Ministry of Health. 2010. Our Oral Health: Key findings of the 2009 New Zealand Oral Health Survey. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
Published in December 2010 by the
Ministry of Health
PO Box 5013, Wellington 6145, New Zealand
ISBN 978-0-478-37421-6 (print)
ISBN 978-0-478-37422-3 (online)
This document is available on the Ministry of Health’s website:
I am pleased to bring to you this report, Our Oral Health, presenting findings from the 2009 New Zealand Oral Health Survey.
Oral health is important for people’s health and wellbeing – poor oral health can have physical and psychological impacts on their lives. This is the first national survey on oral health in New Zealand in over 20 years. It provides us with a wealth of reliable and up-to-date information about the oral health of New Zealanders of all ages.
This report represents a significant undertaking by a large group of people over a long period of time. I congratulate the research team and External Technical Advisory Group, and thank them for their time and commitment to this project. I especially wish to thank the 4906 New Zealanders who gave their time to take part in the survey – it would not have been possible without them.
This survey found that we have considerably better oral health than 20 years ago. People are keeping more of their natural teeth, and in better condition, than ever before. I’m encouraged as well to read that children and adolescents have very good access to oral health services. The report also points to where improvements can be made in the future, by identifying areas where disparities currently exist in oral health status in New Zealand.
The information in this report gives an excellent snapshot of oral health in New Zealand, including oral health status, protective behaviours such as toothbrushing, and the use of oral health services. These findings provide a solid evidence base for future work on oral health in New Zealand. However, this report cannot fully do justice to the richness of the information potentially available from the survey data. We encourage researchers, policy analysts, dental professionals and non-governmental organisations to undertake or commission their own more detailed analyses once the confidentialised data set is available.
Acting Director-General of Health
Ministry of Health
This report was written by Dr Robyn Haisman, Kylie Mason and Erin Holmes, with statistical analyses conducted by Robert Templeton and Dr Deepa Weerasekera. The authors are in the Health and Disability Intelligence Unit in the Ministry of Health.
Thank you to the many thousands of New Zealanders who gave their time to participate in the 2009 New Zealand Oral Health Survey. This report would not have been possible without your generosity.
This survey would also not have been completed without the dedication of numerous individuals. We are grateful to the many colleagues in the Health and Disability Intelligence Unit of the Ministry of Health and across the Ministry, who commented on earlier versions of this report; and the following individuals who peer-reviewed the report: Guan Lye Chua, Dr Martin Tobias, Dr Tim Mackay, Paul Badco, Natalie Talamaivao, and Beverley Braybrook.
The authors are very grateful to Associate Professor Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Professor W Murray Thomson, Dr Robin Whyman, Associate Professor John Broughton, Professor Gregory Seymour, Professor Philip Schluter and Dr Robert Clark for peer-reviewing the report, and to all of the members of the External Technical Advisory Group, and the Ministry of Health, New Zealand Dental Association and Defence Dental Services Advisory Group, for their expert advice throughout the whole project. We are also deeply indebted to Professor W Murray Thomson who gave substantial specialist advice throughout development, implementation and analysis of this survey.
The 2009 New Zealand Oral Health Survey would not have been possible without the support of many individuals. We are most grateful to the dental profession, especially the private dental practitioners (and their staff) of the New Zealand Dental Association, the Māori providers, DHB dental services, the University of Otago School of Dentistry and private companies (including Mobile Surgical Services) that provided dental surgeries and facilities free of charge as dental examination sites for the survey. We would also like to extend a big thank you to the adults and children who helped with the training at Auckland University of Technology and the Wellington Dental Practice.
The following people were instrumental to the survey.
Dr Robyn Haisman, Brooke Gloyn, Kylie Mason
Ministry of Health
Robert Templeton, Dr Niki Stefanogiannis, Erin Holmes, Dr Deepa Weerasekera (Health and Disability Intelligence Unit); Stephen Manning, Sarah Gerritsen, Faith Roberts, Dr Barry Borman (former employees of the Ministry of Health)
The Ministry of Health, New Zealand Dental Association and Defence Dental Services Advisory Group; ACC
Dr Robin Whyman, Dr Tim Mackay, Dev Oza (Ministry of Health); Dr David Crum (NZDA); Dr (Colonel) Hugh Trengrove, Dr (Colonel) Andrew Gray (Defence Dental Services Advisory Group); Rosemary Kennedy, Jim Robertson and Nicole Vipond (ACC)
External Technical Advisory Group
Professor Elizabeth Treasure (Cardiff University, UK), Professor Gary Slade (formerly Professor at the University of Adelaide, now Professor at UNC School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, USA), Professor W Murray Thomson (University of Otago), Professor Gregory Seymour (University of Otago), Professor Philip Schluter (Auckland University of Technology), Associate Professor John Broughton (University of Otago), Dr Pauline Koopu (representing Te Ao Marama), Dr Geoff Lingard (representing New Zealand Dental Association), Dr Martin Lee, Lynette Wilkie (representing New Zealand Dental Therapists Association)
Interview, dental recording and data processing team
CBG Health Research Ltd, especially Dr Barry Gribben, Carol Boustead, Angela Chong, Letticia Mincham, Gina Morgan and field staff
Sample design and methodology
Robert Templeton (Ministry of Health), Dr Robert Clark (University of Wollongong, Australia)
Dr Robyn Haisman and members of the External Technical Advisory Group and the Ministry of Health, New Zealand Dental Association and Defence Dental Services Advisory Group
Dental examination content
Dr Robyn Haisman, Associate Professor Kaye Roberts-Thomson and members of the External Technical Advisory Group and the Ministry of Health, New Zealand Dental Association and Defence Dental Services Advisory Group
Dental examination software
Adelaide Research and Innovation Pty Ltd
Lead dental trainer
Associate Professor Kaye Roberts-Thomson (Australian Research Centre for Population Health, University of Adelaide)
Dr Neil Croucher, Dr Roger Larkin, Dr Niel Ewart, Dr Tania Stuart, Dr John Dalton, Dr Rebecca Schipper, Dr Howard Mace, Dr Susan Cartwright, Dr Ursula Bena, Dr Gerry Davis, Dr Cheryl Downey, Dr Christopher Ingram, Dr David Kay, Dr Harvey Brown, Dr Jeff Annan, Dr Moira Smith, Dr Chris Ledger, Dr Mary Livingston, Dr Stephen Smith, Dr Bill Keighley, Dr Tiffany Logan
Specialist advice (analysis of clinical data)
Professor W Murray Thomson (University of Otago)
Development of clinical photography equipment
Dr Martin Lee
Training facilities for dentist and recorders
Auckland University of Technology (Oral Health), especially Dr Susan Cartwright, Naomi Heap and Sue McNaughton; the Wellington Dental Practice, especially Dr Jeff Annan
Procurement of dental supplies and equipment for dental examinations
Bruce Johnson, Bryan Geurts, Johanne Jennings (New Zealand Defence Force)
Dental practices and facilities that offered assistance for the survey as examination sites
See Appendix D
The Ministry of Health was principal funder of the 2009 NZOHS. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) part funded the survey. The New Zealand Dental Association endorsed the survey to its members, and encouraged private dental practitioners to donate dental surgeries as dental examination sites. Defence Dental Services of the New Zealand Defence Force ordered all dental equipment, and provided logistical support and one Defence Force dentist to assist with dental examinations.