Ballston spa high school advanced Placement United States History spring semester january 2012



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Chapter #23.2 Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age – Big Picture Themes


1. The government did reach the billion dollar level for the first time. This was largely due to military pension plans. The plans were very popular and revealed the goal of the legislators—pass something that will get me reelected.

2. Populism started. This was a farmer and worker movement that sought to clean up the government, bring it back to the people, and help the working man out.


Chapter #23.2 Identifications
James A. Garfield
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Chester A. Arthur
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Charles J. Guiteau
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Grover Cleveland
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Resumption Act
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Crime of '73
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Bland-Allison Act
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Half-Breed
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Mugwump
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Pendleton Act of 1833 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Thomas B. Reed ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
"Billion Dollar" Congress
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Pension Act
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Chapter #23.2 Guided Reading Questions
The Birth of Jim Crow in the Post-Reconstruction South

Know: Redeemers, sharecropping, tenant farming, Jim Crow laws, Plessy v. Ferguson

1. Analyze the data in the lynching chart on page 513.


Class Conflicts and Ethnic Clashes

Know: Great Railroad Strike of 1877, Denis Kearney, Coolies, Chinese Exclusion Act

2. What was the significance of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877?


Garfield and Arthur

Know: James A. Garfield, Charles J. Guiteau, Chester A. Arthur, Pendleton Act of 1883

3. What new type of corruption resulted from the Pendleton Act?

The Blaine-Cleveland Mudslingers of 1884

Know: James G. Blaine, Tattooed man, Mugwumps, Grover Cleveland, Ma, ma where's my pa?, Rum, Romanism and Rebellion

4. Explain how character played a part in the presidential election of 1884.

“Old Grover" Takes Over

5. Assess the following statement: "As president, Grover Cleveland governed as his previous record as governor indicated he would."



Cleveland Battles for a Lower Tariff

6. What were the reasons behind Cleveland's stance in favor of lower tariffs?




The Billion Dollar Congress

Know: Thomas Reed, Civil War pensions, McKinley Tariff Act of 1890

7. Explain why the tariff was detrimental to American farmers.

The Drumbeat of Discontent

Know: Populists

8. What was the most revolutionary aspect of the Populist platform? Defend your answer with evidence.


Cleveland and Depression

Know: Grover Cleveland, Depression or 1893, William Jennings Bryan, Sherman Silver Purchase Act

9. What could Cleveland have done to lessen the impact of the financial turmoil?


Cleveland Breeds a Backlash

Know: Wilson Gorman Tariff

10. Is the characterization of the Gilded Age presidents as the “forgettable presidents” a fair one? Explain.


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