Floor Temporal fossa

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Temporal fossa:
- page #1:
 Zygomatic arch is formed by union of 2 processes : 1. Temporal process of zygomatic bone
2. Zygomatic process of temporal bone

Lateral view of the skull:

- There are 2 lines : 1. Upper  superior temporal line
2. Lower  inferior temporal line

- Temporal fossa formed bu union of 4 bones: 1. Frontal

2. Parietal
3. Temporal
4. Greater wing of sphenoid

- so, temporal bone is formed of : 1. Temporal fossa

2. 2 lines
3. Mastoid process
4. Styloid process
5. Mandibular fossa
6. External auditory meatus
7. Zygomatic process
8. Supramastoid crest of temporal bone

- page #2:
 zygomatic arch is the lateral boundary ot temporal bone, because it’s the site of insertion for the temporal facia that is located laterally.

the inferiolateral boundary of temporal fossa is “ zygomatic arch”

(2 processes).

- page #3:
 notice the boundaries of temporal fossa: 1. Zygomatic arch
2. Superior and inferior temporal line
3. Temporal fossa contributed by 4 bones :
- frontal
- parietal
- temporal (squamous part)
- greater wing of sphenoid
4. roof : - temporalis covered by temporal fascia
 related structures to temporal fossa: - coronoid process
- articular process
- mandibular notch
- mastoid process
- styloid process
- external auditory meatus

 pterion : - sutures forming a letter “H”

- on the lateral side of the skul
- in the floor of temporal fossa
- landmark for the ant. Division of middle meningeal artery
 originates as branch from maxillary artery
 passing through spinosum foramen
 main arterial supply to dura matter
 passing between dura and periosteum

- Hitting the pterion area by a stone causes bleeding from the middle meningeal artery, that will be collected between dura an periosteum, therefore compressing the soft tissue of the brain (medially) specifically anterior cerebral gyrus (motor area).

- this collection of blood called “extra dural hemorrhage

- treatment is by opening the skull through pterion by “drill” and pull the blood in a process called “prompt evacuation

- page #6: “contents”

    • Note:
      - pic. On page #6, we remove the coronoid process, most of ramus of mandible, and outer cortex of body of mandible to show the whole inferior alveolar nerve that pass outside the mental foramen to end as mental nerve.

      - temporal fascia descend to be attached to both surfaces (inner and outer) of zygomatic arch to seal the temporal fossa

      - we can use temporal fascia to replace the tympanic membrane (ear drum) in a process called “tempanoplasty

    • Tempanoplasty: a process through which we can replace the fractured tympanic membrane by part of temporal fascia.
     temporal facia
     temporalis
     massiter muscle
     maxillary artery “stem” : - a branch from external carotid artery
    - gives branches : 1. “inferior alveolar artery
    2. “Deep temporal arteries” for temporalis

    branches “not stem” of mandibular nerve : 1. Deep temporal nerves for temporalis “motor”
    2. Buccal nerve “sensory” for: - mucous membrane “mucosa”
    - gyngiva
    - skin over cheek

    3. Lingual neve “sensory”
    4. Inferior alveolar nerve “sensory”
    5. Auriculotemporal nerve “sensory”

     2 heads of lateral pterygoid muscle


- page #7:
TEMPORALIS: - fan shaped muscle
- it’s fibers pass in 2 directions
- it’s origin makes it to be attached perfectly, so as to seal the temporal fossa
- it will pass “medial” to zygomatic arch to be inserted into coronoid process
- then extend to anterior border of the ramus until it reaches the lower third molar
- action : - biscuits  elvation
- retract protruded mandible by lateral pterygoid

- page #8:
Masseter: - it’s powerful because, it’s formed of 2 superimposed parts
- it’s the muscle of clidging "كز عاسنانك"
- for crushing nuts
- massetric nerve is deep nerve of mandibular nerve
- masseteric artery is branch from maxillary artery
- both nerve and artery pass through mandibular notch “where extra oral block is done”
- extra oral block of nerve  no elevation “paralysis”


Infratemporal fossa:
- in order to see this fossa clearly, you have to remove : * ramus of the mandible
* processes of zygomatic arch
-Greater wing of sphenoid will give pterygoid plate (lateral & medial) inferiorly

- between the pterygoid plate and the maxilla there is a pterygomaxillary fissure (related to the third part of maxillary artery)

- this fissure leads to pterygopalatine fossa that contains within it the pterygopalatine ganglion from maxillary artery “ causes hey fever

- an important part of maxilla related to infra temporal fossa is “tuberosity of maxilla

- closer to the tuberosity, there is “posterior superior alveolar foramen” for posterior superior alveolar nerve

- inferior surface of greater wing of sphenoid is the floor of infratemporal fossa, that is related to the middle cranial “fossa superior view” , consists of : * foramen ovale  mandibular nerve
* foramen spinosum  middle meningeal artery

- inferatemporal part of maxilla (posterior surface of maxilla) contains the “tubrosity of maxilla”


#Hope every thing is clear 

done by : Dana ayman

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