Epidural hematomas are frequently followed by Skull fractures



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After 2 years

  • Primarily-postponed cranioplasty of the skull defects is performed

    1. In the first 2 days

    2. *Up to 14 days

    3. Up to 2 months

    4. After 2 months

    5. After 2 years

  • In diffuse axonal injury clinical presentations determined by morphological changes occurring at the level

    1. In the cortical regions of the frontal lobes

    2. *In the deep regions of the brain with impairment of the white matter, corpus callosum and subcortical structures

    3. In the medulla with lesions of the nuclei of the cranial nerves

    4. In the upper cervical region of the spinal cord and in the medulla

    5. All right

  • Diffuse axonal injury most often presents with

    1. Prolonged comatose status

    2. *Vegetative status

    3. Practically always with meningeal syndrome

    4. Pyramid-extrapyramid tetrasyndrome

    5. Mild transient and focal symptoms

  • In the syndrome of prolonged compression of the head primary surgical debridement of the head wounds

    1. *Is early and is performed during the first hours in the injury admission ward

    2. Is postponed and is performed in the specialized facilities

    3. Surgical debridement is not performed

    4. Is late and is performed in the general surgical inpatient departments

    5. Is early and is performed in the general surgical inpatient departments

  • Fatty embolization of the cerebral vessels in head injury is observed

    1. In fracture of the cranial basis

    2. In multiple fractures of the calvarium

    3. *In joint cranioskeletal trauma

    4. In gunshot skull fractures

    5. In isolated intracranial hematomas

  • During emergency medical care in head injury foreign bodies off the brain

    1. Should be necessarily removed

    2. Are removed through active aspiration and dissection of the brain substance

    3. It’s not important

    4. *Are not removed

    5. The foreign bodies with even edges made of hard material are predominantly removed

  • Combined head injury is

    1. *Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of various damaging factors

    2. Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of mechanical factor on several regions of the body

    3. Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of chemical factor on several regions of the body

    4. Fractures of the bones of the calvarium which combine with intracranial hematomas d intracranial hematomas which combine with trauma of the facial skeleton

    5. Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of mechanical factor on several regions of the body

  • Joint head injury is

    1. *Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of mechanical factor on several regions of the body

    2. Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of various damaging factors

    3. Combination of fractures of the bones of calvarium with intracranial hematomas or liquorrhoea

    4. Combination of fractures of the bones of calvarium with trauma of the facial skeleton

    5. Constellation of various injuries including head injury which develop as the result of simultaneous impact of various damaging factors

  • According to Glasgow coma scale a severe head injury would score

    1. 1-2 points

    2. *3-7 points

    3. 8-10 points

    4. 8 points

    5. 10-12 points

  • According to Glasgow coma scale a moderately severe head injury would score

    1. 1-2 points

    2. 3-7 points

    3. 12-15 points

    4. 5-7 points

    5. *8-12 points

  • According to Glasgow coma scale a mild head injury would score

    1. 3-5 points

    2. 7-10 points

    3. 13-15 points

    4. *10-12 points

    5. 8 points

  • Nasal liquorrhoea most often occurs in fractures in the region of

    1. Frontal sinus

    2. Petrosus part of the temporal bone pyramid

    3. Cribriform plate

    4. Ethmoidal bone

    5. Occipital bone

  • Auricular liquorrhoea most often occurs in fractures in the region of

    1. Petrosus part of the temporal bone pyramid

    2. Frontal sinus

    3. Cribriform plate

    4. Sphenoidal sinus

    5. Ethmoidal bone

  • Supplemental methods in diagnostics of liquorrhoea are

    1. Glucotest

    2. Endoscopic examination

    3. Echo-encephalography

    4. Radioisotope gamma-cisternography

    5. *CT-cisternography

  • Meningeal syndrome is most often in the clinical presentation of

    1. Brain concussion

    2. Brain contusion

    3. Chronic subdural hematoma

    4. Chronic subdural hydroma

    5. *Subarachnoid hemorrhage

  • According to the type of wound canal there are no the following type of gunshot craniocerebral injury

    1. Perforating

    2. Blind

    3. Open

    4. Yangent

    5. *Subaponeurotic

  • Inflammatory craniocerebral complications of the head injury NOT include

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