Types of Dental Problems Incisors

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Types of Dental Problems


  • overlong: prevents molars from making contact to grind food

  • dorsal curvature (frowning incisors): abnormal wear forms a downward curve in bite

  • ventral curvature (smiling incisors): abnormal wear forms an upward curve in bite

  • brachygnathism (parrot mouth): misalignment of upper incisors - the upper incisors overlap in front of the lower incisors when mouth is closed

  • prognathism: misalignment of upper incisors that puts them behind the lower incisors when mouth closes


  • overlong (excessive crowns): prevents proper occlusion (contact) with opposing molar for grinding food

  • hooks: form when improper contact makes the tooth wear more on one side than another, forming a sharp hook in the enamel. Hooks prevent proper chewing. Long hooks can actually pierce the horse's gum or cheek, leading to infection.

  • ramps: tooth wears unevenly forming a slant, or ramp. Ramps also interfere with chewing.

  • steps: caused by overgrowth in a molar table (group of molars) caused by malocclusion (bad contact of chewing surfaces)

  • waves: a whole row of uneven molars that interferes with normal jaw movement for chewing

  • excessive transverse ridges: improper alignment leads to uneven wear, forming hard ridges and points

Wolf teeth

  • rudimentary premolars in front of the molars

  • interfere with the bit and, if impacted, can become inflamed


Missing, loose or broken teeth

Cavities and necrotic (infected) teeth

Root abscesses

  • can lead to sinusitis

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