North Carolina ems education Standards: emt curriculum Map



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Neonatal Care




  • Summary:Applies a fundamental knowledge of growth, development, and aging and assessment findings to provide basic emergency care and transportation for a patient with special needs.



  • TARGET SKILLS:Assessment and management of:

    • Newborn care and

    • Neonatal resuscitations



    • Key Terminology:



    • Umbilical cord

    • APGAR

    • Bulb syringe



    • Post newborn care video



    • Assessments:Scenario based assessment pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).




    • Pediatrics




    • Summary:Applies a fundamental knowledge of growth, development, and aging and assessment findings to provide basic emergency care and transportation for a patient with special needs.



    • TARGET SKILLS:Age-related assessment findings, and age-related and developmental stage related assessment and treatment modifications for pediatric-specific major diseases and/or emergenciesto include:

    • Upper airway obstruction

    • Lower airway reactive disease

    • Respiratory distress/failure/arrest

    • Shock

    • Seizures

    • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    • Gastrointestinal disease



    • Key Terminology:



    • Fontanelle

    • Croup

    • Pediatric Assessment Triangle (PAT)

    • Pediatric

    • Retractions





    • Objectives:



      • DOT Objectives

      • EMS Education Standards

      • Identify the developmental considerations for the following age groups:

      • Infants

      • Toddlers

      • Pre-school

      • School age

      • Adolescent

      • Describe differences in anatomy and physiology of the infant, child, andadult patient.

      • Differentiate the response of the ill or injured infant or child (age specific) from that of an adult.

      • Indicate various causes of respiratory emergencies.

      • Differentiate between respiratory distress and respiratory failure.

      • List the steps in the management of foreign body airway obstruction.

      • Summarize emergency medical care strategies for respiratory distress and respiratory failure.

      • Identify the signs and symptoms of shock (hypoperfusion) in the infant and child patient.

      • Describe the methods of determining end organ perfusion in the infant and child patient.

      • State the usual cause of cardiac arrest in infants and children versus adults.

      • List the common causes of seizures in the infant and child patient.

      • Describe the management of seizures in the infant and child patient.

      • Differentiate between the injury patterns in adults, infants, and children.

      • Discuss the field management of the infant and child trauma patient.

      • Summarize the indicators of possible child abuse and neglect.

      • Describe the medical legal responsibilities in suspected child abuse.

      • Recognize need for EMT debriefing following a difficult infant or child transport.

      • Explain the rationale for having knowledge and skills appropriate for dealing withthe infant and child patient.

      • Attend to the feelings of the family when dealing with an ill or injured infant or child.

      • Understand the provider's own response (emotional) to caring for infants or children.

      • Demonstrate the techniques of foreign body airway obstruction removal in the infant and the child.

      • Demonstrate the assessment of the infant and child.

      • Demonstrate bag-valve-mask artificial ventilations for the infant and the child.

      • Demonstrate oxygen delivery for the infant and child.

      • Anatomy and physiology consideration of the pediatric patient

      • Airway compared to an adult’s

      • Chest and lungs compared to an adult’s

      • Abdominal difference between and pediatric and adult patient

      • Extremities compared to an adult’s

      • Integumentary differences between and pediatric and adult patient

      • Respiratory system, nervous system, and metabolic response compared to that of an adult’s

      • Compared to an adult growth and development

      • Assessment of the pediatric patient

      • Specific pathophysiology, assessment, and management of the pediatric patient





    • Activities/Resources:Use of auditory, visual, and kinesthetic aids to facilitate the student learning environment for the topic of instruction.

    • Using simulated cases of patient presentations, discuss treatment of pediatric patients.

    • Discuss the difference in vital signs as it pertains to the age.

    • Allow children in the classroom for assessment by the students.



    • Assessments:Scenario based assessment pertinent to topic of instruction, quiz, and exam (didactic and skills).
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