Belgium Identification Title of the survey: Enquête sur les forces de travail 2010 Organisation responsible



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Belgium

Identification

Title of the survey: Enquête sur les forces de travail 2010

Organisation responsible: SPF Economie, Direction Générale Statistique et Information Economique

Objectives of the survey: Le but principal de l'enquête est de ventiler la population en âge de travailler (15 ans et plus) en trois groupes (personnes ayant un emploi, chômeurs et inactifs), conformément aux critères du Bureau international du Travail (BIT), et de fournir des données descriptives et explicatives sur chacune de ces catégories.

Date: 28/07/2011

Periodicity and coverage

Periodicity of data collection: Continuously (every week)

Geographical coverage: Whole country

Population coverage: Whole population excluding the following groups: Non-settled population and persons living in institutions

The survey covers: The usual residents present and the usual residents temporarily absent

Definition of usual resident: Pour l’Enquête sur les forces de travail, un échantillon est tiré de la population inscrite au Registre national. Le Registre national renferme la population légale telle qu’elle est enregistrée dans les registres d’état civil des communes. Il compte 4 sous-registres: (1) le registre de population (les Belges résidant dans une commune belge et les étrangers titulaires d’un permis de séjour permanent) ; (2) le registre des étrangers (étrangers avec un permis de séjour provisoire) comportant également les réfugiés reconnus et les demandeurs d’asile régularisés ; (3) le registre des fonctionnaires de l’Union Européenne; (4) les étrangers privilégiés de l’OTAN (l'Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord) et du SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe)

Definition of household and household members: Le ménage est constitué, soit par une personne vivant habituellement seule, soit par deux ou plusieurs personnes qui, unies ou non par des liens de parenté, occupent habituellement un même logement et y vivent en commun.

Usual household members who are temporarily absent are enumerated in the survey: Yes, including labour related questions

Age coverage: The labour related questions of the survey relate to the population of 15 years old and over

Topics covered:

Demographic characteristics: age, sex, marital status, place/country of birth, nationality, place/country of previous residence, educational attainment, relationship to household head, disability

Main labour related characteristics: employment, unemployment, underemployment, hours of work, wages, employment related benefits, training received, absence from work

Other labour related characteristics: industry, occupation, status in employment, institutional sector (public/private), size of establishment, full time/part time status, permanency of the job, duration of employment, existence of more than one job, characteristics of the second job(s), duration of unemployment, previous working experience, characteristics of the last job, search for another job, reasons for seeking another job, methods of looking for work, registration as unemployed, transition from school to work, transition from work to retirement

Other characteristics:

Concepts and definitions

Current employment

Definition of employment: Les personnes ayant un emploi sont des personnes qui, pendant la semaine de référence, ont effectué un travail quelconque en échange d’un salaire ou pour s’assurer d’un bénéfice, ou qui détenaient un emploi mais étaient temporairement absentes. La main-d’œuvre familiale est comprise dans cette catégorie.

Employment refers to people who during the reference period:

- worked for one hour or more for wage or salary, in cash or in kind

- worked for one hour or more for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind

- were temporarily not at work and had a formal attachment to a wage employment job

- were temporarily not at work and had an enterprise

- worked for at least one hour without pay on a family business or farm



Reference period for employment: A specifically determined fixed week

Comments: the sample is evenly spread over the the assigned reference weeks in a year

Current unemployment

Definition of unemployment: Les chômeurs sont toutes les personnes qui : (a) étaient sans travail pendant la semaine de référence, c’est-à-dire qui n’ont pas travaillé en tant que salarié ou non salarié (pendant au moins une heure) ; (b) étaient disponibles pour travailler, c'est-à-dire pour commencer une activité en tant que salarié ou non salarié dans un délai de deux semaines après la semaine de référence ; (c) étaient à la recherche active d'un travail, c'est-à-dire qui avaient entrepris des démarches spécifiques en vue de trouver un emploi salarié ou non salarié pendant une période de quatre semaines se terminant à la fin de la semaine de référence, ou qui avaient trouvé un travail à commencer plus tard, c’est-à-dire endéans une période maximale de trois mois.

Unemployment refers to people who during the reference period: Are without work, available to work and actively seeking work

Reference period for seeking work: Four weeks: the three weeks preceding the reference week and the reference week

Reference period for availability for work: The two weeks following the interview date (moving)

Underemployment

Underemployment concept measured: Time related underemployment

Definition of underemployment related to working time: Le sous-emploi lié à la durée du travail fait référence aux personnes souhaitant travailler plus d'heures qu'actuellement.

Underemployment refers to employed persons who: are willing to work additional hours in general

Information collected on the number of hours of work wanted/ available for: Yes

Hours of work

The survey measures: hours actually worked, usual hours and contractual hours

Information is collected for: main and secondary job(s) separately

Reference period used for the measure of hours of work: a week

Actual hours of work are collected for: the week as a whole

Separate information is collected for overtime hours: yes

Definition of overtime hours: Sont considérées comme des heures supplémentaires toutes les heures, rémunérées ou non, effectuées au-delà de la durée normale de travail, laquelle désigne le nombre d'heures fixé dans chaque pays par la législation, par accords collectifs [...], ou, à défaut d'une durée normale ainsi déterminée, le nombre d'heures au-delà duquel tout travail effectué est rémunéré aux taux des heures supplémentaires ou constitue une exception aux règles ou usages admis pour l'établissement ou les travaux considérés.

Separate information is collected for absence hours: no

Separate information is collected for working time arrangements: no

Time unit used in the measure of hours of work: exact hours

Income from paid employment

The components of income for which separate statistics are available are: regular cash earnings

Income from paid employment covered: Net of compulsory contributions to social security schemes and/or taxes

Reference period: a month

Income from paid employment refers to: main job only

Information on income from paid employment is requested in: exact amounts

Actual/usual income: usual income for a specific reference period

Income due/received: income received in a specific reference period

Income from self-employment

Employment in the informal sector

Informal employment

Usual activity

Treatment of special groups

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to parental leave are classified as employed

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to educational or training leave are classified as employed

- Persons with a job but temporarily absent due to voluntary leave without pay are classified as employed

- Seasonal workers not at work during the off-season are classified as unemployed if they are available and looking for work

- Persons without work and currently available for work who have made arrangements to start a new job on a date subsequent to the reference period are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who are trying to establish their own enterprise are classified as unemployed

- Persons without work and currently available for work who are not seeking work during the reference period due to specific reasons (e.g. discouraged workers) are classified as economically inactive

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were subject to compulsory schooling are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were full-time or part-time students are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were retired and/or receiving a pension are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were registered as jobseekers at an employment office are classified as employed

- Persons who performed some work for pay or profit during the reference period but were receiving unemployment benefits are classified as employed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were subject to compulsory schooling are classified as unemployed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were full-time or part-time students are classified as unemployed

- Persons who were seeking and/or available for work and were retired and/or receiving a pension are classified as unemployed

- Paid apprentices and trainees are classified as employed

- Unpaid apprentices and trainees are classified as unemployed

- Contributing family workers at work during the reference period are classified as employed

- Contributing family workers temporarily absent from work are classified as employed

- Members of the armed forces who are career members are classified as employed

- Volunteers contributing to the production of goods are classified as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of services provided by market producers are classified as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of services provided by non-market producers (i.e. government units, NPIs serving households, etc.) are classified as economically inactive

- Volunteers contributing to the production of personal or domestic services produced by other households are classified as economically inactive

Classifications

Disaggregations used in the analysis and tabulation of the survey results:

- The economically active population is tabulated by: sex, age, level of education, urban/rural area

- The employed population is tabulated by: sex, age, industry, occupation, status in employment, level of education, institutional sector (public/private), urban/rural area

- The unemployed population is tabulated by: sex, age, level of education, urban/rural area

- The economically inactive population is tabulated by: sex, age, level of education, urban/rural area

Classifications used

Industry:

- Title of the classification: NACE-BEL 2008

- Links to international classifications: NACE

- Level of correspondence at which the link is made: 2 digit level



Occupation:

- Title of the classification: ISCO 88 (LFS 2010) - ISCO 08 (LFS 2011)

- Number of most detailed groups or digits used: 3 digits

Status in employment:

- Title of the classification: Statut professionnel

- Number of most detailed groups or digits used: 7 groups

- Links to international classifications: No links to ICSE



Education:

- Title of the classification: ISCED-97

- Number of most detailed groups or digits used: 9 groups

Sample design

Sampling frame: Population register

The sampling frame is updated: continually

Lowest level of geographic disaggregation for which reliable estimates of the unemployment rate can be produced and their frequency: NUTS 1 (quarterly)

The sample is stratified: Yes

Variables used for stratification: geographic region

Number of sampling stages: 2

Ultimate sampling units: households

Sample size: 58500 ultimate sampling units per year

Sample fraction: 1.3% of the total population

Data collection

Main mode of data collection: face to face personal interview (paper and pencil)

Average duration of an interview per household member of working age: 11 minutes

The field staff is mainly: recruited specifically for the survey

Duration of training on the survey for newly recruited interviewers: 1 day(s)

Respondents' participation in the survey is compulsory: Yes

Ultimate sampling units that could not be identified are replaced: No

Ultimate sampling units that could not be contacted are replaced: No

Ultimate sampling units that refuse to participate are replaced: No

Estimation and adjustment

Percentage of all eligible ultimate sampling units that are interviewed: 72%

Percentage of refusals in the total non-response: 12%

The sample is self-weighting: No

Weighting factors used to adjust for: sample design, survey non-response, bench-marking (to ensure consistency between survey estimates and those from other reliable source(s), e.g. census)

Adjustment for item non-response is made: No

Relative standard errors computed:

- Total unemployment rate: 2.29 %

- Total employment: 0.37 %

- Total unemployment: 2.28 %



Confidence level: 95 %

If sub-annual surveys are conducted, the results are adjusted for seasonal variations: No

Selected indicators tabulated from the survey:

- Unemployment rate by: sex, age, level of education

- Employment to population ratio by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment

- Labour force participation rate by: sex, age, level of education

- Hours of work (per worker) by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment

- Earnings (per worker) by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment

- Number of workers by hours band by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment

- Number of workers by earnings class by: sex, age, level of education, economic activity, occupation, status in employment



Availability of data from other sources

- Data on employment is also available from: establishment surveys, administrative records and population censuses

- Data on unemployment is also available from: administrative records and population censuses

- Data on hours of work is also available from: establishment surveys, administrative records and population censuses

- Data on wages is also available from: establishment surveys and administrative records

LFS data are considered official for:

- employment: yes

- unemployment: yes

- earnings: no

- hours of work: no

Documentation and dissemination

Publication(s) and website where the survey results can be found: http://statbel.fgov.be/fr/statistiques/chiffres/travailvie/emploi/

Publication(s) and website where methodological information on the survey can be found: http://statbel.fgov.be/fr/statistiques/chiffres/travailvie/emploi/

Dissemination formats and periodicity:

- news release (quarterly)

- online database (quarterly)

- microdata access (quarterly)



Time needed for an initial release of the survey results: 4 months after the end of the reference quarter

The public is informed in advance on the date of the initial release of survey results: Yes

Non-published results can be made available on request: Yes

Micro data are made available on request: Yes

Historical information

Year when the survey was conducted for the first time: 1983

Years when significant methodological changes were introduced: En 1999, l'enquête, menée chaque printemps entre 1983 et 1998, est devenu continue en janvier 1999: l'échantillon est désormais réparti uniformément sur l'année. Par ailleurs, le questionnaire a été modifié.


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