The Prime Minister and Cabinet is one of the four topics of Unit 2 exam in May / June.
In this topic we will look at the roles and responsibilities of both the Prime Minister and that of the cabinet and look at the historical exams of different types of Prime minister. We will look at the context how the Executive operates within the separation of powers.
Parody of Ali G
First Question….. What’s in a Government?
In the UK Political System the Government is formed by the most senior members of the largest political party (The Conservative/ Liberal Coalition in 2010) in the House of Commons.
It only included those members who work in the ministry’s and have responsibilities in Government business. We call these members of the executive.
As we have already seen, in the UK Constitution, all the rules of how government is formed is on an un-codified basis, this means that they are formed because of the traditions of the UK.
The Prime Minister is always the leader of the largest party within Westminster. In most cases the Prime Minister will have the majority of seats with in the House of Commons. However, as the table below shows sometimes we can and have had a minority or coalition government in the past.
Date of election Date of Formation Prime Minister Party Majority