Organisation responsible: Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística dane objectives of the survey



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Identification

Title of the survey: Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares - GEIH Continuous

Organisation responsible: Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística - DANE

Objectives of the survey: Provide basic information about the size and structure of the labour force (employed, unemployed and inactive) and obtain data about other variables relating to the population like sex, age, civil status, education, etc.

Date: 05/05/2011

Periodicity and coverage

Periodicity of data collection: Continuously (every week)

Geographical coverage: Whole country

Population coverage: Whole population excluding the following groups: Non-settled population and persons living in institutions

The survey covers: The usual residents present and the usual residents temporarily absent

Definition of usual resident: A person who lives permanently or most of the time in a housing unit, including those who were absent at the time of the interview.

Definition of household and household members: A household is a person or a group of people, related or not, that occupy all or part of a dwelling, satisfy basic needs under a common budget and often share meals. Those who live permanently or most of the time in this household, including those who were absent at the time of the interview, are the household members.

Usual household members who are temporarily absent are enumerated in the survey: Yes, including labour related questions

Age coverage: The labour related questions of the survey relate to the population of age groups between 9 and 110 years old

Topics covered:

Demographic characteristics: age, sex, marital status, educational attainment, relationship to household head

Main labour related characteristics: employment, unemployment, underemployment, hours of work, wages, employment related benefits, informal employment, social security coverage, trade union affiliations, usual activity, voluntary work, absence from work

Other labour related characteristics: occupation, status in employment, size of establishment, permanency of the job, working time arrangements, type of workplace, duration of employment, existence of more than one job, characteristics of the second job(s), duration of unemployment, characteristics of the last job, search for another job, reasons for seeking another job, methods of looking for work, registration as unemployed, receipt of unemployment benefits, reasons for not being in the labour force

Other characteristics: other sources of income (e.g. income from property), household chore activities, membership in cooperatives

Concepts and definitions

Current employment

Definition of employment: Employment refers to those who during the reference period worked for at least one hour in the production of goods or services for pay, were contributing family workers, were contributing family workers in other households or were temporarily absent from work but had a job to return to.

Employment refers to people who during the reference period:

- worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind

- worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind

- were temporarily not at work and had a formal attachment to a wage employment job

- were temporarily not at work and had an enterprise

- worked for at least one hour without pay on a family business or farm



Reference period for employment: The latest full calendar week preceding the interview (moving)

Current unemployment

Definition of unemployment: Unemployment refers to persons aged 10 years and over who during the reference period were without work, available to work, and had looked for work during the 4 weeks preceding the interview.

Unemployment refers to people who during the reference period: Are without work, available to work and actively seeking work

Reference period for seeking work: The latest full calendar week preceding the interview date (moving) and the latest 12 months preceding the interview

Reference period for availability for work: The latest full calendar week preceding the interview date (moving) and the latest 12 months preceding the interview

Underemployment

Underemployment concept measured: Time related underemployment

Definition of underemployment related to working time: Underemployment related to working time refers to those employed persons who manifest a desire to improve the number of hours they work.

Underemployment refers to employed persons who:

- are willing to work additional hours in the survey reference period



- are available to work additional hours in the survey reference period

Information collected on the number of hours of work wanted/ available for: Yes

Definition of inadequate employment situations: This refers to employed persons who manifest a desire to improve their income, number of hours worked or get a better job that corresponds to their skills.

Types of inadequate employment situations studied in the survey: Inadequate use and mismatch of occupational skills, inadequate income in current job(s) and excessive hours of work

Hours of work

The survey measures: hours actually worked, hours paid for and usual hours

Information is collected for: main job only

Reference period used for the measure of hours of work: a week

Actual hours of work are collected for: the week as a whole

Working time components included in the reported hours of work: time not worked (vacation, sick leave, etc.)

Separate information is collected for overtime hours: no

Separate information is collected for absence hours: yes

Definition of absence hours: Have worked less than 40 hours per week.

Separate information is collected for working time arrangements: yes

Time unit used in the measure of hours of work: exact hours

Income from paid employment

The components of income for which separate statistics are available are: regular cash earnings, irregular cash earnings, payments in kind and services, profit related pay, bonuses, employment-related social security benefits and allowances

Income from paid employment covered: Net of compulsory contributions to social security schemes and/or taxes

Reference period: a month

Income from paid employment refers to: main and secondary job(s) separately

Information on income from paid employment is requested in: exact amounts

Actual/usual income: actual income for a specific reference period and usual income for a specific reference period

Income due/received: income received in a specific reference period and income due for a specific reference period

Income from self-employment

Income from self-employment covered: Profit of unincorporated enterprises (receipts less operating expenses)

Value of production used for own consumption is included in the profit/remuneration: no

Reference period: a month

Income from self-employment refers to: main and secondary job(s) separately

Information on income from self-employment is requested in: exact amounts

Actual/usual income: actual income for a specific reference period and usual income for a specific reference period

Income due/received: income received in a specific reference period and income due for a specific reference period

Employment in the informal sector

Definition of informal sector units: The informal sector units are all those enterprises employing no more than 5 persons.

Informal employment

Informal employment includes:

- own-account workers employed in their own informal sector enterprises

- employers employed in their own informal sector enterprises

- contributing family workers working in informal sector enterprises

- employees holding informal jobs in formal sector enterprises

- employees holding informal jobs in informal sector enterprises

- employees holding informal jobs as paid domestic workers employed by households

Criteria used to define informal jobs: company size

Information is collected for: main job

Informal employment refers: only to persons whose main job is informal

Usual activity

Treatment of special groups

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to parental leave are classified as employed

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to educational or training leave are classified as employed

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to voluntary leave without pay are classified as employed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who have made arrangements to start a new job on a date subsequent to the reference period are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who are trying to establish their own enterprise are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who are not seeking work during the reference period due to specific reasons (e.g. discouraged workers) are classified as unemployed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were subject to compulsory schooling are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were full-time or part-time students are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were retired and/or receiving a pension are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were registered as jobseekers at an employment office are classified as employed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were subject to compulsory schooling are classified as unemployed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were full-time or part-time students are classified as unemployed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were retired and/or receiving a pension are classified as unemployed

- Paid apprentices and trainees are classified as employed

- Contributing family workers at work during the reference period are classified as employed

- Contributing family workers temporarily absent from work are classified as employed

- Members of the armed forces who are volunteer members are classified as employed

- Members of the armed forces who are career members are classified as employed

- Members of the armed forces who are conscripts are classified as employed

- Persons in civilian service equivalent to military service are classified as employed

- Volunteers contributing to the production of goods are classified as unemployed if they are available and looking for work, otherwise considered as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of services provided by market producers are classified as unemployed if they are available and looking for work, otherwise considered as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of services provided by non-market producers (i.e. government units, NPIs serving households, etc.) are classified as unemployed if they are available and looking for work, otherwise considered as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of personal or domestic services produced by other households are classified as unemployed if they are available and looking for work, otherwise considered as economically inactive

Classifications

Disaggregations used in the analysis and tabulation of the survey results:

- The economically active population is tabulated by: sex, age, status in employment, level of education, urban/rural area

- The employed population is tabulated by: sex, age, industry, occupation, level of education, urban/rural area

- The unemployed population is tabulated by: sex, age, industry, occupation, level of education, urban/rural area

- The economically inactive population is tabulated by: sex, age, level of education, urban/rural area

Classifications used

Industry:

- Title of the classification: ISIC Rev.3



Occupation:

- Title of the classification: ISCO-68



Status in employment:

- Title of the classification: ICSE-1993



Education:

Sample design

Sampling frame: Population census

The sampling frame is updated: continually

Procedure used to update the sampling frame: Through population censuses conducted every ten years

Lowest level of geographic disaggregation for which reliable estimates of the unemployment rate can be produced and their frequency: Cities (quarterly)

The sample is stratified: Yes

Variables used for stratification: geographic region, urbanisation, population size of locality, socio-economic characteristics

Number of sampling stages: 3

Ultimate sampling units: dwellings

Number of ultimate sampling units per sample area: 10 dwellings

Sample size: 200.000 individuals per quarter

Sample fraction: 0.4% of the total population

Sample rotation takes place: at the ultimate sampling unit and the sampling area level

Data collection

Main mode of data collection: computer assisted personal interview (CAPl)

Number of ultimate sampling units (USU) interviewed per interviewer per day: 6

Average duration of an interview per household member of working age: 45 minutes

The field staff is mainly: part of a permanent survey organisation

Duration of training on the survey for newly recruited interviewers: 7 day(s)

Respondents' participation in the survey is compulsory: Yes

Ultimate sampling units that could not be identified are replaced: Yes

Ultimate sampling units that could not be contacted are replaced: No

Ultimate sampling units that refuse to participate are replaced: No

Estimation and adjustment

Percentage of all eligible ultimate sampling units that are interviewed: 90%

Percentage of refusals in the total non-response: 40%

The sample is self-weighting: Yes

Weighting factors used to adjust for: sample design, survey non-response

Adjustment for item non-response is made: Yes

Method of imputation: Human Capital Models

Relative standard errors computed:

- Total unemployment rate: 2.4 %

- Total employment: 0.5 %

- Total unemployment: 2.7 %

- Total economically active population: 0 %

Confidence level: 95 %

If sub-annual surveys are conducted, the results are adjusted for seasonal variations: No

Selected indicators tabulated from the survey:

- Unemployment rate by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Employment to population ratio by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Labour force participation rate by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Hours of work (per worker) by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Earnings (per worker) by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Number of workers by hours band by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)

- Number of workers by earnings class by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment, region (urban/rural)



Availability of data from other sources

- Data on employment is also available from: establishment surveys and population censuses

- Data on hours of work is also available from: establishment surveys

- Data on wages is also available from: establishment surveys



LFS data are considered official for:

- employment: yes

- unemployment: yes

- earnings: no

- hours of work: yes

Documentation and dissemination

Publication(s) and website where the survey results can be found: Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares; www.dane.gov.co/daneweb_V09/

Publication(s) and website where methodological information on the survey can be found: Metodología de la Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares; www.dane.gov.co/files/investigaciones/fichas/Gran_encuesta_integrada_hogares.pdf

Dissemination formats and periodicity:

- news release (monthly)



- comprehensive report (monthly)

Time needed for an initial release of the survey results: a month

The public is informed in advance on the date of the initial release of survey results: Yes

Non-published results can be made available on request: Yes

Micro data are made available on request: Yes

Historical information

Year when the survey was conducted for the first time: 2006

Years when significant methodological changes were introduced: The current GEIH was introduced in 2006, replacing the ECH and expanding the sample used, developing new tools for data collection and implementing a new questionnaire design.


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