Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #26.2 Agricultural Revolution and Populism – Big Picture Themes


1. Miners looking for silver and/or gold fled to Colorado and Nevada seeking quick fortune. A few found it, the vast majority didn’t.

2. Cattle became king in Texas as cowboys drove herds north to the Kansas railroads and reaped quick money.

3. Farmers struggled out west due to several problems: weather, insects, high mortgage rates, high railroad shipping rates, and low prices for their crops.

4. The farmers’ struggles led to the People’s (or Populist) Party. This party sought “cheap money” (or silver money) in order to create inflation and thus make it easier to pay off debts.


Chapter #26:2 Identifications


Joseph F. Glidden
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James B. Weaver
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Oliver H. Kelly
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Mary Elizabeth Lease
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Comstock Lode
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Long Drive ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Homestead Act
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Patrons of Husbandry
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Granger Laws
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Farmers' Alliance
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Populists
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Jacob S. Coxey
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Williams Jennings Bryan
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Bimetallism
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Free Silver

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Depression of 1893
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Cross of Gold Speech
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Chapter #26.2 Guided Reading Questions
The Farm Becomes a Factory

Know: Montgomery Ward, Combine

1. Explain the statement, "The amazing mechanization of agriculture in the postwar years was almost as striking as the mechanization of industry."

Deflation Dooms the Debtor

Know: Deflation



  1. What problems faced farmers in the closing decades of the 19th century?


Unhappy Farmers

3. How did nature, government, and business all harm farmers?




The Farmers Take Their Stand

Know: The Grange, Cooperatives, Greenback-Labor Party, James B. Weaver

4. How did the Grange attempt to help farmers?
Prelude to Populism

Know: The Farmers’ Alliance, Mary Elizabeth Lease

5. What steps did the Farmers’ Alliance believe would help farmers?

Coxey’s Army and the Pullman Strike

Know: Coxey’s Army, Eugene V. Debs, Pullman Palace Car Company

6. Why did President Cleveland send in federal troops during the Pullman Strike?

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