The present perfect and the present perfect continuous



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The present perfect and the present perfect continuous

Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the present perfect continuous tense.



(In some cases either could be used.)

  1. We (walk) HAVE WALKED ten kilometres.

  2. We (walk) HAVE WALKED for three hours.

  3. You (walk) HAVE WEN WALKING too fast. That's why you are tired.

  4. I (make) HAVE BEEN MAKING sausage rolls for the party all the morning.

  5. How many you (make) HAVE YOU MADE?
    I (make) HAVE MADE 200.

  6. That boy (eat) HAS EATEN seven ice-creams.

  7. He (not stop) HASN’T STOPPED eating since he arrived.

  8. The driver (drink) HAS BEEN DRINKING (está borracho como resultado de). I think someone else ought to drive.

  9. I (pull) HAVE PULLED up 100 dandelions.

  10. I (pull) HAVE BEEN PULLING up dandelions all day.

  11. What (you / do)HAVE YOU BEEN DOING? ~
    We (pick) HAVE BEEN PICKING apples.

  12. How many you (pick)HAVE YOU PICKED? ~
    We (pick) HAVE PICKED ten basketfuls.

  13. I (sleep) HAVE SLEPT on every bed in this house and I don't like any of them.

  14. He (sleep) HAS BEEN SLEEPING since ten o'clock. It's time he woke up.

  15. He (ride)HAS BEEN RIDING; that's why he is wearing breeches.

  16. I (ride) HAVE RIDDEN all the horses in this stable.

  17. What a lovely smell!
    Mary (make) HAS BEEN MAKING jam.

  18. The students (work) HAVE WORKED very well this term.

  19. I (only / (hear) HAVE ONLY HEARD from him twice since he went away.

  20. I (hear) HAVE BEEN HEARING from her regularly. She is a very good correspondent.

  21. I (grease) HAVE BEEN GREASING my car. That's why my hands are so dirty.

  22. I (polish) HAVE BEEN POLISHING this table all the morning and she isn't satisfied with it yet.

  23. I (work) HAVE BEEN WORKING for him for ten years and he never once (say) HAS NEVER SAID 'Good morning' to me.

  24. He (teach) HAS BEEN TEACHING in this school for five years.

  25. I (teach) HAVE TAUGHT hundreds of students but I (never / meet) HAVE NEVER MET such a hopeless class as this.

  26. Why you (be) HAVE YOU BEEN so long in the garage?
    The tyres were flat; I (pump) HAVE BEEN PUMPING them up.

  27. I (pump) HAVE PUMPED up three tyres. Would you like to do the fourth?

  28. I (look) HAVE BEEN LOOKING for mushrooms but I (not find) HAVEN’T FOUND any.

  29. He (cough) HAS BEEN COUGHING a lot lately. He ought to give up smoking.

  30. (You / hear) HAVE YOU HEARD the news? Tom and Ann are engaged!
    That's not new; I (know) HAVE KNOWN it for ages!

  31. I (try) HAVE BEEN TRYING to finish this letter for the last half-hour. I wish you'd go away or stop talking.
    I (hardly / say) HAVE HARDLY SAID anything.

  32. The driver of that car (sound) HAS BEEN SOUNDING his horn for the last ten minutes.

  33. It (rain) HAS BEEN RAINING for two hours and the ground is too wet to play on, so the match (be) HAS BEEN postponed.

  34. He (hope) HAS BEEN HOPING for a rise in salary for six months but he (not dare) HASN’T DARED to ask for it yet.

  35. Mr Smith, you (whisper) HAVE BEEN WHISPERING to the student on your right for the last five minutes. (You / help) HAVE YOU BEEN HELPING him with his exam paper or (he / help) HAS HE BEEN HELPING you?

  36. Why (you / make) HAVE YOU BEEN MAKING such a horrible noise?
    I (lose) HAVE LOST my key and I (try) HAVE BEEN TRYING to wake my wife by throwing stones at the window.
    You (throw) HAVE BEEN THROWING stones at the wrong window. You live next door.


The future continuous tense

Put the verbs in brackets into the future continuous tense.



  1. This time next month I (sit) WILL BE SITTING on a beach.

  2. When you arrive I (probably / pick) WILL PROBABLY BE PICKING fruit.

  3. When we reach England it very likely (rain) WILL BE RAINING.

  4. In a few days time we (fly) WILL BE FLYING over the Pyrenees.

  5. I'll call for her at eight. ~

No, don't; she (still / have) WILL STILL BE HAVING breakfast then.

  1. I (wait) WILL BE WAITING for you when you come out.

  2. When you next see me I (wear) WILL BE WEARING my new dress.

  3. My son will be in the sixth form next year. ~

That means that old Dr Adder (teach) WILL BE TEACHING him mathematics.

  1. I'll give Jack your message. I can do it easily because I (see) WILL BE SEEING him tomorrow. We go to work on the same train.

  2. You (do) WILL BE DOING geometry next term.

  3. I'll look out for you at the parade. ~

Do, but I (wear) WILL BE WEARING uniform so you may find it hard to recognize me.

  1. We have to do night duty here. I (do) WILL BE DOING mine next week.

  2. In a hundred years' time people (go) WILL BE GOING to Mars for their holidays.

  3. He (use) WILL BE USING the car this afternoon.

  4. I (see) WILL BE SEEING you again.

  5. It's a serious injury but he (walk) WILL BE WALKING again in six weeks.

  6. I'll come at three o'clock. ~

Good, I (expect) WILL BE EXPECTING you.

  1. They are pulling down all the old houses in this street. I expect they (pull) WILL BE PULLING down mine in a few years' time.

  2. I'd like to see your new flat. ~

Well, come tomorrow, but it (not look) WILL NOT BE LOOKING its best, for the painters (still / work) WILL STILL BE WORKING on it.

  1. Stand there, they (change) WILL BE CHANGING the guard in a minute and you'll get a good view.

  2. You'd better go back now; your mother (wonder) WILL BE WONDERING where you are.

  3. In fifty years' time we (live) WILL BE LIVING entirely on pills.

  4. What do you think the children (do) WILL BE DOING when we get home? ~

I expect they (have) WILL BE HAVING their supper.

  1. The garden (look) WILL BE LOOKING its best next month.

  2. It won't be easy to get out of the country. The police (watch) WILL BE WATCHING all the ports.

  3. What (the tide / do) WILL THE TIDE BE DOING at six tomorrow morning? ~

It (come) WILL BE COMING in.

  1. I've just remembered that I left the bathroom taps on. I expect the water (flow) WILL BE FLOWING down the stairs by now.

  2. (You / need) WILL YOU BE NEEDING your camera tomorrow or can I borrow it?

  3. We've just got to the top in time. The sun (rise) WILL BE RISING in a minute.

  4. Air hostess: We (take off) WILL BE TAKING in a few minutes. Please fasten your safety belts.

  5. We'd better go out tomorrow because Mary (practise) WILL BE PRACTISING the piano all day.

  6. 32 Don't ring her up at 6.00; she (put) WILL BE PUTTING the children to bed. Ring later

  7. We are making a house-to-house collection of things for the jumble sale. We (come) WILL BE COMING to your house next week.

  8. That football club has lost some of its players. They (look out) WILL BE LOOKING for new men.

  9. When I get home my dog (sit) WILL BE SITTING at the door waiting for me.

  10. Let's go down to the harbour; the fishing boats (all / come) WILL ALL BE COMING in because of the gale.

will + infinitive and the future continuous



  1. There is going to be a bus strike. Everyone (walk) WILL BE WALKING to work next

  2. You've just missed the last train! ~

Never mind, I (walk)’LL WALK.

  1. I'll ring you tomorrow at six. ~

No, don't ring at six; I (bath) WILL BE BATHING the baby then. Ring later.

  1. Mother: Your face is dirty.

Child: All right, I (wash) ‘LL WASH it.

  1. Will you have lunch with me on the 24th? ~

I'd love to, but I'm afraid I (do) WILL BE DOING my exam then.

  1. I (work) WILL BE WORKING for Mr Pitt next week as his own secretary will be away.

  2. You (have) WILL HAVE something to drink, won't you?

  3. Why did you take his razor? He (look) WILL BE LOOKING for it everywhere tomorrow.

  4. I hope you'll do well in the race tomorrow. I (think) WILL BE THINKING of you.
    Notice on board ship: In the event of an emergency all passengers (assemble) WILL ASSEMBLE on the boat deck.

  5. I don't feel well enough to go to the station to meet him. ~

I (meet) WILL MEET him for you. But how (I /recognize) WILL I RECOGNIZE him?

He's small and fair, and he (wear) WILL BE WEARING a black and white school cap.



  1. You ought to try to get a ticket for the Spectators' Gallery next week; they (debate) WILL BE DEBATING international fishing rights.

  2. You've left the light on. ~

Oh, so I have. I (go) WILL GO and turn it off.

  1. I've just been appointed assistant at the local library. ~

Then you (work) WILL BE WORKING under my sister. She is head librarian there.

  1. I want to post this letter but I don't want to go out in the rain. ~
    I (post) WILL POST it for you. I (go) WILL BE GOING out anyway as I have to take the dog for a walk.

  2. The prima ballerina is ill so I expect her understudy (dance) WILL BE DANCING instead.

  3. Today is Guy Fawkes' Day; this evening people (let) WILL BE LETTINGoff fireworks and (make) (WILL BE) MAKING bonfires in the streets.

  4. Military order: Sentries (remain) WILL REMAIN on duty till they are relieved.

  5. This time next Monday I (sit) WILL BE SITTING in a Paris cafe reading Le Figaro. ~
    You (not read)WILL NOT BE READING. You'll be looking at all the pretty girls.

  6. Wages have gone up, so I suppose prices (go up) WILL BE GOING UP too.

  7. It is nearly autumn; soon the leaves (change) WILL BE CHANGING colour.

  8. Mother (on phone): My son has just burnt his hand very badly.
    Doctor: I (come) WILL COME at once.

  9. Customer in restaurant: Waiter, this plate is dirty.
    Waiter: I'm sorry, sir, I (bring) WILL BRING you another.

  10. In a few years' time we (all / live) WILL ALL BE LIVING in houses heated by solar energy.

  11. It's beginning to get dark; the street lights (go on) WILL BE GOING ON in a few minutes.

  12. We (not play) WON’T BE PLAING poker at the party tonight; our hostess doesn't approve of cards.

  13. Let's wait here; the swing bridge (open) WILL OPEN / WILL BE OPENING in a minute to let that ship through.

  14. Guest: May I use your phone to ring for a taxi?
    Hostess: Oh, there's no need for that; my son (drive) WILL DRIVE you home.

  15. Come on deck; we (enter) WILL BE ENTERING harbour in a few minutes.

  16. Before you leave the office you (hand) YOU WILL HAND the keys of the safe to Mr Pitt. Do you understand?~

Yes, sir.

  1. Are you nearly ready? Our guests (arrive) WILL BE ARRIVING any minute.

  2. Loudspeaker announcement: The ship (leave) WILL LEAVE in a few minutes and all persons not travelling are asked to go ashore.

  3. Now that the parking regulations have become stricter, more people (use) WIL BE USING public transport and (leave) (WILL BE) LEAVING their cars at home.

  4. I've got rats in my basement and I don't know how to get rid of them. ~
    I (bring) WILL BRING my dog round whenever you like. He (catch) WILL CATCH them for you.

  5. I'm afraid I've just broken your goldfish bowl. ~
    Never mind, I (put) WILL PUT the goldfish in the bath.


The future perfect tense

Put the verbs in brackets into the future perfect tense.



  1. In a fortnight's time we (take) WILL HAVE TAKEN our exam.

  2. I (finish) WILL HAVE FINISHED this book by tomorrow evening.

  3. By this time tomorrow we (have) WILL HAVE HAD our injections.

  4. By the end of next year I (be) WILL HAVE BEEN here twenty-five years.

  5. I'll still be here next summer but Tom (leave).

  6. I (finish) WILL HAVE FINISHED this job in twenty minutes.

  7. By next winter they (build) WILL HAVE BUILT four houses in that field.

  8. When we reach Valparaiso we (sail) WILL HAVE SAILED all round the world.

  9. At the rate he is going he (spend) WILL HAVE SPENT all his money by the time he is twenty-one.

  10. By this time next year I (save) WILL HAVE SAVED $250.

  11. By the time we get to the party everything (be) WILL HAVE BEEN eaten.

  12. The train (leave) WILL HAVE LEFT before we reach the station.

  13. If I continue with my diet I (lose) WILL HAVE LOST 10 kilos by the end of the month.

  14. By the end of my university course I (attend) WILL HAVE ATTENDED 1,200 lectures.

  15. By the end of this week my illness (cost) WILL HAVE COST me $100.

  16. By the time that he leaves school his parents (spend) WILL HAVE SPENT $25,000 on his education.

  17. By the end of the term I (read) WILL HAVE READ all twelve volumes.

  18. When you come back I (finish) WILL HAVE FINISHED all the housework.

  19. The police (hear) WILL HAVE HEARD of the theft by this time.

  20. We (drink) WILL HAVE DRUNK all that wine by the end of the year.

  21. On the fourth of next month he (be) WILL HAVE BEEN in prison for ten years.

  22. When we reach Crewe we (do) WILL HAVE DONE half of the journey.

  23. At this rate you (break) WILL HAVE BROKEN all the wine glasses by the end of the month.

  24. If we don't hurry the sun (rise) WILL HAVE RISEN before we reach the top.

  25. I'm going to Hyde Park to hear the people making speeches. ~
    You'll be too late. By the time you get there they (finish) WILL HAVE FINISHED their speeches and everybody (go) WILL HAVE GONE home.

  26. By midnight he (be) WILL HAVE BEEN unconscious for forty-eight hours.

  27. By the end of the month 5,000 people (see) WILL HAVE SEEN this exhibition.

  28. By next April I (pay) WILL HAVE PAID $3,000 in income tax.

  29. I suppose that when I come back in ten years' time all these old houses (be) WILL HAVE BEEN pulled down.

  30. On 21 October they (be) WILL HAVE BEEN married for twenty-five years.

  31. After this performance I (see) WILL HAVE SEEN Hamlet twenty-two times.

  32. The strike leader said, 'By midnight 500 men (come) WILL HAVE COME out on strike.'

  33. At your present rate you (burn) WILL HAVE BURNT all that coal by the end of the month.

  34. The treasurer said, 'By the end of the year all our debts (be paid) WILL HAVE BEEN PAID off.'

  35. Tourist: We've only got five hours in Rome; we are leaving but I'm sure that we (see) WILL HAVE SEEN everything of importance by then.

  1. Householder to Zoo: One of your elephants is in my garden eating my tomatoes.

Zoo official: The elephant keeper will be with you in half an hour.
Householder: Your elephant (eat) WILL HAVE EATEN all my tomatoes by then.
would and should

Put should or would in the spaces in the following sentences.



  1. WOULD you mind opening the door?

  2. WOULD you like another cup of coffee?

  3. He insisted that the newspaper SHOULD print an apology.

  4. The old admiral WOULD sit for hours watching the ships.

  5. WOULD you be so good as to keep an eye on my house while I am away?

  6. I WOULD say nothing about it if I were you.

  7. That dress doesn't suit you; you SHOULDbuy another.

  8. If you pulled the communication cord the train WOULD stop and you WOULD be fined.

  9. They went to the cinema at 2.30, so they SHOULD be back here by 6.00.

  10. WOULD you please help me with this?

  11. It is very strange that he SHOULD think that.

  12. I wish he WOULD not play his radio so loudly.

  13. WOULD you be very kind and lend me your typewriter?

  14. I WOULD like to know where you have been.

  15. It was decided that the matter SHOULD be referred to a special committee.

  16. Perhaps you WOULD be kind enough to let us know about this.

  17. If the telephone SHOULD ring please say that I'll be back at six.

  18. WOULD you like to come or WOULD you rather stay here?

  19. There are too many accidents. Everyone SHOULD be much more careful.

  20. Their method was always the same; they WOULD wait till their victim had left the bank and then go up to him and ask for a light.

  21. What are you doing here? You WOULD be in bed.

  22. It is essential that this matter WOULD be kept out of the newspapers.

  23. He suggested that the money WOULD be raised by public subscription.

  24. If you WOULD change your mind, this address will always find me.

  25. If this machine SHOULD at any time fail to give complete satisfaction please post us the enclosed card.

  26. He changed his name so that nobody WOULD know what he had been before.

  27. If he offered me money I WOULD refuse.

  28. I wish you WOULD not ask so many questions.

  29. He ordered that Tom SHOULD leave the house at once.

  30. I WOULD be most grateful if you WOULD do this for me.

  31. He is anxious that everyone SHOULD understand why he acted as he did.

  32. You ... not argue with your father; you SHOULD obey him.

  33. He was a very patient cat; he WOULD sit for hours beside a mousehole.

  34. SHOULD the pain return take one of these pills.

  35. It is most important that I SHOULD see him at once.

  36. He didn't dare (to) sell the ring in case someone WOULD ask where he got it.


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