Family Pedigree Project



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Name_____________________
Family Pedigree Project
Project Overview: How many times have you heard from a relative, “You look just like your Uncle Joe?” Or you might hear, “You’re grandfather had the same nose as you.” It’s obvious to us that traits are passed down from generation to generation. A pedigree is like a map that shows how traits are distributed through a family’s generations.
In this project, you will create a pedigree chart for at least ten members of your own family tracing at least 4 different traits. You will chart the passing of four different traits for three generations of your family. Clearly indicate and label the traits you are tracing. You will need a key on your pedigree chart. This project should be created on a poster board. Use the letters below to indicate a particular allele (upper case letters for the dominant allele and lower case letters for the recessive allele). For example, for tongue rolling, use the letter “R” for family members who can roll their tongue and “r” for family members who cannot roll their tongue (use different letters for different traits).
You will need to ask questions of your parents, grandparents, or any other family member with an in-depth knowledge of your family tree. You can use your creativity in the design of the pedigree chart, but proper pedigree symbols must be used. (See Pedigree Notes handed out in class)
Pedigree requirements:

  1. Choose 4 traits to investigate in your family.

  2. Each pedigree should contain at least 10 people (if you have a small family or several unknowns you will need to do more than 4 traits – see me for the modifications).

  3. Each pedigree should go back at least 3 generations. (Grandparents, Parents and you)

  4. Your pedigree should be on a poster board. Neatness and Creativity count!

  5. Each pedigree should have a key; use appropriate pedigree symbols.

  • Also note for each individual:

      1. Genotype – the genetic make-up; ex: Tt or TT or tt (when able)

      2. Phenotype – the physical appearance

      3. Name of relative

      4. Relationship of relative to you (so I know you diagrammed your family correctly)


List of possible traits: (choose four)

Tongue rolling (RR or Rr = roller, rr = non-roller)

Attached earlobes (EE or Ee = unattached, ee = attached)

Mid-digital hair [hair between the first two knuckles] (MM or Mm = hair, mm = no hair)

Hitch-hiker’s thumb (TT or Tt = hitch-hiker, tt = non-hitch hiker)

Widow’s peak (WW or Ww = widow's peak, ww = no widow's peak)

Dimples (DD or Dd = present, dd = no dimples)

Freckles (FF or Ff = present, ff = no freckles)

Hair texture (HH = curly, Hh = wavy, hh = straight)

Chin Cleft (CC or Cc = no cleft, cc = present)

(if there is another trait you would like to do – please see me)


Analysis:
Write one paragraph 5-8 sentences long discussing what dominant/recessive traits appear to be common in your blood line. Discuss any areas where you had difficulty constructing your pedigree. Describe how it is beneficial to know the genetic traits present in your family.
Possible traits: Sample Pedigree

T

= Male = Female

or = person with the trait
or = carrier
= marriage
= offspring or children

= twins


or = deceased


rait
Dominant Recessive

Eyelash length long (1 cm or more) short (less than 1 cm)

Widow’s peak widow’s peak straight hairline

Dimples Dimples No dimples

Freckles Freckles No freckles

Ear lobes Free ear lobes Attached

Hair Hair on middle digit No hair on middle digit

Roman nose Roman nose (bent) straight nose

Toe length 2nd toe longer Big toe longer

Hand use Right-handed Left-handed

Tongue roller Tongue roller Non-tongue roller

Height Short Tall

Females: less than 5’7 5’7 or above

Males: less than 5’10 5’10 or above

Curved Thumb Hitchhiker thumb Straight Thumb

Cleft Chin No cleft Chin Cleft Chin



Grading Guidelines and Rubric for Family Pedigrees and Analysis

Name: __________________________


4 Traits analyzed in pedigrees:

________________ _________________ ________________ ________________



 

Grading of this project will be based upon 3 main topic areas:



  1. Pedigrees (60 pts)

    1. 4 traits investigated in your family.

    2. Each pedigree should contain at least 10 people (unless you have seen me for the modifications).

    3. Each pedigree goes back at least 3 generations.

    4. Your pedigree should be a full poster. Neatness and Creativity count!

    5. Each pedigree should have a key; use appropriate pedigree symbols.

Also note for each individual:

  1. Genotype – the genetic make-up; ex: Tt or TT or tt (when able)

  2. Phenotype – the physical appearance

  3. Name of relative

  4. Relationship of relative to you (so I know you diagrammed your family correctly)




  1. Works cited page (5pts) and Analysis Paragraph (25 pts)

    1. List names of family members interviewed, whether or not photographs were used, etc.

    2. Must be typed

    3. Must be glued on the poster (on the back is fine)

    4. Write one paragraph 5-8 sentences long discussing what dominant/recessive traits appear to be common in your blood line. Discuss any areas where you had difficulty constructing your pedigree. Describe how it is beneficial to know the genetic traits present in your family.




  1. Overall quality of work and effort put forth (10 pts)


Point breakdown:
Topic Possible Earned
1. Pedigrees 60

2. Analysis 25

3. Works Cited 5

4. Overall 10

 

Total 100


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