Anatomy 30-Respiratory System Objectives: Identify respiratory system structures on models -head model & Larynx model



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Anatomy 30-Respiratory System
Objectives: Identify respiratory system structures on models
-Head model & Larynx model– label the structures of the upper respiratory tract

A. Nose & nasopharynx contain the external nares (nostrils), nasal cavity (contains superior, medial, and inferior nasal conchae as well as nasal meatuses), internal nares, Eustachian tube, pharyngeal tonsils

B. Mouth & oropharynx contain hard & soft palates, uvula, palatine tonsils

C. Laryngopharyx & larynx (voice box) – contain the glottis, epiglottis (1), thyroid cartilage with laryngeal prominence (1), cricoid cartilage (2), arytenoid cartilage (2), corniculate cartilage (2), false vocal cords (vestibular folds), true vocal cords (vocal folds), thyroid gland (part of the endocrine system), hyoid bone (part of the skeletal system), trachea (windpipe) with C-rings of cartilage.
-Heart & lung model – label the following structures of the lower respiratory tract

A. Bronchial tree – trachea, primary bronchi, secondary (lobar) bronchi, tertiary (segmental) bronchi, bronchioles

B. Pulmonary blood vessels – pulmonary arteries (blue), pulmonary veins (red)

C. Lungs

1. Right lung – superior lobe, middle lobe, inferior lobe

2. Left lung – superior lobe, inferior lobe, cardiac notch



D. Diaphragm




HEAD MODEL

1 - Hard palate

2 - Soft palate
3 – Uvula

4 - Oral cavity


5 – Tongue

6 - Nasopharynx


7 – Oropharynx

8 - Laryngopharynx


9 – Esophagus

10 – Epiglottis



Salivary glands:

1 - Parotid gland

2 - Submandibular gland

3 - Sublingual gland

LARYNX


1 – Epiglottis

2 - Hyoid bone


3 - Thyroid cartilage

4 - Laryngeal prominence


5 - Cricoid cartilage

6 - C-ring of trachea





1 – Epiglottis

2 - Corniculate cartilage
3 - Arytenoid cartilage

4 - Cricoid cartilage


5 - Trachealis muscle

LUNGS

1 - Thyroid cartilage of larynx

2 - Cricoid cartilage


3 - Thyroid gland

4 - C-rings of trachea


5 - R. primary bronchus

6 - L. primary bronchus


7 - Secondary bronchi

8 - Tertiary bronchi


9 - R. superior lung lobe

10 - R. middle lung lobe


11 - R. inferior lung lobe

12 – L superior lung lobe

13 – L inferior lung lobe

14 - Superior vena cava


15 - Brachiocephalic veins

16 - Internal jugular veins


17 - Subclavian veins

18 - Aorta


19 - Brachiocephalic artery

20 - L. Common carotid artery


21 – Esophagus

22 - Thoracic aorta


23 - Pulmonary arteries (blue)

24 - Pulmonary veins (red)


25 – Diaphragm


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