The seminar programme will broadly follow the outline below, but may vary from it in a small number of cases.
1. Laurence Olivier, Henry V (1944). Kenneth Branagh, Henry V (1989).
2. Akira Kurosawa, Throne of Blood (1957). Roman Polanski, Macbeth (1971).
3. Orson Welles, Othello (1952). Franco Zeffirelli, Verdi, Otello (1986).
4. Franco Zeffirelli, Romeo and Juliet (1968). Kenneth MacMillan, Romeo and Juliet (1965; 2000, La Scala Ballet).
5. Kenneth Branagh, Twelfth Night (1988). Trevor Nunn, Twelfth Night (1995).
6. Peter Greenaway, Prospero’s Books (1991). Derek Jarman, The Tempest (1979).
7. Trevor Nunn, The Merchant of Venice (2003). Michael Radford, The Merchant of Venice (2004).
8. Trevor Nunn, King Lear (2007). Peter Brook, King Lear (1970).
9. Gregory Doran, Hamlet (2009). Grigori Kozintsev, Hamlet (1964).
10. Ralph Fiennes, Coriolanus (2011). Elijah Moshinsky, Coriolanus (1984, BBC).
Twenty films in ten seminars means that we are not, of course, able to accommodate all the films that have recently proved popular on the course, particularly:
Orson Welles, Macbeth (1948), and The Chimes at Midnight (1965), Joseph Mankiewicz, Julius Caesar (1953), Grigori Kozintsev, King Lear (1971), Akira Kurosawa, Ran (1985 – an adaptation of King Lear), Richard Loncraine, Richard III (1995), Kenneth Branagh, Hamlet (1996), Oliver Parker, Othello (1996), Michael Almereyda, Hamlet (2000), Julie Taymor, Titus (2000), and Joss Whedon, Much Ado About Nothing.
For assessed essays you may write about these, or any other films not on the seminar syllabus but with a Shakespeare text.
Shakespeare’s Problem Plays
Some of the reading for this course can be unusually demanding. In particular, I would recommend that you try to read Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde at least once over the summer. You might want to take a look, as well, at his Knight’s Tale. On the theory side of the module, I would strongly suggest that you use the summer to begin to make sense of Kant’s Critique of Judgment, as well as Hegel’s Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics. These two philosophical texts are long and notoriously difficult, but also central to the history of aesthetics, including the practice of literary criticism. Building familiarity now will be helpful later. Finally, I would urge you, if possible, to read as many of the assigned plays by Shakespeare as you can at least once over the summer. That way, during term, you will be free to review and analyse these plays, rather than encountering them for the first time.
For the first seminar, I would ask that you please come to class having read Aristotle’s Poetics, books 3 and 10 of Plato’s Republic, and Shakespeare’s play, A Midsummer Night’s Dream. I would also recommend reading Shakespeare, The Tempest, and an essay by William Rossky, “Imagination in the English Renaissance.” Please see below for further details. I will also circulate two short handouts: Aristotle, De anima, 3.3, on imagination, and Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 7.2-3, on the role of imagination in moral life. If you are not familiar with ancient philosophy, you may find it helpful to take a look at vol. 1, “Greece and Rome,” of Frederick Copleston’s multi-volume History of Philosophy, which provides pellucid summaries of Plato’s and Aristotle’s thought. Vols. 6 and 7 of this history, respectively, may also prove helpful, when you turn to Kant and Hegel.
Draft Seminar Programme
Michaelmas Term: Shakespeare and Aesthetics
Shakespeare and Imagination
Required: Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream; Aristotle, Poetics; Plato, Republic, Book 3, Book 10. Handouts: Aristotle, De Anima, brief excerpt; Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, brief excerpt.
Recommended: Shakespeare, The Tempest; Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Book 1. Frederick Copleston, History of Philosophy, vol. 1, “Greece and Rome,” excerpts. Handout: William Rossky, “The Imagination in the English Renaissance.” Follow-up field trip: find and audit lectures in the Classical and Biblical Backgrounds module on Plato and Aristotle.
Shakespeare, Sidney, and Neoplatonism
Required: Shakespeare, “The Phoenix and the Turtle”; Shakespeare, Love’s Labour’s Lost; Sir Philip Sidney, An Apology for Poetry. Handouts: Sidney, Astrophil and Stella, excerpts.
Recommended: Plato, Symposium, 189c ff.; Baldesar Castiglione, Book of the Courtier, Book 4; James Hankins, “Renaissance Philosophy and Book IV of Il Cortegiano” (available in the Norton Critical Edition of The Book of the Courtier).
Heavyweight Prussian Punch-out: Hegel vs. Kant
Required: Kant, Critique of Judgment, pp. tba; Hegel, Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics. Handout: Erin Sullivan, “Anti-Bardolatry through the Ages, or, Why Tolstoy, Wittgenstein, Voltaire, and Shaw Didn’t Like Shakespeare.”
Ending as aporia: All’s Well that End’s Well
Required: Shakespeare, All’s Well that Ends Well. Handouts: Cleanth Brooks, “Irony as a Principle of Structure,” Paul de Man, “Semiology and Rhetoric,” Walter Benn Michaels and Steven Knapp, “Against Theory.”
Recommended: M. H. Abrams, “The Deconstructive Angel” and “Construing and Deconstructing”; available in Abrams, Doing Things with Texts, or via JSTOR.
What is the sublime? Pondering the imponderable with Pericles
Required: Shakespeare and George Wilkins, Pericles. Handouts: Longinus on the sublime; Burke on the sublime. Kant, Critique of Judgment, pp. tba.
Paper #1: Are some of Shakespeare’s plays better than others? Why or why not?
Note: although it need not necessarily focus on these two philosophers, your paper should include some discussion of Hegel and Kant, as well as at least three of Shakespeare’s plays.
Epiphany Term: Shakespeare and His Sources
Sanguine Spectacle in Titus Andronicus
Required: Shakespeare (and George Peele?), Titus Andronicus; Seneca, Thyestes; Seneca, Trojan Women. Handouts: Ovid, Metamorphoses, “Philomela.”
Recommended: Virgil, Aeneid, especially book 4. Follow-up field trip: find and audit lectures in Classical and Biblical Backgrounds module on Ovid and Virgil.
Performance: Titus (1999), dir. Julie Taymor
“The root of all evil”: Friendship and Filthy Lucre in Malta, Venice, and Athens
Required: Christopher Marlowe, The Jew of Malta; William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice; William Shakespeare, Timon of Athens.
Recommended: David Bromwich, “What Shakespeare’s Heroes Learn.”
Performance: The Merchant of Venice (2004), dir. Michael Radford
Measuring Measure for Measure
Required: Shakespeare, Measure for Measure. Handouts: Johnson on Shakespeare; Coleridge on Shakespeare; Bakhtin, “Towards a Reworking of the Dostoyevsky Book.”
Recommended: William Hamlin, “Conscience and the God-Surrogate in Montaigne and Measure for Measure.” Field trip: find and audit the lecture on Bakhtin and dialogism in the Theory of Literature module.
Cressida and Criseyde
Required: Shakespeare, Troilus and Cressida; Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde.
Recommended: Jenni Nuttall, Troilus and Criseyde: A Reader’s Guide. Follow-up field trip: find and audit lectures on Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde.
How Noble Are the Two Noble Kinsmen?
Required: Shakespeare and John Fletcher, The Two Noble Kinsmen. Handout: Chaucer, The Knight’s Tale. Field trip: find and audit lectures on Chaucer’s Knight’s Tale.
Paper #2: Choose one of the following options.
Paper #2a: How does Shakespeare adapt the material that he finds in his sources?
Paper #2b: What is the problem in Shakespeare’s “problem plays”?
You are also welcome to combine 2a and 2b.
Note: your paper should include some discussion of Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida, as well as a minimum of two other plays by Shakespeare.
Works labelled “handouts” will be posted on Duo and/or circulated via email as .pdf files.
For Shakespeare’s plays, I would ask that we all please use the same standard individual critical editions of each play, published with extensive annotation by the Arden Shakespeare. New paperback editions range from £8 to £11. If cost is a problem, used editions of all these books are available on Amazon, and cost considerably less. Another option is to order copies of these books through your college library. Note that all of the college libraries have already been asked to order Arden Shakespeare editions as they become available; however, you may want to check and make sure that they have a copy, before you commit to relying on their provision. I would also recommend listening to audio recordings of the plays. The “Arkangel” series has put out CDs of all of Shakespeare’s plays.
For works other than Shakespeare’s plays, I would prefer that you use the editions I list here, if possible. Specifically, for ease of discussion in seminar, I would ask that you please either purchase or borrow the particular edition listed here (or a hardback version of the same edition) of the following texts by authors other than Shakespeare: Aristotle, Poetics; Sidney, An Apology for Poetry; Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde; Marlowe, The Jew of Malta; Kant, Critique of Judgment; and Hegel, Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics. I have made an effort to identify paperback editions of these works which are high-quality but still (relatively) inexpensive.
A Midsummer Night’s Dream, ed. Harold F. Brooks (Arden 2nd series, 1979) – ISBN-10 = 1903436605
The Tempest, ed. Alden T. Vaughan and Virginia Mason Vaughan (Arden 3rd series, 2011) – ISBN-10 = 1408133474
Titus Andronicus, ed. Jonathan Bate (Arden 3rd series, 1995) – IBSN-10 = 1903436052
Love’s Labour’s Lost, ed. H. W. Woudhuysen (Arden 3rd series, 1998) – ISBN-10 = 19904271103
Merchant of Venice, ed. John Drakakis (Arden 3rd series, 2011) – ISBN-10 = 1903436818
Measure for Measure, ed. J. W. Lever (Arden 2nd series, 1967) – ISBN-10 = 1903436443
All’s Well That Ends Well, ed. G. K. Hunter (Arden 2nd series, 1967) – ISBN-10 = 1903436230
Troilus and Cressida, ed. David Bevington (Arden 3rd series, 1998) – ISBN-10 = 1903436699
Timon of Athens, ed. Anthony B. Dawson and Gretchen S. Minton (Arden 3rd series, 2008) – ISBN-10 = 190343974
Pericles, ed. Suzanne Gossett (Arden 3rd series, 2004) – ISBN-10 = 1903436850
Two Noble Kinsmen, ed. Lois Potter (Arden 3rd series, 2004) – ISBN-10 = 1904271189
Authors other than Shakespeare
Plato, Republic, trans. Benjamin Jowett (Vintage Classics, 1994) – ISBN-10 = 0679733876 [£5.95]
Plato, Symposium, trans. Seth Benardete (Chicago UP, 2001) – ISBN-10 = 0226042758 [£12.50]
Aristotle, Poetics, trans. George Whalley (McGill-Queen’s UP, 1997) – ISBN-10 = 0773516123 [£18.50]
Immanuel Kant, Critique of Judgment, trans. Werner S. Pluhar (Hackett, 1987) – ISBN-10 = 0872200256 [£13.95]
Georg W. F. Hegel, Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics, trans. Bernard Bosanquet (Penguin Classics, 1993) – ISBN-10 = 014043335X [£8.92]
Seneca, Six Tragedies, trans. Emily Wilson (Oxford World’s Classics, 2010) – ISBN-10 = 0192807064 [£7.23]
Baldesar Castiglione, The Book of the Courtier, trans. Charles S. Singleton, ed. Daniel Javitch (Norton Critical Edition, 2002) – ISBN-10 = 0393976068 [£10.95]
Sir Philip Sidney, An Apology for Poetry, ed. R. W. Maslen (Manchester UP, 2002) – ISBN-10 = 0719053765 [£10.79]
Christopher Marlowe, The Jew of Malta, ed. James R. Siemon (New Mermaids series, 2009) – ISBN-10 = 071367766X [£7.99]
Geoffrey Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde, ed. Stephen A. Barney (W. W. Norton, 2006) – ISBN-10 = 0393927555 [£8.95]
Jenni Nuttall, ‘Troilus and Criseyde’: A Reader’s Guide (Cambridge UP, 2012) [£15.99] – ISBN-10 = 0521138760
Please note for the sake of brevity I have omitted criticism focused on any one single play by Shakespeare, with the exception of one play, The Noble Kinsmen, which is less well-covered than usual in extant scholarship. Especially helpful sources are marked with an asterisk (*).
Shakespeare – General Criticism
For general bibliography on Shakespeare, see the reading list for the Shakespeare module.
*A. D. Nuttall, Shakespeare the Thinker (Yale UP, 2008)
*Jonathan Bate, Soul of the Age: The Life, Mind, and World of William Shakespeare (Penguin, 2009)
*David Bevington, Shakespeare’s Ideas: More Things in Heaven and Earth (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008)
*John D. Cox, Seeming Knowledge: Shakespeare and Skeptical Faith (Baylor UP, 2007)
Online concordance: http://www.opensourceshakespeare.org/concordance/
Shakespeare – Historical Criticism
*Great Shakespeareans, vols. 1-17, ed. Peter Holland and Adrian Poole
*Shakespeare: The Critical Heritage: 1623-1801, vols. 1-6, ed. Brian Vickers
George Bernard Shaw, Shaw on Shakespeare, ed. Edwin Wilson (Applause, 2002)
*The Romantics on Shakespeare, ed. Jonathan Bate (Penguin, 1997)
S. T. Coleridge, Coleridge on Shakespeare: The Text of the Lectures of 1811-12, ed. R. A. Foakes (Routledge, 1971; rpt. 2008)
*S. T. Coleridge, Coleridge’s Criticism of Shakespeare: A Selection, ed. R. A. Foakes (Continuum, 1989)
Samuel Johnson, Johnson on Shakespeare, ed. R. W. Desai (Sangam, 1985)
Samuel Johnson, Johnson on Shakespeare, ed. H. R. Woudhuysen (Penguin, 1989)
Johnson, Samuel. Johnson on Shakespeare, ed. A. Sherbo, in The Works of Samuel Johnson, vols. 7-8 (Yale UP, 1968)
*Fred Parker, Johnson’s Shakespeare (Clarendon, 1989)
Shakespeare – Problem Plays
Simon Barker, ed. Shakespeare’s Problem Plays: All’s Well that Ends Well, Measure for Measure, Troilus and Cressida. New Casebooks series. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
F. S. Boas, Shakspere and His Predecessors (J. Murray, 1896) [Note: origin of the concept of the Shakespearean “problem play.”]
Maurice Charney, ed. ‘Bad’ Shakespeare: Revaluations of the Shakespeare Canon (Fairleigh-Dickinson UP, 1988)
Richard Hillman, Shakespeare’s Problem Plays (Twayne, 1993)
W. W. Lawrence, Shakespeare’s Problem Comedies (Macmillan, 1931)
Jean-Pierre Macquerlot, Shakespeare and the Mannerist Tradition: A Reading of Five Problem Plays (Cambridge UP, 1996)
David Margolies, Shakespeare’s Irrational Endings: The Problem Plays (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)
*Kenneth Muir and Stanley Wells, ed. Aspects of Shakespeare’s Problem Plays: All’s Well that Ends Well, Measure for Measure, and Troilus and Cressida (Cambridge UP, 1982)
*A. D. Nuttall, Timon of Athens (Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1986)
*A. P. Rossiter, Angel with Horns: Fifteen Lectures on Shakespeare (Longman, 1989)
*E. M. W. Tillyard, Shakespeare's Problem Plays. (London: Chatto and Windus, 1949)
Richard Wheeler, Shakespeare’s Development and the Problem Comedies: Turn and Counter-Turn (U of California P, 1981)
Shakespeare – Two Noble Kinsmen
Paula Berggren, “For what we lack, we laugh,” Incompletion and The Two Noble Kinsmen,” Modern Language Studies 14 (1984), 3-17
Julia Briggs, “Tears at the Wedding: Shakespseare’s Last Phase,” 210-27, in Shakespeare’s Late Plays: New Readings, ed. Jennifer Richards and James Knowles (1999)
Douglas Bruster, “The Jailer’s Daughter and the Politics of Madwomen’s Language,” Shakespeare Quarterly 46 (1995): 277-300.
Philip Edwards, “On the Design of The Two Noble Kinsmen,” Review of English Literature (1964): 89-105
Philip J. Finkelpearl, “Two Distincts, Division None: Shakespeare and Fletcher’s The Two Noble Kinsmen of 1613,” 184-99, in Elizabethan Theatre: Essays in Honor of S. Schoenbaum, ed. R. Parker and S. P. Zitner (1996)
Peter Hadorn, “The Two Noble Kinsmen and the Problem of Chivalry,” Studies in Medievalism 4 (1992): 45-57
Richard Hillman, “Shakespeare’s Romantic Innocents and the Misappropriation of the Romance Past,” Shakespeare Survey 43 (1991): 69-79
Lynne Magnusson, “The Collapse of Shakespeare’s High Style in The Two Noble Kinsmen,” English Studies in Canada 13 (1987): 375-90
Theodore Spencer, “The Two Noble Kinsmen,” Modern Philology 36 (1939): 255-76
Shakespeare as Collaborator
Kenneth Muir, Shakespeare as Collaborator (Routledge, 1960)
*Brian Vickers, Shakespeare, Co-Author: A Historical Study of Five Collaborative Plays (Oxford UP, 2002)
Shakespeare’s Sources – Classical and Biblical
*Jonathan Bate, Shakespeare and Ovid (Clarendon, 1994)
*Jonathan Bate and Eric Rasmussen, eds. Titus Andronicus and Timon of Athens: Two Classical Plays (Royal Shakespeare Company, 2011)
*Anthony J. Boyle, Tragic Seneca: An Essay in the Theatrical Tradition (Routledge, 1997)
*Colin Burrow, Shakespeare and Classical Antiquity (Oxford UP, 2013)
*Hannibal Hamlin, The Bible in Shakespeare (Oxford UP, 2013)
Craig Kallendorf, The Other Virgil: Pessimistic Readings of The Aeneid in Early Modern Culture (Oxford UP, 2007)
*Shakespeare and the Classics, ed. Charles Martindale and A. B. Taylor (Cambridge UP, 2011)
Robert S. Miola, Shakespeare and Tragedy: The Influence of Seneca (Clarendon, 1992)
Shakespeare and Chaucer
*Muriel Bradbrook, “What Shakespeare did to Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde,” Shakespeare Quarterly 9 (1958), 311-19
Neville Coghill, “Shakespeare’s Reading Chaucer,” Elizabethan and Jacobean Studies Presented to F. P. Wilson, ed. H. Davis and H. Gardner (Oxford, 1959)
*Helen Cooper, “Jacobean Chaucer: The Two Noble Kinsmen and Other Chaucerian Plays,” 1989-210, in Refiguring Chaucer in the Renaissance, ed. Theresa M. Krier (1998)
E. Talbot Donaldson, The Swan at the Well: Shakespeare Reading Chaucer (Yale UP, 1985)
H. E. Rollins, “The Troilus-Cressida Story from Chaucer to Shakespeare,” PMLA 32 (1917), 383-429
*Ann Thompson, Shakespeare’s Chaucer: A Study in Literary Origins (Liverpool UP, 1978)
For bibliography on Chaucer, including criticism specific to Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde, please see the reading list for the Chaucer module.
For general bibliography, see the reading list for the module on literary theory.
*M. H. Abrams, Doing Things With Texts (W. W. Norton, 1991)
*Harold Bloom, The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry (Oxford UP, 1997)
Against Theory: Literary Study and the New Pragmatism, ed. W. J. T. Mitchell (U of Chicago P, 1985)
*A. D. Nuttall, A New Mimesis: Shakespeare and the Representation of Reality (Yale UP, 2007)
Kant -- General Introduction
*Roger Scruton, Kant: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford UP, 2001)
*Frederick Copleston, S. J., A History of Philosophy, vol. 6 (Continuum, 2003)
Hegel – General Introduction
*Frederick Beiser, Hegel (Routledge, 2005)
*Stephen Houlgate, Freedom, Truth, and History: An Introduction to Hegel’s Philosophy (Wiley-Blackwell, 2005)
Ivan Soll, An Introduction to Hegel’s Metaphysics (U of Chicago P, 1969)
*Charles Taylor, Hegel (Cambridge UP, 1977)
*Frederick Copleston, S. J., A History of Philosophy, vol. 7 (Continuum, 2003)
Aesthetics – General Introduction
*Monroe Beardsley, Aesthetics from Classical Greece to the Present (Macmillan, 1966)
Andrew Bowie, Aesthetics and Subjectivity: From Kant to Nietzsche (Manchester UP, 1993)
Emily Brady, The Sublime in Modern Philosophy: Ethics, Aesthetics, and Nature (Cambridge UP, 2013)
Stefanie Buchenau, The Founding of Aesthetics in the German Enlightenment: The Art of Invention and the Invention of Art (Cambridge UP, 2013)
Timothy Costelloe, ed. The Sublime: From Antiquity to the Present (Cambridge UP, 2013)
*Paul Guyer, A History of Modern Aesthetics. 3 vols. (Cambridge UP, 2014)
Kai Hammermeister, The German Aesthetic Tradition (Cambridge UP, 2002)
John Shannon Hendrix, Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Spirit. From Plotinus to Schelling and Hegel (Peter Lang, 2005)
Kirk Pillow, Sublime Understanding: Aesthetic Reflection in Kant and Hegel (MIT, 2000)
Rudolf A. Makkreel, “Aesthetics,” Vol. 1, pp. 516-66, in Knud Haakonssen, ed., The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy (Cambridge UP, 2006)
Anne Sheppard, Aesthetics: an Introduction to the Philosophy of Art (Oxford UP, 1987)
Aesthetics – Hegel
Karl Ameriks, “Hegel's Aesthetics: New Perspectives on its Response to Kant and Romanticism,” Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45/6 (2002): 72–92.
*Jennifer Bates, Hegel and Shakespeare on Moral Imagination (SUNY, 2010).
*Stephen Bungay, Beauty and Truth. A Study of Hegel's Aesthetics (Oxford UP, 1984).
William Desmond, Art and the Absolute. A Study of Hegel's Aesthetics (SUNY, 1986).
Brian K. Etter, Between Transcendence and Historicism. The Ethical Nature of the Arts in Hegelian Aesthetics (SUNY, 2006)
*Patrick Gardiner “Kant and Hegel on Aesthetics,” 161-71, in Hegel's Critique of Kant, ed. S. Priest (Oxford UP, 1987)
Paul Guyer, “Hegel on Kant's Aesthetics: Necessity and Contingency in Beauty and Art,” 81-99, in Hegel und die “Kritik der Urteilskraft,” eds. H.-F. Fulda and R.-P. Horstmann (Klett-Cotta, 1990)
Walter Kaufmann, "Hegel's Ideas about Tragedy," 201-220, in: New Studies in Hegel's Philosophy, ed. Warren E. Steinkraus (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)
William Maker, ed. Hegel and Aesthetics (SUNY, 2000)
*Anne Paolucci and Henry Paolucci, eds. Hegel on Tragedy (Harper & Row, 1975)
*Robert B. Pippin “The Absence of Aesthetics in Hegel's Aesthetics,” 394–418, in The Cambridge Companion to Hegel and Nineteenth-Century Philosophy, ed. F.C. Beiser (Cambridge UP, 2008)
Mark William Roche, Tragedy and Comedy. A Systematic Study and a Critique of Hegel (SUNY, 1998)
*Robert Wicks, “Hegel's Aesthetics: An Overview,” 348-77, in The Cambridge Companion to Hegel, ed. F.C. Beiser (Cambridge UP, 1993)
Robert Wicks, Hegel's Theory of Aesthetic Judgment (Peter Lang, 1994).
Aesthetics – Kant
Ted Cohen and Paul Guyer, Essays in Kant's Aesthetics (Chicago UP, 1982)
Donald W. Crawford, “Comparative Aesthetic Judgments and Kant's Aesthetic Theory,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 38 (1980):289-298.
*Paul Crowther, The Kantian Sublime (Clarendon, 1989)
R. K. Elliott, “The Unity of Kant's ‘Critique of Aesthetic Judgement’,” British Journal of Aesthetics, 8(1968): 244–259.
Hannah Ginsborg, “Kant on Aesthetic and Biological Purposiveness,” 329-60, in Reclaiming the History of Ethics, ed. A. Reath, B. Herman, and C. Korsgaard (Cambridge UP, 1997)
T. Gracyk. “Sublimity, Ugliness, and Formlessness in Kant's Aesthetic Theory,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 45 (1986): 49–56.
Paul Guyer, Kant and the Claims of Taste (Harvard UP, 1979)
---, Kant and the Experience of Freedom (Cambridge UP, 1993)
---, ed., Kant's Critique of the Power of Judgment: Critical Essays (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003)
---, Values of Beauty: Historical Essays in Aesthetics (Cambridge UP, 2005)
F. Hughes, “On Aesthetic Judgement and our Relation to Nature: Kant's Concept of Purposiveness,” Inquiry, 49 (2006): 547–572.
*Salim Kemal, Kant’s Aesthetic Theory: An Introduction (St. Martin’s, 1992)
Patricia Kitcher, Kant's Transcendental Psychology (Oxford UP, 1990)
Jane Kneller, “Kant's Concept of Beauty,” History of Philosophy Quarterly, 3 (1986): 311–24.
---, Kant and the Power of Imagination (Cambridge UP, 2007)
K. Makkai, “Kant on Recognizing Beauty,” European Journal of Philosophy, 18 (2009): 385–413.
Christian Helmut Wenzel,“Kant's Aesthetics: Overview and Recent Literature,” Philosophy Compass, 4: 3 (2009): 380–406.
*Robert Wicks, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Judgment (Routledge, 2007)
J. H. Zammito, The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment (Chicago UP, 1992)