Etiology of defects of teeth and dental arches in children, their frequency among child’s population. Preventive measures. Peculiarities of examination of children with defects of teeth and dental arches. The aim, clinical and biological substantiation of prosthetics in children.
Traumatic injuring of teeth in children, their classification and diagnostics. Peculiarities of trauma in children, possible complications, orthopedic treatment. Determination of the terms of orthopedic treatment and rationale constructions of appliances. Constructions of dentures for children for restoration anatomical form of teeth (inlays, pin teeth, peen cores and crowns). Indications for their application.
Rationale constructions of bridge dentures in children. Peculiarities of their fabrication. Importance of periodontal tissues state of the supporting teeth in determination of the denture construction. Indications for partial removable dentures fabrication in children. Peculiarities of their construction, methods of fixation, order of replacement, possible complications and their causes. Requirements to materials, which are used for making of child's prosthetic appliances. Indications for complete removable dentures fabrication in children. Peculiarities of their construction, methods of fixation, order of replacement, possible complications and their causes. Requirements to materials, which are used for making of child's prosthetic appliances.
Etiology, pathogenesis, diagnostics and prevention of congenital face clefts. Classification of congenital clefts of oro-facial region. Organization of preventive and medical help for children with clefts of the upper lip, alveolar bone, hard and soft palate. Role of orthodontic treatment and rehabilitation of such patients. Possible complications and their prevention. Method of orthodontic appliances fabrication in cases of clefts of lip, alveolar bone, hard and soft palate (preformative correcting plate, floating obturator of complex construction, orthodontic appliances).
Orthodontic appliances, their classification. Peculiarities of construction of the mechanical-active fixed appliances. Peculiarities brace-system application. Peculiarities of construction of the mechanical-active removable appliances (expanding appliance, Osadchyi’s appliance, Doroshenko’s appliance).
Peculiarities of construction of the functional-directing appliances (Schwartz’s splint, Bunin’s splint, removable appliance with occlusal plates). Their application. Peculiarities of functional-active appliances construction (Andresen-Hauple monoblock, Frankel’s regulator of functions I-IV, Balter’s bionator, twin-blocks, Klampt’s activator). Their application. Preventive appliances. Trainers.
Clinical examination of orthodontic patients. Classification of malocclusions (Angle, Kalvelis, Khoroshilkina, WHO). Six key of normal occlusion by Endrews. Estimation of previous diagnosis. Filling in medical history. Functional methods of examination.
Anthropometric method of investigation: craniometry, photometry, measuring of the diagnostic models by Pont, Korkhaus. Determination indices by Tonn and Dolgopolova. Measuring of the width and length of the dental arches, sizes of the apical bases by Snagina. Determination of the space deficit in the dental arch for an anomalously located tooth. Determination the segments of the dental arches by Gerlah, drawing the diagram of Hawley-Herber-Herbst.
Roentgenologic methods of investigation: intraoral roentgenography, orthopantomography, hand-wrist X-ray. Teleroentgenography (Cephalometry). Analyzing of the teleroentgenograms by Schwarz.
Clinical and biological substantiation of the prosthetics in children. Causes of teeth defects and defects of the dental arches in children, their prevention. Peculiarities of determination of masticatory effectiveness. Fixed constructions of dentures forchildren (crowns, inlays, pins, bridges), indications for their fabrication.
Removable constructions of the dentures in children (partial and complete). Indications for their application, peculiarities of their construction, types of their fixation, terms of replacement, possible complications.
Responsible person for the course Assoc. Prof. Musij-Sementsiv K.G.