The Snows (l. to r.): Crystal Snow Jenne, Charles P. Jenne, George T. Snow, Anna Snow, Dillie, young Joe, old Joe (PCA 154-263)
ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Division of State Libraries, Archives, and Museums
The Snow Family of Juneau, Alaska:
A Guide to the Papers and Photographs
(MS 38 and PCA 154)
Rose A. Schreier
Alaska Historical Collections
Alaska State Library
ALASKA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Division of State Libraries, Archives, and Museums
P.O. Box 110571, Juneau, Alaska 99811-0571
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations ii Introduction iii
Biography George Thornton Snow 1 Anna Edes Rablen Snow 2 Montgomery Adolph Snow 3 Crystal Brilliant Snow Jenne 4
Inventory of MS 38 Scope and Content Note 7 Series and Box Summary 9 George Thornton Snow 11 Anna Edes Rablen Snow 17 Crystal Brilliant Snow Jenne 23 Snow Family 31
Inventory of PCA 154 Introduction 39 Photograph listing 39 List of Illustrations
Illustration identification Page
Snow Family Front Cover
George Snow as "Jerry" in The Convict iv
George Snow 6
Snow's Company of Players publicity flyer 10
George Snow's writing from The Stampede to Fortymile 15
Anna Snow 16
Anna Snow's composition, Alaska and the USA 20
Crystal Snow Jenne 21
House of Representatives, 15th Territorial Legislature 1941 22
Monte Snow's Alaska, My Alaska 30
Joe Snow, George Snow's brother;
Monte Snow 36
Monte Snow and Crystal Snow Jenne with families 37
George Snow and Anna Snow as "Rip" and "Gretchen" in Rip Van Winkle;
Crystal and Monte Snow in colonial costumes 38
Introduction The Alaska State Library is pleased to publish this finding aid to the Snow Family Papers. The Papers were presented to the Library by Corrinne Kenway and her children. Mrs. Kenway is the granddaughter of George and Anna Snow, and daughter to Crystal Snow Jenne. In 1980, the Kenways began bringing the Papers to the Library as they reclaimed the rooms of their family home in Juneau by shifting through the many items stored there. The last addition to the collection was made in 1992. It is fitting that the finding aid should be published 100 years after the Snows began making their marks in the Yukon and Juneau.
George and Anna Snow and their two children, Monte and Crystal, came to Juneau from California in 1887 to perform with their theatre troop. As he had in California, George caught gold fever and went to the Klondike in 1888 and a second time in 1892. Two years later, he hiked the Chilkoot trail again, taking his family and theatre troupe. After 1898, the family lived in Juneau or Seattle. Their daughter, Crystal Snow Jenne, settled in Juneau in 1900 where she raised a family and became active in politics as well as the theatre.
The objective of this publication is to make the Snow Papers available to researchers interested in Alaska and Yukon history. Areas of particular interest include theatre, the Yukon Order of Pioneers, the Ladies of the Golden North, and Alaska politics in the 1930s and 1940s.
David Kenway, great grandson of George and Anna Snow, was instrumental in the preparation of the papers for presentation to the Library and in the gathering of family history. He also corresponded with other family members to provide additional information. Without his assistance, this collection and publication would not have been possible.
The arrangement and description of these papers, as well as the production of this guide, is the work of Rose Schreier, Librarian I. The Papers arrived in no clear order, so Rose spent many hours working with the family to arrange and describe these materials in a logical sequence. In addition to me, India Spartz, Elaine Hobbs, Peggy Patton, Artemis BonaDea and Gladi Kulp assisted in the preparation. Special thanks also to volunteers Logan Dameron, who collected some background material, and Agnes Sincic, who assisted in the processing.
Kay Shelton, Librarian
Alaska Historical Collections
Alaska State Library
October 1, 1992
George T. Snow as "Jerry" in The Convict (PCA154-269)
George Thornton Snow
Born in Boston as James Fink, July 30
Ran away from home and enlisted in the Navy, July 5; served aboard the Navy Frigate WABASH which saw action in the Civil War battle at Fort Fisher
Discharged from Navy for being underage, February 10
Went on the stage professionally and adopted the name,
George T. Snow
Married Anna Edes Rablen in Soulsbyville, California, May 31
Son, Montgomery Adolph, born, February 18
Daughter, Crystal Brilliant, born, May 30
Lived in Port Townsend, Territory of Washington and Victoria, B.C.
Arrived in Juneau, Alaska, on the OLYMPIAN, April 24
First trip over Chilkoot Pass into Yukon (family stayed in Juneau)
First arrived on the waters of the Yukon, May 2
Second trip over Chilkoot Pass into Yukon (family stayed in Juneau)
Third trip over Chilkoot Pass into Yukon (family accompanied him; first white family over Chilkoot Pass)
Founded Yukon Order of Pioneers (Y.O.O.P.), Fortymile, Y.T., December 1
Fortymile, Y.T. (autumn, winter, spring)
Circle City, performing at opera house he built
Living in cabin across from Dawson (autumn)
Living in cabin on Bonanza Creek and working a claim (winter, spring, summer)
Moved to Seattle because of George's health (August)
Returned to Juneau
Living in Skagway, employed as jailer at Skagway federal jail
Moved to Seattle with wife, Anna, for health reasons
Commander, John F. Miller Post #31, Grand Army of the Republic, Seattle
Working in Vancouver, B.C., clerk in the office of the Yukon & Southeast Alaska Publicity Bureau (through spring of 1911)
Teaching in Sitka, Alaska; worked after hours and Saturdays at the U.S.
Experimental Agricultural Station, secretary to Dr. C.C. Georgeson
Teaching at Mendenhall School, Glacier Flat, Alaska (Mendenhall Valley area)
Teaching in Juneau
Married Dr. Charles Percival Jenne in Seattle, July 6
Daughter, Corrinne Bertha, born, May 20
Son, Charles Jacob, "Bud," born, November 9
Daughter, Phyllis Mae, born, March 15
Performed Anna Snow's composition, Alaska and the U.S.A. for President
Warren G. Harding during their Juneau visit, July 10
First woman candidate to file for Alaska Territorial House of Representatives
Unsuccessful campaign for Alaska Territorial House of Representatives
President, Pioneers of Alaska, Igloo No. 6 Auxiliary, Juneau
Secretary, Juneau Swimming Pool Committee
First woman candidate to file for Alaska Territorial Senate.
Husband, Charles, died in Juneau, September 9
Owner/operator, Forget-Me-Not Flower Shop, Juneau
Member, Committee on Platform & Resolutions and Secretary, Democratic
Divisional Convention, First Division of Alaska, held at Ketchikan
Elected to the Alaska Territorial House of Representatives
Served as Representative in the 15th Territorial Legislature
First woman re-elected to Alaska legislative seat
Served as Representative in the 16th Territorial Legislature
President, Juneau Chapter of Business & Professional Women's Club
First woman nominated to Territorial Senate, withdrew in favor of Juneau
Appointed Juneau Postmaster, June 22
Assumed duties as Juneau Postmaster, September 1
Resigned from Juneau Postmaster position, August 31
Unsuccessful campaign for Territorial Senate
Died in Sitka, June 5
George T. Snow (PCA154-85)
SNOW FAMILY PAPERS
MS 38--SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE:
Arriving in Juneau on April 24, 1887, George Snow, his wife, Anna, and their two children, Monte and Crystal, along with George's brother Joe, pursued theatrical careers which took them from Juneau to the Yukon Territory. In addition to their theatrical pursuits, George and Joe Snow tried their luck with several mining ventures. George and Anna traveled between Juneau and Seattle, returning to Juneau in 1900. They were committed in their efforts to establish organizations instrumental in promoting and furthering the pioneering spirit of residents of the North and became heavily involved with the Yukon Order of Pioneers, Alaska-Yukon Pioneers, and Ladies of the Golden North. In 1910, George and Anna moved to Seattle, while Crystal Snow Jenne spent the remainder of her life in Juneau. This collection reflects the family's involvement in civic, social, theatrical/musical, and political areas and provides information on the early days of white settlement in the Yukon Territory and Juneau, Alaska.
George Snow first made a trip over the Chilkoot Pass into the Yukon Territory in 1888, well before the Klondike Gold Rush. George Snow's personal papers cover a span of years from the 1890s (recordings of business transactions) to 1922 (last will and testament). He was a founding member of the Yukon Order of Pioneers (Y.O.O.P.), which was established on December 1, 1894 in Fortymile, Yukon Territory. Y.O.O.P. papers include club correspondence, constitutions/by-laws, membership lists, newspaper clippings, and various other memorabilia. Snow also attempted to document Yukon history through his personal writings, The Discovery of the Klondike. By authorization from Y.O.O.P., Snow also compiled a history of the Yukon Valley watershed, collecting reports of other miners and pioneers. This compilation, History of the Yukon, contains original, handwritten reports detailing life and activities in the Yukon, 1871-1897. Snow edited and put these reports into typescript form, but the manuscript was never published.
Anna Snow was a founding member of the Ladies of the Golden North, the auxiliary to the Alaska-Yukon Pioneers (a later off-shoot of the Y.O.O.P.). The Ladies of the Golden North was established on March 6, 1919 in Seattle, where George and Anna had moved in 1910. Her extensive collection of materials documenting this organization includes club correspondence, ritual, notices of banquets/picnics, constitutions/by-laws, membership lists, and newspaper clippings. Anna Snow was also involved with the Rebekah Lodge, Women's Relief Corps, and American Legion Auxiliary; and these organizations are also represented in this collection. Along with official club materials, Anna Snow's extensive collection of personal correspondence (1904-1943) highlights the network established by these organizations and provides information on the beginnings of pioneer organizations in Alaska and the Yukon. She was also a talented creative writer and materials in this collection include her poetry, musical compositions, and journals.
Crystal Snow Jenne's papers document her prominence in Juneau history through printed materials and photographs. Her talents as a child actress and as a singer throughout her life are evident from the existing theatre reviews, concert tour reviews and church choir programs. Her involvement in Juneau civic affairs was extensive. She was a member of several organizations: the National Professional & Business Women's Club (including the Juneau chapter), Juneau Woman's Club, Alaska Federation of Women's Clubs, Democratic Women's Club, and various other local committees and organizations.The papers from these organizations include correspondence, membership lists, club records, programs, and speeches. The pulse-beat of her life,however, was in the political arena. She waged various Territorial House and Senate campaigns throughout the years (1936-1956), and they are documented by speeches, voter lists, Democratic Divisional Convention papers, and correspondence illuminating her political views and attempts to further her campaigns. Much incoming correspondence is from prominent political contemporaries, such as Anthony Dimond and E.L. "Bob" Bartlett, as well as from many Southeastern Alaska political colleagues and concerned constituents.The collection of Jenne's legislative materials from her years as Territorial House Representative (1941-1944) contains personalized copies of legislative bills and documents discussing proposed legislation and various political issues of the day.
Crystal Snow Jenne also served as Juneau's Postmaster from 1944 tp1955. Included with the Postmaster materials is a certificate from President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointing Crystal to the position of Juneau Postmaster. Jenne advanced public knowledge about postal service in the Juneau area during her tenure as Postmaster by participating in local radio programs which alerted Juneau residents to Post Office special mailing policies and procedures; the scripts of these programs are included with the materials. House-to-house city delivery was initiated during her tenure. Newspaper clippings highlight her activities over the years as Juneau's Postmaster.
The Snow Family's theatrical careers are well documented by a large amount of materials, both from their performances in California and Washington (early -to-mid 1880s), and later when they performed in Juneau and the Yukon Territory (mid 1880s-1890s). Included are handwritten play scripts, accompanying musical scores, theater reviews, and newspaper clippings covering performances. The collection also includes the microfiche of George Snow's theater scrapbook, which contains clippings about performances and reviews, programs, and other memorabilia.
Series and Box List Series Box Folders George Thornton Snow
Personal Files 1 1-5
Correspondence 1 6-13
Writings 2 1-4
History of the Yukon (mss) 3-4 1-24
History of the Yukon (mf.) 5
History of the Klondike (Pritchett version) 6 1
Club Activities 7 1-16
Anna Edes Rablen Snow
Personal Files 8 1-8
Personal 8 8-16
Ladies of the Golden North 11 6-9
Alaska-Yukon Pioneers 11 10-11
Writings 12 1-5
Club Activities 13 1-17
Crystal Brilliant Snow Jenne
Personal Files 14 1-9
Correspondence 14 9-15
Writings 15 1-12
Political Correspondence 16 1-9
Campaign Materials 17 1-28
Legislative Materials 18 1-16
Correspondence 20 1-4
Postmaster Materials 20 5-13
Community and Club Files 21 1-15
General 23 19-44
Club Activities 24 1-18
Publications, Clippings, etc. 25 1-18
Theatre Items and Play Scripts 26-31
Oversized materials 32
MS 38--SNOW FAMILY PAPERS INVENTORY
GEORGE THORNTON SNOW (Boxes 1-7) Box 1 Personal Files: Folders 1-5 This series contains George Snow's childhood remembrances and a handwritten biographical sketch, along with his naval discharge certificate, dated July 5, 1864, which is listed under his birth name, James Fink. Pension papers and his last will and testament are also included, along with recordings of various business transactions.
Correspondence: Folders 6-13 Most of the personal correspondence in this series concerns George Snow's involvement with various veterans' and pioneers' activities. Also included are letters illustrating his attempts to publish his history of the Yukon. The Y.O.O.P. correspondence details some of George's involvement in club activities and with club business, including many letters seeking U.S. Legislative support for federal funding of a railroad in Alaska.
Folder 6. Personal Correspondence Sent, 1910-1919
Box 2 Writings: Folders 1-4 The bulk of this series consists of George Snow's manuscript The Discovery of the Klondike (also called The True Story of the Discovery of the Klondike). The cover letter to this manuscript is written by Willis Brandley of Sumner, Washington, apparently a writers' agent who assisted George in his attempts to get the manuscript published by the Saturday Evening Post; their attempts were unsuccessful. Also included in this subseries is a speech George wrote [1921?] to Y.O.O.P. members discussing his many years of service to the organization and his disapproval of growing dissention and a possible conspiracy to discredit his involvement with the club.
Folder 1. Miscellaneous Writings
2. Typescript copy of The Discovery Of The Klondike manuscript
3. Y.O.O.P. speech, essay on Ulysses S. Grant, and letter to fellow Y.O.O.P. member
4. "Eulogy delivered by Geo. T. Snow over the grave of Bro. Harry[Carter] at Circle City, Dec. 9,1895, one of the oldest pioneers of the Yukon" (handwritten and typescript copies)
Boxes 3-4 History of the Yukon Folders 1-24 (in 2 boxes): In January 1896, George Snow was authorized by the Yukon Order of Pioneers to compile a written history of the Yukon Valley watershed. He requested the memoirs of many of his early-day mining friends, among them, George Washington Carmack, L.N. "Jack" McQuesten, and many other prospectors. The majority of these memoirs are original, handwritten reports, many of which Snow edited and put into typescript form. These memoirs cover a span of years from 1871 to1897. Snow continued working on this history over the years, until his death in 1925; the history was never published. Also included are Y.O.O.P. letters and telegrams, several play scripts, poems, and other miscellaneous items.
(The manuscripts were sent to Evan Hill, a family friend of Crystal Snow Jenne and her daughter, Corrinne Kenway. He planned to edit and publish a Y.O.O.P. history. While in his possession, the papers were microfilmed by Dartmouth College and subsequently returned to the family. His introduction and notes remain in the files as received.)
(These two boxes of materials have been microfilmed by Dartmouth College--see Box 5 for the microfilm. Because this material is extremely fragile, the microfilm must be used for research.)
Folder 1. Evan Hill: Introduction to the Snow Papers
2. George T. Snow manuscript describing Klondike trip with George Miller (handwritten) George T. Snow manuscript describing trip over Chilkoot Pass and into the Yukon (17 l. typescript)
3. L.N. "Jack" McQuesten manuscript and letter (handwritten) [12/30/16 - See Yukon Archives copy for variations and missing pages after 14b.]
4. Chris Sonnikson manuscript (handwritten and typescript copy)
5. C.J. Kearney,Along the Yukon manuscript (handwritten)
6. G.H.? "John" McCloud,Discovery of Birch Creek, 1893 manuscript (handwritten and typescript copy [partial])
7. John Burke, The Tananah manuscript (handwritten and typescript copy)
John Hughes statements (2) of traveling up the Tananah River in 1888 with John Burke, Frank Dinsmore, Thomas Evans & John Moony (handwritten & typescript copy)
8. Peter Nelson, Trip from Juneau to Klondike, 1886, with Joe LaDue, John Nelson, Dan Sprague, and an Indian (handwritten and typescript)
9. Peter Roblin,Indian scare of 1887 manuscript (handwritten)
10. George Washington Carmack, My Trip to the Yukon manuscript (14 l. handwritten--incomplete?); George Washington Carmack, My Experience in the Yukon manuscript (22 p. typescript contains 1 p. foreword, then begins the same as My Trip to the Yukon) George T. Snow re-write of Carmack, The True Story of Carmack's Discovery (3 l. handwritten--looks like Snow's handwriting; 4 copies typescript, varying lengths, all with penciled editing that looks like Snow's handwriting)
11. Joe Geraghty,Trip to the John Dolyore (sp?) River (7 p. handwritten)
12. Joe Cooper,Experience on Forty-Mile, 1887 (2 p. typescript) Joe Cooper Return Trip in 1895--Experience in crossing the summit (Chilkoot Pass) in April, 1895 (3 p. typescript)
Joe Cooper, Trip out on the ice from Circle City to Juneau in 1896 (2 p. typescript)
The manuscripts listed above are also all contained in a 18 p. handwritten manuscript
13. Hank Summers exploring upper Black River [a feeder of Porcupine into Yukon near Fort Yukon], June 1896 (5 l. handwritten on a paper bag)
14. Author Unknown, probable description of Circle discovery, 1893Boxes 3-4 (con't)
George Matlock, Poling up Forty-Mile in '87-8 (1/2 p. typescript--incomplete). George Matlock letter to George Snow describing experiences at Forty-Mile, The parson between 2 thieves on the Yukon,.The dog cranks,.Indian threats, and Single-Eye.
16. George T. Snow, The Stampede to Fortymile (26 l. handwritten)
17. George T. Snow,The Stampede to Fortymile (5 p. carbon-copy typescript of handwritten manuscript--incomplete). George T. Snow, The Stampede to Fortymile (different version from that of above, 14 p.typescript with 3 l. handwritten inserted in middle; includes George Snow's penciled editing marks). George T. Snow, The Stampede to Fortymile (carbon copy of 14 p. typescript copy listed above, minus the handwritten inserts and Snow's editing.
18. Joseph Martinez letter to George Snow, dated April 1895, Stillwater, Nevada, looking for mining work (handwritten and typescript copy)
19. Dr. J.J. Chambers, Health Conditions of the Yukon Valley (6 l. handwritten and 2
p. typescript copy [no date]
20. James Bender, Indian hanging on Koyukuk, 1888 (7 l. handwritten, apparently on the back of coroner's jury notes and typescript copy)
21. Joe Thompson, Account of boat swamping at Holmes Bar on Fortymile River, 1889 (7 l. handwritten, apparently on the back of coroner's jury notes, and 2 p. typescript copy)
22. William Ogilvie letter to George Snow, dated August 18, 1896, regarding surveying work done between Alaska and Canadian boundary (typescript copy only)
23. George T. Snow,The Tiger Hunter: A Fortymile Episode, Indian trouble at Fortymile, 1887 with Robert Albert Clinton, Englishman known as "The Tiger Hunter" (a portion of Snow's manuscript--2 different typescript editions plus 1 and 1/2 l. handwritten)
24. Y.O.O.P. materials, play scripts, poems, miscellaneous: several letters and telegrams detailing Y.O.O.P. business; Circle City Opera House property contract between George Snow & Joe Snow, signed by Joseph A. Snow (George's brother), dated Feb. 28, 1897;
Poems: The Man with the Musket (handwritten, looks like George Snow's writing,"
The Parson's Son (typescript, no author listed), An Alaskan's Ode to Alaska by
Dr. Fenton B. Whiting, dedicated to the Yukon Order of Pioneers (typescript);
Play scripts: The part of General Boomer in A Cheerful Liar (18 p. handwritten), Only A Farmer's Daughter (21 l. handwritten). Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscript Plays; Map of mining shafts "Plan of east side of drift on Lay No. 1 Bonanza" (hand-drawn)
Box 5 "Snow Papers of the Yukon" Folder 1. Microfilm of "Snow Papers of Yukon" filmed by Dartmouth College
(Boxes 3-4 contain the paper records of this microfilm)
Box 6 Earl Pritchett donation of George Snow's The True Story Of The HistoryOf The Klondike Folder 1. Typescript. Donation of Earl Pritchett on 11/25/74. This was received as a separate donation, provenance unclear. It is included with these papers because the majority of its contents was written by George Snow. Included is a resolution passed by the Yukon Order of Pioneers declaring August 17th as "Discovery Day" in honor of George Washington Carmack. Also, a report written by George Snow details Carmack's whereabouts and mining activities from 1889 to 1896, thus refuting an article written on Carmack by Henry Boursin in 1919, a copy of which is included in this file.
Box 6a Original typescript of handwritten George T. Snow manuscript, The True Story Of The HistoryOf The Klondike. Donation of Earl Pritchett to the University of Alaska Fairbanks. In February of 2009 it was transferred to the Alaska State Library Historical Collections and accessioned as 2009-15.
Box 7 Club Activities This series illustrates the extent of George Snow's involvement in club activities, which can be separated along two lines: veterans associations, such as the Elks, the Grand Army of the Republic, and the Federated Veterans (Folders 1-4) and the Yukon Order of Pioneers (Folders 5-12). Most prominent was his involvement with Y.O.O.P., of which he was a founding member. Examples of club documents include constitutions & by-laws, membership lists, rituals, club stationery, and meetings announcements.
(See Also: Alaska-Yukon Pioneers and Pioneers of Alaska Materials, Box 24)
2. John F. Miller Post #31, Grand Army of the Republic (Civil War veterans)
3. Elks B.P.O.E. Juneau Lodge #420
4. Federated Veterans and Allied Veterans Aid Association
5. Y.O.O.P. Constitution & By-laws
6. Y.O.O.P. Grand Secretary's Report, 1920
7. Y.O.O.P. Meetings Announcements
8. Y.O.O.P. Members postcard, List of members, 1921
9. Y.O.O.P. Membership Cards
10. Y.O.O.P. Newspaper Clippings
11. Y.O.O.P. Ritual
12. Y.O.O.P. Stationery
13. Y.O.O.P. Photocopy of Minutes of 1st Meeting of Y.O.O.P., Organized at Fortymile, Y.T., Dec. 1, 1894
14. Colored Y.O.O.P. certificate naming George T. Snow as a member of Lodge No. 1, Dawson, Yukon Territory, Dated January 3, 1913 (Located in MS X-Oversize Map Case in Vault)
15. Newspaper photograph of Y.O.O.P. Pioneers at Dawson, taken by E.A. Hegg in the summer of 1897, published in The Alaska Weekly, August 17, 1937 (Located in MS X-Oversize Map Case in Vault)
16. Y.O.O.P. Resolution of Condolence and Respect issued in memory of George T. Snow, Dated September 14, 1925, Dawson (Housed in Box 32 Oversize)
ANNA EDES RABLEN SNOW (Boxes 8-13) Box 8 Personal Files: Folders 1-8 This series details the life of Anna Rablen Snow, George Snow's wife. Included is her handwritten story of her life, describing her emigration from England and travel to California as a young girl with her family, her marriage to George Snow in 1881, the birth of her two children, Monte and Crystal, the family's theatrical involvement, their travel to Alaska and trip over the Chilkoot Pass to the Yukon gold fields. Along with biographical information, this series contains various business records: the accounts of Anna Snow's and Mrs. King's dress shop in Juneau, 1890 (probably the first business venture of a white woman in Juneau); pension paperwork; the sale to Anna Snow of a small grocery store and lunch room in Seattle (1928). Folder eight includes a portrait of Jane Rablen, Anna Snow's mother (housed in Box 32 Oversize, Folder 8, Item 1) and a pencil sketch of William Rablen, Anna Snow's father, Artist: W.C. Richards?(sp) (Housed in Box 32 Oversize, Folder 8, Item 2)
Correspondence (Box 8, Folder 9 - Box 11)
Personal correspondence makes up the largest portion of Anna Snow's records. Her correspondence covers the years 1904-1943 and is comprised of letters and cards from her family and friends. Much of the correspondence from her Ladies of the Golden North and Alaska Yukon Pioneers friends touches on aspects of the club's functions.