Norway's Initial Report

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UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
– Norway's Initial Report

List of Contents

Introduction 1

Articles 1‒3: Purpose, definitions and general obligations 2

Article 4 General obligations 2

Norway's policy for persons with disabilities 2

Disabled people's organisations/user involvement 3

Constitutional amendments of May 2014 4

Anti-Discrimination and Accessibility Act 4

Universal design and accessibility 7

Health and Care Services Act 8

Financial support schemes 8

Research 9

Local democracy 10

Article 5 Equality and non-discrimination 10

Prohibition against discrimination 10

A comprehensive equality and anti-discrimination act 10

Article 6 Women with disabilities 11

Article 7 Children with disabilities 11

Article 8 Awareness-raising 13

Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud 13

Cooperation and coordination 13

New national institution for human rights 14

Activity and reporting obligations 14

Immigrant participation in interest groups for persons with intellectual disabilities 14

Persons with disabilities and Sami background 15

United Nations' International Day of Persons with Disabilities 15

Article 9 Accessibility 15

Accessibility to buildings and outdoor areas in general 16

Accessibility to ICT 17

Digital goods and services 18

Outdoor recreational activities 18

Accessibility to cultural heritage 19

Article 10 Right to life 19

Article 11 Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies 19

Article 12 Equal recognition before the law 20

Guardianship 21

Due process for persons with intellectual disabilities 29

Article 13 Access to justice 29

Article 14 Liberty and security of the person 31

Use of coercion in mental health care 33

Compulsory mental health care for children and young people 34

Statistics for coercion in mental health care 35

Review of legislation 36

Use of coercion in somatic health care 36

Measures to increase the number of voluntary admissions in the mental health care service 37

Transport of persons with mental illness 38

Article 15 Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 38

Medical and health research 39

Article 16 Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse 39

Hate speech 39

Protection against discrimination in employment relationships 40

Abuse of position 40

Disability as an aggravating circumstance 40

Violence and abuse 41

Requirement for criminal record certificate 42

Proposed amendments to the Criminal Procedure Act 42

Article 17 Protecting the integrity of the person 43

Health care and consent 43

Sterilisation 44

Abortion 44

Article 18 Liberty of movement and nationality 45

Article 19 The right to live independently and be included in the community 46

Housing 46

Nursing and care services 47

Competence and recruitment in the municipal health and care services 48

Welfare technology 49

Assistive aids 49

Review of policy on assistive aids 50

Public Committee on Fundamental Rights of Persons with Intellectual disabilities 50

Article 20 Personal mobility 50

Public transport 51

Railway 51

Roads 52

Aviation 52

Ships 52

Statistics and indicators in transport 53

Article 21 Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information 54

Elections 54

Easy-to-read information 54

Article 22 Respect for privacy 55

Protection of personal data in the healthcare sector 55

Article 23 Respect for home and the family 56

Measures to strengthen the family, the parental role, and conditions for children growing up 56

Parents with cognitive difficulties 56

Adoption 57

Action plan for preventing unwanted pregnancy and abortion – strategies to improve sexual health 57

Article 24 Education 57

Alternative and supplementary communication 63

Learning environment 64

Student grants 64

Supervision 64

Educational provision for persons aged over 26 years with disabilities 65

Article 25 Health 65

Coping 66

Mental health 67

Self-assessment of health 68

Article 26 Habilitation and rehabilitation 69

Article 27 Work and employment 71

Jobs Strategy for Persons with Disabilities 72

Mental health and working life 72

Inclusive Working Life Agreement 73

Individual accommodation 73

Persons with intellectual disabilities 74

Employer attitudes 74

The state as employer 74

Article 28 Satisfactory standard of living and social protection 75

Social services 75

National insurance scheme 76

Social housing measures 76

Article 29 Participation in political and public life 76

Elections 76

Article 30 Participation in cultural life, recreational activities, entertainments and sport 78

Sport 78

Culture 79

Summer camps, holidays and welfare programmes 79

Escort card 79

Assistive aids 80

Religious belief and practice 80

Article 31 Statistics and data collection 80

Documentation of living conditions and universal design 81

The Labour Force Survey 81

Health and care statistics 82

Surveys of living conditions 82

Municipal statistics 83

Article 32 International cooperation 83


1. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (the Convention) was signed by Norway in 2007 and ratified in 2013. Norway has not yet endorsed the Optional Protocol permitting individuals to lodge complaints with the UN committee monitoring implementation of the treaty. Accession to the Optional Protocol is currently under consideration.
2. This is Norway's initial report to the UN on Norway's implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The report is therefore intended to give a general picture of Norwegian policy for persons with disabilities as well as an account of measures and challenges posed by the respective individual articles. The report is in compliance with the UN's reporting guidelines. For ease of reference, all references to statistical data are presented under Article 31 Statistics and data collection. Article 31 contains a detailed account of the sources of the statistics cited in the report. Most of the links cited in the report lead to websites which also contain English-language versions. A Common Core Document containing general information about Norway is attached to the report. We have chosen to present the policy framework for persons with disabilities under Article 4 General obligations. Issues of a more specific nature are described in the respective sector-specific articles. The report is within the limits of 31,800 words; see Resolution 68/268 (09.04.2014) Strengthening and enhancing the effective functioning of the human rights treaty body system.
3. The Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion coordinates Norway's policy for persons with disabilities. As part of the work on preparing this report, we obtained input from relevant sector ministries, and from civil society organisations through dialogue meetings and a written consultation. Sámediggi (the Sami Parliament) was also heard. Furthermore, we granted NOK 300,000 to the Norwegian Federation of Organizations of Disabled People to coordinate the shadow report from civil society organisations.
4. This report has been published in English and Norwegian on the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion's website. It has been published in all relevant digital formats, and an easy-to-read version of the report will also be prepared in Norwegian.
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