[Victoria and Albert Museum captions. Lance--where I have "V & A website image, you might want not to use that phrase as the basis for a link but rather come up with some kind of logo button that can be clicked on. I suppose one possibility is simply to write in the link for the inventory number and not have to have any other kind of thing after it. If people see it highlighted in color as happens with links, presumably they will know what to do. I have included a few linked refs. to pieces in other collections. This is hit or miss, but I think worth doing; it is the sort of thing that then can be expanded and ultimately will prove to be of real value.]
South Asia va1_12.jpg, va1_12a.jpg
Bodhgaya. Ca. 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE. From site of the Mahabodhi Temple, from earliest surviving railing marking the path of circumambulation. On one face, a scene possibly from Hamsa Jataka with the winged elephant; on the other, worshippers before a sacred pipal tree.
IS 1065-1883. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/sch/20030311/high/1239-010.jpg]
Capital in the form of a winged lion
Mathura. Kushana period, late 1st-early 2nd c. CE. Red sandstone. Possibly associated with the Hindu agricultural deity Balarama.
Pub.: Stanislaw J. Czuma, Kushan Sculpture: Images from Early India (Cleveland Museum of Art, 1985), no. 9, p. 61
Death of the Buddha (Parinirvana), detail
Gandhara, Kuzana. 2nd-3rd c. The meditating figure is probably Subhadra.
Reliquary in the form of a stupa
Gandhara, Takht-i Bahi (Pakistan). Kushana period, 2nd-3rd c.
Seal, with image probably of goddess Hariti
Kushana. Ca. 2nd-4th c. CE. Sardonyx. Carving technique is Indo-Iranian.
Head of the Buddha
Gandhara, Khyber Pass region. 4th-5th c. Face is cast using a mould; traces of polychrome.
Reliquary in the form of a stupa
Found in 1851 in an earthenware vessel in Stupa no. 2, Bhojpur, Madhaya Pradesh, Central India (6 ½ miles from Sanchi). Late Maurya period, late 3rd-2nd c. BCE. Rock crystal.
Discovered in 1883 in the excavation of the western gateway of Stupa no. 1, Sanchi. Ca. 900 CE. Sandstone.
IM 184-1910. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/pcd/65811631/high/0727-027.jpg]
Buddhist goddess Sitatara
Nepal. 14th c. Painted and gilded copper.
IM 239-1927. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/sch/20030305/high/1211-004.jpg]
Padmapani, the Lotus Bearer
Nepal. Late 14th-early 15th c. Gilded copper.
IM 239-1922. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/pcd/76993272/high/0449-088.jpg]
Mughal. 1022AH/1613-1614CE. Green nephrite. Persian inscription on rim: "From King Jahangir, the world found order. By the ray of his justice, the age was illuminated. From the reflection of red wine, may the cup of jade always be like a ruby."
Thumb ring of Shah Jahan
Mughal, probably Delhi or Agra. Dated 1042/1632. White nephrite jade with gold lettered inscription as on the white nephrite wine cup of Shah Jahan.
va1_14.jpg, va1_14a.jpg, va1_14b.jpg
Wine cup of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
Dated 1067/1657, with an inscription in Persian, "Second Lord of the Conjunction," which is also found on the white jade thumb ring. The inscription refers to the Mughal ancestor Timur (Tamerlane), who called himself thus by the old formula for rulers of Iranian lands, the conjunction being that of the sun and the moon. White nephrite jade. "Perhaps the finest known example of Mughal hardstone carving."
IS 12-1962. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/pcd/67023041/high/2442-026.jpg]
Mughal. 17th c. White nephrite jade, set with emeralds, ruby and diamond.
Bowl carved with lilies
Mughal, period of Shah Jahan (1628-1658). Rock crystal.
Mughal, period of Shah Jahan (1628-1658). White nephrite jade.
Mughal. Ca. 1660. Gold, engraved and set with rubies, diamonds and emeralds. Decoration mainly Iranian, although the form is European. Indian influences are in the engraving of gold between the gems on the back and in the technique of setting the stones.
Tibet. 18th c.
IM 227-1920. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/sch/20030314/high/1266-003.jpg]
Mould for clay images of Tara
Tibet. 18th c.
IS 79-1991. V&A website image [http://images.vam.ac.uk/images/photo/pcd/85263202/high/3382-083.jpg]
Mysore. 1790s. Came into the possession of the East India Company after the death of Tippoo Sultan in 1799 at the Battle of Seringapatam. The mechanical beast contains an organ which produces a roaring sound as it eats the European.
Middle East va2_10.jpg
Probably Mesopotamian. 9th c. Earthenware with white slip and stained lead-glaze.
Eastern Persia; probably Nishapur. 9th-10th c. Lead-glazed earthenware painted in slip under clear green glaze.
Persia; Nishapur. 9th-10th c. Earthenware, underglaze painted in slip and pigment ("buff-ware").
Egypt. Fatimid period, late 10th c. CE. Rock crystal. Related to a similar one from the time of Khalif al Aziz (995-996), now in the Treasury of San Marco, Venice.
Hispano-Arabic (Cordoba). Early 11th c. Ivory with 17th-18th c. silver mounts.
Egypt. 11th-12th c. Earthenware painted in lustre on green glaze.
Egypt (Fatimid period), found at el-Fustat. Yellow earthenware, green glaze, sgrafiato decoration.
Persia ca. 1180 to 1200. Fritware with carved decoration and blue glaze. Copies Chinese shape and lobed rim, but form of scrolling and blue glaze Islamic. Originally had been mistakenly identified by the Museum as an example of "Chinese stoneware."
Fragment of a garment
Egypt. Between 1100 and 1200 CE. Linen, with woven bands of silk on linen warp.
Fragment of a tapestry
Egypt. Between 1100 and 1300 CE. Linen, woven with silk.
Persia. Late 12th or 13th c. CE. White earthenware with painted overglaze colours and gilding.
Persia. Late 12th c. CE. Fritware, painted on white glaze with in-glaze colours and overglaze enamel and gilding.
Persia (Rayy). Late 12th or early 13th c. CE. White earthenware painted in lustre.
Kashan. Early 13th c. CE. Earthenware with painted underglaze.
Persia; Kashan; found at Jurjan. Early 13th c. CE. White earthenware painted in black and blue under turquoise glaze. For nearly identical example (in the Freer Gallery) click here.[ http://web4.si.edu/asia/collections/singleObject.cfm?ObjectId=10575]
Persia, found at Jurjan. Early 13th c. White earthenware with pierced decoration.
Western Persia. 13th c. CE. Sheet brass with engraved decoration and silver inlay.
Egypt. 1238-1240 CE. Brass damascened with silver. Cover inscription has name of El-Adil Abu-Bekr II, Sultan of Egypt 1238-1240; bottom inscription indicates it was made for the royal pantry of El-Adil. Decoration includes sun, six planets and signs of the Zodiac.
Kashan. 2nd half 13th c. CE. Fritware with lustre.
Persian. 14th c. CE. Brass, damascened with silver and gold.
Persia. Ca. 1400-1500. Fritware with moulded decoration and green glaze. Imitates 14th-century Chinese celadon of Longquan type. Celadons were valued in the Middle East due to the belief that they changed color if there was poison in the food.
Persia. Ca. 1400-1500. Fritware with underglaze painted decoration. Copies late 14th c. Chinese porcelain in shape and design on the inside, but no attempt to copy Chinese design on outside.
Syria. Ca. 1400-1450. Fritware with underglaze painted decoration. Motifs copy mix of designs on late 14th and early 15th c. Chinese Blue and White porcelain.
Syria. Ca. 1400-1450. Fritware, underglaze painted decoration. Chinese chrysanthemum design, but Islamization by elongation of neck. Quality of painting rougher than that on the Chinese models which were imitated.
Khorasan. 866 AH/1461-1462 CE. Cast brass with silver inlay. The inscription tells us that the metalworker was Habib Allah ibn Ali Baharjani (from the eastern province of Quhistan) and includes verses by the 14th c. poet Hafiz. The craftsman also signed a jug of similar shape (but handle-less) in 861 AH, which is now in the Museum for Islamic Art, Berlin (Inv. Nr. I.3606). The example here is the earliest of a series of similar jugs with handles.
For a comparison of this jug with a Chinese porcelain one having the same shape, click here [http://depts.washington.edu/uwch/silkroad/exhibit/exchange/jug1_jug2.html]. For the Berlin jug, click here. [Lance--need to add the link to ik43]
Persia. Ca. 1400-1500. Fritware with underglaze painted decoration. High quality copy of an imported Chinese bowl faithful to the original but for fronds of leaves attached to some of the lotus sprays on the exterior.
Northern Persian; Kubatchi (Dagestan). 2nd half 15th c. CE. White earthenware painted in blue. To view a Chinese porcelain cup (in the collection of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art) with analogous "honeycomb" design, click here. [http://collectionsonline.lacma.org/mwebcgi/mweb.exe?request=record&key=15302
Northern Persian; Kubatchi (Dagestan). 2nd half 15th c. CE. White earthenware painted in blue.
Iznik, ca. 1520. Fritware with polychrome underglaze. The form follows a metal prototype, but the color scheme (not the designs) imitates Chinese Blue and White ware.
Turkey, Iznik ware. Ca. 1550.
Northern Persian "Kubatchi ware." Ca. 1550. White earthenware painted in underglaze colours over a white slip.
Istanbul, made at the Tekfur Saray, 1731; from the palace of Fuad Pasha which burned in 1857. Inscription gives the names of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, thought to bring blessings on the house where inscribed.
Han Dynasty (206 BCE-8 CE). Earthenware. The lid is in the shape of the Mountains of Paradise. For a similar object (in the collection of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art), click here.[ http://collectionsonline.lacma.org/mwebcgi/mweb.exe?request=record&key=26343]
China. Ca. 550-575 CE. Limestone
Bodhisattva Guanyin with a vase
China. 575-625 CE.
Figure of an official
Sui Dynasty (ca. 580-618 CE). Earthenware with lead glaze. The figure is clearly "foreigner," not Chinese.
Southern China. Song Dynasty (1050-1125). Porcelain.
A seated Bodhisattva
Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). Wood, carved and painted.
Seated Bodhisattva Guanyin
Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), repainted and restored in Ming period (late 14th-early 17th c. CE) and in 20th c. Wood. For an analogous sculpture of Guanyin (in the collection of the Nelson-Atkins Museum) from the preceding Liao Dynasty, click here.[ http://www.nelson-atkins.org/collections/asian/detail/bodhisat.htm]
Ming Dynasty. Ca. 1480-1500. Porcelain. The pair to it is in the Musée Guimet, Paris. For a similar vase (in the collection of the Percival David Foundation), click here.[ http://www.pdfmuseum.org.uk/object.asp?aid=22&page=0]
Ming Dynasty, Jiajing reign (1522-1566). Porcelain. Peach tree on top twisted in shape of character shou (long life).