A vestibular mucosa b alveolar mucosa c mandibular mucosa D



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A
palatal surface
B
vestibular surface
C
denture flange
D
impression surface
E
cameo surface

  • Canine protected articulation is a form of mutually protected articulation, in which the vertical and horizontal overlap of the canine teeth disengage the posterior teeth in the mandibular …
    A
    centric movement
    B
    excursice movement
    C
    eccentric movement
    D
    lateral movement
    E
    protrusive movement

  • The anteroposterior curving (in the median plane) and the mediolateral curving (in the frontal plane) within the alignment of the occluding surfaces and incisal edges of artificial teeth that is used to develop balanced occlusion, or - the arc introduced in the construction of complete removable dental prostheses to compensate for the opening influences produced by the condylar and incisal guidance’s during lateral and protrusive mandibular excursive movements, is to be referred as
    A
    compensating curve
    B
    reference curve
    C
    equilibrating curve
    D
    balancing curve
    E
    guiding curve

  • The simultaneous contact of the buccal and lingual cusps of the working side maxillary teeth with the opposing buccal and lingual cusps of the mandibular teeth, concurrent with contact of the nonworking side maxillary lingual cusps with the mandibular buccal cusps, is identified as
    A
    mutually protected articulation
    B
    cross arch articulation
    C
    balanced articulation
    D
    cross arch balanced articulation
    E
    maxillo – mandibular articulation

  • Resistance against dislodging or rotational forces obtained by using a partial removable dental prosthesis design that uses natural teeth on the opposite side of the dental arch from the edentulous space to assist in stabilization, is defined as
    A
    balanced stabilization
    B
    cross tooth stabilization
    C
    cross arch stabilization
    D
    bilateral stabilization
    E
    antero – posterior stabilization

  • Denture base as the part of a denture that rests on the foundation tissues and to which teeth are attached, can not be
    A
    characterized
    B
    tinted
    C
    locked
    D
    double layered
    E
    reinforced

  • An occluding vertical dimension at a reduced interarch distance that results in excessive interocclusal distance when the mandible is in the rest position and in a reduced interridge distance when the teeth are in contact, is called
    A
    overjet
    B
    overlap
    C
    oversize
    D
    interrelation
    E
    overclosure

  • That portion of the surface of a denture that extends in an occlusal direction from the border of the denture and includes the palatal surfaces, the buccal and lingual surfaces of the teeth, and is usually polished, belongs to the
    A
    denture space
    B
    denture flange
    C
    borded seal
    D
    denture base
    E
    dent ure – bearing area

  • Any substance applied to a dental prosthesis, which - when seated on a structure - demonstrates the adaptation of the prosthesis to the structure it opposes, is called
    A
    pressure indicating paste
    B
    stress – relieving indicator
    C
    interocclusal indicator
    D
    southening paste
    E
    premature contacts indicator

  • The procedures used to resurface the tissue side of a removable dental prosthesis with new base material, thus producing an accurate adaptation to the denture foundation area, is defined as
    A
    rebase
    B
    reline
    C
    refill
    D
    relieve
    E
    repair

  • A registration of centric relation (occluding centric relation record) is made at the established …
    A
    vertical rest dimension
    B
    centric relation
    C
    occlusal vertical dimension
    D
    freeway space
    E
    centric occlusal position

  • Any removable artificial occlusal surface used for diagnosis or therapy affecting the relationship of the mandible to the maxillae (occlusal device), may also be used for all of the listed, excepting
    A
    provide a myofunctional relief
    B
    occlusal stabilization
    C
    treatment of temporo – mandibular disorders
    D
    prevent wear of the dentition
    E
    splinting teeth

  • The relationship of the mandible and maxillae when the jaw is closed and the teeth are in contact, thar may or may not coincide with centric occlusion, is called
    A
    occlusal position
    B
    centric relation
    C
    centric position
    D
    occlusal vertical dimension
    E
    physiological rest position

  • The mandibular position assumed when the head is in an upright position and the involved muscles, particularly the elevator and depressor groups, are in equilibrium in tonic contraction, and the condyles are in a neutral, unstrained position, is identified as
    A
    occlusal vertical dimension
    B
    centric relation
    C
    centric position
    D
    physiological rest position
    E
    occlusal position

  • Physiologic rest position as the position assumed by the mandible when the attached muscles are in a state of tonic equilibrium, is usually noted when …
    A
    the masticatory muscles are released
    B
    the mount is opened
    C
    the head is held upright
    D
    the head is moved downward
    E
    the jaws are closed

  • An instrument used to graphically record in one or more planes, paths of mandibular movement and to provide information for the programming of an articulator, is named
    A
    relator
    B
    pantograph
    C
    recorder
    D
    programmed
    E
    surveyor

  • Pantographic tracing as a graphic record of mandibular movement is usually recorded in the horizontal, sagittal and frontal planes as registered by styli on the recording tables of a pantograph, or by means of …
    A
    monoblock
    B
    articulating paper
    C
    wax rims
    D
    baseplate
    E
    electronic sensors

  • An intraoral or extraoral registration of a specified mandibular position is defined as
    A
    orientational record
    B
    intraoral record
    C
    extraoral record
    D
    positional record
    E
    mandibular record

  • The most posterior (posterior border jaw) relation of the mandible to the maxillae is recorded at any specific …
    A
    horizontal relation
    B
    vertical relation
    C
    vertical or horizontal relation
    D
    lateral relation
    E
    anterior relation

  • A record of maxillary structures affixed to the mandibular member of an articulator useful in facilitating subsequent transfers, is called
    A
    remount record index
    B
    transfer record
    C
    intermaxillary index
    D
    antero-posterior record
    E
    occlusal relations transfer

  • An artificial replacement of an absent part of the human body, or a therapeutic device to improve or alter function, or a device used to aid in accomplishing a desired surgical result:
    A
    denture
    B
    baseplate
    C
    prosthesis
    D
    moulage
    E
    prothotype

  • The prosthesis generally is described first by a type adjective (dental, maxillofacial or ancillary) and frequently second by use of one or more additional adjectives (termed modifiers) to clarify the following matters, excepting:
    A
    anatomic location
    B
    form and materials
    C
    means of retention, support
    D
    path of insertion
    E
    time of usage

  • The treatment of jaw fracture requires reduction of the fractured segments in the proper position, immobilization till bony union occurs and … to restore normal functions:
    A
    regeneration
    B
    rehabilitation
    C
    reconstruction
    D
    adaptation
    E
    alignment

  • Methods of immobilization in prosthetic fixation of jaw fractures include wiring –indicated when all or most of the natural teeth are present, splints and… indicated when there is no enough number of natural teeth to enable effective wiring:
    A
    attachments
    B
    lingual bar
    C
    arch bar
    D
    palatal bar
    E
    continuous clasp

  • Splint is an appliance used to immobilize the fractured parts in their original position until … has taken place:
    A
    repair
    B
    replacement
    C
    restoration
    D
    reconstruction
    E
    recall

  • Reduction (repositioning) and fixation of fractured bones without making a surgical opening to the fracture site is defined as … of a fracture:
    A
    open reduction
    B
    combines reduction
    C
    prosthetic fixation
    D
    closed reduction
    E
    fracture recovery

  • Malformations associated with the head and face craniofacial dysjunction fracture are classified as:
    A
    head and face malformations
    B
    craniofacial dysfunction
    C
    craniofacial defects
    D
    craniofacial fracture
    E
    head and face lesions

  • Surgical procedures designed to facilitate fabrication of a prosthesis or to improve the prognosis of prosthodontic care are known as:
    A
    postprosthetic surgery
    B
    additional surgery
    C
    ambulatory surgery
    D
    adjunctive surgery
    E
    preprosthetic surgery

  • Splint is a rigid or flexible device that maintains in position a displaced or movable part. used to all of the listed, excepting to:
    A
    reposition an injured part
    B
    keep in place an injured part
    C
    protect an injured part
    D
    immobilize an injured part
    E
    restrict motion of an injured part

  • Stent is an eponym for any supplementary prosthesis, often modified with acrylic resin or dental modeling impression compound that was previously termed Stent’s mass, used in conjunction with a surgical procedure to:
    A
    protect an injured part
    B
    keep a skin graft in place
    C
    replace a skin graft
    D
    protect a skin graft
    E
    accelerate rehabilitation

  • The prosthesis for rehabilitation in cases of partial loss of maxilla should replace all missing oral structures including both hard and soft tissue in the traumatic area. There are several treatment options available including all of the proposed, excepting:
    A
    removable partial dentures
    B
    fixed partial dentures
    C
    crown and bridges
    D
    teeth-implant supported prostheses
    E
    splints

  • Uses of combined prosthesis in patients after severe facial trauma include esthetic and biocompatible restoration with zirconia prosthesis. At final recall visit, patients are satisfied with the new appearance and usually have no functional difficulties during eating, chewing, or swallowing. Speech impairment is eliminated considerably and the … is improved to a certain degree:
    A
    tissue integrity
    B
    denture fixation
    C
    patient’s profile
    D
    masticatory performance
    E
    oral hygiene

  • Surgical template is a guide used to assist in proper surgical placement and angulation of dental implants, as well as in establishing the desired occlusion during:
    A
    maxillofacial prosthetics
    B
    orthognathic surgery
    C
    postsurgical rehabilitation
    D
    provisional teeth splinting
    E
    gingival forming

  • Cast metal cap splint covers the buccal, lingual and occlusal surfaces of the teeth on both sides of the fracture and cemented to the teeth and is of … types:
    A
    one
    B
    three
    C
    two
    D
    four
    E
    five

  • One piece (simple) metal splint is used when there is little displacement and reduction of the fracture can be made by the help of the … occlusion:
    A
    mandibular teeth
    B
    maxillary teeth
    C
    artificial teeth
    D
    permanent teeth
    E
    natural teeth

  • A rigid bar or/and wire used for intermaxillary fixation in treatment of fractures of the maxillae and mandible and/or stabilization of injured teeth, generally attached to the remaining natural dentition and/or occlusal splints, is termed:
    A
    connecting bar
    B
    continuous bar
    C
    arch bar
    D
    stabilizing bar
    E
    attached bar

  • Weber’s splint is constructed in baseplate wax (optionally thermo-forming sheets) with contralateral positioning of appropriately prepared interproximal … :
    A
    bent wire crosspieces
    B
    wrought wire clasps
    C
    rigit bar connectors
    D
    wrought wire arches
    E
    rostral hooks

  • With reference to a tooth, nearer than normal in its position toward the median line of the face, along the dental arch, is referred as:
    A
    mesioposition
    B
    mesiotrusion
    C
    mesioclosure
    D
    mesiotraction
    E
    mesioversion

  • Among the splints for dentulous and completely edentulous patients with maxillofacial defects treatment are all of the listed, excepting:
    A
    labio-lingual splint
    B
    metal cap splint
    C
    occlusal splint
    D
    Gunning splint
    E
    Kingsley splint

  • Labio-linqual splint consists of three sections; a lingual sections fits around the lingual surface of the teeth hinged by half round wires to two labial sections around the facial surface of the teeth. Although it could be cast in metal, it is usually made of clear acrylic resin and can be also termed as:
    A
    collapsible splint
    B
    reversible splint
    C
    rigid splint
    D
    stout sectional splint
    E
    cross-arch splint

  • A plastic or metallic device used in the treatment of maxillary or mandibular fractures and designed to cover the clinical crowns of the teeth and usually luted to them is called:
    A
    crown splint
    B
    occlusal splint
    C
    cross-arch splint
    D
    bimaxillary splint
    E
    cap splint

  • A device used to stabilize teeth in the maxillae or mandible loosened by an accident or by a compromised periodontium is termed:
    A
    cap splint
    B
    wire splint
    C
    crown splint
    D
    bar splint
    E
    ring splint

  • The wire splint is used to reduce and stabilize maxillary or mandibular fractures by application to both arches and connection with intermaxillary wires or:
    A
    rigid clips
    B
    synthetic threads
    C
    resorbable strips
    D
    elastic bands
    E
    fixation screws

  • Different splinting techniques are currently recommended for stabilization of repositioned or replanted teeth, including all of the listed construction, excepting:
    A
    wire-composite splint
    B
    orthodontic bracket splint
    C
    cross arch splint
    D
    resin splint
    E
    titanium trauma splint.

  • Application of laboratory-made intra-oral and extra-oral splint devices may be required in patients with following conditions, excepting:
    A
    soft tissue trauma
    B
    thermal injuries
    C
    musculoskeletal disorders
    D
    skin disease
    E
    congenital abnormality of the skin

  • For the fixation of mandibular or maxillary fractures in completely edentulous patients, when there is little displacement and there is no infection, is indicated:
    A
    Dolder splint
    B
    labio-lingual splint
    C
    metal cap splint
    D
    Kingsley splint
    E
    Gunning splint

  • Gunning splint is made as a one piece for the two arches or two separate pieces and can be made in conjunction with elastic chin bandage to:
    A
    increase mouth opening
    B
    reduce pain and discomfort
    C
    facilitate chewing
    D
    ensure high aesthetics
    E
    improve oral hygiene

  • In Kingsley splint fabrication an intraoral tray, that has stout wires attached and projecting between the lips around the sides of the face, is fitted to the teeth or edentulous ridge by compound impression material. The wires provide attachment for bandage over the head in case of maxillary fracture and … in mandibular fracture:
    A
    below the chin
    B
    around the jaw
    C
    around the neck
    D
    in an individual manner
    E
    bilaterally

  • Thomas Brian Gunning, English-born American dentist (1813-1889) initial work described four types of splints used in treating jaw fractures (1866-67), which allowed openings for saliva flow, nourishment, and speech – called also:
    A
    mouthguards
    B
    cross-arch splints
    C
    occlusal splints
    D
    cap splints
    E
    wire splints

  • A splint for treatment of fractures and consisting of a metal or acrylic resin prostheses wired to the teeth in the maxilla and mandible and joined to keep the segments immovable is known as:
    A
    cap splint
    B
    interdental splint
    C
    combined splint
    D
    Gunning’s splint
    E
    Kingsley splint

  • Clinical examination of the patient after major maxillofacial trauma may show soft tissue defects on the face particularly eye area and… :
    A
    dysmorphic appearance
    B
    microstomia
    C
    micrognathia
    D
    decreased interalveolar height
    E
    neuromuscular atrophy

  • The patient has complained of inability to communicate, emotional disturbance of her appearance, and anxiety about the restoration of teeth. In order to restore oral and dental function, after extensive surgical procedures, initially temporary acrylic prosthetic rehabilitation was applied approximately … later after trauma:
    A
    one week
    B
    one year
    C
    one month
    D
    six months
    E
    three years

  • In result of certain treatment options, the prosthodontic support after trauma can be enhanced with all of the listed advantages, excepting:
    A
    increased retention
    B
    increased stability
    C
    preservation of existing hard tissues
    D
    dental arches alignment
    E
    preservation of existing soft tissues

  • Although implant-retained fixed prostheses are desired for particular types of major maxillofacial trauma, some patients can deny the vertical bone augmentation due to repeated surgical procedures which would be needed to provide implant therapy. Therefore, in such a cases alternative … with tissue ceramic and zirconia-based crown prosthesis can be applied:
    A
    immediate denture
    B
    removable partial denture
    C
    modified combination prosthesis
    D
    modified overdenture
    E
    modified occlusal corrector

  • A device of plastic, metal, or both, made to conform to the outer aspect of the dental arch and used in the management of jaw and facial injuries is known as:
    A
    vestibular splint
    B
    mandibular splint
    C
    labial splint
    D
    occlusal splint
    E
    lingual splint

  • Involuntary contraction (rigidity) of muscles, relaxed at rest, occurring as a means of avoiding the pain caused by movement of the part (resistance to passive stretch), is called:
    A
    muscle strain
    B
    muscle fatigue
    C
    muscle contracture
    D
    muscle deprogramming
    E
    muscle-splinting

  • Muscular splinting as a contraction of a muscle or group of muscles attended by interference with function and producing involuntary movement and distortion; differs from … in that the contraction is not sustained when the muscle is at rest:
    A
    muscle deprogramming
    B
    muscle fatigue
    C
    muscle strain
    D
    muscle spasm
    E
    muscle contracture

  • Any ancillary prosthesis designed to utilize existing teeth and/or alveolar processes as points of anchorage to assist in stabilization and immobilization of broken bones during healing, and is used to re-establish, as much as possible, normal occlusal relationships, during the process of immobilization, is called:
    A
    surgical splint
    B
    surgical template
    C
    interdental splint
    D
    Kingsley splint
    E
    Weber splint

  • Synonimous to the term Surgical Splint are all the following, excepting:
    A
    cast metal splint
    B
    fenestrated splint
    C
    combined splint
    D
    labiolingual splint
    E
    modified Gunning splint

  • A removable maxillofacial prosthesis used to restore an acquired or congenital defect of the soft palate with a portion extending into the pharynx to separate the oropharynx and nasopharynx during phonation and deglutition, thereby completing the palatopharyngeal sphincter, is named:
    A
    postsurgical prosthesis
    B
    speech aid prosthesis
    C
    palatal obturator
    D
    postsurgical corrector
    E
    surgical stent

  • A removable dental prosthesis that creates a different, yet temporary, dental occlusal position that guides the mandible to close into a predetermined and altered position, is known as:
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