young, Reconsidering American Liberalism: The Troubled Odyssey of the Liberal Ideal

Eric Foner, The Story of American Freedom

November 13: The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Primary: W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk (entire); Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments (1865, 1868, 1870), Henry Brown and John Marshall Harlan in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896); Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address (1895); The Talented Tenth (1903), The Immediate Program of the American Negro (1915); Marcus Garvey, The True Solution of the Negro Problem (1922); Hiram K. Evans, The Klan’s Fight for Americanism (1926); Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again (1938): (K&L, pp. 926-928, 942-950, 964-987)

Abigail Adams, Letter to John Adams (1776); Judith Sargent Stevens Singer Murray (Constantia), On the Equality of the Sexes (1790); Frances Wright, Of Existing Evils, and Their Remedy (1829); Angelina Grimké, Letter to Catherine E. Beecher (1837); Sarah M. Grimké, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Woman (1837); Catherine E. Beecher, A Treatise on Domestic Economy (1841); Elizabeth Cady Stanton, The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions (1848), Address to the New York State Legislature (1860) (K&L, pp. 407-419, 506-535)

Orestes Brownson, The Woman Question (1860); Victoria Woodhull, On Constitutional Equality (1871), The Principles of Social Freedom (1871); Susan B. Anthony, Speech About her Indictment (1873); Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Women and Economics (1898); Jane Addams, If Men Were Seeking the Franchise (1913) (K&L, pp. 854-882)

Secondary: Robert Gooding-Williams and Dwight McBride, eds. "100 Years of The Souls of Black Folk," Public Culture (2005); Carole Pateman, “Three Questions About Womanhood Suffrage”
For Further Reading:

Adolph Reed, W.E.B. Du Bois and American Political Thought

Shamoon Zamir, Dark Voices; W.E.B. Du Bois and American Thought, 1888-1903

Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, A Gift of the Spirit: Reading The Souls of Black Folk

Linda K. Kerber and Jane Sherron De Hart, Women’s America: Refocusing the Past

Ellen DuBois, Woman Suffrage and Women’s Rights

Mary Beth Norton, Liberty's Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750-1800

Judith N. Shklar, American Citizenship: The Quest for Inclusion

November 20: No Class (Thanksgiving)
November 26: From Progressivism to the New Deal:

Primary: John Dewey, The Public and Its Problems (entire); John Dewey, Liberalism and Social Action (entire); Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Dissent in Lochner v. New York (1905), Natural Law (1918): Herbert Croly, The Promise of American Life (1909); Theodore Roosevelt, New Nationalism (1910); Louis D. Brandeis, The Living Law (1915), Industrial Absolutism and Democracy (1915); Woodrow Wilson, The New Freedom (1913): (K&L, pp. 1024-1057, pp. 1065-1113; pp. 1116-1147)

Herbert Hoover, American Individualism (1922), Rugged Individualism (1928), The Challenge to Liberty (1936); The Fifth Freedom (1941); Charles Beard, The Myth of American Individualism (1931); Various Speeches by Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1932-1944); R.G. Tugwell, The Principles of Planning and the Institution of Laissez Faire (1932); Henry A. Wallace, New Frontiers (1934); Walter Lippmann, Planning in an Economy of Abundance (1937) (K&L, pp. 1147-1156, 1164-1191-1210)

Secondary: Kramnick and Lowi, “Leviathan and Liberalism: (K&L, pp. 1115-1131); Daniel T. Rodgers, “In search of Progressivism” ; Hofstadter, American Political Tradition, chapters 9-12; Eric Foner, “The New Deal and the Redefinition of Freedom”

For further Reading:

James T. Kloppenberg, Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in

American and European Social Thought

Jeffrey Lustig, Corporate Liberalism: The Origins of Modern American Political Theory,


Michael McGerr, A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in

America, 1870-1920

Robert B. Westbrook, John Dewey and American Democracy

December 4: the 1960s and the “New Left”

Primary: Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man (entire); C. Wright Mills, The Power Elite (1956), Letter to the New Left (1960); Students For A Democratic Society (SDS), The Port Huron Statement (1962); Mario Savio, An End to History (1964); Martin Luther King, Jr., The Power of Nonviolence (1957), Letter from Birmingham Jail (1963); I Have a Dream (1963); SNCC, Statement of Purpose (1960); Malcolm X, The Ballot or the Bullet (1964); Stokely Carmichael, Toward Black Liberation (1966); Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique (1963); NOW, Bill of Rights (1967); Redstockings Manifesto (1969); Jerry Rubin, A Yippie Manifesto (1970); (K&L, pp. 1247-1256, 1264-1277, 1290-1328, 1344-1369)

Secondary: Eric Foner, “Sixties Freedom,” in The Story of American Freedom, Chapter 12
For Further Viewing:

Movie Night: Manufacturing Consent

December 10 (Wednesday Night): Aftermath, Culture War, and Meaning

Primary: Gertrude Himmelfarb, One Nation, Two Cultures (entire); Richard Rorty, Achieving Our Country (entire); Michael Walzer, “What Does It Mean to Be an “American”? (1990); Irving Kristol, Capitalism, Socialism, and Nihilism (1973); Milton Friedman and Rose D. Friedman, Free to Choose (1980); Allan Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind (1987); Pat Robertson, A Portrait of America (1993); (K&L, pp. 1381-1391, 1411-1426, 1438-1471); Barack Obama, First Inaugural, Speech at Osawatomie, Kansas

Secondary: Eric Foner, “Conservative Freedom,” The Story of American Freedom, Chapter 13

For Further Reading:

Aryeh Botwinick and William Connolly (eds.), Democracy and Vision

Michael Rogin, Ronald Reagan, the Movie; and Other Episodes in Political Demonology

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