Figure 2 – Dynamics of growth in capacity consumption
In early 90s, the population of the Kyrgyz Republic consumed up to 16% of the whole power supplied to the domestic market; state-funded organizations – 19%; industry, agriculture, commercial consumers – 65% (Fig. 3). It was conditioned by the circumstances, when coal mining made more than 5 million tons per year, thereof 4.5 million tons were consumed in the republic, the volume of natural gas constituted more than 2.5 billion cubic meters, heating oil – 600 thousand tons. Currently, the structure of power consumption has changed oppositely, thus the population consumes approximately 60.5% of the whole power supplied to the domestic market; budget – 10.5%; industry, agriculture, commercial consumers – 29% (Fig. 4).
The structure of typical daily power consumption in the autumn and winter of 2013-2014 by regions of Kyrgyzstan in denominate and relative units (%) is given in Figures 5 and 6. The major share of power (66%) is consumed in the north of Kyrgyzstan, 34% – in the south.
Figure 3 – Structure of power consumption in the Kyrgyz Republic in 1990
Figure 4 – Structure of power consumption in the Kyrgyz Republic in 2014
Figure 5 – Structure of typical daily power consumption
(mln. kWh) in the regions of Kyrgyzstan in the autumn-winter of 2013-2014
Figure 6 – Structure of typical daily power consumption (in %) in the regions of Kyrgyzstan in the autumn-winter 2013-2014
Annual growth of power consumption by 3-5% outpaces growth of new capacities. The share of power consumption by the population has increased by 8 per cent over the last years.
According to M. Cholponkulov, head of the electricity distribution department of the Ministry of Energy and Industry, the main current issue for the power regulators remains growth in power consumption. In 3-4 years, when “Datka-Kemin” power transmission lines with capacity of 500 kW are put into operation, HPPs are constructed and ungraded, the situation will be improved. “Meanwhile, our main objective consists in reduction of power consumption, where possible.” (http://www.knews.kg/ru/econom/26348/ January 11, 2013)
Due to lack of water in the water storage reservoir of Toktogulskiy HPP (generating up to 70% of power produced in the republic) observed during the last years, the level of water decreased significantly, it caused decline in the volume of power generation. In order to partially compensate power deficit, the government took a series of measures: social limit on power consumption was introduced and agreement was reached with Kazakhstan on purchase of insufficient volume of power in this country.