Items most likely to appear on a bone practical Axial skeletal system: Skull Frontal bone



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Items most likely to appear on a bone practical

Axial skeletal system: Skull

Frontal bone-supraorbital foramen

Temporal Bone – zygomatic process, mastoid, external acoustic meatus, styloid process, internal acoustic meatus

Maxilla-zygomatic process, infraorbital forman, alveolar process, inferior orbital fissure, palatine process, incisive fossa.

Mandible- mental foramen, mandibular condyle, alveolar process, coronoid process, mandibular notch

Sphenoid - Greater wings, lesser wings, pterogoids, foramen ovale, foramen spinosum, foramen rotundum.

Ethmoid- crista galli,

Lacrimal bone- lacrimal fossa

Zygomatic- temporal process

Palatine- greater and lesser palatine foramina

Parietal-parietal foramen (not always present)

Occipital- foramen magnum, occipital condyle, jugular foramen, carotid foramen

Vomer

Sutures: Coronal, Sagittal, Lambdoid, Squamous, sphenofrontal, occipitomastoid.

What 7 bones make up the orbit?

Vertebral column:

Cervical vertebra (7) - Atlas (C1) - superior articular facet, transverse process, transverse foramen, vertebral foramen



Axis (C2)- odontoid process (dens), superior articular facet, lamina, spinous process.

C3-C7 - lamina, pedicle, vertebral foramen, transverse foramen, transverse process,

Spinous process, inferior articular process. Cervical vertebra are the only ones with

transverse foramen.

Thoracic vertebra (12) - spinous process, vertabral foramen, transverse process, lamina, pedicle, transverse costal

facet, inferior and superior articular process and facet. Angled spinous process to identify

Lumbar vertebra (5) - spinous process, vertabral foramen, lamina, pedicle - flat spinous process

Sacrum (fused 5) – sacral canal

Coccyx (fused 3-4)- small - apex



Ribs:

Know true (1-7) from false (8-12) and floating ribs.



Parts of rib: angle of rib, tubercle, neck, head.

How to tell right from left. Rounded side up, sharp side down, (costal groove) down, tubercle and angle towards back.

Sternum - manubrium, body, xiphoid process

Appendicular Skeleton

Clavicle-acromial end, sternal end, conoid tubercle (rt from left – conoid tubercle back, acromial end lateral)

Scapula- acromion process, coracoid process, glenoid cavity, suprascapular notch, lateral border, spine, infraspinous fossa, supraspinous fossa. (rt from left: spinous posterior, glenoid cavity lateral)

Humerus-head, greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, inter-tubercular sulcus, deltoid tuberosity, radial fossa, coronoid fossa, capitulum, trochlea, olecranon fossa, surgical neck. (rt from left: head lateral, olecranon fossa posterior)

Radius - styloid process, head, radial tuberosity, ulnar notch

Ulna - olecranon process, trochlear notch, coronoid process, head, styloid process

Carpals: Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform, trapezium,Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate

Mnemonic: Some lovers try positions that they can’t handle

Metacarpals- thumb =1 , pinky = 5

Phalanges - proximal, middle and distal

Hip

Ischium – obturator foramen, sciatic notch, ischial ramus, ischial spine,

Ilium- iliac crest, iliac fossa, iliac spines (ant, sup, post, ) iliac tuberosity, acetabulum

Pubis- pubic symphysis

Femur- head, fovea capitis, greater (and lesser) trochanter, medial, lateral condyle, gluteal tuberosity, neck,

Tibia- lateral condyle, intercondylar eminence, anterior crest, medial malleolus, fibular notch, solineal line, ant. crest

Fibula- head, lateral malleolus,

Tarsals: talus, calcaneus, navicular, medial cuneiform, middle cuneiform and lateral cuneiform, cuboid

mnemonic device: tiger cubs need milcc



Metatarsals – # 1= big , # 5 = small

phalanges – proximal, middle and distal


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