Master of dental surgery (mds)

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Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences,

Sarfaraz Rafiqui H.J. Shaheed Road, SMC Campus,

Karachi-35 Pakistan.

Office: 021-9204768 Fax: 021-9204769


1. Introduction
The university offers full-time Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) postgraduate program in the key areas of Basic Oral Health Sciences to train post graduate who wish to enter teaching and research career in dental and allied health sciences. The course provides opportunities to acquire and develop the skills of synthesis, analysis and decision making, required for careers in dental education and research. Thus the students are trained as a subject specialist, a researcher lab specialist and a resource person, well equipped with the modern methodologies of teaching and research in basic dental sciences. The program involves course work and original research thesis components.
a. Significance of the Program
During the beginning of the 21st century, emergence of new technologies and strategies have become available to study a variety of biological and health related disorders in contrast to traditional approaches. In the fields of medicine and dentistry, the basic sciences create a foundation for learning the patho-physiology of diseases. Development of human resource trained in contemporary knowledge of basic oral Health Sciences therefore is of immense importance for the country. Basic Oral Health Sciences degree covers a range of interdisciplinary units in areas of modern bio-dental sciences, human biology and dental public health. These include aspects of anatomy, biochemistry, epidemiology, pathology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, molecular biology, pharmacology, and physiology; and preventive and public health dentistry. Students study core modules and then choose from a range of discipline-based major subjects. Multidisciplinary approaches have become the cornerstone of the various subjects in different departments of the university which are integrated to offer programs leading to MDS in various specialties including oral biology, oral pathology, science of dental materials and community dentistry.
b. Career opportunities
Postgraduates in Basic Oral Health Sciences enjoy a wide variety of career opportunities. These may range from faculty positions in basic sciences departments of national/international dental institutions; and in marketing and dental research. For those wishing to pursue laboratory based careers, there are excellent opportunities in Science of Dental Materials, Oral Pathology, Oral Biology and Public Health Dentistry. Postgraduates wishing to join the pharmaceutical industry may be employed in research, sales or marketing areas.
c. General Learning Objectives:
At the end of the program the candidate is able to:

  • Acquire comprehensive knowledge about the major subject of his choice and sound background of the supportive and skill-related courses

  • Organize and conduct courses in base dental science disciplines

  • Write instructional objectives

  • Plan and implement an appropriate instructional strategy according to the objectives

  • Design relevant assessment and evaluation strategies.

  • Develop scientific skills to critically analyze the scientific data and research reports

  • Conduct original research, present research work and write research publications.

  • Develop enhanced written and oral communication skills.

  • Learn laboratory based diagnostic methods for clinical and research work.

d. Program Content and Design:
The total duration of the course will be 3 years. Full-time study has been timetabled in two semesters per year. One is required to study a maximum of 12 credit hours (Cr hrs) in each semester. The program involves both theoretical and research components.
e. Coursework:
The course includes a structured program of compulsory core subjects related to contemporary areas of basic dental sciences; and supportive and skill-related courses which enhance research skills to develop the ability to interpret, evaluate and present scientific data. The course work in the major subject of one’s choice updates one's knowledge and understanding of the area of interest and develops skills to improve one's career prospects. The students are provided with practical experience of a wide range of advanced laboratory techniques currently used in the field of medical and dental research. On completion of the course, each candidate has a considerable knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of basic dental sciences; has critically reviewed the current relevant literature about a topic of his/her interest; and has the ability to undertake independent scientific investigation. The learning experience includes formal lectures, group work, tutorials, practical classes, seminars, workshops and computer based learning. To assess progress a wide range of assessment techniques are used: short essays, mini-poster production, portfolio production, group poster presentations, patient study reports, laboratory practical reports, short answer tests and multiple choice question tests.

f. Research:
Thesis is the formal, systematic exposition of a coherent piece of study of research work carried out over the period of registration. It needs to be an original contribution to the field of study as recognized by standards laid down by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) and Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC). Research study gives the candidate opportunity to explore questions that he/ she finds stimulating. With the guidance of the supervisor, one decides upon a topic and writes down a research proposal that is approved by the Board of Studies for Basic Oral Health Sciences and the Board of Advanced Studies and Research.(BASR). The research program enables the student to:

  • Gain a deeper understanding of the chosen field of study

  • Focus on specific issues

  • Test certain theories

  • Expand his/ her current knowledge about the subject

g. Entrance Requirements:
This program is open to dental graduates who have acquired BDS degree from a university recognized by the PM&DC and have done one year house job in a recognized dental institution. Entry to the program is on a competitive basis based on an entrance test and interview. All candidates must be proficient in spoken and written English.
2. Statutes for MDS

  1. The MDS program shall be conducted and the degree awarded under the recommendation and approval of the BASR.

  2. The BASR shall approve all matters related to the program like academic policies, course frame work and contents; examination and appointment of examiners/supervisors.

  3. The scheme of studies for MDS degree shall comprise of course work and research thesis.

  4. The duration of the program shall be 3 years.

  5. There shall be two semesters per year (Full time) - Fall (1st February to 15th June, 2008) and Spring (1st August to 15th December) each of 18 weeks duration (16 teaching weeks and the rest for exams etc.).

  6. The admission rules to be followed as prescribed by the Admission Committee of the program based on the eligibility criteria recommended by HEC & PMDC and approved by the BASR.

  7. The students shall be required to pay tuition fee and such other dues as may be determined by the university from time to time.

  8. The Syllabi and Courses of Studies, as approved by the BASR are given, which can be modified as and when required. The program consists of 3 yearly sessions, each with 2 semesters of 18 weeks (12 Cr hrs), with a total of 72 Cr hrs (Appendix I).

  9. There shall be a continuous assessment throughout the program. It will comprise of a Mid Term Test in each semester in addition to quizzes, assignments and log books assessments based on the discretion of the respective Course Directors. An examination shall be conducted at the end of each semester. The student will be required to obtain a minimum of 2.5 GPA in all subjects. The candidate failing in any subject will be reexamined during the semester break in that subject provided he gets a cumulative GPA of 3.0. At the end of three years the candidate will be required to defend his / her thesis after its evaluation by the examiners.

  10. The candidate shall be eligible to take examination if he/she has registered himself/herself as a student of MDS, in accordance with the admission regulations and fulfills the requirements of attendance and course work.

  11. The degree of MDS shall be conferred on a person who holds a BDS degree registerable with PM&DC and passes the MDS examination.

  12. The rules and regulations for admission, registration, examinations (Course and Thesis); and for the appointment of Supervisors and Internal and External Examiners for both theory and thesis examinations to be strictly followed as outlined and approved by BASR.

  13. Provided that there is nothing contrary to the rules and regulations as laid down by the University for the MDS examination in the relevant discipline/ subject, a candidate may submit his/ her thesis for the MDS degree after meeting the following requirements:

    1. The course work has been completed successfully with a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0.

    2. The research work was carried out in accordance with the relevant rules and regulations of the University;

    3. The thesis has been submitted through the supervisor, HOD/Dean/Faculty of postgraduate studies.

  14. Rules & Regulations pertaining to MDS Program may be amended by the competent authority as and when required.

3a). Constitution of Board of Advance Studies and Research (BASR)
1. There shall be a Board of Advanced Studies and Research consisting of:

a. The Vice Chancellor, who shall be the Chairman 1

b. The Deans, DIIOHS and Allied subjects 5

c. Three university teachers, other than Deans, to be appointed by the Syndicate 3

d. Three University teachers having research qualifications and experience, to be appointed by the Academic Council 3

e. The Professor Emeritus 1

2. The term of office of the members of the Advanced Studies and Research Board, other than ex-officio members, shall be three years; (new member replace the out going as and when required).

3. The quorum for a meeting of the Advanced Studies and Research Board shall be one and half of the total number of members, a fraction being counted as one.

4. The functions for the Advanced Studies and Research Board shall be:

  1. to advise the authorities on all matters concerned with promotion of advanced studies and

research in the University.

  1. to propose regulations regarding the award of research degrees and to recommend panels of paper setters and examiners for research examination after considering the proposals of the Board of Studies in this behalf; and

  2. to perform such other functions as may be prescribed by the statutes.

3b). Constitution of Board of Studies for Basic Oral Health Sciences:
1. There shall be a separate board of studies for each subject, as may be prescribed by regulations.

2. Each Board of studies shall consist of:

a. The Dean, DIIOHS;

b. The Chairman of the teaching department concerned;

c Program directors of the respective disciplines, all Professors Associate and Assistant Professors in the Teaching Department concerned;

d .Two university teachers, other than Professors or Associate Professors, to be appointed by the

Academic Council; and

e Three experts other than the University Teachers, to be appointed by the Vice Chancellor.

3. The term of office of members of Board of Studies other than ex-officio members shall be three years.

4. The quorum for a meeting of the Board of Studies, shall be one-half of the total number of members, a fraction being counted as one.

5. The Chairman of Teaching Department concerned shall be the Chairman Board of Studies.

6. Where in respect of a subject there is no University Teaching Department, the Chairman shall be appointed by the Syndicate.

7. The functions of the Board of Studies shall be:

a. To advise authorities on all academic matters concerned with instructions, research and examinations in the subject concerned;

b. To propose curricula and syllabi for all degree, diploma and certificate courses in the subject concerned;

c. To suggest a panel of paper setters and examiners in the subjects concerned; and

d. To perform such other functions as may be prescribed by regulations.
4. Academic Policies and Procedures
a. Eligibility, Admission and Enrollment Procedures
1. An admission Committee shall be constituted by BASR to supervise the process of admissions.

2. Admissions shall be made on the basis of merit in accordance with the following criteria:

  • BDS or a dental degree equivalent to BDS from a university recognized by the PM&DC

  • One year house job in a dental institution recognized by the PM&DC

  • Entrance test

  • interview

3. The admission committee will recommend selected candidates to BASR/ VC for final approval

4. The number of students each year for admission in each discipline shall be decided by the

Admission Committee with consultation of the Dean and Heads of the Basic Oral Health Sciences

Departments, finally approved by the BASR/VC.

5. The prospective candidate shall make an application for admission in response to advertisement, on a prescribed form along with relevant documents as specified in the admission form.

6. The candidates for admission who are in Government service, shall route their applications through

proper channel accompanied by a NOC certificate from the employer.

7. The candidates in service with the DUHS shall have to obtain 'Study Leave' for specified period.

8. All the candidates shall have to undertake a bond at the time of registration.

9. Students dropped or struck off the rolls of the university teaching departments due to shortage of

lectures or poor performance or non appearance in examination or non payment of dues or on

disciplinary grounds etc. shall be referred to BASR for necessary action.

10.The following shall not be eligible for the admission:

a. Anyone who has been rusticated or expelled by any university or college for misconduct or use of

unfair means in the examinations or any offence involving moral behavior.

b. Anyone who was admitted earlier to postgraduate program but later was declared to have ceased

to be a student of the university under the prescribed regulations.

11.All admissions made in contravention of these regulations shall be void.

b) Registration
All the students shall have to register for the course of study at the beginning of each session in the prescribed manner, within 15 days of the commencement of the academic session.
c) Regulations for Examinations

  1. An examination shall be held at the end of each semester.

  2. All examinations shall be based on MCQs (single-best)

  3. The Marks distribution in each course will be as follows:

Internal Evaluation: 20%

Mid Term Test: 30%

Semester Examination: 50%

  1. The grading system will be as follows:

A+ : 4.0 (90%+)-distinction

A : 4.0 (85-89%)

B+ : 3.5 (80-84%)

B : 3.0 (75-79%)

C+ : 2.5 (70-74%)

  1. The student will have to secure at least C+ to pass the course. A maximum of three C+s will be allowed in the entire program.

  1. The distinction shall be awarded only if cleared in first attempt

  2. 80% attendance in each course is required to appear in the respective semester examination.

  3. The candidate must clear at least 80% of the courses for promotion to the next semester.

  4. The candidate shall have to pass the examination in a maximum of 3 attempts to enable him/her to continue his/her studies. However readmission will be considered and approved by BASR with the consent of the respective Program Director.

5. Regulations for the Appointment of Examiners
A. Course Work
1. BASR shall approve a .panel of Internal and External examiners in the subject concerned (for

theory, practical, viva-voce), submitted by the Dean after recommendations from the Research

Supervisor, and the Chairman of the department.

2. The Dean shall recommend paper setters and external examiners for approval by the BASR/ VC, to

be notified by the Controller of Examinations.

3. The External Examiner shall be a teacher with expertise in the relevant subject/ discipline from any

university within Pakistan or abroad or any other recognized academic institution.

4. No person shall be appointed as examiner who has a near relation i.e., father, mother, full and half

brother and sister, paternal and maternal uncle, father-in-law, mother-in-law, sister-in-law,

daughter-in-law, wife, son, daughter or husband appearing in the paper to be set or examined by

5. The question paper for final examination in each semester will be set by an External Examiner

with input from the Internal Examiner on MCQ and SEQ pattern and to be verified by the HOD/


6. The SEQ papers shall be marked by the External Examiners only.

7. The date sheet to hold the examination shall be notified by the Controller of Examinations in

consultation with the Dean, approved by the Vice Chancellor.

8. The award list of the examination (course work) shall be submitted to the Controller of

Examinations by both Internal & External Examiners.

9. The Controller of Examinations shall compile and declare the results on the basis of evaluation

record in theory and practical/ viva examinations, as the case may be, submitted by the examiners

strictly in accordance with the regulations.

B. Thesis Examination
1. A student shall be eligible for MDS thesis examination provided:

i) That he/ she has been a student on a regular basis for the prescribed period or allowed

necessary extension

ii) That he/ she has successfully completed the prescribed course, including seminars, and

tutorials, to the satisfaction of the supervisor and the Head of the Department concerned.

iii) That he/ she has completed a thesis on the basis of a research topic approved by the BASR.

2. The student shall submit an application on a prescribed form to the Controller of Examinations for

admission to the thesis examination for MDS after completion of the requirements stated above.

3. The Controller of Examinations shall appoint External Examiners for the thesis evaluation on

BASR recommendation.

4. The thesis shall be sent for evaluation to both the external examiners, well in time before the date

of viva-voce examination and should bear positive approval.

5. After the approval of thesis by both the External Examiners, the thesis viva-voce examination shall

be held within the University Campus on such date as may be notified by the Controller of

Examinations. The Controller of Examinations shall make appropriate arrangement for the conduct

of thesis/ oral examination in consultation with the department and external examiners.

6. The thesis viva-voce examination shall be conducted by a panel of examiners who shall submit a

report on the suitability of the candidate for the award of the degree. The supervisor shall act as a

6. Research Work: Appointment of Supervisor & Thesis Examiners
1. During the 1st semester the student shall select a topic of research with consultation of the

Research Supervisor and submit the synopsis for approval through the Dean to BASR.

2. Each student shall perform research work in partial fulfillment of the requirements of degree

under the Supervisor appointed for the purpose by BASR.

3. The research supervisor must hold a postgraduate degree in the relevant subject with sufficient

teaching and research experience and publications in peer reviewed journals approved by HEC/

PMDC. The BASR will approve the list of Supervisors on receiving their respective credentials

and select them based on criteria as per HEC/ PMDC

4. A co-supervisor may also be appointed with postgraduate qualifications in the related field, if


5. In case the Supervisor retires/ leaves the institution, necessary steps needed to be taken by BASR

to have immediate appointment of alternate Research Supervisor.

6. The student continues research during 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th and submits thesis 3 months before the

end of final semester.

7. In case a student fails to complete the research and thesis requirements of MDS, by the required

time, provided that he has passed all semester examinations successfully (major, minor and core

courses), an extension of 1-2 years or readmission may be granted on the recommendation of the

supervisor, and approval by BASR, with submission of regular tuition fee.

8. The student is required to submit 6 copies of thesis to the Controller of Examinations within the

prescribed time limit.

9. The thesis shall be printed as following format prescribed by BASR.

10. A copy of the thesis shall be sent to the library by the Controller of Examinations after successful

completion of the requirements of the MDS degree by the candidate

11. BASR will appoint External and Internal Examiners (Research Supervisor) both for critical

evaluation and thesis viva voce for MDS examination from the list of panel approved by BASR.

Upon receiving the reports (positive) the candidate is asked to defend the thesis.

12. The viva voce examination for MDS degree shall be conducted by a Viva Voce Committee

comprising of:

  • Research Supervisor (Internal Examiner)

  • One External Examiner (from within the country but outside the province)

  • One Internal Examiner of the major subject (Prof./Associate Professor)

  • The Chairman of the Department

  • Representative of PMDC

7. Students Discipline
1. All students shall abide by the Rules, Regulations and Statutes of the University.

2. No student shall undertake any employment during the course of study.

3. No student shall take part in political activities or form union, association or any other organized

body or become a member of any other society/ association within the university or outside.

4. No student shall, through a document or by any communication, approach the press, in his own

name or through an association. Violation of these rules shall entail rustication/expulsion under the

provisions of the University Ordinance.
8. Funding for Teaching & Research - Honorarium, Scholarships
1. The university must allocate a specific amount of funds for research purpose only to be used for

research projects by the students for their degree program.

2. Funds for research consumables and visiting faculty required to be provided by HEC and/ or


3. There shall be suitable honorarium/ remuneration payable to External Examiners as determined by

the BASR and/ Finance committee. Likewise, the Research Supervisors and Co-Supervisors be

also given research honorarium as approved by HEC.
9. Fee & Other Dues
The prospective students shall be required to pay all the fees (admission and tuition examination fee) and such other charges as and when prescribed by the University. The proposed fee structure is as follows:

Admission Fee ----------------------------- Rs: 20,000/-

Yearly Tuition Fee ------------------------- Rs: 132,000/- (66.000/- per semester)

Yearly Clinical Lab Charges -------------- Rs: 20,000/- (10,000/- per semester)


Total Required to be paid ---------- Rs. 172,000/-

at the time of admission __________

Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences

Dow University of Health & Sciences, Karachi
Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) Course


Distribution of Credit Hours


Course Work

Clinical Rotation


Total No. of Cr Hrs

Research Work
































Total No of Cr Hrs







Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences

Dow University of Health & Sciences, Karachi

MDS Community Dentistry






Cr Hrs


1st Year


BHS 701

Basic Medical & Oral Health Sciences



RMB 703

Research Methodology/ Biostatistics


MBG 705

Molecular Biology/ Genetics


EPI 707

Fundamentals of Epidemiology


APT 709

Structural, Ultra Structural & Molecular Pathology Techniques


BSC 711

Behavioral Sciences



COD 702

Introduction to Community Dentistry



COD 704

Epidemiology (Advanced)


COD 706

Biostatistics (Advanced)


COD 708

Measurement of Oral Diseases


Clinical Rotation


Research work


2nd Year


COD 701

Prevention & Control of Oral Diseases



COD 703

Dental Health Education & Health Promotion


COD 705

Child Health


Clinical Rotation


Research work



COD 710

Public Health Policy/ Health Economics



COD 712

Human Resource Management


COD 714

Primary Health Care


Clinical Rotation


Research work


3rd Year


COD 707

Structure and Financing of Oral Health Care



COD 709

Planning, Evaluation & Administration of dental public health programs


COD 711

Environmental Health


Clinical Rotation


Research work




Forensic Odontology




Dental Radiology


COD 13

Dental care of People with Special Needs


Writing of research paper(s) for publication


Thesis Writing


Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Heath Sciences

Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi
Proposed Time Table
MDS Course Semester-I


Day / Time

8:30 – 09:30


10:30- 11:00

11:00- 12:00

12:00 – 1:00

1:00 -1:30

1:30- 3:00






Pract Physiology







Pract Pathology





Biostat / RM

Pract Biostat/RM



Biostat / RM


Pract Anatomy

Comp / IT




Pract ScDM





Pract MB / PT

BMDSc = Basic Medical & Dental Sciences

BIOSTAT/RM = Bio-statistics / Research Methodology

JC = Journal Club

MB/GENE = Molecular Biology / Genetics

PT = Structural & Ultra structural Pathology Techniques

EPI = Epidemiology

BSc = Behavioral Sciences

LIB = Library

RP = Research Project

COMP/IT = Computer / IT

ScDM = Science of Dental Materials

Pract = Practical

Note: MB/Genetics and PT (Lectures and Practicals) on alternate Saturdays.

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