22. The vesicouterine pouch is a space in the peritoneal cavity between the uterus and
A. the fornices. B. the uterine tube. C. the sacrum.
D. the urinary bladder. E. the rectum
23. Which one of the following statements concerning the cerebrospinal fluid is true?
A. The cerebrospinal fluid in the central canal of the spinal cord is unable to enter the fourth ventricle.
B. It is produced by choroid plexus in ventricles.
C. It plays only a minor role in the protection of the brain and spinal cord from traumatic injury.
D. Compression of the internal jugular veins in the neck lowers the cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
E. The subdural space is filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
24. The pituitary tumor could exhibit which of the following disorders?
A. right homonymous hemianopia
B. bitemporal hemianopia
C. right nasal hemianopia
D. left homonymous hemianopia
E. binasal hemianopia
25. The narrowest part of the uterus is
A. the fundus. B. the infundibulum. C. the body.
D. the ampulla. E. the cervix
26. Which of the following is not a part of diencephalon?
A. thalamus B. epithalamus C. metathalamus
D. subthalamus E. olfactory triangle
27. Sensory information concerning temperature and sharp pain is relay to somatosensory cortex via:
A. paraventricular nuclei
B. ventral posteromedial and ventral posterolateral nuclei of thalamus
C. geniculate nuclei
D. supraoptic nuclei
E. ventral anterior nuclei
28. The facial veins make clinically important connections with the cavernous sinus through
A. lingual veins B. maxillary veins C. superior ophthalmic veins
D. great cerebral vein E. meningeal veins
29. Which of the following laryngeal muscles is NOT innervated by the recurrent laryngeal nerve?
A. transverse arytenoids B. oblique arytenoids C. cricothyroid
D. posterior cricoarytenoid E. lateral cricoarytenoid
30. Which of the following is not included in retina?
A. visual part B. blind point C. optic disc
D. macula lutea E. ciliary process
II. True or false. (1 marks for each, 15 marks out of 100 )
1. The transverse foramen is a typical feature to all cervical vertebrae. Normally, the vertebral artery passes through the transverse foramina form the CV7 to CV1, after that, enters the vertebral canal. ( )
2. The common carotid artery branches into the external and internal carotid arteries. To the beginning parts of these two arteries, the lateral one is the internal carotid artery while the medial one is the external carotid artery. ( )
3. We define the danger triangle in the face, because there is a high chance for infections of this region to spread into the cranial cavity through the lymphatic passages. ( )
4. The trigeminal nerve and glossopharyngeal nerve transmit the sensory signals of the tongue, the trigeminal nerve controls the general sensation and the special (taste) sensation is controlled by the glossopharyngeal nerve. ( )
5. The posterior vaginal fornix can be used to puncture the rectouterine pouch (Douglas’ cavity). ( )
6. All the extraocular muscles share the common attachment, the tendious ring, except the inferior oblique. ( )
7. Some external features of the brainstem can be used in helping identify the locations of the deep nuclei. Deep to the hypoglossal triangle is the hypoglossal nucleus, deep to vagal triangle is the dorsal motor vagus nucleus, and deep to the facial colliculus is the facial motor nucleus. ( )
8. The hypothalamus is involved in endocrine. The infundibular nucleus can secrete a series of releasing and inhibiting hormones, and the paraventricular nucleus and supraoptic nucleus can secrete the oxytocin and vasopressin individually. ( )
9. To the inner organs, their sympathetic innervations are served by the vagus nerve, a cranial nerve, since that the spinal nerve only consists of 3 components: somatic motor, somatic sensory and visceral sensory. ( )
10. The ureter is almost half inside the abdominal cavity and half inside the pelvic cavity; its second constriction (narrow part) is at the location where it crosses over the iliac vessels. ( )