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  1. [2011 OL]

  1. Name one organ protected by the ribcage.

  2. Give one organ function of the skeleton.




  1. [2006 OL]

Name the bone of the human skeleton labelled A in the diagram on the right.


  1. [2006 OL][2007 OL][2010][2008 OL]

Name two organs that the human skull protects.


  1. [2007 OL][2008 OL]

Name an organ protected by the ribs.


  1. [2008 OL]

What is the name of the organ which is protected by the pelvis?


  1. [2012]

  1. Name the type of joint shown in the diagram.

  2. Describe the movements that this type of joint can make.

  3. Explain how muscles cause the movements of this joint.



  1. [2007]

  1. Name the type of joint found in the human skull.

  2. How does this type of joint differ from other types of joints found in our bodies?



  1. [2006]

The diagram shows the structure of an elbow.

  1. Name bone A.

  2. Identify the type of moveable joint B.




  1. [2009]

The diagram shows a detailed drawing of the structure of the knee joint. The kneecap is not shown.

  1. Name the bones labelled A and B.

  2. What type of joint is the knee?

  3. Give the functions of the parts labelled C and D in the knee.






  1. [2009 OL]

Name the bones of the skeleton labelled A and B in the diagram.



  1. [2009]

Explain the action of antagonistic pairs of muscles in causing the movement of limbs. You may use a labelled diagram in your answer if you wish.


  1. [2007 OL]

Complete the following sentences:

  1. The structure formed where two bones meet is called a ________________.

  2. The tissue that causes movement of joined bones is called ______________.

Exam Solutions


  1. Support, Shape (structure / frame), Protection, Movement, Production of blood cells



  1. Heart/lungs

  2. Support/movement/blood cell production/ shape

  1. Femur

  2. Brain/ eyes/ ear

  3. Heart, lungs

  4. Bladder



  1. Hinge

  2. backward and forward or up and down

  3. the biceps (muscle) contracts bringing bones closer…

the triceps (muscle) contracts bringing bones apart…

or

antagonistic muscles (biceps & triceps) (pair of muscles) cause movement in opposite directions…





  1. A fused of fixed joint.

  2. There is no movement involved



  1. Name of bone A: Humerus

  2. Type of joint B: Hinge/ synovial



  1. Bone A is the humerus; bone B is the femur

  2. The knee is an example of a hinge joint

  3. Function of C: Lubricates/ helps free movement/ reduces friction

Function of D: holds the bones together

  1. Skull (cranium), B: Collar bone (clavicle)

  2. Antagonistic muscles are pairs of muscles that pull in opposite directions



  1. Joint

  2. Muscle



Other Test Questions

  1. List three different types of joint.




  1. Write and finish the following sentence: Ligaments connect ____________ to _____________.




  1. Write and finish the following sentence: Tendons connect ____________ to _____________.



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