Cranial 1non-metric traits



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CRANIAL 1NON-METRIC TRAITS


Specimen No:

Site/Project:

Sex: M F ?

Burial Number:

Recorder:

Age:

Institution:

Date Examined (mm/dd/yyyy):














































Non-metric Trait

Left

Right

1

Metopic suture 0=absent; 1=present; 2 trace only; 3=persists on glabella; 4=horizontal ridge; 5=other; 6=horizontal + vertical







2

Frontal groove 0=absent; 1=single; 2=multiple







3

Supraorbital structure 0=absence; 1=single foramen; 2=double foramen; 3=single notch; 4=double notch; 5=notch + foramen; 6=medial spurred notch; 7=lateral spurred notch; 8=medial + lateral spurred notch







4

Spina trochlea 0=absent; 1=present







5

Infraorbital foramen 0=absent; 1=single; 2=double (two); 3=divided







6

Zygo-facial foramen 0=absent; 1=single; 2=double; 3=three or more







7

Infraorbital suture 0=absent; 1=present







8

Multiple ethmoidal foramina 0=absent; 1=present







9

Nasal frontal suture 1=round; 2=angled; 3=flattened; 4=omega; 5=irregular







10

Nasal bone shape 1=rectangle; 2=triangle; 3=hour-glass; 4=irregular







11

Nasal suture deflection 0=none; 1=right; 2=left; 3=irregular







12

Subnasal 1=sharp; 2=blurred; 3=groove; 4=sulcus







13

Marginal tubercle 0=none; 1=slight; 2=moderate; 3=marked







14

Palatine torus 0=none; 1=straight mound; 2=medium mound; 3=marked mound; 4=long, narrow ridge; 5=lump (irregular); 6=cleft palate







15

Os japonicum 0=none; 1=present; 2=trace anterior; 3=trace posterior; 4=trace anterior and posterior; 5=internal only







16

Maxillary torus 0=none; 1=lingual; 2=buccal; 3=lingual + buccal







17

Pterygo-spinous bridge 0=none; 1=basal ridge; 2=basal + foramen; 3=spinous bridge; 4=spinous + foramen; 5=basal +spinous bridge; 6=spino-basal bridge







18

Ovale-spinosum 1=normal; 2=spinosum open; 3=ovale spinosum confluence; 4=ovale enlarged; 5=divided ovale; 6=ovale open; 7=ovale and spinosum open







19

Anterior condylar canal 1=single; 2=divided; 3=spurred; 4=double; 5= divided + spurred







20

Posterior condylar canal 1=single; 2=divided; 3=spurred; 4=double; 5= divided + spurred







21

Precondylar 0=absent; 1=facet medial; 2=slight tubercle bilateral; 3=moderate tubercle bilateral; 4=R+L-; 5=R-L+; 6=R+; 7=L+; 8=R-; 9=L-







22

Jugular foramen asymmetry 0=R=L; 1=R>L; 2=R







23

Pharyngeal fossa 0=none; 1=present; 2=>mm in depth







24

Ossified apical 0=absent; 1=slight; 2=medium; 3=marked







25

Paramastoid 0=absent; 1=slight; 2=medium; 3=marked







26

Mastoid suture 0=absent; 1=present







27

Mastoid suture exsutural 1=temporal bone; 2=occipito-mastoid suture; 3=occipital bone; 4=suture + temporal (2 foramina); 5=suture and occipital







28

Cribra orbitalia 0=absent; 1=present; 2=trace







29

Parietal foramen 0=absent; 1=single; 2=double; 3=triple; 4=4 or more; 5=on suture; 6=single + suture; 7=double + suture; 8=triple + suture; 9=single but enlarged







30

Coronal wormian 0=none; 1=single; 2=two; 3=three; 4=four; 5=five; 6=six or more







31

Bregmatic bone 0=none; 1=bone; 2=bulge; 3=small wormian







32

Sagittal wormian 0=none; 1=single; 2=two; 3=three; 4=four; 5=five; 6=six or more







33

Lamboidal wormian 0=none; 1=single; 2=two; 3=three; 4=four; 5=five; 6=six or more








CRANIAL NON-METRIC TRAITS (Continued)


Specimen No:

Site/Project:

Sex: M F ?

Burial Number:

Recorder:

Age:

Institution:

Date Examined (mm/dd/yyyy):











































34

Lambdic bone 0=absent; 1=wormian bone; 2=bone; 3=os inca; 4=half os inca; 5=tripartite os inca; 6=os inca + bone; 7=bipartite os inca; 8=trace; 9=1/3 os inca

35

Vault form 1=haus form; 2=hayrick; 3=round; 4=triangular

36

Sagittal keeling 0=none; 1=slight; 2=medium; 3=marked; 4=slight groove; 5=medium groove; 6=marked groove; 7=anterior ridge and posterior depression

37

Occipital form 1=mound; 2=ridge; 3=inion; 4=mound + ridge; 5=mound + inion; 6=ridge + inion; 7=mound + ridge +inion; 8=bilateral ridge

38

Sagittal-bregma deflection 0=none; 1=right; 2=left; 3=irregular







39

Pterion 1=H-form; 2=I-form; 3=X-form; 4=epipteric bone; 5=K-form; 6=multiple epipteric bones;

7=K + epipteric; 8=narrow H-form









40

Parietal notch 0=none; 1=present; 2=bone







41

Asterionic bone 0=absent; 1=present







42

Tympanic thickening 0=absent; 1=present







43

Tympanic dehiscence 0=absent; 1=present







44

Tympanic marginal foramen 0=absent; 1=present







45

Auditory exostoses 0=absent; 1=present







46

Mandibular torus 0=none; 1=slight; 2=medium; 3=marked







47

Mylohyoid bridge 0=none; 1=arch [proximal bridge]; 2=distal bridge; 3=complete [proximal +distal bridge] 4=spur [incipient bridge]







48

Multiple mandibular foramina 0=absent; 1=present







49

Multiple mental foramen 0=absent; 1=present







50

Rocker jaw 0=none; 1=present complete; 2=partial, anterior; 3=partial, posterior







51

Chin form 0=median point; 1=bilateral point; 2=median + bilateral; 3=median + angled inferiorly; 4=bilateral +angled inferiorly; 5=medial + bilateral +angled; 6=angled inferiorly







52

Ramus shape 1=coronoid > condyle; 2=condyle > coronoid; 3=condyle=coronoid








University of Hawai‘i-Mānoa Osteology Laboratory (1992)





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