Chapter 4 Competition for Trade Name: Chapter Inquiry



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The Impact of Contact – the fur trade resulted in many long-term changes.

Positive Impacts:

  • First Nations and Europeans get to know each other.

  • They copied each other’s ways of doing things.

  • They borrowed each other’s technologies.

Negative Impacts

  • Many First Nations died of diseases previously unknown to them.

  • European governments claimed First Nations lands as their own.

  • First Nations lost their traditional ways of life.

  • They lost their lands

  • The First Nations became dependent on European goods.

  • Lost their languages.

Fort Whoop-Up and the Whiskey Trade – page 95.

  1. What was a common trading item in 1860? Alcohol. There was no police force in Canada so you could do as you liked. The free traders would trade alcohol for buffalo hides.

  2. Fort Whoop-up was built in 1869 by J. J. Healy and Alfred Hamilton. Whisky was made from many ingredients including (5 Marks) pure alcohol, tea leaves, rotten chewing tobacco, painkillers, red pepper, lye, ginger, soap, red ink, and molasses. This caused many First Nations People to become so sick that they couldn’t care for their families, and some even ended up dying from it’s poisons.

What new “dual heritage” culture was created? Metis. What people are considered to be a member of this group? The children of First Nations women and European traders.
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