California WIC Local Agency Developed Lesson Plan -2005 Healthy Teeth
All WIC participants (pregnant and breastfeeding women, infants and children up to age 5); participants’ parents and other caretakers or alternates. Class size will range from 2-20.
Class will be facilitated by nutritionists or nutrition assistants.
Surgeon General’s Oral Health Report 2000 stated that dental caries is the most common chronic disease in America. Low income children are at increased risk.
Dental disease is the #1 infectious disease in the U.S.
Mothers who have high levels of cavity-causing bacteria can pass these bacteria to their babies and increase their chances of cavities.
Dental disease is an infection in the mouth. It can spread to other parts of your body and keep you from being healthy.
WIC has the ability to provide education to thousands of low income women and children.
By the end of this session, participants will have:
Reviewed recommendations for their dental care and the dental care for their children.
Looked at pictures showing the difference between healthy teeth and gums and unhealthy teeth and gums.
Listened as a book was read about children and healthy dental habits.
Differentiated between foods that are more harmful and those that are less harmful to teeth.
“Good morning/afternoon! My name is and I am a nutritionist at WIC.”
“Today we will talk about how to keep your teeth and gums healthy. The class should take about 20 minutes.”
“If for any reason you need to take your children out of the classroom, or need to leave for any other reason, please feel free to do so. You may return at any time or wait in the lobby until we are finished with the class to receive your checks.”
Give instructions before passing out laminated sheet. “I’m going to pass out a sheet with information about teeth and gums. Find the section or sections that interest you most and read over the information on your own. You can also read it over with someone sitting near you if you wish. Look for something important to you that you may want to share.” Give participants a few minutes to read over the information. For Small Class – 5 or less:
“Introduce yourselves and your children and tell us, if you wish, what was most important to you when reading the information on teeth and gums.”
For Large Class – 6 or more:
“Turn to the person on your right (or left), introduce yourself and tell them what you read that was important to you.”
“Thank you all for sharing your information.”
Collect laminated sheets from participants.
“Let’s start out with a few interesting facts about dental health.”
Review Flip Chart 1 and 2. Summarize all four facts before asking the question below. “What surprises you about any of these facts?”
Thank those who share. “Next, I have some pictures of healthy and unhealthy teeth and gums of children.”
Review pictures on poster as follows:
“The first picture shows healthy gums and teeth.”
“The second picture shows some early signs of decay.”
“The third picture shows moderate decay and inflamed gums.”
“The last picture shows severe decay.”
“What have you seen or heard about dental caries in babies and children?”
Activity: How the Foods We Eat Affect Dental Health
“So far we have talked about how to clean the teeth and gums to keep them healthy. We have also reviewed a few important facts about how unhealthy teeth and gums affect the health of the whole body, and we have looked at some pictures that showed the difference between healthy and unhealthy gums and teeth.”
“Next, we will take a look at how the foods we eat can affect dental health.”
Review Flip Chart 3.
Review each type of the more harmful food categories and show samples as follows:
Activity: How the Foods We Eat Affect Dental Health (continued)
Show Capri Sun
“What else can you think of?”
Foods that Have a Lot of Acid
Show saladitos, lemon
“What else can you think of?”
Review Flip Chart 4
“Chewing gum is not really a food. But chewing gum with the antibacterial Xylitol can help reduce the bacteria that cause tooth decay.”
Activity: Book Reading
“The next activity we will do about dental health is read a children’s book. Reading daily to children of all ages is important. We’re including a book in our class today so your children can be involved in the class and to encourage you to read or share stories with your child every day. While I’m reading, you might notice ways I’m trying to involve children.”
Read Your Smile Counts book. Invite children to sit closer. Note: If no children are present:
“We have this picture book I was going to read to the children but it looks like we don’t have any children in class today. Reading daily to children of all ages is important. We’re including a book in our class today to encourage you to read or share stories with your child every day. I’m still going to read just a few pages and then you might give suggestions on how you could make this a fun activity in your family.”
Review Flip Chart 5 as follows:
“We talked about how to keep teeth clean.”
“We reviewed a few facts about how dental and gum disease can cause problems in your entire body and how bacteria can be passed from adult to baby.”
“And we explored some foods that are more harmful and foods that are less harmful to the teeth.”
“If you were to make one change in how your family takes care of their teeth, what would it be?”
“We have some handouts that are available for you to take:
Hold up each handout as you describe it.
“Dental Care for All Ages” – “This handout has information on dental care for women and children on one side. On the other side it shows how a cavity is formed and has a list of books about teeth and dental care you can check out at the library.”
“Foods that taste tart . . . May not be too smart For Your Teeth” – “This pamphlet has information on foods that have a lot of acid.”
“Baby Bottle Tooth Decay” – “This one sheet page has information about baby bottle tooth decay and how to prevent it.”
“Milk Matters with Buddy Brush” – Coloring book with crayons OR