Definition; A curtain is A curtain (sometimes known as a drape, mainly in the United States) is a piece of cloth intended to block or obscure light, or drafts, or water in the case of a shower curtain. A curtain is also the movable screen or drape in a theater that separates the stage from the auditorium or that serves as a backdrop
Curtains hung over a doorway are known as portieres. Curtains are often hung on the inside of a building's windows to block the passage of light, for instance at night to aid sleeping, or to stop light from escaping outside the building (stopping people outside from being able to see inside, often for privacy reasons). In this application, they are also known as "draperies". Curtains come in a variety of shapes, materials, sizes, colors and patterns, and they often have their own sections within department stores, while some shops are completely dedicated to selling curtains.
Curtains vary according to clean ability, ultraviolet light deterioration, oil and dust retention, noise absorption, fire resistance, and life span. Curtains may be moved by hand, with cords, by press-button pads or remote-controlled computers. Measuring the curtain size needed for each window varies greatly according to the type of curtain needed, window size, and type and weight of curtain.
An adaptation of the curtain may be a window blind or, in warmer countries, a wooden window shutter that is fixed to the outside of the building to provide privacy and still keep the building cool inside. Curtains are a form of window treatment, and complete the overall appearance of the house. Window treatment helps control the ambiance and flow of natural light into the room. The effect of drapery or curtains is best seen in daylight, and with proper indoor light positioning, can look attractive even at night
Curtains are manufactured all over the world mostly in countries that are rich in fabrics’, wool and silk i.e. China
Curtains can be classified in different ways and these are:
Mode of Hanging
Curtains can be classified by how they are attached to the rod. Some use a single top sleeve that the rod feeds through. Others hang from eyelets or tiny holes. Tab top curtains hang from fabric tabs, which are placed at equal intervals across the top.
Curtains can be made from many materials, most commonly silk, cotton,satin and lace. They may be sewn together in strips to make unique window dressings. Cotton curtains are a popular choice because they are easy to clean by traditional wet laundering.
The seams used to sew fabric together affect how curtains look and allow them to hang in different ways. Standard seamed curtains will hang straight with only a loose curl, while pencil or goblet pleats will give the curtains a bunched look at the top and a tighter wave at their base.
Curtains come in different styles for different uses. Thick curtains with vinyl backing can be used in bathrooms or bedrooms (privacy). These are used to block light and prevent people from seeing in through the curtains.
Sheers or lightweight curtains that cover half the window allow for some privacy while letting in the light less privacy mostly in living rooms.
Curtains and drapes are used around the bathtub and shower to serve as additional decoration to a single vinyl shower curtain.
Curtains can also be used in theaters and their thickness and material used is much more different to those used in the kitchen.
Themed curtains are often the types used in bathrooms, kitchens and children's rooms. Chickens, apples, kitchen utensils, fish, seashells, greenery and cartoon characters are popular themes.
Curtains are often typed by their size and length. Such typing allows consumers to know where the curtains can be used. Short curtains and that hang a little past the base of the window is often used in kitchens and bathrooms, while long curtains are popular in bedrooms and living rooms. Half-window curtains are used often in kitchens, particularly on the windows that sit behind sinks.
Types of curtains
French The French pleat curtain is suitable for master bedroom or living room as it gives a very formal look to the room. This type of curtain has tri-pleat sections that are clipped together at the base so that they are wide open at the top. A special curtain rod is needed to hold the pleats together for this type of curtain.
Voiles Made of lightweight fabric, this type of curtain is suitable for use in tropical regions where heat and sun is the order of the day. Owing to its lightweight feature, it can be easily cleaned and washed, is low on maintenance and can easily be put on poles and rods. It can be best used in kitchen window and living room or can be used as an inner layer for heavy fabric curtain.
Blinds This type of curtain is available in different shapes and styles such as horizontal, vertical, roller, blackout and Venetian. Blinds can be made of wood, plastic, metals and fabric. Blinds can be used with the help of strings to check the light from entering the room. This type of curtain is easy to maintain and is user friendly.
Shades This type of curtain does not have slats and can only be moved up or down. It is generally made of solid material such as polyethylene fabric and lace. Shades’ polyethylene fabric helps in lowering the room temperature.
Beads Beads curtain is one for those who want to give contemporary feel to their room decor. This type of curtain is available in range of materials ranging from glass, acrylic, gemstones, shells, bamboo, string and mirror. Bead curtain type is generally moisture-resistant and goes well for a bathroom window as shower curtain.
Lace Lace curtain represents classic style and goes well with antique décor. The lightness of lace curtain allows natural light to come in and warm up sitting area of your room or light up your kitchen which has poor ventilation. However, lace curtain may not be the best one for use in a bedroom setting.
Sheers This type of curtain adds romantic feel to a room. It is very light, airy and see-through type of curtain, which makes great combination as inner layer for heavier curtains.
Tab Although tab curtain has a very casual look, it is versatile and straight. This kind of curtain has tabs at the top which can be dropped on the curtain rod. The curtain rod features the spaces of the tabs.
Panel Also known as casement, rod pocket or pole top curtain, it is a straight curtain having one or two pockets at the top, and its pole slides through one of the pockets. This kind of curtain is best suited for windows, which are not frequently used.
Café Cafe curtain is mostly used in kitchen window. This kind of curtain is usually placed inside window frame and valance added on the top of it. Café curtain is great for adding color and maintaining privacy for your kitchen window.
Definition: a sheer is a thin, diaphanous material, as chiffon or voile.
Sheer curtains are made of lightweight, semi-transparent fabrics. Traditionally, their purpose has been to allow light to enter through them while maintaining a degree of privacy. They are used in combination with heavier curtains or drapes, which can be opened during the day and closed at night. Sheers are also used to adorn bed canopies or looped gracefully over decorative drapery rods, adding a touch of softness and color to a room.
Types of sheer curtains
Rod-pocket drapes, also called pole-pocket drapes, are made with a casing at the top that slips over a curtain rod, removing the need for rings. Sheer fabric curtains are often made with two rod pockets at the top, so that you can slide the curtain rod through the lower pocket, and a soft ruffling effect is created by the unused top pocket. These are great for making the curtain feel as though it is integrated into the wall, because the rod is nearly invisible under the drapes.
Tab-top curtains are great for a casual ambience. They are made with flat loops spaced along the top edge of the curtain, through which the rod goes. These also do not require curtain rings. They can easily be drawn open or closed without pull cords.
Ring-top drapery is hung on decorative curtain rings that are attacked to the drapes at intervals across the top. The rings are ideal for showing off a design-centric curtain rod. Like tab-top drapes, these do not require a pull cord to open or clothes.
Grommet-top curtains are relatively new. A curtain rod passes through the large grommet rings (holes) at the top of the curtain, creating a broadly pleated look. This is great for a crisp, modern room, such as a lounge or a study.