This Thesis is submitted to the Tribhuvan University
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for
The degree of Master of Philosophy in Education
The purpose of this study was to discover a bully's practice in community school for which I applied the qualitative approach. The principal research question of my study was: How do bullies construct their knowledge of school bullying? To ease my study, four subsidiary questions were formulated focusing on formation, contribution, distribution and limitation of bullying knowledge in family and school. The literature review covered the general thoughts, ideas and theories of different researchers regarding school bullying. By way of theoretical closures, I had made up my mind to use the theories of culture, patriarchy, conflict, cognitive, pedagogy and social injustice. But in field, I found other theories which were linked with the motives of bullies. For this qualitative study, I adopted the methods of case study, interview and observation. Three cases of bullies from three community schools were selected purposively for this study. I chose their class teacher, head teacher, victim and parents for validation of my study. For data gathering, I used in depth interviews with the bullies and the people related with them. Later on, the activities of respondents were observed using unobtrusive observation technique. The data were analyzed with theories based on the motives of them. The motives behind bullying were power showing, peer pressure, hegemony, home, society and school environment, labeling, love, politics, patriarchy and emotional patterns.
By analyzing and interpreting the data, I traced out my summary, discussion and conclusions. These were focused on families' roles, schools' contribution responsible for creating bullying. At the end of this study, the reflection and implication were developed in the education sector on the basis of findings. At time of focusing my insight, my thinking was concentrated for reducing the bullying situations so that the education sector could flourish. For development of education sector, I linked my implication with teacher training, education appropriateness, affective education, social justice, equity and equality in classrooms, peaceful and understanding environment, School Management Committee (SMC) members election and selection, parents awareness about their children, code of conduct for institutions, female empowerment and peace and stability. The implications from this study may shed light on ways for improving the bullying situation in order to create a conducive environment for teaching in schools.
I feel very fortunate to dedicate this dissertation at the holy foot of my god parents Ram Chandra Sah and Bechani Devi Sah who devoted their whole life to see this moment in my degree of education. I got very precious and golden life under their blessing to elevate my life. Without their encouragement and inspiration, I could not have availed of this opportunity.
Title Bullying in Community Schools: A Bully's Practice
Degree Master of Philosophy
Year This Degree Granted 2011 A.D.
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The author reserves publication and other rights in association with the copy right in the thesis, and except as herein before provided neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatever without the author's permission.
Karjanha VDC Ward No. 4
Siraha, Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal
Date: -14th July, 2011
I hereby declare that this thesis has not been submitted for the candidature for any other degree.
I understand that my thesis will become part of permanent collection of Tribhuvan University Library. My signature below authorizes release of my thesis to any readers upon request.
The undersigned certify that they have read, and recommended to the Faculty of Education, Tribhuvan University for acceptance, the thesis entitled BULLYING IN COMMUNITY SCHOOLS: A BULLY'S PRACTICE submitted by Birendra Kumar Sah in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY in Faculty of Education with specialization in EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP.
I express whole hearted thanks to my family members, friends, teachers and Rakshya Nepal who contributed their effort and support for making this research possible. I would like to express sincere gratitude to my thesis supervisor, Prof. Dr. Bidya Nath Koirala, who stimulated me continuously and guided my study rigorously. I am very obliged for his useful comments which were source of inspiration for me. Without his tremendous guidance and support, this study could not be possible.
I am indebted to my external examiners Prof. Dr. Dibya Man Karmacharya and Prof. Dr. Chandreshwar Mishra and research committee member Prof. Dr. Basudev Kafle for their valuable suggestions to complete the thesis in the present form.
My sincere thanks to Rakshya Nepal, the only social organization dedicated entirely to combating the problem of school bullying in Nepal as well as the SAARC region, for providing me a research grant as well as valuable reference materials. My special thanks to Dr. Niti Rana, Chairperson of Rakshya Nepal for helping me to rectify my writing errors and Ms. Anu K.C., Secretary at Rakshya Nepal, for providing books and other documents related to school bullying.
My appreciation extends to Mr. Dor Prasad Aachary, assistant headmaster of Bal Uddhar Higher Secondary School, Kapan; Mrs. Narmada Pokharel, head teacher of Jan Kalyan Higher Secondary School, Mahakal and Mr. Mukund Budhathoki, headmaster of Yagymati Secondary School, Payutar. The teachers Mr. Laxmi Pd. Dahal and Mrs. Kiran Khadaka who helped for picking out the bully students from their respective schools and other teacher friends deserve special thanks for their support. I am very thankful to the students, parents and key informants.
I would like to extend my thanks to Dr. Lava Deo Awasthi and Dr. Dil Prasad Shrestha who read through my thesis and provided me with very important feedback. Also, a special gratitude extends to my close friend; Bishnu Mishra who supported me when I needed his help during this research. Besides, my special thanks goes to Mr. Noor Jang Shah who helped me to rectify the APA format of thesis. Finally, I want to extend my love and appreciations for my wife, Kiran Sah; daughter, Kajol Sah and son, Kayur Sah for their support in my work.