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GEOGRAPHY

SS 1 FIRST TERM


WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

Introduction to Geography;

  • Definition and scope of geography

  • Importance of geography

- Guide students to explain concepts of geography

- Define geography

- Explains the scope and importance of geography

- Students draws references from the local environment to explain the term geography.

Resources;

- Pictures

- Maps


2

Geography of FCT

  • Location, position and size of FCT

  • Political division FCT, Towns and villages and their headquarters.

  • Physical setting of FCT. Relief and drainage

- Draw a sketch map of FCT and insert some major physical and cultural features.

- Guide discussions on ;

a) location, position, size of FCT,

b) political divisions,

c) physical setting etc.

Resources;



  • Pictures, maps, atlas, drawing paper.

3

Climate and vegetation of FCT;

  • CLIMATE: Temperature and rainfall, humidity, etc

  • Vegetation type; (man and natural vegetation)

  • Population and people of FCT

Guide discussions on:

  • Climate of FCT

  • Vegetation type

  • Population

  • Mineral resources and agriculture

  • Commercial activities in FCT

  • Carry out a guided field word




4

Economic Activities in FCT :

  • Mineral resources and agriculture

Industries and commercial activities in FCT




5

The solar system

  • Definition of solar system

  • Components of the solar system and their characteristics

  • Size and shape of the earth.

1. Guide students to model the solar system

2. Uses the model to guide students to identify and describe components of solar system.

3. Guides discussions on:

a) shapes and size of the earth, 2) position of the earth in relation to the sun.

4. model the Solar System

Resources;

Globe, Aerial photographs of the earth,

Illustrative diagrams.



6

Earth’s Sphericity, Rotation and Revolution.

TEACHER: Uses the globe and other models to demonstrate Rotation and Revolution

2. guide discussions on effects of the earth’s rotation and revolution



STUDENTS: watch demonstrations and ask questions

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Globe, slide, Torch light and any source of light, diagrams



7

  • Difference between Rotation and Revolution

  • Eclipse; Dawn and Twilight




8

Latitudes and Longitudes;

  • Meaning of Latitudes and important line of latitudes.

  • Calculation of distances using lines of latitudes

  • Meaning of longitudes, important lines of longitudes and their uses

  • Differences and similarities between latitude and longitudes

  • Great and small circles.

TEACHER :uses the globe and map of the world to identify and explain:

  • Latitudes and longitudes

  • Equator, Meridian, Greenwich mean time, international Date line and grid reference.

STUDENTS:

  • Listen to teacher’s explanations, ask questions

  • Participate in discussions

  • Determine distances, time and time zones from Latitude and Longitude.

INSTRUCTIONALMATERIALS:

  • Atlas, globe, illustrative diagrams of positions of major regions of the world etc.

9

TEACHER: - Guides discussions on :

Equator, Relationship with major regions of the world. The meridian and the time zones etc



  • Guides students to:

-differentiate between latitudes and longitudes,

- Calculate local time of places from Longitudes.



STUDENTS: Determine distances, time and time zones from latitudes and longitudes

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: As in week 8

10

THE EARTH’S STRUCTURE:

  • Major spheres of the earth(atmosphere, biosphere, etc)

  • Interior structure of the earth(crust, mantle and core)

  • Rock types (igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic) and their characteristics (structure, colour and texture. )

TEACHER: Uses diagrams and sketches to guide students to :

  • Identify earth’s major spheres

  • Identify the structure of the earth’s crust

2. Initiates and guides discussions on

- composition of the spheres

- characteristics of crust, mantle etc

- explains relationship between the spheres etc



STUDENTS: - Participate in guided tour of the school to observe the earth’s spheres

  • Draw and label cross section of earth’s crust

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:

Illustrative diagrams, sketches, models of the cross section of earth’s interior



11

Rocks contd.

  • Mode of formation and uses of rocks

  • Mountains types: ( fold, block, etc) and their mode of formation

  • Characteristics and uses of mountains




TEACHER: Takes students on field work to collect and classify rocks

-Initiate and guide discussions on : structure, colour, texture, permeability of rock types,

- Process of formation of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.

- Mode of formation and importance of rock.



STUDDENTS: Bring pictures and things made from rock

- Prepare an album of rocks in the locality



INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS :

  • Rock samples

  • Pictures of rock

  • Illustrative diagram

12

PLATEAUX / LOW LANDS

  • Meaning, types of plateaux, uses and disadvantages of mountains

  • Lowlands: Meaning, types (valleys , crust, plains) etc.

  • Importance and disadvantages of low lands.

TEACHER: - Uses pictures and models to guide students to identify different mountains types

-Takes students on guided tour of locality to observe highland and lowland in the locality

- Initiate discussions on :

- characteristics of mountain types, types of lowland processes of formation,

- Importance and disadvantages etc

STUDENTS: Participate in guided tour to observe mountains and lowlands


  • Make models of mountains , lowlands

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Atlas, Maps, sketches, pictures of lowlands, Models


13

Revision

Revision

14

Examination

Examination

GEOGRAPHY

SS 1 SECOND TERM


WEEK

TOPIC/CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

The Environment :Weather and climate :

  • Meaning of environment, types and importance

  • Definition of weather and climate and their differences

  • Elements of weather and their instruments used in recording them.

TEACHER:

- Conduct outdoor activities for students to observe the environment

- Guide class discussions on; classification of environment(physical, social, cultural

- Recognize components of the environment into 3 major domains

- Weather elements and their attributes

- importance of weather on physical and human activities

- Guides students to make measurements and keep weather records

- Guides students to discussing factors affecting climate with examples.



STUDENTS: participate in guided tour to observe mountains, lowland

  • Make models of mountains, lowlands

  • Take weather measurements and keep weather records

INSTRUSTRATION MATERIALS: Illustrative diagram and sketches, Rain Guauge, Wind Vane, Barometer, Hygrometer etc


2

CLIMATE (CONTD.)

  • Attribute of climate (variability), aerial extents, decoration, etc,

  • Importance of weather.

3

FACTORS AFFECTING CLIMATE:

  • Altitude, Latitude

  • Slope and aspect, continentality etc

4

GOEGRAPHY OF NIGERIA:

  • Location, position, size and distance( Latitudes, longitudes, boundaries and neighbours)

  • Political division of Nigeria(states and their capitals, local government and their headquarters.

TEACHER:

- Uses maps to help students describe the location and position of Nigeria with respect to her neighbours

- Guides students to;

- Describe location of states and their capitals with reference to latitudes and longitudes

- Determine size, area, landmarks of Nigeria

- Draw political maps of Nigeria, insert states and their headquarters

- Discuss Nigeria’s climate, characteristics of different seasons etc. Discuss drainage of Nigeria.

- Draw a map of Nigeria showing relief and drainage distribution.



STUDENTS: calculate the area of Nigeria

- Draws the political map of Nigeria showing the states capitals and local government headquarters

- Draw relief map of Nigeria and linking it with drainage distribution of Nigeria.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Atlas, political maps of Nigeria, Globe, illustrative diagrams and sketches.


5

NIGERIA CONT.

  • Relief- Highland And Low Lands

Drainage –Major Rivers and their characteristics

  • Importance and problems of Nigerians rivers

6

NIGERIA CONT.

  • River Basin- meaning , major basins and uses of basins

  • Lakes in Nigeria: Meaning, types, reasons for shallowness of lake chad

  • Uses of Lakes

7

POPULATION OF NIGERIA:

  • Definition, concepts and population distribution

  • Population structure and quality

  • Population movement(migration) and population data (census)

TEACHER : Guides students to observe population structure and distribution.

  • Guides class discussions on:

-Population, size, distribution and structure

-Population quality, population movement, data and their sources and problems of data



STUDENTS: observe distribution of population within the school

  • Identify and locate highly populated urban centres, rural areas with sparse population

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:

  • Map of Nigeria showing population distribution, pictures,

  • slides of densely populated areas, posters of HIV/AIDS to explain quality of population

  • Maps showing various resources




8

RESOURCES OF NIGERIA:

  • Mineral resources: meaning and types of mineral resources (petroleum, national gas, tin and columbite, etc

  • Power resources(petroleum, gas, HEP, solar energy, etc. water resources: meaning ,types(river lakes, dams, seas, underground water

TEACHER: Leads students to identify various minerals on Nigeria

  • Takes students out to observe mining sites, observe vegetation and water resources within and around community.

  • Guides students to

-Locate where Nigeria’s major resources are found in the map

-Discuss the importance of these resources to Nigeria’s economy



STUDENTS: Make record /report of resources found in their community

-Identify and classify Nigeria’s resources

-Draw a map of Nigeria and insert various resources

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS:


  • Map of Nigeria showing population distribution, pictures,

  • slides of densely populated areas, posters of HIV/AIDS to explain quality of population

  • Maps showing various resources




9

RESOURCES OF NIGERIA CONTD.:

  • Vegetation resources; meaning and types of vegetation(Man and natural vegetation (e.g crops, government etc)

TEACHER: Leads discussions on the meaning and types of vegetation and the importance of vegetation to man

STUDENTS: Should be able to differentiate, giving examples, between human and natural vegetation .
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL:

Pictures, slides, Maps



10

MAPWORK/READING

  • Maps: meaning, types, examples and uses.

  • Scales: definition, types attributes, size (small and large), merits and demerits.

  • Conversion of scales

TEACHER: -Brings different types of maps to class.

  • Helps the students to identify different types of maps

  • Guides class discussion on

-Meaning, types and uses of maps,, and map scales .

STUDENTS: Identify different types of maps brought to class

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL:

  • different types of maps , Atlas, Ruler or measuring tape.

11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination
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