Transport Infrastructure Investment Sector Project
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
A process that (i) begins early in the PPTA and is carried out on an ongoing basis throughout the project cycle; (ii) provides timely disclosure of relevant and adequate information that is understandable and readily accessible to affected people; (iii) is undertaken in an atmosphere free of intimidation or coercion; (iv) is gender inclusive and responsive, and tailored to the needs of disadvantaged and vulnerable groups; and (v) enables the incorporation of all relevant views of affected people and other stakeholders into decision- making, such as project design, mitigation measures, the sharing of development benefits and opportunities, and implementation measures. This follows the principles of free, prior, and informed consultation (FPIC).
In the context of involuntary resettlement, displaced persons are those who are physically displaced (relocation, loss of residential land, or loss of shelter) and/or economically displaced (loss of land, assets, access to assets, income sources, or means of livelihoods) as a result of (i) involuntary acquisition of land, or (ii) involuntary restrictions on land use or on access to legally designated parks and protected areas.
All persons living in the project impact zone whether they are land owning, tenants or without title to land. Terms of affected persons and displaced persons are used interchangeably in this report, they have the same meaning.
This is a generic term used to refer to a distinct, vulnerable, social and cultural group possessing the following characteristics in varying degrees: (i) self- identification as members of a distinct indigenous cultural group and recognition of this identity by other groups; (ii) collective attachment to geographically distinct habitats or ancestral territories in the project area and natural resources in these habitats and territories; (iii) customary cultural, economic, social, or political institutions separate from those of the dominant society and culture; and (iv) a distinct language, often different from the official language of the country or region. Many indigenous peoples have become minorities in their own country, but in Fiji they remain the majority and do not suffer specific discrimination or disadvantage.
This means relocation, loss of residential land, or loss of shelter as a result of (i) involuntary acquisition of land, or (ii) involuntary restrictions on land use or on access to legally designated parks and protected areas.
Loss of land, assets, access to assets, income sources, or means of livelihoods as a result of (i) involuntary acquisition of land, or (ii) involuntary restrictions on land use or on access to legally designated parks and protected areas.
The process of ensuring that gender concerns and women’s needs and perspectives are explicitly considered in projects and programs, and that women participate in the decision-making processes associated with development-based activities.
Country safeguard system
This is the legal and institutional framework of Fiji and it consists of its national, sub-national, or sectoral implementing institutions and relevant laws, regulations, rules, and procedures that pertain to the policy areas of social safeguards (social and environmental).
The loss of 10% or more of productive assets (income generation) or physical displacement and/or both.
Indigenous Fijian people. iTaukei land is customarily owned
Indigenous Fijian clan who are usually the landowning unit.
Administrative leader of a village in Fiji.
Table of Contents
B.Objectives of the Resettlement Framework 8
C.Legal and Policy Framework 9
D.Project Principles, Entitlements and Procedures 17
E.Assessment of Impacts and Preparation of LARP 22
Subproject Screening 22
Initial Social Assessment 23
Preparation of LARP for Subprojects 23
F.Consultation, Participation and Disclosure 24
G.Compensation Payment, Income Restoration, and Relocation 26
H.Grievance Redress Mechanism 26
I.Institutional Arrangements and Implementation 28