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PHYSICS

SS 2 FIRST TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/ CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

HEAT ENERGY

-Temperature and its measurement

-Types of thermometer

-Absolute scale of temperature



Project: Teacher to guide students on calibration of a thermometer in Celsius scale.


2

HEAT ENERGY MEASUREMENT

-Concept of specific heat capacity

i) Its measurement

ii) Its significance



The teacher leads the students on how to determine the specific heat capacity of

-A solid


-Liquid, using method of mixture

3

HEAT ENERGY MEASUREMENT

-Latent heat

-Evaporation, boiling and sublimation

-Relative humidity and due point



The teacher guides the students on the determination of the specific latent heat of fusion of ice/specific latent heat of vaporization of steam by method of mixtures

4

GAS LAWS

-Measurement of gas pressure

-Barometers in practical use

-Boyle’s Law and its application

-Charles Law and its application

-The pressure law

-The general gas law


The teacher to demonstrate Boyle’s law using Boyle’s law apparatus.

5

PRODUCTION AND PROPAGATION OF WAVES

-Production of mechanical waves

-Pulsating system

i) Energy transmitted with definite speed, frequency and wave length

-Wave form

i) Description and graphical representation

-Mathematical relationships among: f, λ, T and V


-Students to generate mechanical waves using ropes and springs.

-The teacher to set up the ripple tank and demonstrate how it is used to generate various waves



6

TYPES AND PROPERTIES OF WAVES

-Longitudinal waves

-Transverse waves

-Wave equation:

Y= Asin(wt-2πx/λ)

-Properties of waves:

Reflection, Refraction, Diffraction, Interference, Polarization


The teacher to use the ripple tank to demonstrate the interference of water waves.

7

LIGHT WAVES

-Sources of light

-Light and matter

-Transmission of light shadows, Eclipse, the pinhole camera



Project: Students to be guided on how to construct a pinhole camera

8

LIGHT WAVES

-Reflection of light at plane and curved surfaces

-Laws of Reflection

-Formation of images by plane and curved mirrors

-Application of plane and curved mirrors


Project: Students to construct a simple periscope.

Teacher to guide the students on the determination of the focal length of a concave mirror.



9

LIGHT WAVES

-Refraction of light through rectangular glass block

-Laws of refraction

-Real and apparent depth

-Total internal reflection

-Critical angle



Teacher to lead the students to verify Snell’s law using a rectangular glass block

10

LIGHT WAVES

-Refraction of light through triangular glass block

-Angle of minimum deviation

-Totally reflecting prisms



Teacher to guide the students to verify Snell’s law using triangular glass block


11

LIGHT WAVES

-Dispersion of white light

-Refraction of light through converging and diverging lenses

-Images formed by lenses



The teacher to demonstrate the dispersion of light by a triangular glass prism

The teacher to lead the students to verify the lens formula using illuminated object



12

APPLICATION OF LIGHT WAVES

-Simple camera and film projector

-The human eye

-The simple microscope and compound microscope

-Telescope

-Prism binoculars



Project: Teacher to guide the students to construct a simple box camera

13

REVISION




14

EXAMINATION




PHYSICS

SS 2 SECOND TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/ CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

SOUND WAVES

-Sources of sound

-Transmission of sound

-Speed of sound in solid, liquid, and gas

-Characteristics of sound


The teacher guides students to demonstrate that sound does not travel in a vacuum by using the electric bell enclosed in a bell jar


2

SOUND WAVES

-Noise and music

-Forced vibration-Resonance, harmonics and overtones

-Stationary waves



The teacher guides students to demonstrate forced vibration with the resonance tubes and sonometer.


3

APPLICATION OF SOUND WAVES

-Vibrations in strings and pipes

-Wind instruments

-String instruments

-Percussion instruments

-Echoes and their application

-Hearing aids


Project: Teacher to guide the students on how to construct any local musical instrument of their choice

4

MOLECULAR THEORY OF MATTER

-Pressure in fluids

i) Concept of pressure

ii) Pressure in liquids

iii) Atmospheric pressure

-Applications of atmospheric and gas pressure

-Pascal’s Principle


Using a small open can, teacher should demonstrate increase of pressure with depth
Project: Teacher to guide the students to construct a hydraulic press

5

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

-Electromagnetic spectrum



The teacher leads the students on different types of radiation in electromagnetic spectrum

6

GRAVITATIONAL FIELD

-Gravitational force between two masses (Newton’s law of universal gravitation)

-“G” as a universal constant

-Gravitational potential

-Escape velocity


The teacher discuss the movement of the planets in the solar system using a chart

7

GRAVITATIONAL FIELD

-Solar system

-Kepler’s laws

-Natural and artificial satellites



The teacher to show films on the launching of satellite

8

ELECTRIC FIELDS

-Production of continuous charges: primary cells, secondary cells

-Electric Circuit: series and parallel arrangement of cells and resistors


The teacher leads the students on how to arrange cells in series and in parallel and determine the resultant e.m.f

9

ELECTRIC FIELDS

-E.m.f of a cell

-Internal resistance of a cell

-Standard resistors and rheostats

-Resistivity and conductivity


The teacher to guide the students on the use of potentiometer wire to:

i) Measure e.m.f

ii) Compare the values of two e.m.f


10

ELECTRIC FIELD

-Shunts and multipliers

(Galvanometer conversions)

-Principle of the potentiometer

-Wheatstone bridge

-Meter bridge



The teacher guides the student on how to set up potentiometer circuit and calibrate it.


11

Revision

Revision

12

Examination

Examination

PHYSICS

SS 2 THIRD TERM

WEEK

TOPIC/ CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

ELECTRIC FIELD

-Electrical conduction through liquids(Electrolysis)

i) Electrolytes and non-electrolytes

ii) Dynamics of charged particles(ions) in electrolytes

iii) Voltameter

iv) Examples of electrolysis

-Faraday’s law of electrolysis

-Applications of electrolysis



The teacher leads the students to identify solutions that conduct electricity and those that do not


2

ELECTRIC FIELD

-Conduction of electricity through gases

-Hot cathode, thermionic emission

-The diode valve

-Application of hot cathode(thermionic) emission

i) Cathode-ray oscilloscope



The teacher to lead discussion on how the reduction in pressure of a gas in a suitable container is applied in the fluorescent tube and cathode ray oscilloscope


3

ELECTRIC FIELD

-Electric force between point charges(coulomb’s law)

-Concept of electric field

i) Electric field intensity

ii) Electric potential


The teacher guides the students on how to calculate the electric force between two points charges in free space and to compare this force with the gravitational force between two protons

4

ELECTRIC FIELD

-Capacitors and Capacitances

i) Definition

ii) Arrangement of capacitors

-Energy stored in a capacitor

-Application of capacitors




The teacher leads the students to determine the equivalent capacitance for; series and parallel arrangement of capacitors

5

MAGNETIC FIELD

-Concept of magnetic field

i) Properties of magnet

ii) Magnetic flux and flux density

-Magnetic field around:

i) A bar magnet

ii) A straight conductor carrying current

iii) A solenoid

-Methods of making magnets

-Methods of demagnetization




The teacher demonstrate how to distinguish between magnetic and non-magnetic materials

6

MAGNETIC FIELD

-Magnetic properties of iron and steel

-Magnetic screening or shielding

-Electromagnets and application of electromagnet

-Temporary magnet

i) The electric bell

ii) Telephone earpiece, etc


The teacher guides the students on how to investigate the field around a conductor by using a compass needle and iron fillings

7

MAGNETIC FIELD

-The earth’s magnetic field

i) Magnetic elements of a place

*Angle of declination

*Angle of dip

*Horizontal component of the earth’s magnetic field

-Bar magnet in earth’s field: Neutral point

-Mariner’s compass



The teacher leads the students on how to suspend a bar magnet horizontally and locate the earth’s N-S direction

8

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD

-Magnetic force on a charge moving in a magnetic field

-Concept of electromagnetic field

-Interaction between magnetic field and currents in:

i) A current –carrying wire in a magnetic field;

ii) A current-carrying solenoid in a magnetic field

-Applications of electromagnetic field:

i) Electric motor

ii) Moving coil galvanometer


The teacher guide the students to investigate the effect of passing current through a solenoid in a magnetic field

9

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD

-Electromagnetic induction

-Faraday’s law

-Lenz’s law

-Motor generator effect

-Eddy currents



The teacher guide the students to investigate the effect of rotating wire in magnetic field

10

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD

-The transformer

-Power transmission

-The induction coil



The teacher guides the students to investigate the effect of moving a magnet in a solenoid or coil carrying current near a solenoid


11

Revision

Revision

13

Examination

Examination

FURTHER MATHS

SS 2 FIRST TERM


WEEK

TOPIC / CONTENT

ACTIVITIES

1

ROOTS OF QUADRATIC EQUATION

i. Sum and product of roots

ii. forming quadratic equation given sum and product of root

iii. condition for quadratic equation to have:

- Equal roots (b2=4ac)

- Real roots (b2>4ac)

- No roots (b2<4ac) (complex)


Teacher: leads students to find sum and products of roots of quadratic equation

Students: use formular to find sum and product of roots of quadratic equation

Instructional Resource: charts showing a quadratic equation

2

ROOTS OF QUADRATIC EQUATION II

i. Conditions for given line to intersect a curve, be tangent to curve, not intersect a curve.

ii. Solution of problems on roots of quadratic equation


Teacher: states condition for quadratic equation to have equal roots, real roots and no roots(complex roots).

Students: solve various problems on root of quadratic equation

Instructional Resource: charts showing condition for lines to intersect curve and not to intersect.

3

POLYNOMIALS

i. Definition of polynomial

a. addition

b. subtraction

c. multiplication

ii. Division of polynomials by a polynomial of lesser degree



Teacher: gives definition and examples of polynomials

Students: state definition and examples of polynomial

Instructional Resource: charts giving examples of polynomials of various degrees.

4

POLYNOMIALS

i. Reminder theorem

ii. Factor theorem

iii. Factorization of polynomials



Teacher: demonstrates how to find remainder when a polynomial is divided by another polynomial of lesser degree.

Students: solve problems on remainder theorem and factor theorem

Instructional Resource: charts showing sum of root and product.

5

POLYNOMIALS

i. Roots of cubic equation

a. Sum of roots α+ᵝ+ᵟ = -b/a

b. sum products of two roots

α ᵝ + αᵟ + ᵝᵟ = c/a

c. product of roots αᵝᵟ = -d/a where ax3+bx2+cx+d=0



Teacher: leads students to solve problem on roots of cubic equation

Students: solve problems on roots of cubic equation.

Instructional Resource: charts showing sum of roots, sum of product of two roots and products of three roots of a cubic equation.

6

PROBABILITY

i. Classical, frequential and axiomative approaches to probability

ii. Sample space and event space

iii. Mutually exclusive, independent and conditional events.



Teacher: leads students to evolve concepts of classical and frequential approaches using ludo dice.

Students: identify the classical, frequential and axiomatic definition of probability

Instructional Resource: ludo dice, coin, pack of cards.

7

PROBABILITY

i. Conditional probability

ii. Probability trees


Teacher: solves conditional probability

Students: solve problems on conditional probability

Instructional Resource: ludo dice, coin, pack of cards.

8

VECTORS IN THREE DIMENSIONS

i. Scalar product of vector in three dimensions

ii. Application of scalar product


Teacher: gives examples of vectors in three dimensions

Students: write out more examples of three dimensional vectors

Instructional Resource: charts depicting example of three dimensional vectors.

9

VECTORS IN THREE DIMENSIONS

i. Vector or cross product in three dimensions

ii. Application of cross product


Teacher: guides students to find cross product of two vectors and leads them to solve problems on application

Students: solve problem on cross product of two vector and practical application of dot product.

Instructional Resource: charts showing short cut method of finding dot product.

10

LOGICAL REASONING

i. Fundamental issues in intelligent system

ii. Fundamental definition

iii. Modelling the world.




Teacher: guides students to identify fundamental issues in intelligent system

Students: Identify fundamental issue in intelligent system

Instructional Resource: charts showing critical issues in intelligent system.

11

LOGICAL REASONING

i. Introduction to propositional and predicate logical resolution

ii. Introduction to theorem proving


Teacher: introduces propositional and predicate logical resolution

Students: explain propositional and predicate resolution

Instructional Resource: charts showing points to note in proving of theorem.

12

Revisions

Revisions

13

Examinations

Examinations

14

Examinations

Examinations

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