John stubbs

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Gloucester County, Virginia

By William Carter Stubbs, Ph. D.

Audubon Park, New Orleans, La.


American Printing Co. Ltd., 5 3 5-5 37 Poydras St.
6 The Descendants of John Stubbs.
Richard the Dyer), Agnes Parcour (the park keeper, now

Parker), Richard Polayn (now Pullein, a forest name derivt'i

from "Pullus," a colt given to the keeper of the Royal stud",.

William Stubbe (the ancestor at an early date of the late illus-

trious Right Rev. William Stubbs, Bishop of Oxford), William

de Thakwra (a name made famous by his descendant William

Makepeace Thackeray), Elias Moor-house, Richard Schiphird

{i. e., Sheep-herd, now Shepard), Thomas del Holme (/. e., of the

"holm"" or flat land by the water, now Holmes), Margaret Web-

ster (a trade name, a weaver), Robert Fflesshewer (a flesh cutter

or butcher, now Fletcher).
Besides the above may be found the familiar names of Legitt,

Hudson, Banks, Simpson, Swynton, Deen, Brewstir, Colyer, John-

son. Robynson, Scott, Moss, Hill, Gyll, Neusom, Turpyn, Taillour,

Young, Wright, Milner, Boiler, Bland and others.

From a poem called "The Hunt," given in "The Lays and

Leaves of the Forest"' (of Knaresborough), by the Rev. Thomas

Parkinson, the following verses are selected:
"John Jeffrey of 'The Trees' is there,
And Stubbs of Whitewall Nook —

Guy Palmes of Lindley th' sport to share

Hath come o'er moor and brook."
"But oft a root though hid away
By shoot is not unknown,

And Fairfax, Stubbs and Thackeray

Are names the world doth own."
The Stubbses were then foresters from the Royal Forest of

Knaresborough. As before mentioned, in the subsidy roll of the

second year of Richard H. (1378-1379), for the Villa de Clynt,

occurs the entry, Willelmus .Stu])be et uxor :

"The home of William Stubbe and his wife was at Birstwith,

then included in Villa de Clynt."

William was probably the first who bore the name of Stubbe.

The name was not fixed fifty years afterward, as his grandsons

were still called "dc Stubbe" or "Stubbes." The name is thought

to be derived from "stob" or "stub," the root end of a broken tree.

Such an object may have existed in the vicinity of the family

residence, and hence the members would receive the designation

"de," i. e., of Stubb or Stubbs. (See "Lay and Leaves of the For-

est," by Rev. Thomas Parkinson.)

The Yorkshire Archaeological Society's Journal mentions that

"about 1350 A. D. flourished Thomas de Stubbes, or Stubs, who

was born in Yorkshire and entered the order of Black Friars at

York and became a Master of Theology. He was remarkable for

ecclesiastical learning and religious life. He was ordained Priest

leanings from England. 7

. 20th, 1343, A. D., in Durham Cathedral, but the date of his

'.].'■■; I h is unknown. From his learned pen fourteen valuable works

rom a sketch of the ancestry of the late Bishop William Stubbs

Oxford, it appears that —

"William Stubbe of 1379 A. D. Imd a son also named William,

and his son, John de Stubbes, in 1430 was an ofBcer, — the Grave

of the Forest of Knaresborough. John de Stubbes' son, William

Stubbes, resided at Ripon, but John de Stubbes' property at Birst-

with descended in 1442 to William's son Thomas. This Thomas

was followed in succession by his son, also named Thomas, in

1490. This second Thomas was also 'Grave of the Forest,' and

therefore had probably returned to the residence at Birstwith in

1498. His brother, William Stubbs, was chaplain in 15 16 to the

Shepherd Lord Clifford of Skipton and Barden. Thomas Stubbs

died in 1535, and his son and successor, Miles Stubbs, died in

1555. Miles left two sons — William, the elder, married Alice

Belton and went to reside at Fellisclift'e ; John, the other brother,

also resided at same place. William of Felliscliffe died in 1575.

His third son was Thomas Stubbs, who resided at Whitewall and

died there in 1648, aged 75 years. Thomas the son of Thomas of

Whitewall was connected by marriage with the Atkinsons, who

held one of the principal farms under the Ingilby family of Ripley

at Haverah Park, and between 1664 and 1672 he succeeded

Thomas Atkinson there as tenant. His son, Thomas Stubbs, born

1650, married Alice Simpson of Clint and died in 1716.
"Though tenants on the farm of Haverah Park the family was

of substantial yeoman rank, owning considerable property in the

neighborhood. The eldest son of Thomas, and his successor on

the farm, was John Stubbs, who had numerous descent. The

fourth son of Thomas was Joseph Stubbs, who broke away from

the family home and resided at Graystone Plain in Felliscliffe.

He had three sons — Thomas, Joseph and William — who resided in

London and from whom descended the Rev. Stewart Dixon

Stuhbs, vicar of St. James's, Pentonville. Thomas Stubbs, the

eldest son, born in 1735, removed to Ripley and thence he or his

descendants successively to Boroughbridge and Knaresborough,

where, in the last generation, the family occupied the position of

Wise merchants, bankers and solicitors. At Knaresborough in

1S25 the great-grandson of Thomas Stubbs of Ripley was born.

Bishop William Stubbs, the subject of this article."
-■ study of the pedigree of Bishop Stubbs will show many
H: ches unaccounted for. It is suggested by one of our English

•ns that a son of John, the son of Miles above, went to London


The Descendants of John Stnbbs.

and may be the progenitor of the John Stubbs who came early t -

Virginia. In a recent letter to the writer from Rev. Charles Wil-

liam Stubbs, D. D., Dean of Ely, given below, mention is made ( '

Stubbses in later times in Shropshire, Suffolk and London.
In 1620 "Mr. Stubbs" bought of Mr. Thomas Maddox for £2^^

two shares in the Virginia Company of London. Mr. Stubbs was

also member of the London Company in London in 1622 (Brown's

Genesis of V. S., i^age 940). That a descendant of this Mr.

Stubbs came to Virginia and settled is highly probable.
In Burke's General Armory we fiind "Lawrence Stubbs and

Richard Stubbs' (1525) arms in the chapel Balliol College, Ox-

ford." (Vist. Oxon. 1574.)
"Sa. on a chevron engrailed between in chief two lilies and in

base a pheon ar. three leopards' faces az. a chief gu. charged

with two keys saltirewise between as many trunks of trees erad-

icated and couped or. pierced through with arrow of the second."

The coat of arms as given by our English cousins is described

as follows :

"Field of shield azure, with bend in gold upon which are three

buckles in sable. L^pon the field are stags' horns with an arrow

head above them. The stag's head above is the same which Ed-

ward I. of England used upon his coat of arms.

The motto is Aequo adeste aninio (Be of just mind).

Arms: Az. on a bend or. between three stag's horns pieroecl with

arrows, three buckles sa.

Crest: A stag's head.

Motto : Aequo adeste aninio. Be ye ready with ^mruffled courage.

Gleanings from England. 9

The following is a copy of letter received from Rev. Charles

William Stubbs, D. D., Dean of Ely :

"Deanery Ely, 24th Mar., '02.
"My Dear Sir — There is little doubt, I think, that Knaresbor-

ough Forest is the original home of the Stubbs, the village of

Fewston and its neighborhood not far from the Harrogate

being its centre. My grandfather, who at one time lived at New

Hall, a substantial yeoman farmer and corn factor, close to Fews-

ton, and the family may be traced back steadily to the time of

Richard II., when William Stubbe, 1379, is found on the roll. In

1430 his grandson, John de Stubbes, was "reeve" of the Forest of

Knaresborough, so on down through the centuries, Johns, Wil-

liams, Thomases, for the most part. There are Stubbses also in

later times to be found in Shropshire, Suffolk and London. In

this neighborhood one of the oldest of the Norman families, the

Le Stranges, married an Alice Stubbs of Ledgeford, and I saw

the other day over the old Inigo Jones gateway carved the arms

of Sir Harmon Le Strange quartered with those of his wife. The

Stubbs arms of course you know. The Stubbs type of build and

face is, I fancy, very persistent. Bishop Stubbs and myself trace

back to a common ancestor two centuries, but our friends have

said there was a distinct family likeness, especially of coloring.

The habit of blushing pretty late in life is a noticeable trait and

one of which I at least do not choose to be asliamed. A son

of the Shropshire stock whom I knew in Liverpool was possessed

of the same physical heredity.
"Historically I suppose we may be proud of Thomas the Do-

minican Monk of York ; Historian Philip Stubbs, author of

Anatomy and Malady; John Stubbs, the Puritan pamphleteer;

George Stubbs, the great horse painter.

"If I come to America again, as I may possibly do next winter,

we must try to meet. I need hardly say that if you are in England

I shall be glad to welcome you here.
"Cousinly yours,
"Charles W. Stubbs."

10 The Descendants of John Stuhbs.

Illustrious Members of the Family.
Biographical dictionaries contain accounts of several Stubbses

who have become famous. Allusion has already been made to

Thomas the Dominican ]\Ionk ; to the late Right Rev. William

Stubbs, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Oxford; to the Rev. Charles

W. Stubbs, D. D., Dean of Ely, and to Rev. Stewart Dixon

Stubbs, D. D., Vicar of St. James.

Another distinguished minister was John Stubbs, who, accord-

ing to Fox's Journal, was a very zealous itinerant Quaker

preacher. He traveled extensively in England, Scotland, Ireland,

Wales and Holland. He was a man of great literary attainments

and was one of those who out of thirty languages paved the way

of "thee" and "thou" as the words with which to address a single

person. He finally came to America with Fox, and seems never

to have returned.

In the legal and political world two distinguished representa-

tives of the Stubbs family are found.

First, John Stubbs, an English lawyer and Puritan, born 1540.

He wrote a pamphlet against Queen Elizabeth's marriage with

the Duke of Anjou, entitled "The Discovery of a Gaping Gulf

Wherein England is Like to be Swallowed by Another French

Marriage," and was condemned to lose his right hand. The sen-

tence was carried out and the intrepid lawyer raised his cap with

the other hand and said, "God save the Queen."
Second, Henry Stubbs was a great English scholar and writer,

born in 163 1, in Lincolnshire. He joined the party of Cromwell

during the civil war and wrote "A Vindication of Sir Harry

Vane," "Light Shining Out of Darkness," and other works. After

the .restoration he went over to the royalists and published numer-

ous attacks upon his former friends. He was accidentally drowned

in 1676.
George Stubbs, born 1724 in Liverpool, was a very distin-

guished painter. Possessed of an extensive knowledge of anat-

omy, he excelled in delineating animals, particularly horses. He

published in 1766 a treatise on "The Anatomy of the Horse." His

picture of the "Grosvenor Hunt" is esteemed a masterpiece. He

died in 1806.

But the most distinguished member of the family, past or pres-

ent, was the great prelate and historian, to whom frequent men-

tion has already been made. Bishop William Stubbs of Oxford,

whose death recently occurred. Born at Knaresborough in 1825

and educated at Christ Church, Oxford, he became a fellow of

Trinity and was ordained in 1848. He became Regius Professor

of History at Oxford in 1866, Bishop of Chester in 1884. and

Illustrious Members of the Family. ii

Bishop of Oxford in 1888. He was author of many works. His

work, "The Constitutional History of England," is acknowledged

the world over as a standard authority. He was nominated on

behalf of the Crown in 1879 by the late Earl of Beaconsfield to

the canonry. The graceful act on the part of the Premier was

received by all parties with much favor as the recognition of great

erudition and untiring industry, and merited the encomium of

the "Review" as being equally to the honor "of him who gave and

him who took."
Bishop Stubbs married, 1859, Catherine Dellar of Naverstock

and had issue :

(i) William Walter, b. 1866, now Assistant Master at Dal-

wich College; (2) Launcelot Henlock Ascough, b. 1869;

(3) Lawrence Morley, b. 1874; (4) Wilfred Thomas, b.

1875; (5) Reginald Edward, b. 1876; (6) Katherine Isa-

bella, b. 1863.

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