Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Only papers closely related to the work should be cited; exhaustive lists should be avoided. All references must appear both in the text and the reference list.
References should follow the Vancouver format.
In the text, references are cited in numerical order as superscript numbers starting at 1. The superscript numbers are placed AFTER the full point.
At the end of the paper they should be listed (double-spaced) in numerical order corresponding to the order of citation in the text.
A reference cited in a table or figure caption counts as being cited where the table or figure is first mentioned in the text.
Papers in press may be included in the list of references.
Do not include references to uncompleted work or work that has not yet been accepted for publication. Abstracts and/or papers presented at meetings not in the public domain should not be included as references.
References to private communications should be given only in the text (i.e. no number allocated). The author and year should be provided.
If there are 6 or fewer authors, list them all. If there are 7 or more, list the first 6 followed by et al.
Abbreviations for titles of medical periodicals should conform to those used in the latest edition of Index Medicus.
The first and last page numbers for each reference should be provided.
Abstracts and letters must be identified as such.
Examples of references:
Gardner DG, Kessler HP, Morency R, Schaffner DL. The glandular odontogenic cyst: an apparent entity. J Oral Pathol 1988; 17:359– 366.
Journal article, in press:
Dufoo S, Maupome G, Diez-de-Bonilla J. Caries experience in a selected patient population in Mexico City. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol (in press).
Kramer IRH, Pindborg JJ, Shear M. Histological typing of odontogenic tumours (2nd edn). Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1992.
Chapter in book:
DelBalso AM, Ellis GE, Hartman KS, Langlais RP. Diagnostic imaging of the salivary glands and periglandular regions. In: DelBaso AM (ed). Maxillofacial imaging. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders, 1990, pp 409–510.
Mileman PA, Espelid I. Radiographic treatment decisions - a comparison between Dutch and Norwegian practitioners. J Dent Res 1986; 65: 609 (Abstr 32).
Letter to the Editor:
Gomez RS, de Oliveira JR, Castro WH. Spontaneous regression of a paradental cyst. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2001; 30: 296 (letter).
Journal article on the internet:
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet].
2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.